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  • 1. Treaty of VersaillesRise of Italian fascismRise of Hitler and the Nazi PartyGreat DepressionJapanese expansionismAnti-communismAppeasementMilitarismNationalismU.S. isolationismMaps

2. Treaty of VersaillesRise ofRise of fascism in HitlerItalyJapaneseNationalism Major Causes expansionismof World War II Economic Militarism depressionAnti-Appeasement communism 3. Treaty of VersaillesAfter Germany lost WWI, the winning nations drafted atreaty to address issues such as territorialadjustments, reparations, armament restrictions, warguilt and the League of Nations. The treaty punished Germany and left bitter feelings. Germany was forced to accept all the blame for the warand pay millions in reparations to Britain and France. Italy was disappointed that it was denied territorypromised by Britain and France.British PrimeMinisterGeorge ItalianPrime Minister French Prime U.S. Orlando Minister President ClemenceauWilson1914 1919Big Four 4. The Rise of Fascism in ItalyFascism is a totalitarianform of governmentwhich: Glorifies the stateHas one leader andone partyAll aspects of societyare controlled by thegovernmentNo opposition orprotests are toleratedPropaganda and Benito Mussolini came to power in 1922 and helpedcensorship are widely found the political ideology ofpracticed fascism. He sided with the Axispowers in 1940. 5. In Germany, depression, unemployment andhard times led to a dramatic increase in votesfor Hitler and the Nazi Party.Election date Votes in SharemillionsMay 20, 19280.812.6%September 14, 19306.41 18.3%July 31, 193213.75 37.3%November 6, 1932 11.74 33.1%March 5, 193317.28 43.9% Voting for Hitlers party increased asunemployment rates rose 6. Worldwide Economic DepressionAfter WWI many Europeaneconomies were unstable.The boom in the U.S.throughout the 1920s helpedsustain worldwide trade.The 1929 stock market crashin the U.S. and the resultingGerman breadlinesGreat Depression spreadthroughout the world. U.S.restrictive tariff policiesworsened the depression.As economies plummeted andunemployment rose, manypeople turned to powerfulleaders and governments whopromised success throughmilitary buildup and theJapanese children eatingradish roots during famineconquest of territory. 7. Japanese Expansionism In 1931 Japan invadedManchuria for rawmaterials. The same year, Japanbegan to attackChina, with full-scale warbreaking out in 1937 inthe Sino-Japanese War. In 1938, war brokeout between Japan andthe Soviet Union in whatwere known as theSoviet-Japanese BorderWars. 8. Anti-Communism Under communism, all means of production are controlled by the government, as are property, the media, and all other aspects of society. The 1930s saw the rise of many totalitarian regimes; but most people chose fascism over communism. Hitler exploited peoples fear of a communist takeover in Germany to rise to power in 1933.A Battle for Germany: Nazianti-communist book from 1933 9. AppeasementAppeasement is the act ofgiving in to an enemysdemands in hopes ofavoiding further conflict.In 1938, Hitler demandedthat Czechoslovakia cede theSudetenland to Germany. Heclaimed that the Germanpopulation living there wasbeing mistreated.The British and Frenchprime ministers agreed toHitlers demands withoutconsulting Czechoslovakianleaders, in the hopes thatthis would avoid a war inEurope. 10. Militarism The glorification ofwar, in which a nationstrengthens its militaryand stockpiles weaponsin preparation for war. An importantaspect of militarism isthat the glorification ofHitler Youth groupwar is incorporated intoall levels ofsociety, includingeducation of thenations youth.Militaristic societieshave existedthroughout humanhistory. Ancient Sparta is an example of amilitaristic society 11. NationalismNationalism is thebelief in thesuperiority of onesown nation over allothers.In the extreme, itcan lead to majorNazi flag, Italian fascistconflicts between logo, Japanese flagnations.Hitler, Mussolini, and Japans Tojo eachtouted their nationsability to dominate allothers in the yearsleading up to WWII. 12. American IsolationismThe failure of peaceefforts such as the KelloggBriand Treaty during the1920s disillusioned manyAmericans aboutinternational involvement.The U.S. was in a majordepression throughout the1930s and was mostlyconcerned with its ownproblems.The Nye Committee heldConflict in Europecongressional hearings in theseemed distant, and the mid-1930s, concluding that theU.S. was tricked into enteringU.S. tried to remain WWI by arms manufacturersneutral. This policyand Allied propaganda.weakened the Europeandemocracies. 13. Theaters of War: Where WWII Was Fought EuropeAtlantic AsiaNorth OceanAfricaPacific 14. HITLERSWWIIPARTNERS 15. IndiaBrazil THE ALLIED POWERS IN WWII