chapter 5 the roman republic. timeline the emergence of rome geography of italy 750 miles long; 120...

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  • Chapter 5The Roman Republic

  • Timeline

  • The Emergence of RomeGeography of Italy750 miles long; 120 miles acrossMountains and PlainsIslandsRomeTiber RiverMediterranean Sea

  • Map 5.1: Ancient Italy

  • The Greeks, Etruscans, and Early RomeThe Greeks Arrived between 750 550 B.C.Influence on RomansThe EtruscansOriginsUrbanizationEarly RomeRomulus and Remus (753 B.C.)MonarchyEtruscan influenceFounding of the Republic (c. 509 B.C.)

  • The Roman StatePolitical InstitutionsConsuls and PraetorsImperiumSpecialized OfficialsQuaestors, Aediles, CensorsRoman Senate300 Men served for lifeCenturiate AssemblySocial OrganizationPaterfamiliasClientagePatricians and Plebeians

  • The Struggle of the OrdersPolitical InequalityPlebeians withdraw from the state (494 B.C.)Tribunes of the PlebsCouncil of the PlebsPlebiscitaThe Twelve Tables of Law (450 B.C.)Hortensian Law (287 B.C.)Consequences of the struggle between the orders

  • The Roman Conquest of ItalyLivyConquest of the Samnites (beginning c. 340 B.C.)Roman ConfederationCitizenshipOpportunistic ExpansionRoadsObligatory Military Service

  • Roman Roads in Italy, c. 100 B.C.

  • Roman Conquest of the Mediterranean (264 133 B.C.)The Struggle with CarthageFirst Punic War (264 241 B.C.)Roman conquest of SicilySecond Punic War (218 205 B.C.)HannibalInvasion of ItalyBattle of Cannae (216 B.C.)Battle of ZamaRoman conquest of SpainThird Punic War (149 146 B.C.)CatoCarthage destroyed

  • Map 5.2: Roman Conquests in the Mediterranean, 264-133 B.C.

  • The Eastern Mediterranean & Roman ImperialismThe Eastern MediterraneanGreek support for CarthageMacedonia made Roman province (148 B.C.)Corinth destroyed (146 B.C.)Acquisition of Pergamum (133 B.C.)The Nature of Roman ImperialismOpportunistic expansionWillful expansion

  • Roman ReligionReligion and the StateAdoption of New DeitiesGreco-Roman ReligionRitualsOmensHousehold CultsReligious Festivals

  • The Temple of Diana Nimes, Southern France

  • Education: The Importance of RhetoricRome had no public educationGreek StudiesRhetoric and philosophySchools

  • Schoolmaster and Pupils

  • The Growth of SlaverySlaves from conquestsSlave OccupationsLatifundiaTreatment of SlavesSlave LawsSlave RevoltsRevolt in Sicily (104 101 B.C.)Revolt by Spartacus (73 B.C.)

  • Roman Family, Roman LawThe Roman FamilyPaterfamiliasAuthority Arranged marriagesDivorceEducation of daughtersThe Evolution of Roman LawThe Twelve Tables (450 B.C.)PraetorsLaw of NationsLaw of Nature

  • A Roman Lady

  • The Development of Literature and ArtLiteraturePlautus (c. 254 184 B.C.)Terence (185 159 B.C.)Latin ProseInfluence of Hellenistic ArtValues and AttitudesCato the Elder (234 149 B.C.)Scipio Aemilianus (185 129 B.C.)

  • The Pont du Gard Roman AqueductProvence, France

  • Decline and Fall of the Roman Republic (133 31 B.C.)Power of the SenateControl of the Nobiles (Governing Class)OptimatesPopularesRule of the EquestriansThe Land ProblemLatifundiasTiberius Gracchus (163 133 B.C.)Gaius Gracchus (153 121 B.C.)

  • A New Role for the Roman Army: Marius and SullaMarius (consul 107, 104 100 B.C.)Military reformsLucius Cornelius Sulla (dictator 82 79 B.C.)Seizes power using the armyReign of terror against opponents

  • The Death of the RepublicThe Rise of PompeyRole of Marcus Tullius Cicero ( 106 43 B.C.)First Triumvirate (Crassus, Pompey and Caesar)Julius Caesar (100 44 B.C.)Conquest of Gaul (Modern France)Crosses the Rubicon River (49 B.C.)Defeats PompeyDictator in 47 B.C.; Dictator for Life in 44 B.C.Reconstitutes SenateAssassinated (44 B.C.)Octavian and Marc AntonyCleopatra Queen of EgyptBattle of Actium (31 B.C.)Marc Antony and Cleopatra commit suicide

  • Map 5.3: Roman Dominions in the Late Republic, 31 B.C.

  • Literature in the Late RepublicCatullus (born c. 82 B.C.)Lucretius (c. 94 55 B.C.)Cicero (106 43 B.C.)Sallust (86 35 B.C.)Caesar (100 44 B.C.)

  • Discussion QuestionsWhy were the Romans able to defeat or subdue all their enemies in the Italian peninsula?What were the keys to the Roman defeat of Carthage during the Punic Wars?What influence did Greece and other Italian peoples have on the Romans?What was the nature of Roman Imperialism?Did slavery have a positive or negative effect on the Roman Republic?What factors brought about the downfall of the Roman Republic?

  • Web LinksThe Mysterious EtruscansInternet Ancient History Sourcebook - RomeEncyclopedia Mythica: Roman MythologyRome ExposedHannibal Barca and the Punic WarsResisting Slavery in Ancient RomeThe Glory that was RomeJulius Caesar: The Last Dictator

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