Formal and informal organisations

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presentation on formal and informal organisations..

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<ul><li> 1. Welcome</li></ul> <p> 2. Presentation By; Hari P M 9847406266 [email_address] 3. 4. </p> <ul><li>It refers to the organisation structure deliberately created by management for achieving the objectives of enterprise.</li></ul> <ul><li>It is a network of official authority responsibility relationships and communication follows. </li></ul> <ul><li>It is an official and rational structure. </li></ul> <p> 5. </p> <ul><li>According toChester Bernard ,Formal organisation is a system of consciously coordinated activities of two or more persons towards a common objectives. The essence of formal organisation is conscious common purpose and formal organisation comes into existence when persons(A)are able to communicate with each other(B)are willing to act and(C)share a purpose. </li></ul> <p> 6. </p> <ul><li>It refers to the pattern of activity interactions and human relationship which emerge spontaneously due to social and psychological forces operating at the work place. </li></ul> <ul><li>It arises naturally on the basis of friendship or some common interest which may or may not be related with work. </li></ul> <p> 7. </p> <ul><li>According toChester Bernard , Informal organisation is joint personal activity with out conscious common purpose though contributing to joint result. </li></ul> <p> 8. </p> <ul><li>Origin </li></ul> <ul><li>Formal organistion is created delebrately and consoiusly by management. </li></ul> <ul><li>Informal organisation emerges spontaneously on account of socio psychological forces operating at the work place. </li></ul> <ul><li>Purpose </li></ul> <ul><li>Formal Organisation is created for achieving the legitimate objective of the organisation. </li></ul> <ul><li>Informal Organisation is created by the members of the organisation for their social and psychological satisfaction. </li></ul> <p> 9. </p> <ul><li>Size </li></ul> <ul><li>Formal group may be quite large in size. </li></ul> <ul><li>Informal groups tent to be small. </li></ul> <ul><li>Nature of Group </li></ul> <ul><li>Formal groups are stable and may continue for a very long period of time. </li></ul> <ul><li>Informal groups were quite unstable in nature. </li></ul> <p> 10. </p> <ul><li>Number of Group </li></ul> <ul><li>Generally the number of informal group is greater than the number of the formal group </li></ul> <ul><li>Authority </li></ul> <ul><li>Formal organisation is bound together by a hyrarchiechal structure. </li></ul> <ul><li>In Informal organisation all members are equal </li></ul> <p> 11. </p> <ul><li>Behavior of Members </li></ul> <ul><li>In formal organisation behavior of the members were governed by formal rules and regulations </li></ul> <ul><li>In the informal organisation the behavior of the members is governed by norms beliefs and value of the group </li></ul> <p> 12. </p> <ul><li>Communication </li></ul> <ul><li>In formal organisation, communication normally flows through the prescribed chain of command. </li></ul> <ul><li>In informal organisation communications pass through the informal channels. </li></ul> <ul><li>Abolition </li></ul> <ul><li>Management can abolish the formal groups at any time. </li></ul> <ul><li>Management has no control over informal groups which are the creation of natural desire of human beings to interact. </li></ul> <p> 13. </p> <ul><li>Leadership </li></ul> <ul><li>In informal organisation, leadership is vested in managers. </li></ul> <ul><li>In informal organisation, leadership is not associated with managership. </li></ul> <ul><li>Status</li></ul> <ul><li>There are sharp status differentials among the members of formal organisation, which inhibit free interaction and socialisation.</li></ul> <ul><li>In informal organisation there may be social ranking among people but these do not prevent free interaction among people. </li></ul> <p> 14. </p>