FTA Agri Finalreport

Download FTA Agri Finalreport

Post on 26-Mar-2015

46 views

Category:

Documents

9 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

<p> (Final Report) FTA 2550 1. . 2. . 3. . . 4. . 5. 6. () (Free Trade Area: FTA) 10 3 3 (Focus) () (Shrimp Exposition) / (Food inspection unit) (GAP) () (Market strategy) () 100% 100% FTA Best Practice () 1. (Common problem) FTA FTA FTA 2. FTA FTA FTA FTA FTA 3. FTA 2 (Out-sourcing) 4. () (Final Report) FTA 5 1 2 FTA 2545-2549 3 4 Best Practice 5 FTA 2550 1 1 2 5 5 6 11 14 18 26 47 60 64 67 70 72 72 77 80 84 90 99 104 107 109 112 () 3 114 1. 118 118 123 126 130 2. 135 135 137 141 3. 144 144 148 152 4 Best Practice 155 Best Practice 155 Best Practice 160 Best Practice 170 186 5 FTA 189 4 190 FTA 197 202 FTA 202 FTA 203 () FTA 207 207 209 1 1. 1.1 FTA 10 , , , , , , , , 1.2 Best Practice / 2 2. 2.1 FTA 10 , , , , , , , , 2545 2.2 Best Practice FTA 2 1 1 2.3 4 150 2 3. 3.1 FTA FTA 10 3.2 : FTA 1 (Documentary research) (Descriptive analysis) 2545 2 Best Practice Best Practice 3 7 1 FTA 4 10 10 ( 4) 4. 3 2545 10 , , , , , , , , FTA 4 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. ( 10 2545-2549) FTA FTA FTA 10 FTA (, , , ) , , 1. (Quantitative Analysis) 2. (Qualitative Analysis) 3. (Other) (, , ) (, , ) (, , ) (, ) Final Report Best Practice 2 2 1) FTA 2) FTA FTA 1) 2) ( - AFTA) - - 2544 - - - - - 1. - 1 - Benchmarking 6 ( - AFTA) () - - - 2. - - - Codex WTO - 3. - Global Quota - - - (Strategic Alliance) WTO- (Information Technology) 7 ( - AFTA) () - - (Certification Mark) (Brand Name) ( - FTA) - - ( - FTA) - - - - 8 ( - FTA) () - - - - - ( - FTA) FTA - - ( - FTA) : () FTA - 9 ( - FTA) - ( - FTA) ( 2)/ FTA 23 FTA - - 10 ( - AFTA) - - 1. 2. 3. 4. 1. 2. 30 11 ( - AFTA) () - - 3. ( - FTA) - - ( - FTA) - : - 12 ( - FTA) - ( - FTA) -: 01-24 - ( - FTA) FTA - 13 ( -) FTA 0 1. 2. 3. 4. (GAP) 5. (Trading Firm) 2 ( -) - Early Harvest - 16% 0% - 2541 200 20% 0% 1. 2. 14 ( -) () - Early Harvest 3. ( -) - - FTA - - 1 2.55 - ( 2546) Tariff Quota 0% 3 2544-2546 Market Share 40% Quota Growth 3-5% 10 3% 1. / 2. 3. 15 ( -) : 01-24 - 20% 0% - 72% 0% - 20% 0% - 72% 0% 1. 2. 3. 4. 16 ( -) : 01-24 2544-2546 0-2.3 2546 5 0 1. 2. 3. 4. GMOs 5. (Trading Firm) 2 6. (Gateway) GCC - - GCC (ROO) ( - ) FTA (HS 020714) - 17 ( -) - - Star1 ( 2542-2546) - Cash Cow ( Star ) - ( -) - 2 - FTA - (Good Agriculture Practice : GAP) - - - 0 18 ( -) ( ) - 2 - 1. 2. 3. 4. (GAP) 5. 1. 2.25 2. (AQIS) 3. 19 ( -) () - 2 (Trading Firm) 2 ( - ) Thailand New Zealand Closer Economic Partnership - (H.S. 160520) 1 .. 47 6.5% 2547 1 2548 0% - 0 0 -20 ( -) - Early Harvest - 1) 17.5% 0% 2) 24% 0% 3) 5% 0% () - 1. - - - - (GAP) 2. - GMOs 21 ( -) - : - 9 10 - 1 2 3 / 22 ( -) : 01-24 - 14% 0% - 20% - 20 Adjustment duty 35 - 2545- 2546 1,073-1,342 14% 0% - 2544-2546 21-43 5% 0% - 2544 439 383 2545 587 2546 20% - 20 Adjustment duty 35 23 ( -) ( ) : 01-24 1) 2 2) 24 ( -) : 01-24 2544-2546 0-2.4 2544 0.5 2.4 2545 2546 5 0 1. 2. 3. 4. GMOs 5. (Trading Firm) 2 6. (Gateway) GCC - - GCC (ROO) ( - ) FTA (HS 030613) (HS 160520) - 25 ( -) - - ( -) FTA (Substitution Effect) 22.9% 2547 (16.0%) - - - FTA 15 2548 - / 26 ( -) ( ) FTA - - - - - - 12.50 /.. - 27 ( -) ( ) (CER FTA) 9.38 2.28 24.21 15.10 ..2568 20 1 1. 2. 1. FTA Synergy 2. 20 (.) 28 ( -) ( ) - 5 2 / FTA III : FTA - 1) - 2005 2005 0 2025 WTO 10 2,200 17 5 3,523.6 2025 3,000 2005 4,886.68 2015 0 2005 20 41.58 2020 0 2) 16.7, 16.7 23.1 1.80, 0.9 1.45 30.06, 15.03, 34.65 20 1. - FTA - - - - FTA - FTA 2. - FTA 2 29 ( -) ( ) - 5 2 / FTA III : FTA - ( ) 1) 2) 3. - 2 - FTA - FTA 4. - 30 ( -) ( ) - 5 2 / FTA III : FTA - 100 % 5. - - FTA FTA 1. - - 1. - / - 31 ( -) ( ) - 5 2 / FTA III : FTA - 2. - - - - - - 2. - - / 3. - 12.50 /. - ( ) 4. - - / - 32 ( -) ( ) - 5 2 / FTA III : FTA Logistics - ( -) ( ) : - - 1) 40 150,000 8,760 / 365 10 2) 2,100 / 4,000 / 60% 40% Drinking Yoghurt 2-3 3) 2543-2545 33 ( -) ( ) : - 4) (10-14 /.) (18-28 /.) (6-8 /., Agra Europe Dairy Review 2002) 5) New Zealand, USA - - () (2547) ( -) ( ) - 1.5 20,000 34 ( -) ( ) - 1.5 % 1 1 0.02 0.31 0 31 ( -) () WTO Watch - : WTO Watch -: 4 - - 3 2055 2547 3234 2548 57 - 1 2-3 - - 35 ( -) FTA () - 0% 10-15 ( 2563) 2 1) (Specific Quota) WTO 0% 15-20 WTO 10% 20 2) (Special Safeguards) (Trigger Volume) MFN 2558 2563 (Safeguards) - 36 ( -) () FTA () - FTA 15 2548 - ( -) () 2 / FTA III : FTA 1. - FTA - - - 0% 10-15 ( 2563) 2 1) 37 ( -) () 2 / FTA III : FTA - - FTA - FTA 2. - FTA 2 (Specific Quota) WTO 0% 15-20 WTO 10% 20 2) (Special Safeguards) (Trigger Volume) MFN 2558 2563 (Safeguards) - FTA 1) 2) 38 ( -) () 2 / FTA III : FTA 3. - 2 - FTA - FTA 4. - - 39 ( -) () 2 / FTA III : FTA 100 % 5. - - FTA FTA 1. - / - - 2. - 40 ( -) () 2 / FTA III : FTA - - / 3. - 12.50 /. - ( ) 4. - - / - Logistics - - 41 ( -) - Early Harvest - (Inspection Certificate) Commodity Inspection Authority () - - 1. 2. 3. ( -) () FTA - 22 () 111.11 2010 42 ( -) () FTA - - ( - ) : FTA - FTA WTO 5, 10 15 - - Applied rate WTO WTO rate FTA 43 ( - ) : FTA - - - - 44 ( -) FTA : 01-24 04 FTA 2544-2546 04 2 0% - ( -) FTA FTA 0 5-36 - 45 ( -) FTA 46 ( -) 2 / FTA II : FTA - - FMD type C type ( -) (Substitution Effect) - 50 0 1.4 - 47 ( -) ( ) 1) 1 2.22 2) 1 1.14 3) 0 114 - - 48 ( -) ( ) WTO Watch -: WTO Watch -: 4 - - - 2548 40 51 776 ( ) - 680 - 2549 37.25 800 0 2563 - - 49 ( -) ( ) (CER FTA) FTA - 45.3 44.10 158.9 - 6.86 ..2568 10 2548 41.4% 2547 (72.7%) - - 15 2548 - - - - / - - - 50 ( -) ( ) - 5 2 / FTA II : FTA - 1) HS 0201 HS 0202 51 WTO 2) - 40 2005 36 20114 0 2020 - 1) 7.5 2005 2) 0.13 6.1 - 1) - 2 2) - 51 ( -) ( ) - 5 2 / FTA II : FTA 1) FTA 2) 3) - 3) - 1. - - 52 ( -) ( ) - 5 2 / FTA II : FTA - - 2. - - - - - (Traceability) - - / - 1) 2) 3) / 4) 53 ( -) ( ) - 5 2 / FTA II : FTA - - 5) 54 ( -) ( ) - 0 (Special Safeguards) - Trigger Level ( 3 ( 2543-2545) ) Trigger Level (MFN rate) 51% 1 40% 3 34.7% 3 855.54 51% - - 55 ( -) FTA () - - - - 0% 10-15 ( 2563) - (Special Safeguards) (Trigger Volume) MFN - 2558 2563 (Safeguards) 15 2548 - 56 ( -) () - - - ( -) - Early Harvest - FTA 10% 0% - 60% 0% - 1. - - 57 ( -) () - Early Harvest - 2. - GMOs ( -) () FTA - 2005-2010 19 () 5,600.00 20 () 428.57 - - ( - ) 5 : - - 6 - ( ) 2546 - 58 ( - ) ( ) 5 : - - 6 59 ( - FTA) : 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. ( - FTA) FTA - 60 ( - FTA) -: FTA - ( - FTA) FTA - ( - FTA) - 61 ( - FTA) 2 / FTA I. 23 - Niche Market - - 1. Supply Management 2. () 3. Good Agricultural Practice (GAP) Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) / (Supply/Value Chain Management) 62 ( - FTA) () 2 / FTA I. 23 4. WTO ( 20) ( - FTA) FTA - 63 ( - FTA) - - ( -AFTA) - - - - - 64 ( -AFTA) () 1. 2. 3. Zoning WTO 4. 5. 6. (Non Tariff Barrier : NTB) (AFTA) ( - FTA) - : FTA - 65 ( - FTA) FTA - ( - FTA) FTA - ( - FTA) 2 / FTA I. 23 - 66 ( - FTA) - 1. 2. (Automatic Licensing) 3. (Herbal Teas) 67 ( -BIMSTEC FTA) - GDP BIMS...</p>