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  • BASIC

    BASIC GRAMMARCONTEXTIN

    S I X T H E D I T I O N

    S A N D R A N . E L B A U MJ U D I P. P E M N

    The Sixth Edition of the best-selling Grammar in Context series inspires learners through compelling stories, National Geographic images, and content relevant to students lives. Students learn more, remember more, and use language more effectively when they learn grammar in context.

    Grammar in Context, Sixth Edition features:

    NEW National Geographic photographsintroduce lesson themes and draw learnersinto the context.

    NEW and UPDATED readings, many withNational Geographic content, introduce thetarget grammar in context and provide thespringboard for practice and personalization.

    NEW listening exercises reinforce thegrammar through natural spoken English.

    NEW end-of-lesson activities helplearners review and apply the targetgrammar to writing.

    UPDATED Online Workbook providesadditional practice of the target grammar.

    GRAMM

    AR IN CONTEXT

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    http://ngl.cengage.com/search/showresults.do?N=200

  • Australia Brazil Mexico Singapore United Kingdom United States

    GRAMMARCONTEXTIN

    S I X T H E D I T I O N

    S A N D R A N . E L B A U MJ U D I P. P E M N

    BASIC

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  • Copyright 2016, 2010, 2006 National Geographic Learning

    ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. No part of this work covered by the copyright herein may be reproduced, transmitted, stored or used in any form or by any means graphic, electronic, or mechanical, including but not limited to photocopying, recording, scanning, digitizing, taping, Web distribution, information networks, or information storage and retrieval systems, except as permitted under Section 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act, without the prior written permission of the publisher.

    ISBN 13: 978-1-305-07540-5

    National Geographic Learning

    20 Channel Center Street

    Boston, Massachusetts 02210

    USA

    Cengage Learning is a leading provider of customized learning solutions with office locations around the globe, including Singapore, the United Kingdom, Australia, Mexico, Brazil, and Japan. Locate our local office at international.cengage.com/region

    Cengage Learning products are represented in Canada by Nelson Education, Ltd.

    Visit National Geographic Learning online at ngl.cengage.com

    Visit our corporate website at www.cengage.com

    Grammar in Context Basic, Sixth Edition

    Student Book

    Sandra N. Elbaum

    Judi P. Pemn

    Publisher: Sherrise Roehr

    Executive Editor: Laura Le Dran

    Managing Editor: Jennifer Monaghan

    Development Editor: Claudi Mim

    Executive Marketing Manager: Ben Rivera

    Product Marketing Manager: Dalia Bravo

    Senior Director, Production: Michael Burggren

    Content Project Manager: Mark Rzeszutek

    Manufacturing Planner: Mary Beth Hennebury

    Interior Design: Brenda Carmichael

    Compositor: SPi Global

    Cover Design: Brenda Carmichael

    Cover Photo: Canyonlands National Park, Colorado Plateau, Utah

    For permission to use material from this text or product, submit all requests online at www.cengage.com/permissions

    Further permissions questions can be emailed to permissionrequest@cengage.com

    Printed in the United States of AmericaPrint Number: 01 Print Year: 2015

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  • Contents iii

    Contents

    1

    2

    Unit 1 Welcome to the United States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

    Lesson 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4Reading/Context Help for New Immigrants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51.1 Subject Pronouns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61.2 BeAffirmative Statements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

    Lesson 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10Reading/Context Using the Laundromat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111.3 Contractions (Short Forms) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121.4 Singular and Plural . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141.5 This, That, These, Those . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

    Lesson 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16Reading/Context At the Supermarket . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171.6 BeNegative Statements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191.7 Adjectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 201.8 Expressions with It . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 221.9 Singular and PluralSpelling Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23

    Writing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

    Unit 2 Time and Money . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

    Lesson 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28Reading/Context Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 292.1 Possessive Nouns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 302.2 Possessive Adjectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31

    Lesson 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32Reading/Context Being on Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 332.3 BeYes/No Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 352.4 Irregular Plural Forms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38

    Lesson 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39Reading/Context At the ATM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 402.5 BeWh- Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 422.6 Articles A and An . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44

    Writing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46

    Unit 3 Sending Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48

    Lesson 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50Reading/Context Getting a Social Security Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 513.1 ImperativesAffirmative . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .