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KOREAN Supervisor: Professor Hoojong Kim Translated from the English: The Essential Bronchoscopist© (by Henri Colt) Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, Korea, 2016

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Translated from the English: The Essential Bronchoscopist© (by Henri Colt)
Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, Korea, 2016
MODULE I QUESTIONS and ANSWERS 1
I.1: ?
A. Freiberg
B. Copenhagen
1966 9 Shigeto Ikeda (,
) . Freiberg
Gustav Killian (1860-1921)
. Chevalier Jackson
1904 .
Created on 11/2009 1
MODULE I QUESTIONS and ANSWERS 2
I.2: .
?
A. Baird Hansell
C. Hopkins Kapany
1927 1930 Baird () Hansell ()
. Heel () O’Brien ()
(
) . Hopkins Kapany ()
“(fiberscope)” .
Created on 11/2009 2
MODULE I QUESTIONS and ANSWERS 3
I.3: ?
A. .
B. , .
C.
.
D. , .
E. . I.3: E
.

.
. , , ,
.
.

. ,

.
.
Created on 11/2009 3
MODULE I QUESTIONS and ANSWERS 4
I.4:
?
D.
E. I.4: B
American College of Chest Physicians(ACCP) American Association for
Bronchology(AAB)
. .
.
.

.


Created on 11/2009 4
I.5: (American Thoracic Society) ,
?
A. .
B. .
C. .
D. .
E. . I.5: B
.
.
.

?
. “
?” . “”
.
. .
. ,
. .
.
. ,
, , .
, , ,
. , ,
.

. , ,
, , ,
Created on 11/2009 5
.
.
MODULE I QUESTIONS and ANSWERS 7
I.6 .
?
A. .
B. Dr. Ikeda .
C.
.
D.
.
I. 6 B
.
.
, ,
.
( )
.
.
Created on 11/2009 7
MODULE I QUESTIONS and ANSWERS 8
I.7 ?
A. .
.

.


.
) ( ) .

MODULE I QUESTIONS and ANSWERS 9
I.8: ?
A.
.
C. .
D. .
E. . I.8: E
“ ” .
, ,
, , ,
.
.

. ,
, ,
.

.

.
.

. .

. ( )
.
, .
, , .
Created on 11/2009 9
I.9: (epiglottis) (vocal cord)
?
E. (trigeminal nerve) I.9: D
(superior laryngeal nerve) , (epiglottis),
(periform fossa), (valleculae) .
. ,
3/1 (glossopharyngeal nerve) .
(
) .
.
(sphenopalatine nerve)
. (recurrent
laryngeal nerve) .
.
Created on 11/2009 10
MODULE I QUESTIONS and ANSWERS 11
I.10:
?
A.
B.
E. I.10: E
Cocaine( ) (epinephrine
lidocaine)
.
.
.
, , (turbinates)
.
.
,
, (
) . .
( )

.
I.11: (Novocaine)

?
; Bupivicaine (Marcaine), Lidocaine
(Xylocaine), Mepivicaine (Carbocaine), Ropivicaine (Naropin)
Procaine (Novocaine), Cocaine, Benzocaine, Tetracaine (Pontocaine) .

“i” (ii) .
( , , ,
)
.
.
(preservatives) .

. PABA (paraaminobenzoic acid)
. PABA
.
.
.
.
. (1)
. (2)
. (3) .
Created on 11/2009 12
I.12: (epiglottis)
?
B.
. 5-7 cm
4,5,6 . . (cricoid)
. .
(rima glottides) .
(arytenoid) .
(corniculate) . (vocal)
. (vestibular)
.
(epiglottic) .
(glossoepiglottic fold) .
(valleculae) .
. ,
.
Created on 11/2009 13



MODULE I QUESTIONS and ANSWERS 15
I.13: . ,
.
.
.
,
.
A. .
B.
.
D. .
E. . I.13: E
, , .
“E” .


.
.
.
.

.
,
, , (
) .
Created on 11/2009 15
MODULE I QUESTIONS and ANSWERS 16

, , ,
, .


.
Created on 11/2009 16
MODULE I QUESTIONS and ANSWERS 17
I.14:
?
A. ,
, .
B. 10-15% .
C. ,

.
D. ( ,
, )
.
E.
. I.14: E


.
,
.
.
,
.
Created on 11/2009 17
MODULE I QUESTIONS and ANSWERS 18
I.15: , , ,
“(resolution)” ?
D. I.15: B
.
.
, , .
.
320 560
.
VHS ( ) 250 S-
VHS(Separate Super VHS) 400 .
. 72 ppi 72
, 72 5184 .
.
Created on 11/2009 18
MODULE I QUESTIONS and ANSWERS 19
I.16: C-ARM
?
C. I.16: A
.
(anode tube)
12 ( 30) .
.
Created on 11/2009 19
MODULE I QUESTIONS and ANSWERS 20
I.17:
?
A. 6-8 . .
B. ,

.
.
E.
. I.17: D

.
2
.
. 24

.
.

. one-way
valve .
.

.
.
(acetaminophen)
.
Created on 11/2009 20
MODULE I QUESTIONS and ANSWERS 21

. ,

.

I.18: ?
( .)

. .
, (V ) .
(Arytenoid) V .( .)

MODULE I QUESTIONS and ANSWERS 23
I.19 . ?
( .)
. ( )
. ,
. ( 19 mm).
(
12mm).
. (cricoarytenoid)
.
(arytenoid)
.
.

. .
, .
Created on 11/2009 23

I.20 ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
I.20 B
(cricoid) .
.
, ,
.
8
.
. Broeslow tape
.
I.21: 30 ?
A. 1.5 cm2
I.21: B
2.8 cm2 .
, , . 30
2.8 cm2 60 3.2 cm2 .
40% .
(tracheal index,TI) .
1 . ( )

(TI 0.6 ).
Created on 11/2009 26
I.22: ?
( .)
U (
) .
20 . ( 6
(manubrium) )
( 2/3 ) .
, , .
.
40% .
25mm, 27mm .
13 mm, 10 mm .
C (49 %).
U (27%). (Saber) (Lunate)
.
Created on 11/2009 27
U
I.23 (Wegener’s granulomatosis) 29
.
?
A.
.
C.
.
D. . ,
.
I.23 D

.
. “ ” .
.
.
Created on 11/2009 29

.


. 10% .
.

.
3mm A .
.

. ( )
, .
.
6 7
.
, , ,
.
Created on 11/2009 30
MODULE I QUESTIONS and ANSWERS 31
I.24:
?
C.
D. I.24: B
. 150
ml .

.
. ,
, ,
.
I.25: (Coumadin) .
INR 2.1. .
.

A. .
B. .
C. .
D. , K 2.5 mg
INR .
E. K 10 mg .
. I.25: C
.
.
. INR 4 1-2.5 mg
K 50% INR 1.8-3.2 .
K INR 20
. K 10
.
INR ( ) .
.

.
Created on 11/2009 32
I.26: (tracheostomy) 43
.
?
A. (heliox) .
B. (sniff) ..
C. .
D. . I.26: B
(sniff position) , ,
.
.
(atlantoaxial joint) .
.
.
Created on 11/2009 33
I.27: (inhalation injury)
.
?
B. (smoke)
C.
D. I.27: D
.
, , ,
, ,
.
,

. .
.
.

.
, , (, ,
, )
.
,
.

.
.
. ,
Created on 11/2009 34
,
.
.
Created on 11/2009 35
I.28: ?
A.
B. 2 cm
C.
D.
E. I.28: E


.
(carcinoid) . , ,
, , ,

. 2 cm
.

5% .
(trapped lung)
.
.

.
MODULE I QUESTIONS and ANSWERS 37
I.29: ?
A. (supine)
.
B. (Miller)
.
D. (Cricoid)
.
. I.29: C

sniff ( , ) .
. (Miller)
.
.
.
(Macintosh) .
(valleculae) .
.
(Sellick maneuver)
. ,
, , .
(Rapid sequence intubation)
.
.
, ,
.
Created on 11/2009 37

MODULE I QUESTIONS and ANSWERS 39
I.30
?
B. , ()
C. (Agitation) (anxiety)
E. I.30 D

. .
(bite block) .
.
.
. ,
Yankauer .

. (Agitation) (anxiety)
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
, (supine) (prone) , , ,
.
Created on 11/2009 39
1
A. (Universal cord section)
B. (Control section)
D. () (Eyepiece (or video) section)
E. (Insertion tube section) II.1: C
.
, ( ),
.
. (coherent bundle)

.
MODULE II QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
2
II.2 : ?
A.
B.
C.
Created on November 11, 2009 41
MODULE II QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
3
.
.
(bite block) .
.
. .
, , ,
, .
.
MODULE II QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
4
II.3:
?
D. II.3: B
(atropine)
(glycopyrolate)
. ,
, , , ,
.

.
. .
6
.
. .


.
MODULE II QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
5
II.4: ?
A. 4
.
B. , ,
.
C.
.
D. 2cm
.
E.
. II.4: D

( ,
, ) .

.
.
, , ,
, -, , ,
.

. ( , , )
20% .
.
.
.

.
Created on November 11, 2009 44
MODULE II QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
6
.
B.
.
C. .
D. .
E. “”, “”,
“”, “”, “” . II.5: C

.
.
.
.
.
. .
, .
.

. ,
, ,
.
.

.

.
Created on November 11, 2009 45
MODULE II QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
7
.
.
.
.

. “”,
“”, “”, “”
.
MODULE II QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
8
( .)
Created on November 11, 2009 47
MODULE II QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
9
(commissure) (
6 ). .
.
.
((epiglottis) (aryepiglottic
fold) (pyriform sinus)) .
.
.
. (arytenoids) 6
V 12 .
Created on November 11, 2009 48
MODULE II QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
10
II.7: 58
.
. ?
A.
B.
D. II.7 C
(AP window) (recurrent
laryngeal) .

. .
.
, , , .
(arytenoid) (aryepiglottic
fold) . .
Created on November 11, 2009 49
MODULE II QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
11
.
MODULE II QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
12
II.8:
.

?
B.
C. (superior laryngeal)

D. II.8: C
,
.
. , ,

.
.
Created on November 11, 2009 51
MODULE II QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
13
II.9: (dynamic)
.
?
B.
C. -
D.
E. II.9: E

. , ,
(hyper flexion) (hyperextension) . ,
. ,
(, )
.

.
.
.
, .
.
“(Ball-valving)”
.

.
Created on November 11, 2009 52
MODULE II QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
14
II.10:
?
A. . B. . C. .
II.10 A

. .

MODULE II QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
15
II. 11: ?
A. .
B. .
C. .
D. .
Created on November 11, 2009 54
MODULE II QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
16
.
.
. .

. .

. , ,
.

MODULE II QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
17
II.12: 3 .

. .
.
?
A.
C.
D.
E. C II.12: E

.
.
(padding)
.
.
(ethylene oxide)
. (Betadine)
.
(Glutaraldehyde)
.
MODULE II QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
18
A. Ovassapian
MODULE II QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
19
.
Williams (blind orotracheal intubation)
. Williams
. Ovassapian
. Berman
.
Williams
MODULE II QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
20
II.14: ?
A. (Simple)
B. (Hourglass)
C. (Complex)
MODULE II QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
21
. ,
. , ,
.
.

, .
.
5cm 6
.
MODULE II QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
22
II.15: ?
A. 1990
.
B.
.
.
C.
.
MODULE II QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
23
T- 1960 .
.
. T-
.
.
.

. T- ()
.
(studded) .

MODULE II QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
24
II.16:
?
A.
.
B.
.
C. .
D. .
E. 5 mmHg . II.16: E
20 mmHg
.
,
.
.
,
,
.
6 .
-
.
90%

.
MODULE II QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
25
II.17: (supine)
?
A. (nerve sheath tumor)
B.
,
.
, ,
.
.
.
MODULE II QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
26
?
A. ETO .
B. ETO .
C. ETO ETO
.
D. ETO 4 , 24

E. TO . II.18: E
(ETO) .

. (High- level disinfection)
, ,
. 2% (Glutaraldehyde)
25 45 .
.
“ ” .
,
.
. “ (teaching head)
.
.
.
MODULE II QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
27
II.19:
. ?
A. .
B. .
C. .
D. .
II.19: C

.
.
. .
.
-

.
. .
.
Created on November 11, 2009 66
MODULE II QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
28
MODULE II QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
29
II.20:
?
A.
B.
E. II.20: A
3 cm2
.

.
. .
100
.
,
.
.
.
Created on November 11, 2009 68
MODULE II QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
30
II.21:
?
A. 5
B. 10-15
C. 20-25
D. 25 II.21: B
12-24 mm
10-15 .
, ,
. ,
, .
.
MODULE II QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
31
II.22: ?
A. .
D. .

(
). ,
, , .

. . .
“(middle way)”
: .
, .
“ ” . .

. “ ” Jean-
Francois Dumon . Dumon
. ,
, ,
. “ ”
, ,
, ,
.
Created on November 11, 2009 70
MODULE II QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
32
.
.
.
“ ” . .
Created on November 11, 2009 71
MODULE II QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
33
II.23:
?
B. .
C. .
D. .
E. II.23: C

(, ,
, )
.
?

.

. ( , , , )
( , ,
) .
( ,
, , )
. ?
? ,
? ,
.
( ,
, ,
) .
Created on November 11, 2009 72
MODULE II QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
34
(Tetracaine) .


.

. (
) , ,
.
Created on November 11, 2009 73
MODULE II QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
35
A. (abduction)
B.
C. (subglottic)
Created on November 11, 2009 74
MODULE II QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
36
II.24: B
. . . . . . , , .
Created on November 11, 2009 75
MODULE II QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
37
A. -(innominate artery)
E. II.25: A
-(innominate artery) 0.7% . . 0.5% . , , .
Created on November 11, 2009 76
MODULE II QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
38
II.26:
?
A. Midazolam B. Diazepam C. Lorazepam D. Fentanyl E. Morphine
II.26: D
,
. Fentanyl .
morphine Fentanyl .

Propofol . Propofol
.
.
Created on November 11, 2009 77
MODULE II QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
39
II.27: 33
.
.
Ambu .
, . .
6 mm
. 4.8 mm
( (bite block)
).
3.2mm 1.2 mm
. 7.5 F
.
.
?.
A. (Trendelenburg) (supine)
7.5 F
(cuff)
.
B. 6.0 F
.
C.
8.0 F

D. 7.5 F ,
5.0 F
.
E.
6.0 F .
Created on November 11, 2009 78
MODULE II QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
40
II.27: E
. 3.2 mm . Ambu . ( (nasal trumpet) ).
. . . . . . . . . . , light wind optical stylet .
. ( , light wands, optical stylets, ) . . , , .
Created on November 11, 2009 79
MODULE II QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
41
. .
Created on November 11, 2009 80
MODULE II QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
42
II.28: (ETO) . ETO . ?
A. . B. . C. . D. . E. S .
I.28: A
(ETO) . ETO . ETO AIDS . ETO . .
Created on November 11, 2009 81
MODULE II QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
43
II.29: (goiter)
.
.
(subglottic) ?
A. 1cm
B. 2cm
C. 3cm
D. 4cm I.29: B
C6 T5 . . . 2 cm .
(cricoid) .
. , , . .
Created on November 11, 2009 82
MODULE II QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
44
II.30: 25 , 5 kg
, ,
. 10% (lidocaine) 2
2% 2cc .
(midazolam) 3mg .
.
. .
. .
.
. .
. (miliary tuberculosis)
. ?
A.
B.
D.
.
. ,
. 1970 Iowa Donald
Zavala .
, ,
.
(TBLB) ( ,
)
Created on November 11, 2009 83
MODULE II QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
45
(BLB) .

..
.
.
( ).

.
.
(midazolam)
.

.
Created on November 11, 2009 84
MODULE III QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
1
III.1:
. ?
A.
C.
D.
(midazolam) .
.
(diazepam) mg 4 . 5 mg
2 .
.

.
.
. .
.
.
( )
(Benzocaine) (methemoglobinemia) .
Created November, 2009 85
2
III.2: (endotracheal tube, E-tube)
?
A. 90
.
B. 90

C. 4.8 mm 6 mm
.
D. . III.2: D
D
.
. ,
.
.

(epiglottis) (arytenoid) .
(aryepiglottic fold) .
.
.

. A,B,C .
.

. #7.5

. 90

.
3

4
III.3: Fentanyl morphine 100
. 2
?
E. 15 III.3: C
Fentanyl morphine meperidine
. 50-100 mcg .
5-10 30-60 .
7-15 2 .
MAO Fentanyl .
Created November, 2009 88
5
III.4: Naloxan (Narcan) ?
A. , ,
.
B. 10 ml 1 (0.4 mg 1 ml) 0.04 mg/ml
.
C. 1ml (0.4mg) 2-4
.
D.
(0.4mg)
.
E. 5 ml . III.4: E
Naloxone
.
10mg . ,
.

Flumazenil . ( 0.2 mg 15
1 mg ). Flumazenil 2

. , , , , .
naloxone .
Created November, 2009 89
6
III.5: .
? (
.)
A. , .
B. ,
.
C. , .
D. .
Created November, 2009 90
7
.
.
.
.
,

.
8
.
.
?
.
.
D. (aryepiglottic
fold) . . III.6: B
.

. .
.
, (Murphy
eye)
.
.
Seldinger .
, , ,

.
,
.
Created November, 2009 92
9
.

.
Created November, 2009 93
10
?
A.
B.
C.
E. III.7 : E
(Glutaraldehyde)
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
, ,
.
( ), ,
.

.
11
III.8: ?
A. 2% Glutaraldehyde 45 ,
.
B. 2% Glutaraldehyde 45
.
.
D. ,
. III.8: C
Glutaraldehyde
. CCD (charge coupled device)
.
. ,
95%
45 .
45 .
10
99.8% . Cidex Sporicidin Glutaraldehyde
24 .
.
Created November, 2009 95
12
III.9:
?

.

( ) .
Created November, 2009 96
13
A. (kVp)
B.
C.
Compton ,
.
.

.
.
.
.
, .
Created November, 2009 97
14
III.11:
?
.
B.
, .
C. , .
D.
, . III.11: B
.
, ,
,
, ,
,
.
,


.
.
. ,
.
Created November, 2009 98
15
III.12:
?
A. Berman
B. Williams .
,
, .
Ovassapian
. .

.
.
9 mm .
Berman
.

.
Williams blind - .
.
Williams
.
16
17
III.13: .
?
B. ,
C.
D. (, , )
E. III.13: E
, . ,
.
E
.
, , , (, ,
), (, ), ( ,
, ), (, , , ),
(, , , , ), (
, - , ), ,
(, , ) .
.
Created November, 2009 101
18
III.14: , 76
. 1mg
. 20%
(adenoid cystic carcinoma)
. .
.
98% 88% .
. 110 150 .
?
A. Cetacaine
B.
C. Tetracaine
(Methemoglobinemia)
Cetacaine Hurricane
Benzocaine .
. , . CO-
. 20%
.
. (Methylene blue) 1-2
mg/kg .
.
Tetracaine Cetacaine (2% Tetracaine, 14%
Benzocaine, 2% butyl ester of paraaminobenzoic acid) . Tetracaine
paraaminobenzoic acid . Lidocaine

. .
Created November, 2009 102
19
, , - ,
. Lidocaine Tetracaine
, 0.5% 4%
. 4% 15 . 10%
. 0.1 ml (10 mg) Lidocaine
. 2.5% 5% (gel) ,
. 30 .
lidocaine 300 mg .
. Lidocaine
.
lidocaine .
lidociane
. , , , ,
. ,
.
Created November, 2009 103
20

.
?
A. /
B. /
C. /
D.

21

.
.
. ,
, ,
.
.


.
, , .


22
?
A.
. .
B.
.
C. , , ,

.
D. .
E. 24 . III.16: E
36-48 .
,
. ,

.
(inhalation)
.
.
,
. , , , -,

. ,
, , , , ,
.
Created November, 2009 106
23
III.17: (inhalation) ?
A. 2-15% (,
, ) 30%
.
B. .
C. , ,
( ).
.
E. -
.
24
III.17: D
,
.
.
,
.
. .
.
.
.
“ ” .
.

.


25
III.18: 3 63 . . 1 . . . . 3 cm 5mm . . 3 cm . . (adenoid cystic carcinoma)
. ?
A. .
B. .
C. Nd-YAG .
D. (sleeve resection) . III.18: D

. (adenoid cystic carcinoma)
0.1% (
) 10% . ,
, ,
6 (
) .
.
. 50%
, , , .
10-15
.
26
III.19:
?
A.
D.
27
(saber-sheath) .
.
49% C .
5% . .
.

(air-trapping) , ,
.
.
, tracheobronchopathica osteochondroplastica, ,
, .

Created November, 2009 111
28
III.20: 33
.
. .
.
. .
?
A. - , .
B. .
C. .
D. (carina) , .
E. . III.20. D

.
.
.
, ,
, , , ,
, , - .
Wegener , Goodpasture ,
(DIC) .
Created November, 2009 112
29
30
III.21:
, .
?
A. 20% ( 1.5 cm) .
B. 10% ( 2 mm) .
C. 30% .
D. 30% .
E. 30% . III.21: E
( )
( ) .

. .
.
.
.

.

.
Created November, 2009
31
III.22:
?
A.
.
B. .
C. .
D. . III.22: D
.
.

.
.

(odontoid process) (medullar
oblongata) . ,
, (Paget’s disease),
(platybasia, ) .

.
.
.
. , ,
, .


. ,

Created November, 2009 115
32
.
.
.
,
,
.
Created November, 2009 116
33
III.23: ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
34
III.23 D
, , .
, , . , , ,
, , .
(viscous)
.
.
(mucin) .
.
, , .
, , ,
Created November, 2009 118
35
III.24: ?
A. , ,
B. ,
Created November, 2009 119
36
.
.
.
. .
.
(extent) . (airway caliber)
. (Friability) (texture)
(, , , , ) .
(concomitant findings)( , , ,
) . (,
) , . (Color)
(, , , , , , , )
, ,
.
. .
ATS
.
.
37
III.25: ?
A.
38
.
. .
:
.
.
,
.
39
A. (subapical) .
B.
C.
(tracheal bronchus) “ ”

. 7 .
.
0.25%
1% . , , , .
, ,
. , ,
.
. (rudimentary)
. (displaced) (apical)
.
. (supernumerary)
.
Created November, 2009 123
40

(lobar) .


2cm
41
III.27: ?
A. (superior segment) 1 cm
(basal segmental) .
B. ( ) 9-15 cm .
C. 1.2 -2.4 cm .
D. 1.5-2.0 cm .
E. (bronchus intermedius) 2-
4 cm . III.27: E
(bronchus intermedius) 1.0-2.5
cm .
.
, ,
,
.
42
III.28: ?
A. (apical) .
B. (lingual) .
D. (carina) .
E. (mediobasal) .
Created November, 2009 126
43
(bronchoalveolar lavage)
. , ,
. (apical)

.

.
.

.
.
(silicone), (xylocaine gel),
.
. .

(bite block) .
.
, (Velcro
strap) .
,
.
.

44
III.29: (BAL) ?
A. BAL , , .
B. BAL 1 (FEV1) 20%
.
C. BAL 6 .
D. BAL
.
E. BAL , . III.29: D
BAL 24
.
BAL
.
BAL 2 .
.

. ,
.
.
45
III.30:
?
B.
C.
D. 2cm
E. III.30 E
.

, ,
.


.
,

.
. “ 2cm ”
.
Created November, 2009 129
1
IV.1:
(arytenoid) .
?
A. (arytenoid)
.
B. (arytenoid)
.
C. (Murphy eye)
90
.
D.
.
E.
.
, . IV.1: C
.
.
.

. , ,
.

.

.

(arytenoid) .
Created on 11/16/2009 6:39:00 PM 130
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
2
(aryepiglottic fold) . ,
. .
.
(bevel tip) (Murphy eye)
90 .

MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
3
IV.2: ?
A. (superior segment) 1cm
.
B. 1.0cm .
C. 4-5 cm. 45
.
D. 1.0cm . 25
. IV.2: D
2 cm ( D 1cm
), 10-16 mm. .

.
. 4-5 cm.

, , ,
. 1cm
.
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
4
IV.3:
?
B. , .
IV.3: D
, ,
.
.
. 5
5 .
?

.
.
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
5
Created on 11/16/2009 6:39:00 PM 134
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
6
IV.4: ?
A.
B.
C.
, , -
. .
.
, ,
.


MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
7
(carcinoma in-situ)
.
?
IV.5: A
(pneumonectomy) (pneumoplasty)
. LC-1
(lobectomy) . LC-2
(pneumonectomy) (bronchoplasty) .
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
8
A.
B.
IV. 6 A
.

. .
.
.
.
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
9
IV.7: 65
.
. .

. , .
, (hyperchromatism),
(pleomorphism) (mitoses)
. ?
A. (metaplasia)
B. (dysplasia)
D.
(hyperchromatism), (pleomorphism),
. .
.
.
(metaplasia)
(atypia) .


. .
.
Created on 11/16/2009 6:39:00 PM 138
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
10
IV.8: ?
A. .
B. 10%.
C. 3.
D. .
E. .
IV.8: C
, , , .


. 1% .
.
.
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
11
, .




MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
12
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
13
IV.9: ?
A. 165ml
.
C.
lidocaine .
D. 100 ml 106 .
E. . IV.9: C

.
(BAL)
. BAL 3%
.
10 x 106
. 50% . BAL
( ) , ,
.
100 ml
.
.
,
,
.
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
14
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
15
IV.10:
?
A. BAL .
B. .
C. BAL .
D. BAL .
E. BAL , ,
,
,
, ,
. IV.10: B
( <50,000)
( < 20,000) .
.
( ).

.
.

.
.
.
( )
.
Created on 11/16/2009 6:39:00 PM 144
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
16
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
17
RB6 ?
A. 3
B. 9
C. 5
12 o’clock
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
18
RB6 .
(RB 4 RB 5).
.
-
.
RB 6
RB 7
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
19
IV.12:
?


.
.
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
20
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
21
IV.13:
(posterior
basal segmental) .
?
A. RB10 RC-1
B. RB10 RC-2
C. RB8 RC-1
D. RB7 RC-1 IV.13: B
(posterior basal segment) B10.
2
RC-2 ,
1 RC-1 .
B6-B10 .
, ,
.
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
22
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
23
IV.14:
?
(aspergillosis) BAL
30% .
.
BAL , , ,
(pneumocystis carinii) (cytomegalovirus)
.
Created on 11/16/2009 6:39:00 PM 152
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
24
IV.15: ?
A.
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
25
, , ,
.
. , , .
, , ,
.
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
26
IV.16:
1cm
. . .
?
A. Nd:YAG
(Photodynamic) 80%
. , 3 cm
, 4-5 mm .
15%.
, , ,
. 630 nm
(Photosensitization) .
5 mm . (free radicals)
.
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
27
.
72
.
.
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
28
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
29
IV.17: 3
?
A. .
B. .
C. 40% .
D. .
E. . IV.17 E
.
70% .

, 70%
.
.

.
0.8% - 6% .
BAL “ ”
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
30
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
31
IV.18: ?
A.
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
32
.
.
. ,
. .
.
(Intraepithelial neoplasia) , ,
(dysplasia)( ) (carcinoma in
situ) .
. ,
.
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
33
A.
C.
D. IV.19: B
2cm .
, ,
- .
Created on 11/16/2009 6:39:00 PM 162
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
34
IV.20: .
?
A.
B.
C.
D. (, , )
E. IV.20: E
.
.
(, , ), (,
), (, , ), (, , ,
), ( , , , , )
( , -, ) .
Created on 11/16/2009 6:39:00 PM 163
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
35
IV.21: 3
(brachytherapy) 10
.
. , ,
. ?
A.
C.
D. IV.21: B
(brachytherapy)
. mm
.
.
.
.
.
, , . Nd:YAG
.

.


.

36
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
37
?
A.
B. Nd:YAG
C.
D. IV.22: C

.

.
(1)
, (2) , (3)

, (4) Streptokinase , (5) (Cryotherapy)
. (6)

.
.
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
38
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
39
IV.23:
?
A. , V
U .
B.
.
.
C.
.
D.
. IV.23: A
. .

A .
,
, .

( ).
.

.

. .

. (
).
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
40
. ?
A. .
B. .
C. .
D. .
RB2 . RB1 RB3
.
, .
C-1 C-2 1-10 . (1-3 , 4-5
, 6-10 ).
.
RB-1
RB-2
RB-3
RB-1
RB-3
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
41
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
42
IV.25: ?
A. .
B. .
C. . IV.25: A
.
.
.
.
.

MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
43
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
44
IV.26: (Manaus) 40
, , .
10
.
. .
.
. .
. ?
A. (Histoplasmosis)
C. (Cryptococcus)

. Histoplasmosis capsulatum ,
. , , , ,

,
.
10-16 .
3 .
.
.
.
.
,
( ).

.
Created on 11/16/2009 6:39:00 PM 173
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
45
.
Created on 11/16/2009 6:39:00 PM 174
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
46
IV.27: 5 .
7 .
. , ,
. .
.
.
. .
(silver) .
?
A. (aspergillosis)
D. (Torulopsis Candida Glabrata) IV.27: D
(Torulopsis Candida Galbrata)
. (silver)
.
,
.
. (Candidiasis) .
(Aspergillus) .
.
(Mucomycosis) .
Created on 11/16/2009 6:39:00 PM 175
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
47
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
48
IV.28: 1970 Shigeto Ikedo
.
?
B.
C.
D.
IV.28: E
Huzley Stradling
. Ikeda
( Ikeda
).

. (1) , (2)
, (3) , (4) .
“ ”
. , ,
, , , ,
.
Created on 11/16/2009 6:39:00 PM 177
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
49
IV.29: 3 39
3cm .
. .
.
. .
.
.
30%
.
.
.
. ?
A. .
B. .
C.
.
D. (blind) . IV.29: C

.
.


.
.
.
. ,
, ,
.
Created on 11/16/2009 6:39:00 PM 178
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
50
Created on 11/16/2009 6:39:00 PM 179
MODULE IV QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
51
IV.30: 67 5
(PDT) .
. ?
A. 4-6 .
B. .
C. . IV.30: A

4-6 .
Nd:YAG
.
,
.
MODULE V QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
1
V.1: 54
.
. 8 .
,
.
.
. .
?
V.1: A
light chain .
(ossification) tracheopathica osteochondroplastica
.
(plaque) .
.
Created on November 2009 181
MODULE V QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
2

. Congo red
. 30% .
, ,
. .


.
-
.


. ,
, .
.
(cobblestoning), , ,
.
Created on November 2009 182
MODULE V QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
3
V.2: LB4
. ?
A. .
B. .
C. .
LB4 . LB4
LB3 .
. Jackson
Huber, Boyden, Shinoi, Nagaishi Ikeda . .
(subsegmental)
. (L), (R) .
, .
1-10 (1-3 , 4-5 , 6-10 ).
C-1 C-2 .
.
LB-3
LB-4
4
V.3: T4 ?
A. 1cm
B. 2cm

D. 3cm
V.3: A
T4 . , ,
T4 . T4
III B . (M 0) III B T1N3,
T2N3, T3N3 .
III B
. 5 10-20%.
T4 for carina
5
V.4: T2 ?
A. 1cm
B. 2cm

D. 3cm
. V.4: C
T2 3cm 2cm
, ,
. N1 ( ,
), N2 ( , ,
), N3 ( , , , ,
) T2 IIB, IIIA IIIB .
2cm T2
Created on November 2009 185
MODULE V QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
6
V.5:
90% . .
.
?
A. Nd:YAG
Nd:YAG
. Neodymium yttrium-aluminum garnet crystal
(Nd:YAG) 1,064 nm .
.
.
.
,
. Nd:YAG
.
,
.
.

.
. Nd:YAG .

Nd:YAG .
.
7
V.6: A,B,C
?
A. , , (LB 10, LB 9- LB 8)
B. , , (LB 8, LB 10- LB9)
C. , , (LB 8, LB 9- LB 10)
D. , , (LB 9, LB10- LB 8)


A
8

, 12 3 .

. 5 . (LB
9) .
“basal pyramid”
“three musketeers” .

9
V.7: .
.
.
?
A.
.
.
C. . V.7: B
.


(
). .
.
.
.


.
.
Created on November 2009 189
MODULE V QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
10
V.8:
. .
?
11
(safety
position) .
.
. .
.
.
.
.

.
(fetal)
. (trigger) “as chien de fusil”,
“plegaria mahometana”
.
(awkward) .
Created on November 2009 191
MODULE V QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
12
V.9:
?
A. .
B.
.
C. 20-50 cc
.
D. (pole) .
.
E. . V.9: E
.

. 37
, .
. 50 mmHg
.
Created on November 2009 192
MODULE V QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
13
V.10:
, ,
?
D.
E. V.10: E

. ( tramlines
) .
.
(blunt) (sharp)
.
, ,
.
(electro coagulation) (balloon tamponade)
.


. , , , , , , (flail
chest) .
(
) -
.
14
V.11: ?
A. (carcinoid)
15
(HPV) .
.
17th “ ” . .

.
10 1.8.
. .
. .
.
. .
, ,
.
(Bronchoscopy Atlas) .

V.12: ?
A. , , ,
.
16
B.
.
.
D. - 2cm
.
E.
. V.12 D
- 2cm .
,
, ,
, , ( ) .

.
.
.
.
. “
” .
Created on November 2009 196
MODULE V QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
17
V.13: ?
A.
18
V.13: C
30 H
.
, .
.
H .
5-8% (

)
H .

. ,
.
,
.
.

. .
.
Created on November 2009 198
MODULE V QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
19
V.14:
?
B. .
C. .
D. .
E. 2 % .
V.14 D

. .
.

.
.
.
, ,
.
20% .
(
)
.
.
.
Created on November 2009 199
MODULE V QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
20
,
,
.

.
Nd:YAG , , ,
.
1% . ( )
.
Nd:YAG
21
V.15: .
28 (Wegener’s granulomatosis) .
, , .
. 6
.
?
A. .
B.
.
C. # 6
.
D.
.
. V.15 D
.
.
.
.

.
.

.
(difficult airway)
.
22
V.16: ?
A.
B.

C. 2 .
D.
E. V.16: D

.
,
, ,
.

. ,
. .
. F.


.

23
V.17: 4
. (anastomotic site)
.
. .
?
A. -
B. - (mucomycosis)
C. -
D. -
V.17: A
45 , ,
. -
. (felt)

.

. BAL
.
Created on November 2009 203
MODULE V QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
Created on November 2009
25
V.18: 50 , .
(corticosteroid) ,
. .
. .
.
.
?
B.
26
,
. (
, , , ). ,
.
.
.
.
.

. .

.
(,
) .
.

. .
.
.
.

27
V.19:
.
?
A. .
B.
.
D. .
E. . V.19: E


.
.

.
.

.
. .

.
( )
.
Created on November 2009
29
V.20: .
?
.
B.
.
C.
.
D. .
E. .
. V.20: E
.

.
. .

. .
(windshield wiper) ?
Created on November 2009 209
MODULE V QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
30
V.21:
?
4
. 6
. .

.

.
.
.
Created on November 2009 210
MODULE V QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
31
V.22: ?
A. 1 % B. 1%-4 % C. 5%-10% D. 10%
V.22: B
1-4% .
, .
, ,
.
32
V.23:
?
C. (Sarcoidosis)
V.23 B
,
. ,
, BAL, 80% .

.
, ,
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
Created on November 2009 212
MODULE V QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
33
V.24:
“float sign” .
?

“float sign”
.
Created on November 2009 213
MODULE V QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
34
V.25:
?
B.
C.
D. V.25: C

. “”
.
.
.


.

.

( ).

35
V.26: ?
A. (relapsing polychondritis)
V.26: D
Klebsiella rhinoscleromatis
( ).
.
. Scleroma
( ).
, trimethoprim-sulfa
.
( , ), (
), ( ) .
Created on November 2009 215
MODULE V QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
36
V.27: .
?
A.
.
B. .
C. . V.27: A

, ,
.
;
.
Created on November 2009 216
MODULE V QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
37
V.28: ?
A. 1 B. 2 C. 3
V.28 C
.
, 9
3 (bronchus intermedius) .
RC-1 .
. , ,


38
39
V.29:
?
A.
B.
D. ,
E. V.29: E
, .
.
, , ,

.
. (malacia)
.
(charring) , ,
. , ,
,
.
40
V.30: 1 (French) ?
A. 0.2 mm B. 0.3 mm C. 0.4 mm D. 0.5 mm
V.30: B
1 French 0.333 mm 1.0 mm 3 French .
5 French 1.65 mm .
.
French 1 French.
French . 5
French 6 French ( 2.0 mm) 10 mm
.
2.2mm 7 French
. 3 French
.
(Tamponade balloon)
. 8 French 2.6 mm
.
Created on November 2009 220
MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
1
VI.1:
4 .
.
.
. ?
A. ,
.
B.
.
.
C.
.
D. “suture catheter technique”
. ,

.
MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
2
VI.1 A .
. .

.
.
. (Alligator forceps),
(rat tooth with alligator jaws), (rubber tip forceps),
(shark tooth forceps) .
.
suture-catheter
.
100cm
. (dental floss) .
( ).
.
.
( ).

.
Created on 5/14/2009 4:42:00 PM 222
MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
3
VI.2: 2
. .
?
A. .
B. .
C. .
D. .
E. . VI.2: B
, , , ,
.
. .
.
, ,
#5 .
, (flexing)
.
#6
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
Created on 5/14/2009 4:42:00 PM
# 6
4
VI.3: 58 .
. 3
.
, ,
. ?
A. (malignant melanoma).
B. .
C. .
D. Caplan
Created on 5/14/2009 4:42:00 PM 224
MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
5
, , ,
Caplan . melanoptysis
(CWP) .
. .
CWP .

.
,
.
.
.
.

. .
.

. .
.

.

.
. , , ,
.
Coccidiodomycosis, Histoplasmosis, Mycobacterium
tuberculosis .
Nd:YAG
.
MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
6
Broncholiths
VI.4: 35 5 .
, ,
.
. . .
. HIV . PaO2 54
mm Hg. .
. .
.
, PAS .
(silver) . ?
A.
B.
C.
E.
MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
7
.
. .
.
(alveolar proteinosis), ,
, AIDS,
.
.
5% 10% . AIDS

. Pneumocystis carini,
cryptococcosis, tuberculosis, .

.
.
, ,
. BAL .
.
.
. 30% , ( Nocardia),
.
Created on 5/14/2009 4:42:00 PM 227
MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
8
VI.5: ?
A.
B.
C.
MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
9
carcinoma). 60
.
40%
.
.

. .
. ,
.
25% .
.
.
. ?
A. , ,
.
MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
10
.
C. ,
.
D. , ,
.
. VI.6 E

.
. ,
.
.
. .
, . ,
. - .
, .
Created on 5/14/2009 4:42:00 PM 230
MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
11
VI.7: (carcinoma in-situ) 62
1000 .
TV . ?
A. .
B. 6
.
C. .
D. . VI.7: B

.
6 .
. .
Created on 5/14/2009 4:42:00 PM 231
MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
12
VI.8: ATS 4R( )
2cm , 3 (
) .
?
A.
D. VI.8: C
1/3 (azigos) .
.
.
.
(2-3 mm ) .
(innominate) ,
.
.
Created on 5/14/2009 4:42:00 PM 232
MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
13
?
A. .
B. .
C. .
D. .
E. . VI.9: E
TBNA
.
,
.
.
.

.
.
.

.
Created on 5/14/2009 4:42:00 PM 233
MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
14
VI.10: 2 B 44
, ,
.
.
.
. .
.
?
A.
B. CMV
C.
E. VI.10: E
.
.
,
.

.
. 20%

. . CMV,
.
.
( .

).
MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
15
VI.11: (ATS 4R, Wang
3) ?
A. (posterolateral)
B. (anterolateral)
D. (posterior) VI.11: B
ATS 4 R 2-
4 1 2 (
)
. (azygos)
. .

. (ATS 4L (aortopulmonary
window)) .
MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
16
VI.12:
?
A. .
B. .
C. .
D. .
E. . VI.12: A

.

(tamponade) .
.


.
(major fissure) (RB-6)
.
RB-6
MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
17
VI.13: Wang (
) (Wang 1), (Wang 2),
(Wang 8), (Wang 4),
(Wang 3) Naruke/ATS-LCSG ?
A. ATS 7, ATS 4L, ATS 4 R.
B. ATS 6, ATS 4L, ATS 4 R.
C. ATS 7, ATS 8, ATS 4L, ATS 4 R. VI.13: A
ATS 7 , .
4L 4R ( 5 )
. 2cm
1 2 (
) .
( )
9 .
7
MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
18
VI.14: ?
A.
MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
19
(carcinoid) , ,
. .
.
.
(alveolar) (glandular) .
5-10 90% 10% .
,
. 5-10 60%
.
(Nd:YAG
) .
(, , )
. - ,
, ,
, .
Created on 5/14/2009 4:42:00 PM 239
MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
20
VI.15: , ,
. .
?
A. .
B. .
.
C. .
.
D. .
E. .
.
MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
21

.
. .
.

.
, ,
.
,
.

MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
22
VI.16: 53 2 .
.
.
. BAL
. .

(Blastomycosis) ?
A. (mucosal granularity) (thrush)
.
B.
.
C.
(vesicular) (nodules)
. VI.16: C
Blastomyces dermatidis (dimorphic) .
. ,
, .
. .

.
Created on 5/14/2009 4:42:00 PM 242
MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
23
. , ,
.
, , , .
,
. BAL 10% KOH
.
.

Created on 5/14/2009 4:42:00 PM 243
MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
24
VI.17:
9
?
A.
B. -
C.
- (Wang 10)
.
. (ATS 7, Wang
8)
.

3
( ).
Wang .
Wang station 10
9 244
MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
25
MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
26
VI.18:
12
?
A.
B.
C.

.

.
,
.

. ,
.
.
, 6 .
Created on 5/14/2009 4:42:00 PM 246
MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
27
VI.19: .
. ?
A.
.
B. epinephrine; 1:10.000
.
C. .
D. .
.
Created on 5/14/2009 4:42:00 PM 247
MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
28
. ( , )
. Epinephrine .
epinephrine (1 ml
1:1,000 epinephrine 10-20 ml ).

.
.
. ( 2-
9) . VI.20: (carcinoid)
. , ,
?
A. 80% 1%
.
B. 80% 1%
.
C. .
Created on 5/14/2009 4:42:00 PM 248
MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
29

.
.
epinephrine .
.
80%
.
1% .

. , ,
.

.
.

MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
30
VI.21:

?
D. VI.21: A
.
S
.
.
( 5, Wang 4)

9 (
) .


MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
31
VI.22:
?
A. “ ” .
B.
.
C.
, .
D. epinephrine .
E. . VI.22: A

.
. .

.
epinephrine .
. ,
, , , ,
(tamponade) .
Created on 5/14/2009 4:42:00 PM 251
MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
32
VI.23:
?
A. 3-4 .
B. .
C. .
D. . VI.23: B

.
.
.

.
3-4 .
Created on 5/14/2009 4:42:00 PM 252
MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
33
VI. 24: ?
A. 50 ml 1-2%
( >2, >25 mg/dl) 45%
.
B.
.
C.
.
D. 45 mg/dl, 3 mg/dl,
50,000/mm3
. VI.24: A
, , (Bilirubin >
1.5 ml/dl, alkaline phosphatase > 110, SGOT > 25)
.
. ,
, Von Willebrand’s ,
sulfa, thiazides , , , ,
, (ITP, , systemic
lupus) ( , , , TTP)
.
BUN (>45)
creatinine (>3) . 50,000
mm3 .
.
.
. “ (leave the clot)”.

.
Created on 5/14/2009 4:42:00 PM 253
MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
34
VI.25: 15 45 ,
.
.
itraconazol .
. Mumps Candida
. .
. 3

.
. Coccidiomycosis
?
A.
.
B.
.
C.
.
MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
35
Coccidiodomycosis immitis

(dimorphic) . , ,
. 1-3
. , , , ,
, .
. 4
. IgG (complement fixation) ( 8
) .

.
. (endospore)
(spherule).
BAL TBLB .

MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
36
A. Ehlers-Danlos
B. Mounier-Kuhn
.
, , ,
. -
.
(malacia) .
(floppy airway) .
Mounier-Kuhn .
, , , ,
. . Ehler-Danlos
, , . Ataxia telangiectasia
(telangiectasia) (cerebellar ataxia) .
(cystic fibrosis) COPD

(tracheomegaly) .
Created on 5/14/2009 4:42:00 PM


37
VI.27:
?
A. .
B.
.
C. .
D. , ,
.
E.
. VI.27: E

.
. .

.
.
.

.
, (bite block)
.
.
.
.

.
Created on 5/14/2009 4:42:00 PM 257
MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
38
VI.28: ?
A. .
B.
.
C.
3 (surveillance) .
D.
. VI.28 B

. .
(Surveillance) .

.
, , , , ,
, , .

.

MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
39
VI.29:
?
D. (Fracture of needle catheter)
E. (Bacterial pericarditis) VI.29: D
, .
.

.
.

.
MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
40
VI.30:
?
B. Piggyback .
C. Hub against wall .
D. .
E. (cough) . VI.30: D


. .

.
.
“jabbing”
.
“hub ” ()

.
“piggyback ” (
).
.
.
“cough ” piggyback jabbing
. .
.
.

.
Created on 5/14/2009 4:42:00 PM 260
MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
41
VI.31: .
?
A.
.
B. .
.
C. .
.
.
D. .
. VI.31: C

.
. .

.


MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
42
MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
43
. .
. (arterial
embolectomy) . 2

. ?
A. 3 Fr .
B. 5 Fr .
C. 7 Fr .
E.
. VI.32: B
5 F 1.5 mm
.
6F ( 2.0 mm) 10 mm.
.
.
.

. .
4.9 mm 6.0 mm 60 cm.
4.0mm 6.0 mm 55 cm.
2.2 mm 2.8 mm.

.
MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
44
MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
45
VI.33:
.
. ?
A. 3-5 mm
B.
C.
Created on 5/14/2009 4:42:00 PM 265
MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
46
VI.33 A
(ATS 7, Wang 1 and 2)
3-4
mm .
( c).
( b).
(
azygoesophageal recess ).
ATS 7
MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
47
.
.
. .
?
A. Glutaraldehyde
.
B.
.
C. ,
.
D.
. VI.34: C
(leak test) .

. .
.
AIDS .
MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
48
VI.35: ?
A.
D. .
Chevalier
Jackson
.
“ ”
.
“ ”

.
. 1-2 cm .
2-3 cm 1-2 cm.
.
.
. “
” .
“ ” 1960
Shigeto Ikeda
. Ikeda
. (World
Association for Bronchology) .
MODULE VI QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
49
VI.36: ?
A.
.
B. -
.
C.
,
.
D.
. VI.36: B

. - (LB 1 2)
(LB 3) . 4
(LB 6, 8, 9, 10) (LB 7)
.

.
LB-1+2
Officially endorsed by the World Association for Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology Translated by Professor Hoojong Kim, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
From the original: The Essential Bronchoscopist© By Henri Colt, MD, FCCP, FAWM
Laguna Beach, CA, USA
Modules1-6_krn
II.19: . ?
B.