lyrical poem1

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  • 7/29/2019 Lyrical Poem1


    Lyrical Poem

  • 7/29/2019 Lyrical Poem1



    For the ancient Greeks, a

    lyric was a songaccompanied by a lyre.

    It was short, and it usually

    expressed a single emotion,such as joy or sorrow.

    The word is now used morebroadly, referring to a poemthat, neither narrative nor

    strictly dramatic. But, it is anemotional or reflective


    A lyric is set in present,catching a speaker in amoment of expression.

    Types include Ballads,Limericks, Haiku, Sonnets,Free Verse, etc.

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    Structure: Framework of a work of literature; theorganization

    or over-all design of a work.


    A lyric intended to be set in music,or easy to sing.

    Songs employ less of the terminalss, z, ch, sh, ed and more of m, n, l,r; less of complicated words and

    more of simple ones.

    Verse intended to be sung in a

    chorus is also referred toas strophicverse.


    A lyric of fourteen iambic five-foot

    verses. The first eight verses arereferred to as the octaveand

    usually are end-stopped.

    Shakespearean Sonnet: A sonnetwith the first three quatrains

    rhymed as (1, 2, 1, 2; 3, 4, 3, 4; 5,6, 5, 6) and a final couplet (7, 7).

    William Shakespeare wrotelyrics for songs in some of theplays. Examples of his lyrical

    poem are Spring and Winter.

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    A lyrics is melancholy ormournfully contemplative.

    Death. Example: Because ICould Not Stop for Death


    If the lyric is rather long,elaborate, and on a lofty themesuch as immorality or a herosvictory.

    Example, WordsworthsHymn toDutyorKeatsOde to a GrecianUrn


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    Meter: The pattern of stresses, or beats, in poetry. Much lyric poetry depends on regular meter based either on number of syllables or on stress.

    Two syllables With the short or unstressed syllable followed by the long or stressed syllable.


    Two syllables

    With the long or stressed syllable followed by the short or unstressed syllable.


    Two unstressed syllables


    Three syllables, with the first two short or unstressed and the last long or stressed.


    Three syllables, with the first one long or stressed and the other two short orunstressed.


    Two syllables, with two successive long or stressed syllables.


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    Rhythm of rhyme

    Blank verse: Therhyme isn't regular(meaning it doesn'tfollow a particular


    Inconsistent rhymescheme-


    Unlike sonnet, ituses a single

    stanza of (usually)fourteen lines andan intricate rhyme


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    Uses of figurative language such assimile, metaphor, hyperbole and etc.

    Ancient Hebrew poetry relied: Repetition


    Chiasmus (a reversal of structures in orderto make a larger point.) for many of itseffects.

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  • 7/29/2019 Lyrical Poem1


    On the Departure Platform

    We kissed at the barrier ; and passingthrough she left me, and moment by

    moment got smaller and smaller, until

    to my view. She was but a spot ;A wee white spot of muslin fluff that

    down the diminishing platform bore

    through hustling crowds of gentle andrough to the carriage door.

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    Under the lamplights fitfulglowers,behind dark groups from far

    and near, Whose interests were apart

    from ours, she would disappear,Then show again, till I ceased to see

    that flexible form, that nebulous white

    ;And she who was more than my lifeto me had vanished quite.

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    We have penned new plans since that fair

    fond day,And in season she will appearagainPerhaps in the same soft white

    array But never as then !

    And why, young man, must eternallyflyAjoy youll repeat, if you love her well

    ?O friend, nought happens twice thus ;

    why, I cannot tell !

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    Thomas Hardys work On theDeparture Platform is a four-line, six

    stanza narrative poem. It is a

    dramatized account of the sights ofthe speaker as a lady (whom is his

    love) leaves him to board a train.

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    Although the speaker is very much inlove with the woman, he feels that she

    can appear never as of then!due to

    their relationship being at its end. The authors use of imagery,

    amplification and connotations

    expresses in a non-literal form, therelationships ultimate demise at the

    hands of the womans loss of love.

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    As the poem begins, the speaker simplysays, We kissed at the barrier. This sets

    the tone of the piece. It is immediately

    noticed that he avoids going into detail

    about the kiss.

    This suggests that it is quick and

    disconnected. The speaker does not

    mention their relationship or past moments,

    only the aspect of leaving; which is

    immediately determined by the reader as a


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    The title, the initial line of the poemalong with the one sided non intimate

    account all imply that the woman is

    leaving him emotionally and heaccounts his feelings as she does so.

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    The atmosphere is then furtherdeveloped to cast the image of losing

    his love for good. Under the

    lamplights fitful glowers, Down thatdiminishing platformboth use

    alliteration to focus the reader on

    fitful and diminishing.

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    The use of apostrophes helps amplifysome of these alliterations throughout

    the text. These allow the reader to

    focus on how quickly the speaker feelshis relationship is ending and his

    melancholic tone as it ends.

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    Images created in Thomas Hardys poem

    must be taken in a non-literal sense tograsp the true meaning of the speakers

    dialect. As he watches her fade, not only

    does the woman fade from his physical

    and emotional self but also he places her

    in a point where she is going to become a

    memory that once was. This is further

    enforced by his depersonalization of herform, setting her as a spot of muslin fluff.

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    Thoughts of the speakers love moving onto another man are a constant theme in

    the poem. The thought starts as hedescribes her as walking into a crowd.This symbolism of going back out to findanother is reinforced. Behind dark groups

    from far and near, whose interests wereapart from ours, explains the speakersdiscontent with letting her go. The speakertalks of how this is not in the interest of

    their relationship before the line Shewould disappear. In this, the speakerproduces the thought of never seeing her


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    More powerful verbs and adverbs are usedin parallel with each other. We see themcome up in a rhythmic sequence after thespeaker expresses his melancholic attitudetowards the ending of their relationship.Fitful, apart, disappear, ceased,

    nebulous, and vanished are focal pointsof the speakers dialect. These all create apowerful feeling of loss, distance, anduncertainty. When the speaker uses these,

    they are all used in describing an actionthat the woman is taking as she leaves thespeaker in the train station. This denotes

    his emotional loss for her.

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    The final stanza is a one-line remark from

    a friend to the speaker himself. In this

    dialect, they discuss the possibility offinding another woman for the speaker.

    Talking of how young men should always

    look for love with Why, young man, musteternally fly.(2101:21) The friend attempts

    to comfort the melancholic speaker by

    telling him that he will find love again. Thespeaker responds with a pessimistic

    remark, which makes the reader feel as

    though this love was a once in a lifetime


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    Thomas Hardys poem, On the Departure

    Platform (2100) is a non-literal account ofthe loss of the readers love; specifically

    his relationship with a woman. The

    speaker expresses that his love canappear never as of then! (2101:20) due

    to her loss of love and distancing from

    him. The authors strong use of imagery

    and amplification, created the implicationof the speakers relationships ending.

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