# mediate inference

Post on 24-Feb-2016

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Mediate Inference. Mediate Inference. Commonly called as argument Has two major types: Deduction/Deductive Arg./Syllogism Categorical Syllogism Hypothetical Syllogism. Mediate Inference. Induction Induction by complete enumeration Induction incomplete enumeration Induction by analogy. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Mediate Inferenceyour nameyour name1Mediate InferenceCommonly called as argumentHas two major types:Deduction/Deductive Arg./SyllogismCategorical SyllogismHypothetical Syllogismyour name2Mediate InferenceInductionInduction by complete enumerationInduction incomplete enumerationInduction by analogyyour name3Categorical Syllogismis an argument which proceeds from statements concerning the relationship of two terms, to a conclusion concerning the relationship of two terms to each other.All its propositions are categorical propositions (A,E,I,O).your name4ExampleAll poets are creative. M PSome artists are poets. S M Ergo, some artists are creative. S P

your name5Ordinary languageargumentsNo, that girl is not Leyla because she has short hair, while Leyla has long hair.Di lagi na modagan nga sakyanan kay way gasolinaWhere theres smoke theres fire; theres no fire in the warehouse because theres no smoke there.your name6Ordinary languageargumentsNo, that girl is not Leyla because she has short hair, while Leyla has long hair.No person identical to Leyla is a person who has short hair.All persons identical to that girl are persons who have short hairSo, no person identical to that girl is a person identical to Leyla.your name7Ordinary languageargumentsDi lagi na modagan nga sakyanan kay way gasolina. (The car wont run because it has no gas)All cars without gas are cars that wont run.All cars identical to that car are cars without gas.So, all cars identical to that car are cars that wont run.your name8Ordinary languageargumentsArguments in the ordinary language can be translated to the basic categorical or hypothetical syllogism.Syllogisms (categorical or hypothetical) are basic forms of argumentsHence, the analysis of categorical syllogismyour name9ExampleAll poets are creative. M u + PpSome artists are poets. Sp + Mp Ergo, some artists are creative. Sp + Pp