strategies for successful speaking
Post on 18-Nov-2014
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Assigned By: Sir Samar Kamal Fazli Assigned To:Bushra Mughal Muzna Sehar Fiza Fatima Hafiz Ali Naeem Syed Zargham Abbas MBA-F08-022 MBA-F08-106 MBA-F08-030 MBA-F08-034 MBA-F08-146
Strategies for Successful Speaking
Introduction:In the ancient world, writers such as Aristotle, Cicero, and Quintilian were some of Greek and Roman practitioners of the art of rhetoric or persuasion. Its roots are deep. Its heritage is oral. Nonwritten communication is known as oral communication. For example speaking, delivering lecture, reading, interviewing etc are some forms of oral communication. The sentence structure of oral communication are simple. This medium uses shorter words and shorter sentences. It brings prompt feed back.
The Chapter Consist of Two Basic Parts:Strategies for Improving Oral Presentation Strategies for Reducing Stagefright
Strategies for Improving Oral Presentation:To make our presentation meaningful, we need a strategy. This section takes us through the steps needed to be effective in oral communication.
Steps for Preparing Oral Presentation Kinds of Oral Presentation Ways of Delivering Oral Message Strategies for Using an Effective Oral Delivery Strategies for Effective Non-Verbal Delivery
Steps for Preparing Effective Oral Presentation:Determine the Purpose Analyze the Audience & Occasion Select the main Ideas for the Message Research the Topic Organize Data and Write Draft Create Visual Aids Rehearse the Talk
Determine the Purpose:We communicate to produce a result. We wish something to occur as a result of our words. On the macro level those goals are:
To inform or instruct To persuade To entertain
Analyze the Audience & Occasion:Whether one writes or speaks, the message must be adapted to the audience. If you talk within your organization, you will have some idea about who and how many people will be in the audience. If all audience members have same occupation then we can use more technical expressions and illustrations.
Select the Main Idea for Message:We should select the main idea for the message firstly. Then we should those information which support our main idea.
Research the Topic:It is obvious that we will not possess all information relating our central theme. Thus, we facts data information and it require complete research on the topic
Organize the Data & Write Draft:After collecting all the data we should organize it in proper form as we have to present in front of the audience and after that write the draft. This include the following:
Introduction Body Summary or Conclusion
Create Visual Aids:Some presentations do not require visuals. It would be odd to include an over head of the major dates in the career of a retiree. It would be odd if the visual is required and we do not present it.
Rehearse the Talk:Always imagine that audience is in front of you. This is only possible if we make rehearsals many times and revise important points.
Kinds of Oral Presentation:There are four kinds of oral presentation
Extemporaneous Reading Memorization Impromptu
Strategies for an Effective Oral Delivery:Pitch Rate Volume Vocal Quality Pronunciation
Strategies for an Effective Nonverbal Delivery:Posture Movement Gestures Facial Expressions Appearance
Strategies for Reducing Stagefright:Being at ease, or simply giving the impression of being at ease is difficult for most people. Few people can approach an audience without some feeling of discomfort. Pickup any newspaper, read what person have to say about situation demanding a performance in front of the people. Many resist and fear the idea.
Signs of Discomfort:Signs of discomfort are usually experienced. The heart rate increases and the blood pressure & body temperature rises and some say their mouth feel dry. Look carefully at each of the above stated points. You may be aware of these things but they are not obvious to the audience.