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  • 1. GEF and Technology Transfer:An Overview GEF Expanded Constituency WorkshopOctober 11 13, 2011Tashkent, Uzbekistan

2. Overview of this presentation1. What is technology transfer?2. What is the GEF doing to facilitate technology transfer?3. How do I know my countrys needs for technology transfer?4. Where do I go from here? 3. 1. What is technology transfer?Technology: at the core of global environmental challenge As a source of environmental degradation andemissions As a means to address negative impacts, reduceemissions, manage natural resources, andmonitor conditions As a foundation for economic development,value creation, and employment(GEF 2010)Developing, demonstrating, deploying and diffusingenvironmentally sound technologies (ESTs) are activities in the critical path toward an effective responsible toglobal environmental challenges (Agenda 21) (UNIDO 2010) 4. 1. What is technology transfer? (continued) Various Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs) include provisions related to technology and facilitating access and transfer:UN Framework Convention for Climate Change (UNFCCC): agreed on theTechnology Mechanism in December 2010 to support action on technology development andtransfer for mitigation and adaptationStockholm Convention: calls for promoting use of Best Available Techniques and BestEnvironmental Practices (BAT/BEP) to reduce persistent organic pollutant (POPs) releases fromunintentional production (waste incinerators, aluminum production, open waste burning, etc.)Montreal Protocol: adopted decision on environmentally sound destruction of ozonedepleting substances (ODS) banks. The Multilateral Fund is requested to continue its efforts onfurther cost-effective projects for the destruction of ODS banks, using appropriate technologiesConvention on Biological Diversity (CBD): recognizes that access to and transfer oftechnologies among Parties is essential to achieving CBD objectives 5. 1. What is technology transfer? (continued) Many definitions and interpretations of technology transfer exist For climate change, GEF has adopted the technology transfer definition byInternational Panel on Climate Change (IPCC): .a broad set of processes covering the flows of know-how, experience and equipment for mitigating and adapting to climate change amongst different stakeholders It goes beyond hardware, and encompasses capacity, know-how, policies and institutions 6. 2. What is GEF doing to facilitate tech transfer? GEF has financed demonstration, deployment, and diffusion of ESTs and enablingactivities Each focal area addresses technology transfer within its GEF-5 strategy Programming depends on convention guidance and national priorities Articulation of a GEF-wide technology strategy under discussion Technology transfer is a priority for GEF climate change focal area Conference of the Parties (COP) of UNFCCC has given a mandate on technologytransfer to GEF GEF is the only multilateral institution that has financed technology transfer underCOP guidance GEF is largest public sector financing mechanism for technology transfer 7. 2. What is GEF doing: climate change and tech transfer GEF has invested approx. $3 billion in climate change, leveraging morethan $15 billion GEF-5 funding (2010-14) for mitigation is approx. $1.4 billion Special Climate Change Fund/Least Developed Countries Fund(CCF/LDCF) funding for adaptation and LDC support is approx. $530million cumulative 8. 2. What is GEF doing: GEF-5 Mitigation Strategy & Tech Transfer 6 GEF-5 Climate Change Mitigation Strategy objectives address different aspects oftechnology transfer, from R&D to diffusion of technologies + enabling activities Sectors: energy efficiency, renewable energy, transport, urban systems, LULUCF 9. 2. What is GEF doing: Poznan Strategic Program on Technology TransferFunding level $35 million from GEF Trust Fund in GEF-4 $15 million from SCCFSupport for Technology Transfer Pilot Projects 14 projects were selected for support in 2009 Their implementation is ongoingSupport for TNAs Project was approved in 2009 15 first round countries were selected in 2010, and second round country selection is being finalized Country-level assessment is ongoingLong-Term Program on Technology Transfer Plan with 5 elements submitted to UNFCCC COP (see slides 11 and 12) Publication on Poznan Program (GEF 2010)downloadable from: 10. 2. What is GEF doing: Poznan Program country coverageRussian Federation: HCFCTurkey & Cookphase-out, HFC-free,Islands: Hydrogenenergy efficient AC &energy installationsRefrigeration (UNIDO)for small islands(UNIDO) China: Green truckdemonstration (WB)Jamaica: Small scale Russian Federationwave power (UNDP) Thailand: South-South ChinaTurkey Georgiatechnology transfer:Mexico: Local wind MexicoJamaicaethanol from cassavatechnologies (IDB) Guatemala MoroccoJordan Bangladesh (UNIDO) Senegal Costa Rica MaliChile: Local solar Sri Lanka Cambodia Cote dIvoire KenyaCambodia: Agricultural ThailandViet Namtechnologies (IDB)PeruBrazilresidue biomass to Cook energy (UNIDO)Cote dIvoire: Solid IslandsChile Indonesiawaste compostingSri Lanka: Bamboo(AfDB) Argentinaprocessing (UNDP)Brazil: Renewable Jordan: IrrigationCO2 capture & technology (IFAD)storage from sugarSenegal: Typha-basedindustry (UNDP) thermal insulation Pilot Projects production (UNIDO) TNA Project First Round Countries (15) 11. 2. What is GEF doing: Long-Term Program on Technology Transfer1. Support Climate Technology Centres and a Climate Technology Network : a) at global, regional, national levels b) may involve technical assistance, training, information sharing, knowledgemanagement, reflecting UNFCCC discussions2. Conduct Pilot Technology Projects to Foster Innovation and Investments: a) to demonstrate innovative technologies b) to support deployment and diffusion to catalyze investments3. Develop a Public-Private Partnership for Technology Transfer: to facilitate private sector engagement to support innovative financial instruments or business models for technology deployment1. Support Technology Needs Assessments (TNAs): to target low- & medium-income countries to conduct and/or update TNAs2. GEF as a Catalytic Supporting Institution for Technology Transfer 12. 2. What is GEF doing: Key Features of Long-Term Program The Program is consistent with and support the Technology Mechanism agreed in Cancun at COP16 The Program was approved by the GEF Council The 5 elements may be funded by: STAR (elements 1, 2, and 4) Global and Regional Set-Aside (elements 1 and 4) PPP fund (element 3) Publication on EST Transfer (GEF 2010) additional voluntary contributions (element 2) downloadable from: transfer-case-studies-2010 13. 3. How do I know my countrys needsfor technology transfer?Key entry points for climate change: Has your country carried out a TNA recently? Do your National Communications (NC) and National Adaptation Programs of Action (NAPAs) identify technology needs? Do your national policies and strategies identify specific technology needs? (GEF 2009) downloadable from Does your Common Country Assessment-UN Development Assistance Framework (CCA-UNDAF) identify any technology needs?If yes, your starting point could be to review the documentto prioritize action for project developmentIf no (especially for the TNA), your starting point could beto assess the merit of conducting a TNA, or addressingtechnology needs more explicitly in your next NC (UNDP 2010) 14. 4. Where to go from here for climate change?To carry out a TNA Larger economies: propose a single country TNA utilizing STAR allocation Smaller economies: apply to be included multi-country TNA project from Global and Regional Set-aside, subject to competitive selection (contact GEF)To carry out a technology transfer project Mitigation: submit a proposal for a project in one of the six objective areas, utilizing STAR Adaptation: submit a proposal for a project to SCCF/LDCFTo establish and/or take part in climate technology centre & network activities National level: submit a proposal, utilizing STAR Global and regional level: contact the GEF about your interest, as regional pilot may be starting in 2011 in line with Cancun decision 15. Thank you very muchFor further information, please contact: Tech Transfer and Mitigation: Chizuru AokiSenior Technology Transfer Officer E-mail: caoki@thegef.orgClimate Change Adaptation, SCCF/LDCF: Bonizella BiaginiHead, Climate Change Adaptation Strategy and OperationsE-mail: Chemicals: Ibrahima Sow Chemicals Cluster Coordinator E-mail: isow@thegef.orgGEF Tech Transfer Website (under development):


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