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DESCRIPTIONI am an Ecclesial Lay Minister of the Roman Catholic Church in Las Vegas. I teach scripture studies at St. Joseph Husband of Mary parish. This presentation was during my two year training program through the Las Vegas Diocese. I hope it can help you as you need it. Peace and Love In Christ.
- 1.THE SACRAMENTS ANSWERING A FEWQUESTIONS
2. ONLINE RESOURCES Diocese of Fortworth : Historical Guidelines http://www.fwdioc.org/worship/Pages/sacramental_gu Catechism of the Catholic Church: http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0015/_INDEX.HTM Ordinatio Sacerdotalis (on Ordination to thePriesthood) http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/john_paul_ii/apost_l 3. ONLINE RESOURCESVatican II Today: Seven SacramentsV http: //www. ameri cancathol i c. org/News l etters /VAT spContact Maria Covarrubias in Diocese of San B Bernardinohttps : //s i tes . googl e. com/s i te/d s bocm/marri age- sse 4. SACRAMENTALCHARACTER/SEAL 1121 The three sacraments of Baptism,Confirmation, and Holy Orders confer, in addition tograce, a sacramental character or "seal" by whichthe Christian shares in Christs priesthood and ismade a member of the Church according to differentstates and functions. This configuration to Christ andto the Church, brought about by the Spirit, isindelible,40 it remains for ever in the Christian as apositive disposition for grace, a promise andguarantee of divine protection, and as a vocation todivine worship and to the service of the Church.Therefore these sacraments can never be repeated. 5. Sacraments Pre-suppose faith "The purpose of the sacraments is tosanctify men, to build up the Body ofChrist and, finally, to give worship to God.Because they are signs they also instruct.They not only presuppose faith, but bywords and objects they also nourish,strengthen, and express it. That is whythey are called sacraments of faith."44 6. CHRIST & SPIRIT (EPICLESIS) CCC1127 Celebrated worthily in faith, thesacraments confer the grace that they signify.48They are efficacious because in them Christhimself is at work: it is he who baptizes, he whoacts in his sacraments in order to communicatethe grace that each sacrament signifies. theFather always hears the prayer of his SonsChurch which, in the epiclesis of each sacrament,expresses her faith in the power of the Spirit. Asfire transforms into itself everything it touches, sothe Holy Spirit transforms into the divine lifewhatever is subjected to his power. 7. SACRAMENTAL CELEBRATION:SIGNS & SYMBOLS CCC1145 A sacramental celebration is woven from signs and symbols. In keeping with the divine pedagogy of salvation, their meaning is rooted in the work of creation and in human culture, specified by the events of the Old Covenant and fully revealed in the person and work of Christ. 8. SACRAMENTS RESEMBLESTAGES OF NATURAL ANDSPIRITUAL LIFE 1210 Christ instituted the sacraments of thenew law. There are seven: Baptism,Confirmation (or Chrismation), the Eucharist,Penance, the Anointing of the Sick, HolyOrders and Matrimony. the sevensacraments touch all the stages and all theimportant moments of Christian life:1 theygive birth and increase, healing and missionto the Christians life of faith. There is thus acertain resemblance between the stages ofnatural life and the stages of the spiritual life. 9. BAPTISM CCC 1213 Holy Baptism is the basis of thewhole Christian life, the gateway to life inthe Spirit (vitae spiritualis ianua),4 and thedoor which gives access to the othersacraments. 10. BAPTISM CCC 1250 Born with a fallen human nature and taintedby original sin, children also have need of the newbirth in Baptism to be freed from the power ofdarkness and brought into the realm of the freedom ofthe children of God, to which all men are called.50 Thesheer gratuitousness of the grace of salvation isparticularly manifest in infant Baptism. the Church andthe parents would deny a child the priceless grace ofbecoming a child of God were they not to conferBaptism shortly after birth.51 CCC1251 Christian parents will recognize that thispractice also accords with their role as nurturers of thelife that God has entrusted to them.52 11. OIL ANOINTING WITH OIL SIGN OF SPIRITUAL SEAL ABUNDANCE AND JOY CLEANSING BEFORE/LIMBERING AFTER HEALING BEAUTY HEALTH AND STRENGTH 12. CONFIRMATION WHO CONFIRMS? God confirms that you are configured to God We belong to God Effects? - it roots us more deeply in the divine filiation which makes uscry, "Abba! Father!";115- it unites us more firmly to Christ;- it increases the gifts of the Holy Spirit in us;- it renders our bond with the Church more perfect;116- it gives us a special strength of the Holy Spirit to spread anddefend the faith by word and action as true witnesses ofChrist, to confess the name of Christ boldly, and never to beashamed of the Cross:117 http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0015/__P3T.HTM 13. Why a Bishop? 1313 In the Latin Rite, the ordinaryminister of Confirmation is the bishop.130...They have received the fullness ofthe sacrament of Holy Orders. Theadministration of this sacrament by themdemonstrates clearly that its effect is tounite those who receive it more closely tothe Church, to her apostolic origins, and toher mission of bearing witness to Christ. 14. Penance and Reconciliation What is celebrated? Forgiveness Reconciliation: it imparts to the sinner thelife of God who reconciles: "Be reconciledto God."7 He who lives by Gods mercifullove is ready to respond to the Lords call:"Go; first be reconciled to your brother.8Call to conversion 15. Whats an indulgence? CCC 1471"An indulgence is a remission beforeGod of the temporal punishment due to sinswhose guilt has already been forgiven, which thefaithful Christian who is duly disposed gains undercertain prescribed conditions through the action ofthe Church which, as the minister of redemption,dispenses and applies with authority the treasuryof the satisfactions of Christ and the saints."81"An indulgence is partial or plenary according as itremoves either part or all of the temporalpunishment due to sin."82 Indulgences may beapplied to the living or the dead 16. Anointing of the Sick CCC1511 This sacred anointing of the sick wasinstituted by Christ our Lord as a true andproper sacrament of the New Testament.It is alluded to indeed by Mark, but isrecommended to the faithful andpromulgated by James the apostle andbrother of the Lord. 17. ANOINTING OF THE SICK the "priests of the Church"132 - in silence -lay hands on the sick; they pray over themin the faith of the Church133 - this is theepiclesis proper to this sacrament; theythen anoint them with oil blessed, ifpossible, by the bishop.These liturgical actions indicate whatgrace this sacrament confers upon thesick. 18. EFFECTS OF ANOINTING CCC 1520 strengthening, peace and courage toovercome the difficulties that go with the condition ofserious illness or the frailty of old age. strengthens against the temptations of the evil one,the temptation to discouragement and anguish in theface of death lead the sick person to healing of the soul, but also ofthe body if such is Gods will "if he has committed sins, he will be forgiven." 19. EFFECTS 1521 Union with the passion of Christ 1522: Church intercedes for the benefit ofthe sick person,.sick person contributesto the sanctification of the Church 1523 A preparation for the final journey. 20. VIATICUM = VIA TE CUM 1525 Baptism, Confirmation, and theEucharist. " the sacraments of Christianinitiation, Penance, the Anointing of the Sick and theEucharist as viaticum = sacraments that endChristian life on earth: the sacraments that prepare for our heavenlyhomeland" or the sacraments that completethe earthly pilgrimage. 21. Sacraments in service ofcommunion 1534 Two other sacraments, Holy Ordersand Matrimony, are directed towards the salvation of others; ifthey contribute as well to personal salvation, itis through service to others that they do so. They confer a particular mission in the Churchand serve to build up the People of God. 22. SACRAMENT OF HOLY ORDERS CCC 1536 it is the sacrament of apostolic ministry. It includes three degrees: episcopate,presbyterate, and diaconate. order in Roman antiquity an established civil body, especially a governing body. Ordinatio means incorporation into an ordo. 23. ORDERS TAXEIS OR ORDINES: In the Church there are established bodies by Tradition, not without a basis inSacred Scripture, the liturgy speaks of the ordoepiscoporum, the ordo presbyterorum, theordo diaconorum. (Other groups also receive this name ofordo: catechumens, virgins, spouses,widows,..) 24. Ordination Integration into these bodies confers a gift of the Holy Spirit that permitsthe exercise of a "sacred power" (sacrapotestas) Ordination is also called consecratio, for itis a setting apart and an investiture byChrist himself for his Church. 25. Sacramental signs? the laying on of hands by the bishop, withthe consecratory prayer, constitutes thevisible sign of this ordination. 26. Ministry exercised in differentdegrees 1554 Exercised in different degrees by those who even fromancient times have been called bishops, priests, and deacons."32 there are two degrees of ministerial participation in the priesthood ofChrist: the episcopacy and the presbyterate . the diaconate is intended to help and serve them. sacerdos in current usage denotes bishops and priests but notdeacons. Yet Catholic doctrine teaches that the degrees of priestlyparticipation (episcopate and presbyterate) and the degree ofservice (diaconate) are all three conferred by a sacramental actcalled "ordination," that is, by the sacrament of Holy Orders: 27. BISHOP "Episcopal consecration confers, togetherwith the office of sanctifying, also theoffices of teaching and ruling the fullness of the sacrament of HolyOrders is, .called the high priesthood,the acme (summa) of the sacred ministry. 28. Bishop take the place of Christ himself, teacher,shepherd, and priest, and act as hisrepresentative (in Eius persona agant). By virtue, therefore, of the Holy Spirit whohas been given to them, bishops havebeen constituted true and authenticteachers of the faith and have been madepontiffs and pastors."38 29. Ordination of Women? Pope John Paul II in the apostolic letter "Ordinatio sacerdotalis", http://www.vatican.va/holy_f