torre 1880

114

Upload: fernando-rossi

Post on 03-Apr-2018

253 views

Category:

Documents


0 download

TRANSCRIPT

"The
YOLo I
whatever lig ht may be due th e
church; I know that you be
lieve the word of God to be
a
th e spirit,
of
th e just as fast as the
light is due, in order that a t each step we may
no t be in
A. God's
evening."
from a ll o ther books and,
undoubtedly it is a fountain of
living waters (truths) from
special
the Lord's servants
in
due season."
I seem to see in a clearer l ight t han ever before, th e
present
ed some of this
con-ndered th e text-"Babylon IS fallen." The subject in
genernl find th e Bible teaching concerning it , seems daily to
open up more clearly. I think, too, that i t
i s - the meat due
hei
a
re ignorant of th e fact,
and the re fo re do no t oboy th e call-"Come out from he r
my people, so
no t of her plagues." Would this
subject
B. I t would, and profitable too I hope. I
was
conversation
picture in Rev.
A. Then we will consider th e "two-horned beast" of
th e
next chapter now. I t seems to follow connectedly, ou r last
topic.
B. Suppose
you use th e Emphatic D iag lo tt; i t is so
much clearer .
lations.
A. The f ir st ten verses of thi s chapter describe the Papal
-Roman dominion. I t is th e Leopar d; it s "pots show ing
mixture, or church and empn e combined, I t receives it s
power &c., from th e
"Dragon" (Pagan Rome.) Lc t me
here
explain
that in symbol, "Heavens," signify the higher or rul ing
powers,
powers. When the Dragon gave it " place to Papacy. it
(Papacy) became "the
heavens" and those
to i t
(thc church) were "the earth." "The sea " r ep re sent s
the general
The "Leopard" arose from th e sea-from among the masses
of th e
its power and dominion, etc. "And
th e whole earth wondered after th e beast." And they did
homage to the Dragon (Paganism) because
he gave t he a uth
ority
to
Beast saying:
Who is like to t he Bea st !" Thus we see that th e
people
honored both th e empire and the ecclesiastical or church pow
er ,
power)
able to make war (to
contend) with the Beast?" The "blasphemies and
th e great
swelling words" of this power , we talked of at ou r last in
terview. is not l imited; still
but no t so
it s time fo
acting. It had "power to act forty
and two months." This is th e s ame peri od referred to in
chap. 12 as "twelve hundred and six ty days," and th r ee and
a half times ( 3 ~ ~ years) extending
from A. D. 538 to
179'8, when it s "power to
act" or put to d eath seems to have
ceased.
xiii.
beast , ascendmg
er,
an ecclesiastical,
had
ers which gave to it their support , s trength
an d protection,
"two horns." The first beast received a
dead ly wound f rom th e sword.
(V
th e word of God and Papacy received such a
wound during the
Reforma ti on . The p reaching of th e word of God by Luther,
Zwingli and others, showing i t to be th e "mystery of
iniqui-
ty," "The Man of Sin," "TIll ' Antichrist," &c., took away
much of
B. I see then
Protestantism!
A. I think it doe". As Papacy became a beast by th e
union of church and empi i e, so with Protestantism. I t is no t
called a beast until
rep I
XI)-
this
beast does not COI11P out of th e Sea (the irrehg
ious masses but
from th e
"en rth" (the people \\ ho had
been obedient to Papacv ) . I t has not the fierce, aggressive
character of th e "Leopard." but "two horns like a lamb."
It used it s horns
on ly II means of defence
and protec
dragon" doe
not seem to fit Protestantism. I t would seem to imply that
th e second beast tauaht the "amp t h i l l g ~ as the dragon. I . e.
Paganism, &c.
contrasted.
''''1.'
told what \\('1(' th e clai"';,, of th e Leopard
01 ' Papal ecclesiust icism. how it spnke gleat ~ \ \ ' E ' l l i n g
words
and blasphemie-s. how it cln iniod the riaht to "ru lo al l nn
t ions with a 1'0<1 of iron" III virtue of its
other claim tl.n
ns-
became II beast. rnade
such swelling
such m otont
ious C L 1 i l 1 1 ~ . I t <1,)('0, no t "1)(',11,
th e dracon.
hut
a" a dragon. Its claim" ar e the same as any civil 01
dragon power.
ROT "p p I I thought that it s "peaking a" a dragon
would ind ica te
I
see that
it rea
llv marks it as h('iJl!! hotter and is th e d istinau
i-hnnr
feature'
of
Sin." I t does seem
that th Spirit clothed tho matter in such symbol-s as w oul.t
be (l ifficult or impossible to under st and
until it should be
come meat due to the church.
A. Not ic e fur ther that although the two-hor ned b(',l "t
claimed less, it s greator humil i tv did not operate again:;t
it .
fo r "All the authori tu of th e f ir st b ea st he executes ill
hi,
presence."
B.
[tho state
churches of
England a11<1 Cr-rmanv.] was nhle to exert much influence
and pO\n'r aR Pn pnoy could hv i ts great"r claims. But what
is meant by "111 hi« pI csencc ?"
A. Th is thrown in to show us
that the rise of t lie
second did no t destroy the first one. They continue to e""
cotempornnoou-lv.
"And he makes the earth and those \ ho dwe ll in it
t o
was
healed."
[63]
PI'l 'T88uaCB, PA.
for
how
Spirit
were
this cause them to
church
reverence of th e people, they virtually caused all,
both papists
Church.
th e
churches of Christ, instead of in its tru
character
ri-st." that the Lord recognizes as "The Abomination
of the Ea r th." The utterance of ear ly reformers against
this church,
Vs, 13.
makes
men." Remember that both beasts ar e
now in "heaven,"
over
"the
earth,"
men ts ] upon t.hem-c-decl.uing certain judgments
and punish
sent down
and others.
Vs. 14. "And he deceives those who dwell on th e earth
by the signs
which it was given him to do in th e presence
of th e b east." Those
who
(not "the
earth" itself-i. e., th e people who acknowledge and obey
these
two bea st s) p robably r ef er s to itndependent christians no t al
lied to
worldly organizations.
pretentious claims
that they
are the
only church
none
th e
(set apart and install
conferred
the
gifts of the
Spirit. This last \\ e know is true. bu t they also
claim that
spi1'itual gifts and POWC1·S. This was probably first promul
gated to
th e clergy,
and to create between them and
the balance of th e church,
a gulf of awe so wide that few would dare leap over. Thus
pnest-craft obtained a mighty hold upon th e minds of th e peo
ple. I t is the car ry ing
ou t of this same principle that sanc
t ions t he
Bible aright except those consecrated by the impositwn of
hol1f orders by the ApostoliC succession. This claim
of
both
beasts
we deny, and asser t that the laying on of hands by
al l
could not add to
( as t hey
are explained in 1 Cor.) ever followed th e ordination of
their ministers.
beast
protestant chris tians, tel ling
them
on
the
earth") to make an image to the (first) beast, who has
the wound of the sword and lives."
B. "" e understand then that these two churches, the
church of England
and organizations similar
example etc .:
it necessary to have an ecclcsiastical
fence
to separa tc your clergy from th e common people of th e church;
that their utterances, by seeming authority may have the
greater \\eigllt,
thus prevent ing th«
A. Yes, they demonstrated to them that they required an
organized government
over the common peo
ple like to PapOG1j II I form, in fact an
"Image
of
legion besides,
denounced priest-ern It and advocatr-d individual study of th e
Bible,
hile
they freely
placed the
Bible in t he hand" of the people. they handed them along with
it ,
concede th e
member
studv
the word i f he will agree to believe neither more no r
less
'than
Thus each rlcnommat ion did
make
an
sense in wh ich they have al l united
to make one grand image,
the
one
referred
in
no t this seem to indicate that Protestantism, as
represented
in this beast, is an image of th e first beast also t
A. Yes, th e t hought is there even without the also,
since they ar e both beoets, bu t also does add to th e
force.
Well,
of
an image. In
of Europe
"Evangelical Alliance." That was a church organizatwn
in
Its des ign is to increase the power
and
authority
of Protest
antism, just as the formation of th e Leopard beast was the
result of a desire to increase
th e power and authority of
Papacy.
B. Surely you do no t mean to say that th e "Evangelical
Alliance," which
of believers is one of the things for whi ch
we
long and pray, bu t it is brought about, no t by the organi
zation
of societies, bu by the Holy Spirit. I t is a union of
hearts bound together
by the golden
a union of church societies bound by creeds.
I f th e Evangelical Alliance were th e coming together as
Christians, saying-We realize
faith, one bapti sm," and that al l truth
is in harmony , and
children
differ wide,
lyon various subjects and our various c reeds in many par·
ticula 1s contradict each other ,
we desire to lay as ide al l w ri t
ten creeds and we unite in
this
rule nor creed
wil l hencefor th s tr iv e
to
be
taught
harmony
I
say i t this were th e ob jec t, I
could
rejoice
organization. But i t is not; no, each denomination stands
as
firmly
creed. And this Alliance i designed
only as a protection to those creeds. The All iance has a
creed of nine art ic les, and none
can be considered as with
in th e
I t is, I
Beast."
Vs. 15. "And it was given him to give breath to the
image
of t he bea st should
both
no t wo rship t he
image of th e beast , should be killed."-That is, th e Protest
ant beast gave vital power and authori ty to
th e image (The
nni ted sect' i -Evangelical Alliance). I t has done this by
jo in ing with them in th e organization. The church of Eng
land and the church of Germany
were
tralY
to t he s pi ri t of their creeds, as al l know
who are con
versant with them.
each
that theirs is THE
and
bishops
by th e "laying
from their church, and that th e
various
other denominations
are schisms from their church and heretical, in that they hold
doctrines differing
\\ hen they take part with other denominations
in forming . and
life to ) "the image."
And even th Papal Oliurch. went so far as to acknowledge
th e Image,
for durin g th e session (i n Europ e) two months
since,
The recognition
image , so
all; and woe
the one who dares refuse to worship "Orthodoxy." He
is symbolically "killed"-cut off, as a heretic, and is no long
er recognized as a Christian,
Vs. 16. "And he causes all , th e little
and great, and thc
they should give
their forehead;" i.
would
public
profession
(mark
in r igh t hand).
A
mark
of allegiance.
B. How do th e var ious denominat iona l churches con
stituting the
ed th e clerical hierarchy, who lord
i t over God's heritage in
stead of serving their brethren as .Tesus explained-"One is
YOurMaster and all ye are brethren," and as Paul said-"We
[64]
are to speak the truth in love and grow up
into Him
al l
things who is the head, even Christ; f rom whom the whole
body fitly joined together
love begotten by
that which every joint supplieth (every joint is
every
mem
the edifying of
wnity
Eph. iv.
Protestantism
has
itself, every joint taking
part.
True, there is a seeming show of liberty at prayer meet
ings, &c., bu t it is only upon the surface, for the ordained
pastor is to watch zealously l es t anyth ing contrary to the
teachings of his church should be expressed, and if so to
silence the
the Word of God. I f this is not sufficient,
they must have a
["kil l h im"] .
other l ikeness to the
beast,
of the
teachings of the organization above the Word of God, for al l
such
are
Another mark is th e ordination
of apostolic succession.
and others,
copal and Roman Catholic churches, and
without
scriptural
authority.
pray and
name apart
the
and that
it is
from
the
the
known
as
divine, said: Ye call me
Lord
and
I
Masters,
even Christ, a nd a ll ye are brethren" (Matt.
xxiii,
8).
These
titles
When
their
existence,
more full of t he spi ri t of Christ, they claimed no
such
high
sounding titles. The Reformers were no t known as Rev . - - ,
D. D., &c., but as
John
Knox,
Martin
Luther,
John
Wesley,
&c.
Unpretentious,
inten t upon serving God and therefore became the servants
(ministers)
of
the
Lords. '1'hey have
As
and
"God abhorreth
ble."
the just," and the servants
should have more
lig ht and
bring things new as well as old
from the Word, ye t we find ministers of al l denominations
ready to
for their
Pride
always
has hindered g rowth in grace and does now. "How can ye
believe who receive honor one of another,
and
should
life become dwarf.ed
image
and subscrib
ing to creeds made in the fifteenth century, which, hke. the
iron shoe of China, will
not
growth. I t 1'1 a
shoe a l it tl e larger than Papacy pu t upon it s followers bu t
of the same
Church
to the churches of England and Germany, and through the
influenc of these to the
allied Evangelical churches.
The word baptize is no t a t r a n s ~ a t e ~ word, bu t a
t r a n ~ -
means to dip, Immerse, wash, as IS
abundantly proven by it s use in hundreds of instances in
profane Greek
same
thing, as well as a d m i t t ~ d f a ~ t that
al l Christians for nea rly thr ee cen tu rt es
p r a ~ t I C e d
I m m ~ r -
sion. The Church of Rome (the only one WhICh has a his
tory) admits that th e word
signifies to immerse, and th at it
was so practiced by early Chris tians, bu t
claims that SHE
o r ~ I -
nance. This is in harmony w it h th e spirit of Papacy as
il
Martin:
"Wherefore
no
marvel
precepts
of Christ."
Can you wonder that I should feel aggrieved to see fellow
Christians ignore the
B.
Certainly if these a re ma rks of the beast, it is time
that al l
be
thou do it not." These ar e thy fellow servants.
'V or
A.
The
image
worship
the
beauties
They
moment think for themselves, bu t
that is all.
reverence it so
warn
and must not be
indulged in l es t t hey be regarded as infidels. Would that
al l could see that these local organizations
called
churches
are not THE CHURCH, but that the Ohurch of God includes
al l
organizations attempt to come betueen
them as children, and God the ir Father, or to put their creed
instead of
to be recognized, nor
Vs,
17. "So that no one may be able to buy r sell un
less he who
the
num
and
refer to trading, or exchangi.ng of s ~ i r i t u a l
things-truths. None are recognized as having a nght to
teach
or
preach
have
th
marks
the
will watch the closer that I
do not worship
a failing of
call again, we may take
up
well.
Strangers here-
Not a farewell to be
spoken;
upon
a
treasure
Lamps
well
trimmed,
riches
losing.
Worldly
On to Christ in
But in Him their he ar ts a re resting,
Faith looks up in days of
testing,
Loves to walk in
them
Strangers
[65]
the
of
God's
plan.
Some make too much of the one and some t oo much
of t he other. I f we would keep balanced we should care
ful lv avoid
law
the
natural
in the sense
that th e spiritual glows out of i t -not developed by th e pow
er of the natural itself, but
by th e power
impregnated.
there cnn be no spit itual without first th e
natural, hence th e
spiritual is in one sense dependent on the natural. This givei
us a clear application of th e principles: "The elder shall
serve th e
They
and thus intimately related . c lear ly ropresent the relation
between the natural and the spiritual, Esau, as the natural,
first. and
afterward -Iucob.
birth
right
and Jacob received the bless ing of th e firstborn, so
natural Israel by des ir ing only the things adapted to an
e.irthly
given to anoth
the
remnant saved
being the nucleus around which th e Gospel church was gath
ered. Christ, h is apost les and all the remnant were
Jews,
they received th e Holy Spirit and became th e
light beams
Jews." John iv. 22.
but th e elder serves the younger.
The natural and the
oth
reckoning from
the beginning
born
(the
natural) he was natur al , but when he was born from
the dead by th e
Spirit
he was spir itual , and he is ou r Lead
er in t he o rder of development. This order , in Christ is th e
key to the whole plan, and is th e basis of Paul 's s tatement,
concerning ou r resurrection. "It is sown a natural body;
it
is raised a spiritual body." 1 Cor. xv, 44, 46. The natural
could no t of itself become spi ri tual , nei ther could there
be the spiritual, in God's order without "first the natural ."
The natural
glorious
body;
changed by th e power of the Spi ri t indwelling. Rom. viii. 11
and Phil. iii. 21.
is a good illus
tration of the Chr is ti an in hi s two stages
of existence. I t
the butterfly, th e g rub chang-
ing into a butterfly on account of the butterfly nature which
th e g rub possesses. So
when
spirit
of the heaven
natural
man has no germ of the spiritual, and hence he needs a
Saviour-he needs the l ife giving power of the Second Adam.
Adam
was a mere natural man and in harmony with thi s
fact was
that spirituality or immortality
possible attainment.
I f
it be
change, and therefore God intended
from the first that man
should develop from the natural to the spi ri tual ," I an
swer by admitting the premises and
urging in consequence
that God intended that man should receive spiritual life by
th e Second Adam. As man h d only natural
life when
be natural;
and as a naturally dead man can no t develop into spiritual
life. man needs a Redeemer, and must either be actually
redeemed if ead, or counted redeemed i f under sentence,
in order to receive th e
spiritual life. We may thus
be able
to see great lig ht and beau ty in he fact that
in Christ ar e
combined
both the natural and the sp iritu al, for man needs
a Redeemer from the curse "Dying
thou
Christ is man's Redeemer
and
natural
life
spiritual
natural, as the law requires "An eye for an eye
and a tooth for a tooth." But we
ar e
answer,
plan
to
Redeemer as to
raise th em a t all, or as it wa his plan
to give men spiritual life by
th e
evidently
a
part
of th e plan to save or deliver man from
th e
natural death, and so fa r at least God saves the old
man. I t seems to us a misapprehension of th e
relation be
tween the natural and th e sp iritu al, that leads to th e idea
that there is no
I f God
raises th e dead "distinct from Chr ist ," o r Without
a Redeemer, he saves them without a provision; but even
with
natural man
from natural
as much a neces
God
seems strange that
made
no
provision
to save th e natural man. Pray tell us who needs
saving if no t poor
lost,
man needs no Saviour; he is the saved man.
To restore is
to save from death; in this sense God saves al l mankind. To
give spiritual life is to save hy preventing the second death.
"On such th e second death
hath
no
power." "Neither can
they die any more." Rev. xx. 6 and Luke xx. 36.
This
is the great, the special salvation and is to believers
only ; and
OLD :MADE NEW. I f
God does no t save the old rnan he saves nobodv, And i f
th e new creation does no t consist in making the
old
th e spirit, the our
glorified Saviour is no t the man Christ
Jesus who went
breth
ren, because "h e was tried in al l points l ike as we are;" and
who gave h imse lf a ransom for all, by hi s obedience unto
death; and was there fore h ighly exalted. Phil. ii. 8, 9. I f
he does no t save
the
new, then there
is nei ther resurrect ion nor change-the putting on of immor
tality. The but te rf ly mayo r may not remember h is grub
life, but as he flutters in th e ai r with hi s beautiful form
and
same creature that
in the soil of earth.
Our change will indeed be great, well may it be called a
"New Creation j" (to fo rm anew or give a new
form.)
"It
doth no t yet appear what we sha ll be; but we know
that
when
he shall appear, we shall be l ike h im ,
for
would
vile bodies changed, and
but no one need be
afraid
of
look back, and realize what God hath wrought in redeeming
ou t of every kindred, and in making us Kings and Priests,
well may we then exclaim: "0 dea th , where is
th y sting!
o grave , where
that
giveth us th e victory through our Lord Jesus Christ ." And
as Jesus by th e memory
of
his
suffering can sympathize with
the sorrowing and th e tempted, so will we by th e
trials
which
we
have
overcome, be prepared with him to share in the ad
ministration of power,
Earth in the millennial
Who saves th e redeemed to a life without end.
In thy kingdom of glory may we share
with the
In bringing mankind from the old to th e new.
-J. H. P.
INTO ALL TRUTH
"Howbeit when he, the spirit of truth, is come, he wil l guide you into all truth.v-s-John xvi, 13
To
whom
was
that
promise made by th e Saviour, to the the inspired writings were
complete
th e
Apostles, or to th e church? And i f to th e church,
does
it
be-
church.
W
I'
new truths, no t
long to each indiddual of th e church? We believe there is contained in th e Bible, have been
given to men, and
which it
was designed for the Apostles, and was when men come to us claiming to have new revelat ions ,
fulfillerl in them. Revelation has two phases, one of which we beware. But we have no doubt that in th e application
i'l ful Illlr«] in
the word
being spolcen. or tcritten, t he o ther in and understanding of the word, the Spir it 's help is as neces-
it s ]H'ing understood. This is
especially true of prophecy, sary as in writing it .
The
prophets and apostles had in-
wh ir-h tlioujrh <poken or written by men inspired by th e
spiration to
have
the
same
Spirit's
help
Spirit. was no t understood, no r intended to be understood to understand.
by
thorn, (
1 Pet. i: II, 12.) bu t was for the church. The Apostles are as the twelve foundat ion stones of the
Prophr-rv r-an
complete and glorified the New Jerusalem.
and a truth is no t ful lv revealed until it
is
understood.
Rev.
xxi,
church, and
To rr-vea l lS to make known, and in a very important for this reason th e terms
"ye" and "you" addressed to them
~ e n " e the promise of th e Spirit was fulfilled when to
the whole
(3 )
[66]
(4-0)
ise of the Spirit belongs to th e whole church. "Go ye into
a ll the
world" is ou r commission to preach the gospel, as wel l
as the ir s, though addressed to them. "Lo, I am
with you
precious promise
to
in th e sense that they
were a part of th e one family addressed, and in their
time
received b th e
Spi ri t a ll needed help. The church is one
body, Christ being it s head, nd the Apostles important mem
bers of it ,
toes, and the same
the Head. Eph . i v: 4.
The living generation of bel ievers in Christ represents the
church now as at any time in th e
past, bu t i t requires
the
constitute
g lo ry will shine
as the sun in t he Fathe r' s kingdom. Now, we do not and
cannot believe that Christ, in an sense, intended the promise
of which we are speaking, for anyone individual, now, or at
any
time in the
past; hence we do no t believe t ha t anyone
person ever had, or ever will
have th e truth concerning
Christ
and his plans this side of the k ingdom or immortal
state. "Now we see through a glass, darkly, but then face
to face. Now I know in part, bu t then
shall I know even
as also I am known." 1 Cor. xiii: 12. Whoever expects al l
the truth while in a mortal
state will, doubt less, be disap
pointed, but this need no t th e way of anyone's
applying himself faithfully, w ith th e assurance that h is work
shall be richly rewarded. He who searches will find. There
can be no doubt, that, in consequence of th e promise of the
leading of th e
living generation of Christians ha s at
al l times had al l the truth due in ou r
day;
progress
of truth in th e "path that shines more and more even
unto the perfect day," we may reasonably claim that the pres
ent generation of christians know more of prophecy and God's
plan
generation preceeding. We have the advan
tage of the aggrega te progress of the past, besides th e ful
f il lment of the prophecies which clearly
indicate ou r position
on the verge of th e glory of th e kingdom. Bu t it is
just
as
true now as it ever was, that there is variety of po\\er and
intellect in the church. There ar e babes, J'oung men and
fathers, now as
and yet, it i,> a"
much a fact that the babe with it s undeveloped capacity
for knowledge or work, belongs to
the
father belongs to th e family. The existence of life
by the Divine Spirit is what
constitutes
of the body, and tho degree of strength or knowledge
th e members possess depends upon circumstances. The
growth
in
grace and knowledge is of members in th e family
and does not
consti tute them members, and however young,
ignorant or feeble a member is, he is certain of a place in the
kingdom,
unless
off. I f
bu t every branch
bring
forth
more
fruit John, xv: 2. I f each
individual now, on the strength of th e promise, may claim
perfect
knowledge, so might each ind iv idua l at any
other
time, and we know that even in th e apostle's day, no one had
all
th e help t he Spi rit gave, bu t God divided to each man
severally according to hi s own will . - l Cor. xii: 11. I f a knowl
edge of a ll th e truth is necessary in order to fit a man for th e
kingdom, then admitt ing that the last generation could ge t it
a ll, on ly these could be th e heirs and all the dead are shut
out. True,
they were no t expected to know as much as
christians now, neither was each one expected to know al l that
they alL knew, but they were expected to b ring fo rth fruit
unto holiness, and that they each could do. I t is no more
reasonable to expect
than it would have been at any
time in th e past.
The bride
he r
by his
of knowledge. She is called ou t under circumstances pe-
culiarly dark ill some respect s, and it
is not until
is brought back
that even th e
"watchmen sha ll see eye to eye."-Isa. liii: 8. Though we
cannot know all
our
infirmities.
J .
H.
P.
and some wholly to the spir itual ,
and
the
spiritual, we are called to look again at th e types and al- spiritual, so that th e relation of the two in the plan is pre·
Iegories. It has been seen and is a familiar
fact t o
there
things
to represent and the new, th e natural and the spiritual-and the old is
spiritual things. This method of teaching is doubtless more doubtless a type of th e new,
bu t
sometimes th e Lord speaks
common in th e Bible than is generally supposed. We have of the one and sometimes of th e other and we should be care
long been convinced that t he wri tings of Moses ar e largely
ful
not to confound them.
allegorical; bu t we would guard against extremes. Some de- Wf'
would call special attention to th e
fact
that (Jffltitypes
ny th e literal meaning, because of the allegorical and typical, are no t always wholly spiritual. This has been overlooked
bu t
they
have a by some in the treatment of this subject, and confusion in
superior value, on account of their representing the great
plan
of salvation. They mean
all they say, bu t they mean
much but in Christ is combined both the natural and the spiri tual ,
more than
this type is no t wholly spir-
What
t hey say is th e letter, bu t the deeper meaning is th e itua!. The spirit of a type is what
it
means. Many types
Spirit. To the Jew and to many Christians, the letter is as foreshadow th e great plan of salvation, but t he plan has the
the veil which hi es or obscures th e real
and deeper truth. two elements: First the natural
and
afterward
the
spiritual;
Paul treats of this subject in 2 Cor. iii, and we might truly and
therefore the
say
still, as he said of th e .Jew: "Even unto thi s day, when
Christ's life is the key to t he p la n; two births and two
Moses is read, the veil is upon their heart ."-(Ver. 15.) The lives are
brought to view, and at his
dea th and
killing,
but th e Spirit, ap- is the turning point between
them. He was born of the
preciated. tends to liberty and life. "The let te r killeth, but flesh f irst , and afterward of t he spi ri t. He was "put to
the
Spirit giveth 6.) "Now the
Lord is that death in th e flesh, and made a live by the spi ri t. " 1 Pet. iii.
Spirit;
and where the Spirit of t he Lord is, there is l iberty."- 18. The li fe he li ved before his
death was natural, and
spiri tual , and
Adam as a type repre
himself (Jno. v:45-7,) we d raw the conclusion that the writ- se ted both. In
the
had no
ings
of Moses contain th e gospel of th e Son of God, as a shell
church, then) and "Except a corn of wheat fa
11 into the
contains a kernel;
that both ar e real and each is valuable in ground
and die, it abideth alone." Jno. xii. 24. He died
it s own place and for th e
purpose designed; bu t
th e kernel to bring' for th f ru it . So Adam was alone for a time. and
is more valuable than the shell. We regard the whole th e
Lord said "It is no t good for a man to be alone, and
the
or
indirect- Lord caused a deep sleep to come upon him;" and so his wife
ly the gospel of Christ. The Lord is the Golden Thread of was developed
from his side.
revelation, as he is th e soul of th e
plan of salvation. From That part of Adam's l if e which was before he fell asleep,
al l who ca n see th e fullness and
harmony of th e
Adam's fal ling asleep,
the gospel of Christ,
the spirit of represented
Christ's natural death. So we see that Christ's
doubt as to the Divine inspiration of the Bible will flee away. flesh l ife and his natural
death
The fact that the
hidden
for ages and yet there, and an importa nt part of th e
pl an; l et no man dare to bel it
under cover of th e mere his tory, is, to us, a strong evidence t le t hem; on t he o ther
hand
that no human mind
laid
the plan of the book or th e great sal- with the after and spi ri tual life of Christ. Adam's life,
vation brought
after awaking f rom sleep, represented Christ's life after his
When
men begin to see th e flood of light from this source resurrection.
His marriage
represented th e
marriage of the
the re may be a liability to lose balance or to be carried too Lamb, the generation of th e race the regeneration
of the race.
spiritualism
should be and the dominion over al l given to Adam and his wife. rep
avoided as well as an extreme materialism. We do no t be- resents the
united
reign of Chr is t and
his wife~ t h f ' church-i
lieve that every portion of th e Bible has double meaning as over th e "Earth and
th e nations in the
world to come, "Come
do some. Some portions
relate wholly to the
natural
and
hither, and I will show thee the bride, th e Lamb's wife. and
[67]
Jerusalem." "And
the nut ions shall
walk in the light of it." Rev. 21 :9, 10, 24.
The b r ~ d e in both type
and ant itype becomes mother,
and
can
this
great fact, without being impressed with the
magmtUde of th e plan, and the ful lness of the love of God.
Isaac, th e son of faithful Abraham, is a type of
the
three
days
subject
and Jesus the Son
of God died, and rose again the thi rd day, in fact, The call
ing of the life,
ly,
order. Isaac's life before he was offered,
represents
Christ's
life
life; for Christ
ransom
for
many;
spiritual life
Joseph
went into
the pit, as well as after he came ou t, and so had Christ.
Moses came twice to his own people-natural Israel,
and
them
at
the
same people , is
rejected at the first and at the second delivers them. The
coming in flesh and th e coming in
glory ar e both
type, and yet both are to the natural seed. In
each of these types, Adam, Isaac, Joseph and Moses the death
of
Christ
though
none
actually
died.
Adam
fell asleep j Isaac was offered in spirit j Joseph went
into
the
death
of
nd many other ways to be an im
portant part of the plan.
It
between the
natural and the spir i tual; and to say that the natural life, the
flesh and blood life of Christ profiteth nothing, is to
say that
of
Christ's
words,
"The
for
Christ
"as speaking figura tive ly , when he said , "Except ye eat the
flesh of the Son of man, and d rink his blood, ye have no life
in
course would profi t nothing, in giving spiritual life, and
therefore Christ
wanted them
was not
talking of the literal. Bu t that does no t destroy the fact,
that
Christ
took it for a
and that
the place of the flesh, any more
than the flesh could take
the place of the spi ri t: both would
be equally unprofitable, ou t of their order. Observe the order
and all is clear,
Christ gave his
natural life (psuchee) to redeem man, and gives us the spiri t
ua l to live by, and we must
eat i t (i . e. receive
the truth)
is
beautifully
is the meeting place, th e point
of reconci liat ion between God and man, and so Paul says we
are reconciled to God by the
death
of
His
The
therefore
represents
a type
of the Gospel church, and Elijah healed the sick and raised
the dead (physically)
antitypical
spiritual life.
lo st, so
to th e world.
been proved yet, though often assumed and asserted, that man
lost
is the of
Chr is t and th e church, le t no one conclude
that
they
will
do
nothing
Restorer, and Adam
no
doubt there is much more to be learned. Each new truth
learned must be
sure that any
idea advanced, that ignores e it he r the natural
or
instead
if
taken
as the key to other ideas, will lead to greater dark
ness.
It
fa il to discern the
spiritual; and
we sug
ges t t he necessity of keeping in mind the relation between the
natural and
THE COMPLETENESS OF THE BODY
"The Church is the 'one body ' of Christ, and a ll Chr is tians boleth, or by some unscriptural name or form. How often
are
away
himself;
and arrangements,
unity
and
to their fellowship. Men toil
body, and to set up tests of uni ty o ther than those which he in weariness, and bring themselves to the borders of the
has appointed. In the natural body each member
united
with t he head has
vital union with every other member con- wisely do, who are
not permitted to participate in the labor.
nected with
Christian
say to God's chi ld ren: ' 'You may be mem
is
wh is
you
or
your
ser
lay
union
with
that
no membe r of the body can
forms which he has insti tuted. They a re uni ted by external be spared from it s place and
it s proper work, without serious
observances, by laws, forms, r i t p ~ and
bands.
Their
separate himself from the body of Christ
the union of staves in a ba
rrel
portion of
Christians separate
Their
others
skeleton, joined and wired together,
bu t destitute
of vital Christians
from their feHowship, without doing themselves
energy; the union of Chr is t and h is people is th e union of the great injury.
members of a body, joined together by those ligaments which The
union
eHry joint
to each
for mutual
mon life. The unity which Christ inaugurated embraces the helpfulness is so complete and perfect that any
separation
whole
family
those who cause
it and to
endure
it . The feet may say , We are strong, we have no need
schemes
are
too
nanow
for
th e
and the
eyes ar e mere useless
sons who coincide in opinions, who agree in forms, who are gazers.
Bu t
trimmed
and
floundering in the ditch, the fol ly of this decision IS
most
ceive one another as he has received us. The
fact that we experience and self-sufficiency think themselves able to dis
have passed from
the
service, and the loving fellowship
Ch rist t he living Head, s nroof that we are
united to his of others of the chi ld ren of the Lord, they may find sooner
people. I f our fellowship is with
the Father and with the or
later, by their weakness, inefficiency, and a
thousand
alwo with
come upon
Christ's
from
those members which G d hath se t
in the body, that
and shut out rnoro Christians
than thev shut in. The they might abide together in the
unity of love and in mutual
result s of t.hi« are
gripvous to God's people who are thus helpfulness. All down through the ages comes our Saviour's
excluded from union with saints, hu t still more
grievious to part ing prayer for his disciples,
that "they al l
be one,"
tho-,e 'Yh0 r-xr-lurln them, How often we see churches crip- and th e
hearts of the truly regenerate yearn and long for this
p]NI
and
forms
and
ian
hrr-thron who vtanrl by their sirl« roady and willing to be throbs that inward,
divine and universal l ife which Christ im
hr-lpr-rs in
excluded hy some party Shib-
parted,
your
"And thou shalt make holy garments for Aaron thy broth
er for glory
thou
shalt make for
put them
upon Aaron
th y bro ther , and his sons wit h h im ;
and
thou
may minister
"Sanctify unto
they are mine."
The church of the first-born (Heb. xii.) the body of Christ,
is sanctified--called
the truth, the
Christ, praying to the Father, for the church, says: "They
are not
them
through
John xvii. 16,
Eph.,
v.
chapter;
"Hus
bands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved th e church,
and gav himse lf for it; that he might sanctify and. cleanse
it w ith the washing of water, by th e word
that
he might pre
sent it to himse lf a g lorious church, not having spot or wrin
kle, or
and with
ou t blemish." 1 Thes. v. 23 reads: "And the very God of
peace sanct ify you
your
the (parou
Jesus Christ."
Again in 2 Thes. iv. 13, we read: "God hath from
the
the spirit and
by
our
gospel, to th e obtaining of the glory of ou r Lord Jesus
Christ."
A sanctif ied church is composed of sanct if ied individuals ,
who
bu t
purpose in God's plan; and sanctified, not because of their
own
merit
to
Christ.
"Unto
the
to
thank my God always on
your
which is given you by
Jesus
Christ;
that
in everything ye
are enriched by him, in al l utterance, and in al l knowledge;
even as
the testimony
of Christ
you;
so
that ye come behind in no gift; waiting for th e coming [revel
ation]
of
our
Lord
Jesus
brethren, how that no t many wise men after the
flesh, no t
the foolish things of
and
God
hath chosen the weak things of the world to confound the
things which are mighty, and base things of the world, and
things which are despised, hath God chosen, yea and things
which
are
in his presence. But of him are ye in
Chr is t Jesus , who of God is made unto you wisdom, and
rtghteousnees,
and
sanctification,
and
redemption; that, ac
cording as it is written, he that glorieth, le t h im glory in the
Lord." 1 Cor.
fection and unity of the church.
"For it became him, for whom are all things, and by
whom are al l
through
sufferings.
Fo r both he that sanctifieth and they who are sanctified are
al l of one; for which cause he is no t ashamed to cal l t hem
brethren." Heb. ii. 10, 11.
"For by one offering he hath perfected forever them
that
are sanctified; whereof the Holy Ghost is also a witness to
us." Heb. x, 14, 15. And again; "God is faithful, by whom
ye were called unto the fellowship of his Son, Jesus Christ
ou r Lord. Now I beseech you,
brethren,
by
of
our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye al l speak the same th ing, and
that there be no divisions among you; bu t that ye be perfect-
ly joined together in th e same mind and in the same judg
ment-sentiment." 1 Cor. i. 9, 10.
This entire sanctification, like al l
other
spiritual
blessings,
is based upon a knowledge of truth, which can only be obtain
ed by earnest, continual,
it
and belief of
th e truth. 2 Thess.
Ii , 13. No one can believe the truth, unless he kmOtes the
truth.
As i t is a fact that the scriptures develop or unfold grad
ually, and
thus give
the just;
and the
spirit guides
hearing; and hear
ing by the word of God. (Rom. x. 17.) So faith is based upon
the
word
now
the
to bui ld you
al l
them which
sanctified." Acts xx, 32.
When we l earn what is revealed of the glorious position to
which
the
the
wonder at the strict requirements given in the scriptures, for
those
earthly-first man; into the
heavenly, or second
man, the image of God, adopted i nto t he family of God,
and
"We who have the flrst fruits of th e Spirit,
even we our
sonship-to wit, the redemption of our body"-the body of
"As many
are
the
sons of God." Rom. viii. 4. "Beloved, now are we th e sons
of God, and i t dot h no t yet appear what we shall be, bu t we
know that when he shall
appear
we
that hath
he is
was
sancti
fied,
the
good of
the human race; and his body or bride are for th e same pur
pose.
" I f there be therefore any consolation in Christ, if any
comfort of love, if
spirit,
if
any
bowels
and
mercies; fulfill ye my joy, that ye be like minded, hav
ing the
Le t
bu t
man
on
his
own things, or in
terests; bu t every man also on the interests of o thers. Le t
this same mind be in you, which was also in
Christ Jesus;
it not robbery to be
equal with
upon him the form of a servant,
and was made in the likeness
of men. And being found in fashion as a
man,
death
of
the
and
name;
that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow; of those
in heaven,
fess
that
Jesus Chr ist is Lord, to the Glory of God
the
Father."
are heirs; heirs of
that
with
him, that we may be glorified together. No wonder that Paul
could say:
things? I f
God
be for us, who can be against us He that spared no t his
own son, bu t delivered him up for us all, how shall he not
with him also freely give us all things 1"
B. W. K.
ZION'S WATCH
TOWER, to quite a number of persons from whom we have
never heard. We have offered it FREE to
al l
unable to
wanted it enough to ask for it. Those who want
it ,
and
heard at all are not interested, and shall discontinue send
ing it. To al l such we say God bless you-Farewell.
EXTRACTS FROM A LETTER
We make a few
extracts
from
the
letter of a friend. They counted alive in God's sight? 'A, .ake thou
that
sleepest.
others
may be profited by and arise from the dead, and Christ shall give thee light.'
them as we have been. J . H. P. Our freedom, so
that
we
may
choose
eternal
man
wished to bestow a title of honor and en- on Christ's death."
tail an inheritance on a slave, would he
not
first
"If
free' How could a single soul be converted, if no t flrst Christ could in any sense be called a Bi idegroom, without
[69] (5-6)
[69] (5-6)
commfMIced, why can he
not b ear that
did the Jewish age
special way to God! Although
no t 'called the Son until th e incarna tion ' yet Chr is t as th e
'word' created a ll things. ' He is the Beginning as well
as
well as the Finisher. Having creat
ed all things He su stain s and possesses
them. 'He came to
received
in th e
flesh to a fleshly typical bride. The marr iage f ea st
was
prepared bu t those who were i nv it ed were unworthy." Matt.
xxii.
think any truth
is vital , nor a ny e rr or fa ta l
whi ch when bel ieved and obeyed does not affect character.
Those who
of God are called His friends,
but the understanding does no t make them so, i t only proves
their friendship. We permit others to become acquainted
with our very life, no t to
make them ou r friends
bu t
because
they are our friends. Christ says: 'Ye are my friends, if
ye do
man
deceive
you;
he
reasonings
of men, to the simple cl ear word of God.
It s
them.
scripture
am
word.
I do no t bel ieve God
ever put these latter day truths into one man's hands to dis
pense to the church. It would be too great
an
a
claim,
brother, not to falter or grow weary.
The work God does through us now will stand when contro
versies shall be
"Truth with diamond point shall be written on the hearts
of a redeemed race."
WILL THE CHURCH BE A MOTHER
[See art ic le "The Second Adam and Eve ," in issue of February I, 1910. for later light on thi s sub ject .]
We are in
the habit of
way. We have taught so because we sup
posed, felt sure that the Scr ip ture was our authori ty for so
doing.
But
upon
investigation,
at
which w
We had supposed it to
be
taught
by
the
in
Gal. 4: 26,
"But Jerusalem which is above is f re e whi ch is the mother
of us all." Le t us examine th e positive statements first
and afterwards the types. Cas ting your eye
over th e pre
in
just
closed.
and
the Gospel age just commenced. In 3: 17, he contras ts the
two agreements of God-the two covenants. He claims
that
before
(before
the
in Christ, could no t
be
disannulled
by
the
second
covenant
the fleshly seed. Then he argues [vs,
29,] that if we be Christ's, we are Abraham's seed and heirs
according
to
the
children
of
this
unnecessary to prove that
we are related as
law
or by tracing of fleshly descent. In iv:21-31, he carries out
this same
covenant, while
we be
rome, by
:l.IOTHEB-"the mother of us
of this covenant
bondage-"the law."
of this wife, or free woman , so "we bre th
ren,
as
children dwelt in the earthly c ity Jerusa
lem, still in bondage; but we who realize "the liberty of
the sons of God," have "our citizenship in heaven" and in
ou r new nature, "We ar e risen with him (Jesus)
and seated
of
heavenly children
of
sented by
"Jeru
teach that th e
Next examine with
me th e type of Eve: I t is nowhere
said that Eve is a type, bu t we think
there
for
considering he r such, bu t we should remember that types
have a time for ending as well as for beginning.
Upon
type ceased
Paul tells us that
Adam was a figure of him who was to come-Jesus-and we
have
seen how th e death of J esu s was typified
by
the
deep
sleep which came upon Adam; how Jesus' pierced side, the
price of ou r development as his bride, was typified by th e
open
whence
nizing his wi e as of
his nature, bone of hi s bone,
represents
the fact that
we shall be recogn ized by ou r Lord as of his
nature-the
spiritual.
the Lord is one
spirit." But here the type ceases. We should not suppose
because Eve became a mother that Christ's bride
will
be
come a mother, any more than that, as Eve sinned and caused
Adam's fall,
fall of he r Lord. Moreover, we are
sure that th e having
of children by Eve was after she had ceased to be a type
of
the
bride of Christ, because her children u;ere born in sin
and under
these
that th e bride of
Christ would
No,
we see no reasonable ~ r o u n d fo r cons ider ing Eve as a type
beyond th e t ime of
union with Adam, representing ou r union
or
marriage
with ou r Lord. In fact this seems to be as far
in to th e future as God
ever
Be fruitful and mul
was said to
Adam as a natural man, not as a type of Christ. The de
scription of the typical features occu rs in another connec
tion,
reference to offspring
th e typical account.
Again we have seen that Isaac was a type of Christ; that
Abraham's sending the
to get a bride for Isaac, typi
fied our Fathe r' s sending th e Holy Spirit to ta ke ou t of th e
gentiles a people, or bride for hi s (Christ's) name. And
as
the
becca leave our father's home [the world,] and go forth
under
the guidance of t he Spir it , to meet our Lord and to dwell
in our Fath er 's home. We, too,
expect
Isaac on
said: Be
millions,
but no, upon ex
amination we find that this was th e utterance of Rebecca 's
mothe r and brother, and was doubt less th e customary greet
ing of their day.
until
twenty
years
after
and
another
20, 21, 26.
We conclude then that neither directly no r by type does
God tell us that the
church will after
OUR LIVING SAVIOUR
flesh and th e
with his
him as our lwing Redeemer whom ( because of obedience
"unto
death even the death of the cross.") "God hath high
ly exa lted and given him a name that is above every name."
TIlE art ic le ent it led "The Holy Bible."
crowded
ou t of th e December number, and referred to in the "Questions of Cor
respondents" last month,
[70]
BIBLE CLASS DEPARTMENT
THE HOLY BIBLE
The Bible commands ou r reverence and respect because date than th e
tenth century. Who will say how many
of it s author-God. We accept it s teachings as
authority
errors
large
and
small
text during that thou
and law on this account. How important i t is then that we sands years?
I t is claimed
pure and
possible from hu- by thousands, mostly small and insignificant, but
some of im-
man teaching. The channels through which it ha s come portance
and weight.
th e
is al l inspired
at
ar e aware
that the MSS. are now known, some of which are quite ancient. Two
New Tes tament was written originally by various
apostles of them,
about
at different places and times. Aft er t he ir death, their let- th e y ea r A. D. 350. What an advantage in ou r favor above
tel'S, &e., came to be highly prized by th e church as authori- every other age, for obtaining th e pure word of God. Truly
ties on various subjects, and we have reason to believe that the word of God is being fulfilled, "In th e time of th e end
this was the
knowledge
shall
the and mechanical knowledge has
increased but also knowledge
what
is
Sinaitic
for
valuable of al l
and
was no t long before was published in 1870.
each church had a copy of al l th e
sacred
no t governed by prejudice and preconceived opinions
copies were al l made with he pen for about fourteen hun- we should improve al l
the opportuni ties offered to grow in
dred yea rs (unti l p rint ing was invented) and the process the knowledge of the truth,
remembering
that
it is no t error
of c o p y i n ~ and recopying gave rise to many small
errors
but
truth
which sanctifies. Truly
and omlssions, as for instance th e addition or omissi on of
an "We are living; we
are
dwelling,
and, or the, or but. Another source of trouble is
th e inter- In
sentences. In an age on ages telling,
A few of these, about four, bear
marks of des ign
to have been added
some papal dogma, while th e
great WHAT HELPS CAN WE OBTAIN
majority seem to have arisen from accident. Fo r instance, which would give us a more cl ear understanding of what
one copyist while wri ting the text of
th e
inspired
text,
you
ask.
a sort of parenthesis some thought which he might have as I answer:
There a re thr ee which I can commend, al l of
to
designed
to
and
receive
help
from, viz: The New
of th e sacred writing, bu t merely to refresh his own mind Testament (regular authorized version) with foot notes
of
th e
oldest Mss.-"Sinaitic," "Vati
t he hab it of doing on t he margin of our Bible.
Yet
anoth-
using this MS. as a guide would be apt to
copy A. D. 450.
epistles
the body of the
to
that uninspired clause would be handed down to future close and also
th e
book of Revelation.)
This work, known
generations as inspired, and these have given much trouble. as "Tischendorf's New Testament," is to me very valuable.
Seeing
then the liability to error, it is only just to our-
Second:
selves
that
we
accept
it s auth
We value it highly.
scripture given by inspiration of God," Greek text of
th e N.
inter-
for instruct ion in righteousness etc." Our lined it a
literal
James'
Bible," was responding English being placed d ire ct ly under th e Greek
published A. D. 1511. I t was
no t
a translation from the word. Together w ith thi s it contains a new version for gen
original. I t was no t a direct translation from the original eral reading based upon
the
Greek,
then
notes, it
th e
appear from
the
following instructions given by King James Vatican MS. No. 1209, as
far as it
to the forty-seven learned per sons whom he appointed to
re- MS. 1160 (of the seventh century)
884 pp.
vise translations
Third:
"The
be followed and altered as little as the original N.
T . - a
revision of
an
these translations to be used when they
cient MSS. I t is very useful, giving a good clear rendering
agree bet te r with
the t ext t han the Bishop's Bible-namely: which is usually in harmony
w ith th e
not
I t would be of little advantage
Matthew's (1537) Whitchurch 's and Geneva (1560.) These to any who possess the Emphatic Diaglott.
being al l translations
from We have corresponded
with the publishers of
Greek
text, (only compared with it follows that named works, and are
able
our "King James' Bible"
the Vulgate them to
added, viz:
"Emphatic Diaglott"
haps, the best that could be made
at the time, bu t if it had "Emphatic Diaglott" finer binding
(price 5.00) for 3.35
no t been publi shed by kingly
authority, it would no t now be "Tischendorf" N. T. cloth, (price 1.00) fo r .75
venerated by English
"A. Bible Union" N. T. cloth
(price 1.00) for .65
time of th e revision "A. Bible Union" pocket
edition
(price $1.00) for .75
of "King James ' Bible," th e t ra ns la to rs h ad the advantage If
you wish any of these books we shall take pleasure in
of some
prices.
BROTHER
editor of "The Bible Examiner"
is known to most of our readers; also that he has been
obl iged by severe i llness to discontinue his pap r. While he
no doubt feels,
th e
proclamation of
he
God for
Feeling that many
the use
of a part of ou r space. The following from his
daughter,
the 9th, was du ly received
and read to father
on his sick bed, exhausted and
worn. app reciates you r Chr ist ian sympa thy kind
suggestions, bu t as for his
writing or inditing
has not s tre ng th either of body or
mind.
fer so
necessary
ZION'S
WATCH TOWER-Your offer is th e first we have received from
any
uncomplaining,
though a t times hi s sufferings are so great
that he longs for rest. Yesterday was his 83rd birthday, as
I suppose you know.
Yours respectfully,
that this is one opportunity (among many) of "ministering to
the necessities of the
The numerous sacrifices and observances of the Mosaic Yes, he
was the Royal
first five books of our Bible were given the covenant."
in minute
detail and observed with scrupulous exactness; no t Over the front part of the ephod was th e breastplate;
because there
gold c lasp of
of the law
shall no flesh be justified in God's sight," a nd " th e
his
shoulders and was fastened to the ephod below by a lacer
blood of bulls
away
sin," bu t these through golden rings-this fastening being so concealed under
were used as pictures
to th e observer
amount of rel iance which can be ephod. This
breastplate
represents
placed in
the accuracy of these pictures can be judged from Law. I t is not a
part
the str ictness
with wh ich the Jews were obliged to obey them, added." Gal.
i ii.
18. As
and
death)
and
"the law
case of violat ion; and also from th e words of our Lord; "One which was 430 years after" were al l one. But Paul shows
io t 01'
one tittle shall in no wise pass from the Law until al l that
God according to the covenant intended to jus ti fy a ll in
be fulfilled." (Matt, v, 18.) hi s "seed." The Law emblem was one of
th e most beaut iful
This being true, how anxious should we be to closely read of th e high priest's garments, made of th e same materials
as
the meaning of these p ic tures which requi red years fo r
t ~ e i r
se t
and for th minutely
tribes.
features of the
work of at-one-ment between God and all sin- was bound on hi s heart, indicating that
he was able to
ners, carry the Law as a covering of his inmost affections and that
I t is no t
al l one picture
there
ar e quite a number. We as a "breastplate of righteousness," i t covered him. "The
Law
find them, so to speak, al l g rouped together. There ar e usn- of his God was in his heart." Psa. xxxvii. 31. That which
ally thre e of four
pictures
to each group , r elated to each condemned al l others was
his
pleasure, "I delight to do thy
other as being views of th e same subject f rom var ious s tand- will, 0 my
God: yea th y
Psa. xl. 8.
points of observation;
breastplate
was
two
spans
jects ar e related
other, and al l ar e properly the middle it really was span and span
arranged before ou r
double.
The
size-a
feature of the work of atonement
and each adds
Jesus
was
other. But why the mixture-why no t
told in plain words perfect man who ever kept "The Law." Being double of th e
that all might
Fo r
the same reason has the same size and same measure represents the Jewish and Gospel
Spirit chosen to cover and hide
beauties of truth under
these ages. Fastened at th e fold or center to the golden
types that
he has in the book of Revelation and elsewhere clasp illustrates how his cr oss-h is d ea th -w as the
hidden truth under symbols, i. e., that i t might be known only dividing point
and how we are
only
to
those "to whom it is from al l
things, so that borne by him we are in God's sight
given to know the mysteries of the kingdom, bu t to those that
justified.
things
the
two ages are of equal size
abIes" and symbols and types. Luke vi ii . 10. Le t us, asking and
equal measure , the Jewish, a perfect
type or picture
liberally, endeavor to arrange of this age.
before ou r minds some of these p ic tures and tr y to drink in The breastplate was studded with jewels se t in gold, repre-
their true meaning and thereby be refreshed. sentative of the true
Israel.
"They
shall
that
This, under the
"Law," was th e ceremony for the installa- fastened in gold-imbedded spiritually in Jesus we his jewels.
tion to God' s service as high-priest.
The fo rm is descr ibed in have
"The
Exod. xxix and Lev.
his
office
viii.
forth clothed
in these "garments
with a peculiar oil no t used on anyone except the
high-priest, of beauty and glory" was a beautiful figure of our High
and not lawful for any to have or to make
under
among men clothed by
th e
Father with
death. Exod. xxx . 25-32. This doubtless typified the Holy power and authori ty , as
his
attired
in the holy As he stood there, beside him stood the
animals
for saer i-
garments of "glory and of beauty." Exod. xxviii. Then th e fice, showing that the sacrifices were as much a part of God's
.inointing
011 was poured upon h is head. Thus was Jesus , our
pre-arranged
plan
as th e covenants or any o ther feature. He
High-Priest, robed and anointed.
with oil as Jesus was "Anoin ted with the
as did the type, f or he was "holy, harmless, undefiled." The oil of gladness above his fellows." "He
giveth no t
the
saw
and bore record that Our
is the symbol of a servant ; the linen girdle showing him to be High-Prtest wa thus anointed. (Jno. i. 32. Luke iv, 1.)
a "nghteous servant." The robe of blue of one piece shows The holy oil was
poured upon the head but "ran down even
his heavenly nature (blue is
the
the ski rt s
The Ephod, made of two separate pieces, suspended th e
one resen ting how we, th e members of his body,
ar e
al l to be
before and th e other behind him by two golden clasps which partakers of the same anointing
after
rested upon his shoulders, represented, we think,
the two began to
great
al l who are t ruly his-covered
by
separate
him for their
support and ae- The sons of Aaron-s-vhie house" represents us-"whose
complishment. (It should be remembered
that we ar e in him house ar e we"-as they were washed and clothed in a linen
heirs of glory, no t
under th e "new covenant," which is still coat and girdled, we
a re t augh t
that
we be of his house
future, bu t in the "Abrahamic covenant. ") They were made we ar e justified thereby and reckoned of God-Righteous.
of "gold, blue, purple, scarlet and fine twined linen," They had bonne ts whi le Aaron had
none, (He wore a mitre
representing the blessings contained in those covenants : on his forehead
and a gold crown inscribed "Holiness to the
gold-spiritual blessings; blue-heavenly peace; purple
Lord.")
illustrate that they
unchangeable char- were no t the head,
but "under authority;"
(scarlet was
regarded as the God gave Christ "to be th e head
over a ll things to the church
most
linen-that
righteousness which is hi s body." 1 Cor. i. 22 and iv. 15.
was one of
conditions. As there
was "none righteous" but They were girdled, showing that we a re servan ts under
Jesus,
humanity
would
him
and reckoned as anointed in him.
glorious covenants had no t God "laid help upon one who was Aaron as he stood
robed
and
and body-Jesus and his church, "the seed"
had not the golden clasp given them a resting on him.
in
There was a "curious
girdle" of th e same materials as the They are
covered with the covenants and authority of their
ephod, which bound
two pieces (covenants)
to him position and anoin ted for their work. But remember, the
a round th e waist.
This
must
flow down and cover every member of the
r ious" or peculiar kind; a servant combining th e v ario us body and
this requires th e en ti re gospel age for it s aecom
qual
it.ies
( 1 -2 ) [72]
CONSECRATING THE
Th is work under the Law (Lev. viii. 14-35.) was
typical
of a work done for and by our High Pri es t and those w.ho
are members
of hi s body or f amil y. It illustrates
ou r
how
The bullock
brought
upon th e head"
happened to the bullock-represents
what was to be
done to Jesus, and his body-the church. The bullock
is delivered up to "the Law"-(represented by Moses) to
meet its demands. To thus meet the demands of the law
it must be slain. "And Moses slew it." Then he applied th e
blood to th e ho rn s of t he a lt ar . The "finger" of the "Law"
thus pointed ou t that the altar of earthly sacrifices was
acceptable to God by reason of the shed blood (the live given),
and that al l who realize th e
power of the aUar (horns
ar e
th e blood which sanc
tified it .
doubtless
hi s blood spi lt , ( li fe given) even the
Barth was purchased back f rom the curse which s in brought
upon it . (See Eph. i. 14.)
And Moses
them
Jesus
freely gave himself up and submitted to entire destruction
of th e flesh. Though his flesh was holy, harmless, undefiled,
ye t he was
offering on ou r behalf," (2 Cor. v.
21. "Diaglo tt ") and his flesh suffered th e destruction which
otherwise would have come upon al l men. And we, i f we
would be indeed members of hi s body, must share with him
th e ignominy. .
God accepts of, first, the
blood (life) , and second,
parts of th e
inward life-producing organism and
love
though th e law
must offer th e balance as unto
th e
love and obedience to God were th e motives
that prompted the sacri fice "Lo, I corne to do th y will, 0 God.
I delight to do th y will, 0 my God."
There are
bullock,
Christ
J esus and hi s body, the Church, b ut are differ
ent
pictures
and
hands upon i ts head; it represents them.
I t is kil led, it s blood
sprinkles the altar, and Moses "cut the ram into pieces, and
washed the
and legs in water,"
and "burnt the head
and the pieces and the fat." Thus Jesus and his church
head and body being presented during th e en ti re Gospel
Age before God on th e al tar- the head was laid there first,
and
ar e "dead with him," (Col. ii. 20, and 2
Tim. ii. 2.) ar e "cleansed by the washing of water through
the word,"
with
him on th e altar before
God; it s being burnt on the altar shows how God accepts
this "as a sweet smelling savor" or perfume.
The second ram-"of consecration"-shows what effect the
sacrifice will have upon
us, as the first showed how God reo
ceived it. Aaron and his sons laid their hands upon it s head
-it
represented them. And Moses slew it , and took it s blood
-(consecrated life)
stand
forth
and
put it upon the tip
of
the
great toe of right foot.
Thus by ou r consecration, we are enabled to have th e
"hearing
the con
whatever
OU?·
hands find to do, we do it w ith our might (right) as unto
th e
that henceforth we "walk
no t as other gentiles," bu t "walk in newness of life," "walk
by faith," "walk in the spi ri t, " "walk in t he lig ht," a nd even
"a s ye received Christ so walk in him."
The choice portions of th e ram, inwards and fat, represent
ing ou r best powers
and
and
waved,
Lord for th e moment, or day, or
year, bu t continually we keep our affections and powers up
lifted before ou r Father never ceasing
until
accepted of him
as having finished ou r course. And Moses took them off their
hands, God's acceptance being shown by fire. Fat probably
typifies Love. When the love of
our inmost
helps to increase th e fire of God's acceptance.
The more love (fat) there is connected with our consecration
to God, th e more quickly will it be accep ted by Him as
entire
consecration.
Upon this wave offering, while in their hands, was la i. l
three cakes from a basketful which they were to ea t (repre
sentative of al l their bread.) I t was necessary that the·"
three-the unleavened cake, th e
cake mingled with oil, and
th e wafer
anointed
ou r offering. By
Christ
as
appreciation
These acknowledgments of Him ar e necessary to the accept
ance of ou r consecration.
And
upon
ou r heavenly food, manna, we his pr iest
feed during th e gospel age. The cakes were only warmed
bu t no t burned.-lit'ing bread, "o f which a man may eat."
(God
never
any
sin.")
The
anointing oil mingled with the lood of consecration
was sprinkled over them [Vel'. 30], showing how we may know
that ou r consecration is accepted. I Jno. v. 8, says:
"There
a re thr ee that bear record [wi tness] : the spirit and
the water
type
testimony that t hese consecrated ones ar e accepted
in th e Beloved. Water is th e symbol of the "word"
["washing of water by th e word."] And in the type
Moses
representing The
th e wor ld 's tes timony the blood is
applied
and
God and
joint heirs with J es us Chr is t o ur Lord.
The boiling [ el'. 31.] of th e flesh of consecrat ion,
was no
merely
The flesh was al l to
be disposed of [Vel'. 32.] showing how we are entirely
consecrated and none of
The seven days of consecration [Vel'. 33 and 33,] shows
again that we are consecrated to God's service, ot part of
ou r time only, bu t all of it , fo r seve is th e complete number
in scripture and signifies
applied. to. ("Seven Seals,"
&c.) Vs. 36 shows completion of the work of consecration,
There never was, perhaps, a time when it was more
necessary than the present, for seeing to i t that
we "be dead
WIth him," and
he
our
be
be accepted with
all the
mem bel'S
among
the
cannot
service for
to come"-when these
same Priests (now despised of men bu t a "swee t savor to
God.") sh all h av e
th e
of King added, and with their
head-Jesus, rule and bless a ll nat ions . Do you wish to be
amongs t those who shall sing to the praise of our great
High
Priest?
"Thou hast made us unto our God Kings anti
Pri es ts and we sha ll r eign on th e
Earth." I f so, be fully
consecra ted now, for " I f we suf fer with him we shall also
reign with
him." 2 Tim. i i. 12.
A PLAIN WAY OF STATING IT
Here is a sentiment from a man of God, who was never
thought to be either
fanatical or heterodoxical: "Any
constantly make it hi s
aim to attain it , may
set it down as
These are the wor
of
any
tian perfection
priest
it
would
intent And I beheld a child look on,
Upon his marble
with
wondering
eye;
And all his energies were bent She saw th e splinters, one by one,
To mould it
directions fiy:
With mallet hard, and tools of strength, The doubts that filled
that
to understand,
strand.
The
marble
chips,
at
When childish doubt broke ou t
and spoke,
"Father , why
"By
strokes
The more the s ta tue grows."
-Selected.
PROVINCE OF FAITH
The province of faith is to apprehend truth. Truth is inde-
"Through
pendent;
error
framed
fraud
Him (Christ)
and for Him." All that God
a truth, does not make it
true; to disbel ieve it , cannot hat! done is in reference to the plan of the ages, of which,
destroy it. It is independent of us, bu t we are dependent as we have seen,
the death and
grasp
man (Matt.
iv. 4.),
the
l arge share of i t
must be received y fai th, whether it per- th e infinite wisdom, power and love. "Faith is
the
substance
tains
to
things
unseen."
we must live by faith. Faith is to truth, as eating
is to bread. Faith deals
with the
future and
with the
invisible. The
Without eating, man wil die; bu t if he would have good future is ou r hope, our reward; the invisible is our strength
health, he must do more than eat. Exercise is
essential
I t
makes th e invisible as if it were
life. So while we live by faith, it is no t by faith alone. visible, and t he f utu re as i f i t were present. We ar e enabled
All
which are seen, but at th
unseen."
eating
kill
naturally. We greatly value (2 Cor. iv, 18.) Faith explains this paradox, and by
the
faith, "For without it , i t is impossible to please God; he
that
the
afflictions
and
are bu t for a moment, and enables us to
rewarder of them that diligently seek Him," (Heb. xi 6.) We lay hold upon the eternal. There are given us in the Bible
please God when we obey
him, and
character
like
His
own. In an important sense it is the of th e action of faith in reference to the unseen, present
and
and
diligent
seeker. He is revealed in one sense in th e statements Hebrews show th e combination. They acted because they
of His Word, bu t He is revealed to the heart, when Hi s
state-
believed in th e invisible God, and because they looked forward
merits are
They
believed "that God is,
to understanding. (John vii. 17.) We are to grow in grace and that He is th e rewarder." Faith
works;
that
God
to
the
ancients,
Faith is fundamental; it is the basis of character and "Believe," but He gave
them
that they d id
the
faith was approved. By faith Abel offered
the
a key to the
plan of salvation. He was put to death in the sacrifice, which was valuable because it pointed forward to the
flesh
and
Hi s
point between the Enoch walked with God; he did not
stand still, but
th e
companionship of
for th e world. When He died He met man' s legal necessities, th e invisible God, and was rewarded by translation, "that
or removed
al l
the enmity
he should
no t
between the world
enmity
was repre- of his faith, both in going ou t to th e unknown land,
and
in
sented
in
th e typical dispensation by th e law of carnal or- the offering of his son Isaac. In both cases he grasped the
dinances.
That
Gentile-a
typical
distinction which is no t recognized under 56 and Heb. xi. 16.)
The
Lord's
appearing
to
i t
illustrated th e presence of
Gentile ar e alike before God, and both are reconciled to God the invisible.
by
the
cross.
(Eph.
t he cou rt
of
Pharaoh,
ehoos
the lega l claim on universal man, and secured his deliverance
ing
Christ
from the l egal curse, which was dea th . Christ arose a con- greater riches than the treasures of Egypt; for he had
queror, leading
reward, and endured as seeing
Him
who is
immortality to light, as He had also made both possible for invisible. (Heb. xi. 23-27.)
man. When He rose, it was the dawn of
light
on
our
dark
The
and
world, the key of hope, a glim se of immortality. These great comfort to the pilgrims, as disciples, as soldiers and as
facts of
the past
afflicted ones. The
has
been done for Jesus is God's and loving care of our Lord, is a great revealed truth,
and
promise
unto
us.
Jesus."
(2 Cor. iv. 14.) He has given We do not believe in the ministration
of departed human
him he key-the power over death, and in addition, "the spirits, bu t regard that idea as a perversion of th e Bible
power of an endless life." (Heb. vii. 16.) teaching. The angels are
no t disembodied men. Man, when
Faith is thus shown to be
th e foundation
hope
maketh
no t ashamed, because th e love of God is shed
angels rule in tMS world; "but unto th e angels hath He
no t
abroad in our
hearts by th e Holy Spirit which is given unto put in subject ion the world to come . . . . but
what is mati
that thou are him hast put a ll t hings
hope
and
love; "the
greatest of these is love." Without in subjection under his feet." (Heb, ii. 5-8.) I f angels are
faith,
which
faith
now works, wi ll continue when faith is ended in such a case th e "world to come" woul , as well as th e present,
sight, and hope has been realized. Faith and hope are tern- be subject to angels. While we believe Paul,
then we must
eternal. Faith as a
angelic
tial, bu t without love as a working power, a faith
that
ministration is a g re at and impo rtan t
fact in God's plan
Cor. xiii. 2.) for th e development of the ruling
element of th e future world.
[74]
(3-4)
implicit
of
future glory to look back, we may see how much more fully
they served us than we realized. In hours of
danger
and
atlliction
their
services
are
needed,
and
and
self
protection
our
angels, "which
do always behold the face of ou r Fathe r in heaven."
(Matt.
that
in
hours
experienced, coming from
mental agony,
while
praying that i f i t were possible
the
cup
might
pass
from
Him,
heaven,
pass.
He
must
drink
was
not
enough
unto
strength
His
His death, not the pain He endured,
met the
legal necessitles
of th e race. "The wages of sin is death." Many followers of
Christ have
found help in time of need by coming to the
throne
and was supported
faith;
faith,
for
our
reward
are carried forward, so that al l we expect to realize in
the
eternal
Towering
The cross as the representative of th e death of
Christ
the
center
of
attraction,
mark
of
been
held
between
been to the
in
[Because some of the
for a time, undervalued th e cross, i t does
not
change
this
and th e key of truth is beautifully illustrated by
the two equal cherubim, looking inward to the Mercy
Seat,
and
time" our Lord
Offering,
dispensation those
the
cross,
and in the gospel dispensation we, by faith inspired by the
Spirit
back to
There, at the
cross,
the
Church, old and new, meet by faith, and, bowing before Christ,
our
with
man, and there they taste th e sweets of grace and begin to
"re joic e in hope of
the
the
cross
of
would
it as a web
from end to end, giving i t stre gth, beau ty and it s real
worth.
ment
of words, an empty case, a comb without th e honey,
a shell
without the
and
the
around
which,
always
clustered,
drawing from it their joy, strength and life. The cross is
also th e key of truth in al l
that pertains to man,
to God. I t is
the basis
any, it makes that
gospel, provides for
mortal, sin
(so counted even
before execution), one died for all. 2 Cor. v. 14. The man
Christ
Jesus gave himse lf a ransom for all. 1 Tim. ii. 5, 6,
and so receives th e r ight and
power to deliver
announced:
need-resurrection
from
and immortality
glorious
love.
The
engaged for
Christ,
not take
th e ground that a perfect knowledge of the relation
the
cross
sustains
to
the
the a toning
tional, as was the curse through
Adam
"As
in
Adam
alive." is doubt
ful, too, if one in ten of the saints of God
have
secured
and
makes
possible
under st and the
philosophy of atonement in order to be reconciled to God, any
more than it is necessary to under st and the
science of
the
sun. I t is, however, the privilege of a child of God to
lea rn a ll
And
we
freely
man's nature,
in Adam, restitution, hope and destiny, c