2008 lisbon agenda

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  • 1. Politics in the Age of Global Competitiveness The European Union andthe Lisbon Agenda

2. EU: Key dates Bulgarian and Romania bring membership to 27 countries 2007 Ten more countries join the Union 2004 TheEurois introduced as a common currency (but not for UK) 2002 TheLisbon Agendasets the goal of global competitiveness 2000 Single market completed, Treaty of Maastricht establishes theEuropean Union 1993 Single European Act 1986 First direct elections to theEuropean Parliament 1979 The Community expands to nine members (including UK) and develops its common policies 1973 The Treaty of Romeestablishes the common market 1957 The European coal and Steel Community is established by the six founding members 1951 3. EU Members Bulgaria, Romania 2007 Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia 2004 Austria, Finland, Sweden 1995 Portugal, Spain 1986 Greece 1981 Denmark, Ireland, United Kingdom 1973 Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands 1952 4. The Single European Act 1986

  • Set the framework for the move to the Single Market
  • Extended Qualified Majority Voting (QMV) to measures required for single market except for
    • taxation
    • free movement of persons
    • rights and interests of employed persons
  • Led to establishment of Single Market in 1993

5. The European Commission

  • Executive branch of the EU
  • Its job is to uphold the interests of the EU as a whole
    • represents EU externally
    • reforms EU internally
  • Initiates policy and ensures implementation
  • Current focus on competitiveness

6. The Lisbon Agenda

  • Launched March 2000 to make the EU the most dynamic and competitive knowledge-driven economy in the world by 2010
  • In crisis, relaunched February 2005 by Barroso Commission
  • The European Union cannot boost productivity and employment if Member States do not do their part

7. The Evidence

  • 2004average growthof the Euro area 2.2%; US 4.3%, Japan 4.4%, India 6.4% and China 9%.
  • Since 1996EU productivity levelsbehind the US every year. Labour productivity growth half US levels.
  • Europe not investing enough : investment up by only 1.7% per year against 5.4% per year in the USA.
  • We are not spending enough on R&D : the EU has only 25% the patents per head found in the USA.
  • In the USA 32% haveuniversity or similar degree , in Europe only 19%. USA invests twice as much per student.

8. Commission President

  • Jos Manuel Barroso
  • Elected President 2005
  • Member of Portugals Social Democratic Party
  • As Prime Minister 2002 he introduced a far reaching programme of financial and structural reforms in Portugal

9. (Ex-)Commissioner for External Trade

  • Peter Mandelson
  • Blair ally in New Labour
  • While Secretary of State produced New Labour Competitiveness White PaperBuilding the Knowledge-Driven Economy
  • Article in International Herald Tribune 22 Nov 2007 on trade and competitiveness (on WebCT)

10. Global Europe: Competing in the World

  • EU Trade Strategy launched Oct 2006
  • A framework for putting trade policy at the service of EU competitiveness
  • A strategy for opening new markets abroad for EU companies to trade
  • And ensuring that European countries are able to trade fairly in those markets
  • Europe cannot argue for openness from others while sheltering behind barriers of our own

11. Commissioner for Education, Training, Culture and youth

  • Report on progress in education and training published October 2007
  • T op-quality education and training is vital if Europe is to develop as a knowledge society and compete effectively in the globalising world economy. Regrettably, this report shows that the Member States need to redouble their efforts to make the EU's education and training meet the challenges of the 21 stcentury.

Jan Figel 12. The Evidence

  • The EU has succeeded in meeting the target for mathematics, science, and technology graduates:over 1 million students should graduate in mathematics, science and technology in 2010, compared to the present (2005) level of 860,000. Best countries: Ireland, France, and Lithuania.
  • There are still too many early school leavers:In 2006, about six million young people (18-24 years old) left education prematurely in the EU. This needs to drop by two million. Best countries: the Czech Republic (5.5%), Poland (5.6%) and Slovakia (6.4%).
  • More graduates from upper secondary school are needed:In order to achieve the EU benchmark (85% secondary school completion) an additional 2 million young people would need to finish. Best countries Czech Republic, Poland and Slovakia.
  • There is insufficient participation in lifelong learning activities by adults:An additional 8 million adults need to participate. Best countries Sweden, Denmark and the UK.
  • Improvements are needed in literacy levels of fifteen year-olds:About one in every five 15-year-old pupils in the EU is presently a poor reader. To reach the benchmark would need a further 200 000 pupils to improve their standard of reading. Best countries: Finland (5.7%), Ireland (11%) and the Netherlands (11.5%).

13. The Relaunch

  • March 2005 Spring European Council A New Start for the Lisbon Agenda
  • October 2005: National Reform Programmes from Member States
  • March 2006 Spring Council
  • Led to the adoption of three-year national reform programmes

14. European Commission, 3 Oct

  • The relaunch of the Lisbon Strategy in Spring 2005 put Europe back on track to face up to competition as the touchstone for creating growth and jobs in the modern global economy
  • The European Interest: Succeeding in the Age of Globalisation

15. Current policy orientations

  • Agreed at Spring Council 2006
    • More R&D and Innovation
    • A more dynamic business environment
    • Greater employability and investment in people
    • Energy and climate change

16. Topic 1: European Employment Strategy

  • New guidelines agreed 2005 as part of relaunch of Lisbon Agenda
  • The guidelines shall be taken into account in the employment policies of the Member States, which shall be reported upon in the national reform programmes (Council Decision of 12 July 2005, Article 2).

17. Objectives of guidelines

  • The objectives of full employment, job quality, labour productivity and social cohesion must be reflected in clear priorities: to attract and retain more people in employment, increase labour supply and modernise social protection systems; to improve adaptability of workers and enterprises; and to increase investment in human capital through better education and skills

18. Guideline 17

  • Implement employment policies aiming at achieving full employment, improving quality and productivity at work, and strengthening social and territorial cohesion.
  • Policies should contribute to achieving an average employment rate for the European Union (EU) of 70 % overall, of at least 60 % for women and of 50 % for older workers (55 to 64) by 2010, and to reduce unemployment and inactivity.

19. Guideline 19

  • Ensure inclusive labour markets, enhance work attractiveness, and make work pay for job-seekers, including disadvantaged people, and the inactive through:
  • job search assistance, guidance and training
  • continual review of the incentives and disincentives resulting from the tax and benefit systems, including themanagement and conditionality of benefits and a significant reduction of high marginal effective tax rates.

20. Guideline 20

  • Improve matching of labour market needs through:
  • removing obstacles to mobility for workers across Europe
  • better anticipation of skill needs, labour market shortages and bottlenecks
  • appropriate management of economic migration

21. Topic 2: Free movement of persons in EU

  • Fundamental freedom guaranteed by Community law.
  • EU nationals have the right to move to another EU Member State to take up employment and to establish themselves with their family members.
  • EU Member States may not discriminate against migrant workers and their families on the basis of their nationality.
  • EU migrant workers and their families are entitled to equal treatment not only in employment related matters, but also as regards public housing, tax advantages and social advantages.
  • Removing barriers to mobility between and within Member States is central to the Renewed Lisbon Agenda.

22. Transitional period 2004-2011

  • Old 15 EU states may limit access to labour market for seven-year period