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  • CAAFI Farnborough Airshow

    Presented by

    Paul Nash Environmental Affairs Director of New Energy - Airbus

    Alternative FuelsAlternative FuelsTargeting carbon-neutral aircraft operations

    Farnborough Airshow

    CAAFI Farnborough Airshow

  • Eco-Efficient Aviation

    Aviation needs to flourish with reduced environmental impact

    Aviation is necessary for development

    Facts: 8% Global GDP

    2% d CO i i 2% man made CO2 emissions Over 40 years the focus on innovation

    has lead to 70% reduced aviation fuel consumption

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    70% reduced aviation fuel consumption and related CO2 emissions

    Targets:

    erve

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    d Carbon Neutral growth by 2020 50% CO2 reductions by 2050 compared

    to 2005

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    Sustainable Aviation Growth with Environmental targets

    Page 2

  • Challenge: Emissions reduction roadmap

    No actionCO2

    Known technology, operations and infrastructure measures

    Biofuels and additional technologyEconomic measures

    2

    emissionsTechOpsI f

    CarbonNeutral G th

    Infra

    Biofuels + dd T h

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    Growth 2020

    -50% by 2050

    add. Tech

    erve

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    d

    2005 20502020 2030 2040

    2050

    2010

    (schematic)

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    Strategic approaches to reducing CO2 emissionsCAAFI Farnborough Airshow Page 3

  • What are alternative fuels for Airbus Short / Mid Term

    Fl h i 38 CFlash point 38C

    Freeze point -47CBiomass

    Drop in

    Drop - In Same RoutesSustainable

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    Same Distribution

    Meet Approval Specifications

    All Aircraft

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  • Background: Short/Medium Term Requirement

    Use existing airport fuel storage Common aviation fuel distribution network With common piping and transport infrastructure / p p g p

    mechanisms

    Any alternative should be drop-in..and mixable with fossil fuel

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    A Drop-in solution is required

  • What are the alternative fuels? Potential sustainable feedstocks

    Algae Jatropha Wood waste

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    Salicornia Camelina Yeast

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    Multi options in different locationsPage 6

  • TYPEAlternative Fuels Options Commercial Aviation

    TYPEConventional

    JetFuel(Kerosene)

    Alcohols Syn.Fuels Cryogenic FuelsBio EstersHydrogenated

    biomass

    newab

    le

    ssil)

    JetFuel

    ( )

    CTL&GTL

    DROPIN

    Liquefied Natural

    Gas

    CATE

    Non

    Ren

    (Fos

    NOT

    dropin

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    EGORY w

    able NOT

    dropin

    Ethanol FAME* BTL HBO&HCF

    Liquid Hydrogen

    Lowenergyperunit volume

    DROPIN

    NOT

    dropin

    DROPIN

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    Rene

    w 35%lower

    energycontent10%lower

    energycontentFreezes at 5C

    unitvolume,Availability,

    Infrastructure.,Airframe FUTURE

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    Notsuitableforaviation ApprovedsuitableforaviationCAAFI Farnborough Airshow * FAME =Fatty Acid Methyl Esters Page 7

  • Alternative Fuels illustratedAlternative Fuels illustrated: :

    FAME starts freezing

    FAME (FL limited)

    LIS

    JET A-1 Ethanol

    freezing (if no FL limitation)

    JET A 1 Ethanol

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    TL / HBO

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    GRU

    xTL / HBO

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    (GRU) Guarulhos Intl, Sao Paulo, SP, BR

    JET A-1, xTLs and HBOs gives the performance as a drop-inPage 8

  • Biomass Jet Fuel It has been estimated that cultivating an area equivalent to France with SunflowersIt has been estimated that cultivating an area equivalent to France with Sunflowerscould produce enough Bio-Jet to support the French civil aviation industry

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    It has been estimated that cultivating an area equivalent to Belgium with Algae could

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    produce enough Bio-Jet to support the World civil aviation industry

    Different feedstock's = different oil yieldsPage 9

  • XTLs:- Coal HCFs:

    Transformation Processes XTLs:- Coal, Natural gas, Any Biomass

    (CTL, GTL,BTL)

    HCFs:-Natural -Cellulosic

    Fibres

    CrudePetroleum HBOs:-Natural - Oils, Fats, Greases

    Syn-gas (CO/H2)Production

    Liquefied to sugars

    CrudeVacuumColumn

    ,

    Fischer-TropschSynthesis

    De-oxygenation Fermentation

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    Vacuumgasoil Paraffins Paraffins Alcohols

    Selective Selective Selective Selective

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    HydroTreatmentProcesses

    HydroTreatmentProcesses

    SelectiveHydroTreatment

    Processes

    SelectiveHydroTreatment

    Processes

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    Productseparation

    Lightfuels

    JetA1(SPK)

    Diesel

    StraightrunJetA1,Diesel,naphtha,Vacuumbottoms

    CAAFI Farnborough Airshow Page 10

  • Biomass Jet Fuel Locations do

    cum

    ent.

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    AlgaeJatropha

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    JatrophaCamelina

    Source: ATAG

    Global solutions possiblePage 11

  • Airbus in the Fuels Approval Process

    Engine Safety, Performance and Durability

    SpecificationProperties

    200950% FT

    Fuel Approved

    HBOEngine Safety, Performance and Durability(DEF STAN 91-91, ASTM D1655, MIL DTL 83133, MIL DTL 5624)

    Fit ForPurpose

    Properties 2011

    2010 Research

    Chemistry, Ground Handling & Safety, Materials compatibility,Electrical Properties, Bulk Physical & Performance Properties

    ComponentT ti

    2012

    HBO 50%

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    Engine Hot Section, Aircraft Fuel System, Engine Combustor Rig

    Testing

    Engine

    100% FT Fuel Approved

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    gEndurance

    Test

    Full Scale Engine Rig Test

    2013100% HBO

    Fuel Approved

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    APPROVAL

    Airbus supports the Def-Stan and ASTM Approval processesPage 12

  • What has Airbus achieved*GTL Gas To Liq id*GTL = Gas To Liquid

    February 2008Flight test 50% GTL~50% GTLA380 on one out of the

    four engines

    October 2009

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    First ever commercial revenue flight~50% GTL

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    d 50% GTLA340-600 all engines

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    Synthetic fuels work and are a precursor for Biofuels

    Page 13

  • Whats planned - Value Chain Projects

    Airbus acting as a Catalyst for Biofuel commercialisation

    Projects that develop the Biofuel value chain in different regionsAgriculture, Refiners, Investors,

    Airlines. Closed loop process to reduce COClosed loop process to reduce CO2

    emissions

    Source: ATAG

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    Biofuel commercialisation

    Investment strategy

    Biofuel flight 2010 Biofuel commercialisation

    Sustainability Analysis

    Others projects under development with airlines

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    Develop projects that speed up sustainable commercialisationPage 14

  • Bio fuel an Aeronautical efficient solution do

    cum

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    C b di id ill b b b d th t

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    d At each stage in the distribution chain, carb