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  • CausesofWorldWarII

    Interac(vePowerPoint

  • WorldWarII:MainCauses

    WorldWarII1939-1945

    RiseofDictators

    GermanAggression

    PolicyofAppeasement

    FailureoftheLeagueofNa?ons

  • MindMapBreak#1

    Whowerethedictators?Wherearetheyfrom?Whatweretheiragendas?

  • GermanAggression

    TheriseofHitlerandtheNaziParty

    There-militariza?onoftheRhineland(1936)

    Theannexa?onofAustria(1938)

    Czechoslovakia(1939)

    TheMunichAgreement

  • MindMapBreak#2

    Listthe5areasindica?veofGermanaggression

    Createbranchesfor:WhenWhereWhyResponse

  • 1936: Hitlersendstroopsbackintothe Rhineland(viola?onofVersailles)

    BritainandFrancesresponse?Donothing*Why?

    *2yearslater

    TheRe-militarizaDonoftheRhineland

  • 1938: HitlermovestroopsintoAustria,takingoverthecountry BritainandFrancesresponse?DonothingWhy?

    AnnexaDonofAustria

  • TheSudetenland: WesternregionofCzechoslovakia,borderingGermanyLargeGermanpopula?onGiventoCzechoslovakiaa\erWWI

    Hitlerwantedthisterritory!

    Czechoslovakia

  • 1938:HitlerthreatenedtoinvadetheSudetenland

    MunichAgreementBritain&FrancerespondCalledaconferenceinMunichtonego?ateAgreetogiveHitlertheSudetenlandwiththepromisehewouldnotinvadetherestofCzechoslovakia

    ThiswasthefinalstepintheappeasementofHitler

    Czechoslovakia

  • Architect: NevilleChamberlain(Bri?shPM)Idea: Giveanaggressor(Hitler/Germany)

    whathewantsinordertoavoidwar

    PolicyofAppeasement1936-39

  • MindMapBreak#3

    Defini?onofAppeasement Purpose Nazi-SovietNon-AggressionPactDefini?on

    Result BritainandFrancesResponse

  • ChamberlainspeakstothecrowdatHestonAerodrome September30,1938

    Chamberlainpeaceforour?me

  • March15,1939HitlerinvadestherestofCzechoslovakiaAnotherwarinEuropeisimminent

    TheFailureofAppeasement

  • HitlernowwantstouniteEastPrussiawiththerestofGermany(territorylosta\erWWI)

    Problem:GermanywouldhavetoinvadePolandtogettoEastPrussiathreattotheSovietUnion

    Solu?on:Nazi-SovietNon-AggressionPactAugust,1939AnagreementbetweentheSovietUnion&GermanyNeitherwouldahacktheotherifeitherwenttowar PlannedtodividePolandbetweenthem

    Nazi-SovietNon-AggressionPact(1939)

  • Whydidtheysignthispact,whentheNazisandtheCommunistshatedeachother? ItgaveGermanyprotec?onfromhavingtofightatwo-frontwarinthesoon-to-beginWorldWarII TheSovietUnionwasawardedland,includingpartsofPolandandtheBal?cStates

    Nazi-SovietNon-AggressionPact(1939)

  • September1,1939:

    GERMANYINVADESPOLAND!

    TheResult

  • Britain&FranceordertheGermansoutofPoland

    HitlerdoesnotcomplyBritain&FrancedeclarewaronGermanyonSeptember3,1939

    TheResponse

  • MindMapBreak#4

    Manchuria1931 ItalyinvadesAbyssinia1935

  • JapanInvadesManchuria(1931) LeaguecondemnedJapansac?ons JapanwithdrewfromtheLeagueandcon?nueditsaggressiveexpansionofterritoryintoChina

    ThiseventhighlightsweaknessofLeague

    OtherIssuesFailureoftheLeagueofNaDons

  • ItalyInvadesAbyssinia(1935) Leagueimposedsanc?onsBUT:notonoil!

    Withoutoil,Italymayhavebeenstopped

    *FranceandBritainwerereluctanttosanc?onItalytheywantedtoensureitssupportincaseofaworldwar.

    OtherIssuesFailureoftheLeagueofNaDons

  • RiseofDictatorships(review)Russia,Germany,Italy

    GermanAggressionRhineland,Austria,Czechoslovakia,Nazi-SovietPact,Poland

    Policyofappeasement FailureoftheLeagueofNa?ons

    Manchuria&Abyssinia

    ToSumUp: