hcs to ghs osha 1910.1200 subpart z - .• do specific alternatives present a high risk to worker

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  • 1/4/2017

    1

    HCStoGHSOSHA1910.1200SubpartZ

    PresentedbyKenBerryhillandJeffAlberts

    30thAnnualRideInspectionSafetyForumJanuary2017

    OSHAs Top 10 Cited Serious Violations6,906

    5,665

    3,900

    3,573

    3,406

    2,855

    2,625

    2,448

    1,937

    1,704

    1926.501

    1910.1200

    1926.451

    1910.134

    1910.147

    1910.178

    1926.1053

    1910.212

    1910.305

    1910.303

    HazardCommunication

    Fall Protection GeneralRequirements

    Scaffolding

    Respiratory Protection

    Lockout/Tagout

    Powered IndustrialTrucks

    Ladders

    MachineGuarding

    Electrical,WiringMethods

    Electrical GeneralRequirements

    Fiscal Year 2015

    Stan

    dard

    Num

    ber

    PurposeofHCS The purpose of the standard is to make

    sure that the hazards of chemicals are evaluated

    That information concerning their hazards is communicated to employers and employees

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    ScopeofHCS Appliestogeneralindustry,shipyard,marineterminals,longshoring,andconstructionemploymentandcoverschemicalmanufacturers,importers,employers,andemployeesexposedtochemicalhazards.

    Anysubstanceormaterialcapableofposinganunreasonablerisktohealthsafetyand/orpropertyifnothandled,transported,orstoredproperly

    Exemptions AnyhazardouswastesubjecttoregulationsissuedunderthatActbytheEnvironmentalProtectionAgency;

    Tobaccoortobaccoproducts; Woodorwoodproducts,thattheonlyhazardtheyposetoemployeesisthepotentialforflammabilityorcombustibility(woodtreatedwithcoveredchemicalsarenotexempt);

    Drugs,cosmetics,consumerproducts,nuisanceparticulatesthatposenohazard,radiation,andbiologicalagents

    HowHazardCommunicationWorks

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    OSHARequirements Writtenprogram

    Theemployermustmakethewrittenprogramavailable,uponrequest,to:

    Employeesandtheirdesignatedrepresentatives Whereworkiscarriedoutatmorethanonelocation,theprogrammaybekeptatthemainlocation

    Requirementsinclude: ManagementofSafetyDataSheets Labeling,includingsecondarylabels Training Listofhazardouschemicals

    EmployeeTraining Employersmustprovideemployeesinformationandtrainingonhazardouschemicalsintheirworkarea:

    Atthetimeoftheirinitialassignment

    Wheneveranewphysicalorhealthhazardtheemployeeshavenotpreviouslybeentrainedaboutisintroducedintotheirworkarea

    Trainingmaycovercategoriesofhazards

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    EmployeeTraining Employeetrainingshallincludeatleast:

    Themeanstodetectthepresenceorreleaseofahazardouschemicalintheworkarea

    Thephysicalandhealthhazardsofchemicalsintheworkarea

    Measuresemployeescantaketoprotectthemselves

    Detailsoftheemployersspecificprogram

    WhydidHCSChange? ToalignwiththeGloballyHarmonizedSystemofClassificationandLabelingofChemicals(GHS)adoptedby67nations

    Toprovideacommonandcoherentapproachtoclassifyingchemicals

    Reduceconfusionandincreaseunderstandingofthehazards

    Facilitatetraining Helpaddressliteracyproblems

    Notablechanges Usingaspecificationapproachratherthanaperformanceorientedapproach HazardclassificationratherthanhazarddeterminationthroughuseofAppendices.

    Labelsaremoredefinedandwillnowrequire: Productidentifier Pictogram Signalword Hazardstatement(s) Precautionarystatement(s) Name,address,andtelephonenumber

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    Notablechanges,cont. Safetydatasheet(ratherthanmaterialsafetydatasheet)usesa16sectionformat.

    GuidanceintheGHS(suchasdecisionlogicsincriteria)hasbeenremovedtostreamlineprovisions. Maybeprovidedasaseparatedocumenttoassistcompliancelater.

    HealthHazard

    Carcinogen Mutagenicity ReproductiveToxicity

    TargetOrganToxicity

    RespiratorySensitizer

    Flame

    Flammables Pyrophorics SelfHeating EmitsFlammableGas

    SelfReactives OrganicPeroxides

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    ExclamationMark

    Irritant(Skinandeyes)

    SkinSensitizer AcuteToxicity(Harmful)

    NarcoticEffects RespiratoryTractIrritant

    HazardoustoOzonelayer(NonMandatory)

    IfSkullandCrossBonesislistedforacutetoxicity,thissymbolwillnotbeused.

    IfCorrosiveisusedforskin/eyedamage,thissymbolwillnotbeused.

    IfHealthHazardisusedforrespiratorysensitization,thissymbolwillnotbeusedforskin/eyeirritationorskinsensitization

    GasCylinder

    Gassesunderpressure

    Corrosion

    SkinCorrosion/Burns

    EyeDamage CorrosivetoMetals

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    ExplodingBomb

    Explosives SelfReactives OrganicPeroxides

    FlameofCircle

    Oxidizers

    SkullandCrossbones

    AcuteToxicity(Fatalortoxic)

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    Environment(NonMandatory)

    AquaticToxicity

    LabelExample

    Whichpictogramandsignalwordwouldbeusedwiththishazardstatement?

    Fatalifswallowed

    Danger

    LabelRequirements

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    Whichpictogramandsignalwordwouldbeusedwiththishazardstatement?

    Mayintensifyfire;oxidizer

    Warning

    LabelRequirements

    Whichpictogramandsignalwordwouldbeusedwiththishazardstatement?

    Causessevereskinburnsandeyedamage

    Danger

    LabelRequirements

    Whichpictogramandsignalwordwouldbeusedwiththishazardstatement?

    Extremelyflammablematerial

    Danger

    LabelRequirements

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    10

    Whichpictogramandsignalwordwouldbeusedwiththishazardstatement?

    Maycausedrowsinessordizziness

    Warning

    LabelRequirements

    Whichpictogramandsignalwordwouldbeusedwiththishazardstatement?

    Maycausedamagetoorgansthroughprolongedorrepeatedexposure

    Warning

    LabelRequirements

    Whichpictogramandsignalwordwouldbeusedwiththishazardstatement?

    Containsgasunderpressure

    Danger

    LabelRequirements

  • 1/4/2017

    11

    Whichpictogramandsignalwordwouldbeusedwiththishazardstatement?

    Explosive;severeprojectionhazard

    Danger

    LabelRequirements

    WorkplaceLabeling OSHAismaintainingtheapproachusedinthecurrentHCSthatallowsemployerstouseworkplacespecificlabelingsystemsaslongastheyprovidetherequiredinformation.

    However,suchworkplacelabelsystemsmayneedtobeupdatedtomakesuretheinformationisconsistentwiththenewclassifications.

    WorkplaceLabeling NFPA/HMISSystems(ratingsv.classification)

    WiththenewGHSsystem,thelowerthecategorizationnumber,thegreatertheseverityofthehazard.ThisisoppositeofthewaynumbersandseverityrelatetoeachotherunderNFPAandHMISsystems.

    ThenumbersinthenewGHSsystemdonotshowuponthelabel,insteadareusedtodeterminewhatgoesonthelabel.ThenumbersonlyappearontheSDS.

    ThenumbersfortheNFPAandHMISsystemsappearonthelabelsandareusedtocommunicateinformationaboutthehazard.

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    16SectionSafetyDataSheet1. Identificationofthesubstance

    ormixtureandofthesupplier

    2. Hazardsidentification

    3. Composition/informationoningredientsSubstance/Mixture

    4. Firstaidmeasures

    5. Firefightingmeasures

    6. Accidentalreleasemeasures

    7. Handlingandstorage

    8. Exposurecontrols/personalprotection

    9. Physicalandchemicalproperties

    10. Stabilityandreactivity

    11. Toxicological

    12. Ecologicalinformation(nonmandatory)

    13. Disposalconsiderations(nonmandatory)

    14. Transportinformation(nonmandatory)

    15. Regulatoryinformation(nonmandatory)

    16. OtherinformationincludinginformationonpreparationandrevisionoftheSDS

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    SafetyDataSheetExamplesITW Devcon

    Ecolab

    TransitioningtoSaferChemicals

    Inventory&Prioritize Foreachchemical,consider:

    Whereisthechemicalbeingused? Whatfunctiondoesthechemicalperform? Isthechemicalnecessaryintheprocessorproduct?Couldthechemicalbe

    eliminatedwithoutadverselyaffectingproductorprocessperformance? Whatarethehazardsassociatedwiththechemicalandhowcoulditsuseharm

    workers? Howareworkerspotentiallyexposedtothechemical(i.e.,duringmanufacturingof

    thechemicalorproduct,whenusingaproductcontainingchemicals,whenapplyingthechemicalinaserviceindustry,orduringchemicaldisposal)?

    Toidentifypriorities,consider: Whathazardsshouldbeeliminatedorreducedfirst? Whatusesofchemicalsareofgreatestconcern? Whatpotentialchemicalexposurestoworkersareofgreatestconcern? Couldachemicalorprocesschangehelpimproveworkplacesafetyandhealth? Aretheidentifiedprioritiesconsistentwiththeworkplanfortransitioningtosafer

    chemicals?

    Step 2Inventory

    & Prioritize

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    IdentifyAlternativesKeyQuestions Aretherechemicalalternativesthathavebeenimplementedinsimilarapplications?

    Aretherematerialchangesorprocesschangesthatcouldreplacetheuseofhazardouschemicals?

    Arethereotherbusinessesthatarealsoseekingsaferalternativesforthesamechemicalorasimilaruseofthechemical?Arethereopportunitiestocollaborate?

    Step 3

    Identify

    Assess&CompareAlternatives

    KeyQuestions Toprioritizealternativesforfurtherassessment,consider:

    Whataretheperformancerequirementsofthechemicalorprocess? Dospecificalternativespresentahighrisktoworkersafetyandhealth?

    Whenassessingandcomparingalternatives,consider: Whathealthandsafetycriteria(toxicologicalandphysicalproperties)needtobecompared?

    Willworkersexperiencechangestotheperformanceoftheirworktaskswhenusingthealternative,includinganychangestotheuseofengineeringcontrols,administrativecontrols,andPPE?Willworkersexperiencechangesinexposurewhenusingthealternative?Willthesechangespresentnew/differenthazardstoworkers?

    Whatperformancecriterianeedtobecompared? Whatcostsneedtobecompared?

    Step 4Assess & Compare

    Evaluate KeyQuestions Areworkersbenefitingfromusingthealternative? Havecustomers,supplychainpartne