safety training presentations hazard communication 29 cfr 1910.1200
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Safety Training PresentationsHazard Communication 29 CFR 1910.1200
Close Encounters with ChemicalsWe encounter chemicals almost every dayFilling your vehicle with gasolineCleaning the bathroomApplying pesticides or insecticidesUsing solvents or acids at workMany chemicals can cause injury or illness if not handled properly.
Hazard Communication GoalsRight to Know chemical hazardsPPE, first aid, spills/leaksLabels, Material Safety Data sheets Quiz
Right to KnowOSHA created the Hazard Communication Standard to help ensure your safety when working with hazardous chemicals.You have a RIGHT TO KNOW about the hazardous chemicals you use on the job and how to work safely with those chemicals.
Hazard Communication StandardChemical manufacturers must: Determine a chemicals hazards Provide labels and MSDSsEmployers must: Provide a hazard communication program Maintain MSDSs Train on hazardous materials
HazCom Standard (cont.)Employees must:Read labels and MSDSsFollow employer instructions and warningsIdentify hazards before starting a jobParticipate in training
Chemical HazardsPhysical Hazards:Flammable ExplosiveReactiveHealth Hazards:CorrosiveToxic
Routes of EntrySkin and eye contactInhalationSwallowingPenetration (skin absorption)
Chemical ExposureDosageAcute effectsChronic effects
Personal Protective EquipmentDust masks and respiratorsGlasses, goggles, and face shieldsHearing protectionGlovesFoot protectionHead protectionAprons or full-body suits
Hazardous Materials First AidEyes: Flush with water for 15 minutesSkin: Wash with soap and waterInhalation: Move to fresh airSwallowing: Get emergency medical assistance
Spills and LeaksEvacuate the areaNotify a supervisor or the emergency response teamRemove ignition sources (if safe to do so)Stay away
Importance of LabelsThe identity of the chemicalName, address, and emergency phone number of the manufacturerPhysical and health hazardsSpecial handling instructionsBasic PPE recommendationsFirst aid, fire response, spill cleanup
NFPA Labeling SystemsNFPA = National Fire Protection Association Blue = Health Red = Flammability Yellow = ReactivityWhite = Other hazards or special handling = Other hazards or Special handlingScale: 0 (No Hazard) to 4 (Extreme Hazard)
Other Label WarningsThe identity of the chemicalName, address, and emergency phone number of the manufacturerPhysical and health hazardsSpecial handling instructionsBasic PPE recommendationsFirst aid, fire response, spill cleanup
Material Safety Data Sheet ProgramReading an MSDSMSDS locationsFinding a specific MSDS
Material Safety Data SheetsChemical and manufacturer identityHazardous ingredientsPhysical and chemical characteristicsFire, explosion, and reactivity
Material Safety Data Sheets (cont.)Health hazardsRoutes of entryExposure levels (PEL or TLV)Symptoms of exposureFirst-Aid and emergency information
Material Safety Data Sheets (cont.)Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)Safe handling and storageSpills and leaksCompliance issues
Hazard Communication SummaryIdentify chemical hazards by reading labels and MSDSsFollow warnings and instructions, or ask your supervisor if in doubtUse the correct personal protective equipmentPractice sensible, safe work habitsLearn emergency procedures
Quiz1.Chemical manufacturers must label containers and provide ______________________________________.2.Employers should keep material safety data sheets in a locked file cabinet. True or False3.Dizziness, nausea, rashes, and respiratory irritation are signs of ______________________________ exposure.4.List three routes by which a chemical can enter the body: _______________, ______________, ______________.5.Household chemicals are never as hazardous as chemicals used at work. True or False
Quiz (cont.)6.On NFPA labels, a 4 in the red diamond indicates an extreme health hazard. True or False7.Typical first-aid for chemicals splashed in the eyes includes _____________________________________.8.You will only know the health hazards and PPE requirements if you ____________________________.9.A ______________________________ can be used to protect against breathing hazardous vapors or gases.10.If you see a chemical spill, you should clean it immediately. True or False
Quiz Answers1.Material safety data sheets must be provided by the manufacturer.2.False. MSDSs must always be accessible to the employees.3.These are all symptoms of acute effects, or short-term exposure.4.The primary routes chemicals enter the body are skin and eye contact, inhalation, and swallowing.5.False. Many household chemicals are more hazardous than chemicals found at work.
Quiz Answers (cont.)6.False. The red diamond indicates flammability hazards, not health hazards.7.Flushing the eyes for 15 minutes is the typical first aid for chemicals splashed in the eyes.8.You must read the labels and MSDSs to learn how to protect yourself from the hazards of a chemical.9.Respirators protect against breathing hazardous vapors and gases.10.False. Only attempt to clean a chemical spill if youve been properly trained.
I. Speakers Notes:The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) requires employers to have a written Hazard Communication Plan. The plan demonstrates the employers commitment to helping employees work safely with the chemicals that are used in the workplace.Todays class will discuss the chemicals in the workplace, how to determine chemical hazards, and how to protect yourself from those hazards.I. Background for the Trainer:Have the employees give examples of chemicals that they use at work and at home.Ask the class if a chemical has ever caused them to feel sick (hangovers from too much alcohol dont count).Have they ever burned their skin or eyes with a chemical?
II. Speakers Notes:These are all examples of why we are conducting this class. We want you to be able to work safely with hazardous chemicals at work and at home. As long as you understand the hazards and know how to protect yourself from those hazards, working with chemicals can be done safely.I.Speakers Notes:The goal of this training session is to make sure you have a complete understanding of:Right to KnowPPE, first aid, spills and leaksLabels and MSDSsAt the end of this session, well take a short quiz to test your understanding.
I. Speakers Notes:OSHA has created the Hazard Communication Standard to help ensure your safety when working with chemicals.The Hazard Communication Standard requires employee training to include:A discussion of the operations at your company that use hazardous chemicalsHow to detect the presence or release of a hazardous chemicalA discussion of the physical and health hazards of chemicalsHow employees can protect themselves from the hazardous chemicalsThis training module will cover the basics of all the required topics. Feel free to ask questions during the presentation if anything is unclear or needs further explanation.I. Speakers Notes:Chemical Manufacturers must:Determine physical and health hazards of each product they makeLabel all containersMake and provide material safety data sheets (MSDS)Employers must have and make the following available to employees:A written hazard communication programA list of the hazardous chemicals that the company usesMaterial safety data sheetsTraining that teaches employees:About the Hazard Communication StandardAbout chemicals that are used in the workplaceTo recognize, understand, and use labels and MSDSsTo use safe proceduresI. Speakers Notes:As with any program, the Hazard Communication Standard will not be effective without the participation of all employees.You should know where MSDSs are located and how to find the MSDS for a specific chemical. You should also know how to pull out important information such as the health hazards, symptoms of exposure, and how to protect against those hazards (i.e., using PPE).Once you know what PPE to wear when using the chemical, you must follow the instructions and warnings on the MSDS or label. This means no shortcuts. Wear the required PPE.
I. Speakers Notes:Most people understand and recognize physical hazards and know how to protect themselves against them (e.g , no smoking near the propane tank). However, few people recognize and understand chemical hazards and, therefore, do not know how to protect themselves. Sometimes the effects of a hazardous chemical are not felt immediately; therefore, appropriate precautions are not taken.Physical hazards include: fires or explosions, sudden release of pressure, or reactivity (e.g., when a chemical can burn, explode, or release gases after contact with water, air, or other chemicals). Have employees give examples (from both work and home) of each of the categories listed under physical hazards.Flammable: Acetone, propane, gasoline, paintsExplosive: Compressed gas cylinders, aerosol cansReactive: Mixture of bleach and ammoniaHealth hazards include: illnesses or other health problems that could develop as a result of overexposure to a chemical. Short-term effects include headache, dizziness, skin irritation. Long-term effects may be liver or lung damage or even cancer. Have employees give examples (from both work and home) of each of the categories listed under health hazards.Corrosive: Nitric acid, many strong household cleanersToxics: Pesticides, benzene in gasoline, many solvents, leadI. Speakers Notes:Skin and eye contact: Irritation (e.g., itchiness, blisters) caused by solvents, degreasers, soaps; burns caused by corrosives; internal reactions (e.g., toxins) caused by hydrocarbon solvents; and aller