Safety Training Presentations Hazard Communication 29 CFR 1910.1200.
Post on 02-Jan-2016
Safety Training PresentationsHazard Communication 29 CFR 1910.1200
Close Encounters with ChemicalsWe encounter chemicals almost every dayFilling your vehicle with gasolineCleaning the bathroomApplying pesticides or insecticidesUsing solvents or acids at workMany chemicals can cause injury or illness if not handled properly.
Hazard Communication GoalsRight to Know chemical hazardsPPE, first aid, spills/leaksLabels, Material Safety Data sheets Quiz
Right to KnowOSHA created the Hazard Communication Standard to help ensure your safety when working with hazardous chemicals.You have a RIGHT TO KNOW about the hazardous chemicals you use on the job and how to work safely with those chemicals.
Hazard Communication StandardChemical manufacturers must: Determine a chemicals hazards Provide labels and MSDSsEmployers must: Provide a hazard communication program Maintain MSDSs Train on hazardous materials
HazCom Standard (cont.)Employees must:Read labels and MSDSsFollow employer instructions and warningsIdentify hazards before starting a jobParticipate in training
Chemical HazardsPhysical Hazards:Flammable ExplosiveReactiveHealth Hazards:CorrosiveToxic
Routes of EntrySkin and eye contactInhalationSwallowingPenetration (skin absorption)
Chemical ExposureDosageAcute effectsChronic effects
Personal Protective EquipmentDust masks and respiratorsGlasses, goggles, and face shieldsHearing protectionGlovesFoot protectionHead protectionAprons or full-body suits
Hazardous Materials First AidEyes: Flush with water for 15 minutesSkin: Wash with soap and waterInhalation: Move to fresh airSwallowing: Get emergency medical assistance
Spills and LeaksEvacuate the areaNotify a supervisor or the emergency response teamRemove ignition sources (if safe to do so)Stay away
Importance of LabelsThe identity of the chemicalName, address, and emergency phone number of the manufacturerPhysical and health hazardsSpecial handling instructionsBasic PPE recommendationsFirst aid, fire response, spill cleanup
NFPA Labeling SystemsNFPA = National Fire Protection Association Blue = Health Red = Flammability Yellow = ReactivityWhite = Other hazards or special handling = Other hazards or Special handlingScale: 0 (No Hazard) to 4 (Extreme Hazard)
Other Label WarningsThe identity of the chemicalName, address, and emergency phone number of the manufacturerPhysical and health hazardsSpecial handling instructionsBasic PPE recommendationsFirst aid, fire response, spill cleanup
Material Safety Data Sheet ProgramReading an MSDSMSDS locationsFinding a specific MSDS
Material Safety Data SheetsChemical and manufacturer identityHazardous ingredientsPhysical and chemical characteristicsFire, explosion, and reactivity
Material Safety Data Sheets (cont.)Health hazardsRoutes of entryExposure levels (PEL or TLV)Symptoms of exposureFirst-Aid and emergency information
Material Safety Data Sheets (cont.)Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)Safe handling and storageSpills and leaksCompliance issues
Hazard Communication SummaryIdentify chemical hazards by reading labels and MSDSsFollow warnings and instructions, or ask your supervisor if in doubtUse the correct personal protective equipmentPractice sensible, safe work habitsLearn emergency procedures
Quiz1.Chemical manufacturers must label containers and provide ______________________________________.2.Employers should keep material safety data sheets in a locked file cabinet. True or False3.Dizziness, nausea, rashes, and respiratory irritation are signs of ______________________________ exposure.4.List three routes by which a chemical can enter the body: _______________, ______________, ______________.5.Household chemicals are never as hazardous as chemicals used at work. True or False
Quiz (cont.)6.On NFPA labels, a 4 in the red diamond indicates an extreme health hazard. True or False7.Typical first-aid for chemicals splashed in the eyes includes _____________________________________.8.You will only know the health hazards and PPE requirements if you ____________________________.9.A ______________________________ can be used to protect against breathing hazardous vapors or gases.10.If you see a chemical spill, you should clean it immediately. True or False
Quiz Answers1.Material safety data sheets must be provided by the manufacturer.2.False. MSDSs must always be accessible to the employees.3.These are all symptoms of acute effects, or short-term exposure.4.The primary routes chemicals enter the body are skin and eye contact, inhalation, and swallowing.5.False. Many household chemicals are more hazardous than chemicals found at work.
Quiz Answers (cont.)6.False. The red diamond indicates flammability hazards, not health hazards.7.Flushing the eyes for 15 minutes is the typical first aid for chemicals splashed in the eyes.8.You must read the labels and MSDSs to learn how to protect yourself from the hazards of a chemical.9.Respirators protect against breathing hazardous vapors and gases.10.False. Only attempt to clean a chemical spill if youve been properly trained.
I. Speakers Notes:The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) requires employers to have a written Hazard Communication Plan. The plan demonstrates the employers commitment to helping employees work safely with the chemicals that are used in the workplace.Todays class will discuss the chemicals in the workplace, how to determine chemical hazards, and how to protect yourself from those hazards.I. Background for the Trainer:Have the employees give examples of chemicals that they use at work and at home.Ask the class if a chemical has ever caused them to feel sick (hangovers from too much alcohol dont count).Have they ever burned their skin or eyes with a chemical?
II. Speakers Notes:These are all examples of why we are conducting this class. We want you to be able to work safely with hazardous chemicals at work and at home. As long as you understand the hazards and know how to protect yourself from those hazards, working with chemicals can be done safely.I.Speakers Notes:The goal of this training session is to make sure you have a complete understanding of:Right to KnowPPE, first aid, spills and leaksLabels and MSDSsAt the end of this session, well take a short quiz to test your understanding.
I. Speakers Notes:OSHA has created the Hazard Communication Standard to help ensure your safety when working with chemicals.The Hazard Communication Standard requires employee training to include:A discussion of the operations at your company that use hazardous chemicalsHow to detect the presence or release of a hazardous chemicalA discussion of the physical and health hazards of chemicalsHow employees can protect themselves from the hazardous chemicalsThis training module will cover the basics of all the required topics. Feel free to ask questions during the presentation if anything is unclear or needs further explanation.I. Speakers Notes:Chemical Manufacturers must:Determine physical and health hazards of each product they makeLabel all containersMake and provide material safety data sheets (MSDS)Employers must have and make the following available to employees:A written hazard communication programA list of the hazardous chemicals that the company usesMaterial safety data sheetsTraining that teaches employees:About the Hazard Communication StandardAbout chemicals that are used in the workplaceTo recognize, understand, and use labels and MSDSsTo use safe proceduresI. Speakers Notes:As with any program, the Hazard Communication Standard will not be effective without the participation of all employees.You should know where MSDSs are located and how to find the MSDS for a specific chemical. You should also know how to pull out important information such as the health hazards, symptoms of exposure, and how to protect against those hazards (i.e., using PPE).Once you know what PPE to wear when using the chemical, you must follow the instructions and warnings on the MSDS or label. This means no shortcuts. Wear the required PPE.
I. Speakers Notes:Most people understand and recognize physical hazards and know how to protect themselves against them (e.g , no smoking near the propane tank). However, few people recognize and understand chemical hazards and, therefore, do not know how to protect themselves. Sometimes the effects of a hazardous chemical are not felt immediately; therefore, appropriate precautions are not taken.Physical hazards include: fires or explosions, sudden release of pressure, or reactivity (e.g., when a chemical can burn, explode, or release gases after contact with water, air, or other chemicals). Have employees give examples (from both work and home) of each of the categories listed under physical hazards.Flammable: Acetone, propane, gasoline, paintsExplosive: Compressed gas cylinders, aerosol cansReactive: Mixture of bleach and ammoniaHealth hazards include: illnesses or other health problems that could develop as a result of overexposure to a chemical. Short-term effects include headache, dizziness, skin irritation. Long-term effects may be liver or lung damage or even cancer. Have employees give examples (from both work and home) of each of the categories listed under health hazards.Corrosive: Nitric acid, many strong household cleanersToxics: Pesticides, benzene in gasoline, many solvents, leadI. Speakers Notes:Skin and eye contact: Irritation (e.g., itchiness, blisters) caused by solvents, degreasers, soaps; burns caused by corrosives; internal reactions (e.g., toxins) caused by hydrocarbon solvents; and allergic reactions (e.g., hives) caused by chromates or nickelInhalation: Headache, nausea, dizziness, lung damageSwallowing: This usually means contact with food or smoking, not openly drinking a hazardous chemical. Nausea, vomiting, dizziness, liver or kidney damagePenetration: The introduction of a chemical with a needle
I. Speakers Notes:Dosage: The MSDS will list the dosage, or exposure level, allowed for each hazardous chemical. These exposure levels are typically called Permissible Exposure Level (PEL) as set by OSHA or Threshold Limit Value (TLV) as recommended by ACGIH (American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists) and refer to the quantity of hazardous chemical that an average employee can safely be exposed to in an eight-hour work day. This is just like your doctor telling you to take one pill every eight hours. If you take two pills in an eight hour period, you are technically overdosing and could suffer some side effects. The company works to maintain exposure levels below these levels with engineering controls, ventilation, PPE, etc. Acute effects: These are short-term effects or symptoms that disappear once the victim is no longer exposed to the chemical. They include rashes, burns, respiratory irritation, and poisoning. Chronic effects: These are long-term effects that develop over a long period of exposure. They include allergies, lung or liver damage, cancer, etc. I. Background for the Trainer:Discuss areas in your company in which the following PPE would be used. If several different types of the PPE are offered, discuss each type.II. Speakers Notes:Dust masks and respirators: Used when working in environments with hazardous dusts, vapors, liquids, or gases. Remember, anyone who uses a respirator as part of the normal job function must be involved in a respirator training program.Glasses, goggles, and face shields: Used when working around equipment that cuts, grinds, shears, etc., and also when working with hazardous liquids that may splash. Remember, regular prescription glasses do not meet the requirements of safety glasses. Obtain prescription safety glasses.Hearing protection: Used when working with noisy equipment or in a high noise area. Remember, employees who must work in a high noise area (as defined by OSHA) must be involved in a hearing protection program.Gloves: There are many types of gloves to protect from many hazards including but not limited to hazardous chemicals. Foot protection: Used when working with hazardous chemicals that may splash onto the feet. Head protection: Might include hard hats or hoods to protect from chemical splashes or exposure. I. Background for the Trainer:Discuss your companys emergency procedures, so employees understand how to report and handle medical emergencies. Where are first-aid kits and emergency shower and eyewash stations located? Is the employee permitted to take another employee to the eyewash station, or does a person trained in first aid need to do this?
II. Speakers Notes:This first-aid information is generic and will work for most chemicals. However, the chemical label and MSDS will provide the best first-aid information. An MSDS should accompany anyone who is going to see a medical provider because of exposure to a chemical.
I. Background for the Trainer:First of all, have employees discuss what types of spills or leaks might occur at your company. Could a drum be punctured by a forklift? Could a tank or pipe rupture? What kind of chemicals could be leaked in volumes that would require evacuation?Discuss your companys emergency response plan and the procedures that employees must understand to spot and report a spill and evacuate. This would be a good time to pass out an evacuation map and discuss evacuation routes and meeting locations. II. Speakers Notes:This training session is not intended to teach you how to respond to a spill or leak. The intent is to make sure you know how to spot a spill or leak, how to report it, and how to evacuate the area. This is also called awareness level training.
I. Background for the Trainer:Pass out chemical containers that you brought as an example. Encourage employees to read and look at the labels while you speak. Someone will most likely have a question about something on a label. This will encourage discussion.II. Speakers Notes:Labels are critical to your safety when working with chemicals at work and at home. How many of you have taken the time to really read the label on a chemical? A person will take the time to read the label of a can of food out of concern over the sodium or fat content. However, that same person may be unaware that the label on a favorite cleaner warns not to breathe the vapors.Every label is different, but they all have similar information. Labels will quickly tell you about the topics on the slide.Make sure every chemical container has a label. Put labels on secondary containers when used for a chemical that was dispensed out of a larger container such as a drum. Labels on secondary containers can be as easy as the name of the chemical (e.g., acetone).Read labels, follow the warnings and instructions, and always ask a supervisor if you do not understand the label information.I. Speakers Notes:The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) and other organizations have developed a colo...