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  • Pediatri Sosial: Upaya promotif, preventif dan RehabilitatifPertumbuhan & perkembangan Anak:Konsepsi sp remajaASIAkhil baliq dan remaja: Monitoring tumbuh kembangLingkungan fisiko-bio-psiko-sosialImunisasiKeluarga Berencana & Tumbuh Kembang Anak: statistik kesehatan & demografi, definisi TK & faktor yang berpengaruh thd TKMasalah sosial

  • Paeran air susu ibu (ASI) dalam pembinaan tumbuh kembang bayi dan anak: manfaat, kendala, dan upaya pencapaiannya

  • 10.8 jutabalita meninggal setiap tahun(9.7 juta kematian di 42 negara) LANCET. 361, 28 Juni 2003, 2226-2234

    Chart2

    0.33

    0.21

    0.09

    0.1

    0.03

    0.22

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    Sheet1

    Breastfeeding + Complementary Feeding19%

    Oral rehydration therapy15%

    Breastfeeding13%

    Insecticide-treated materials7%

    Complementary feeding6%

    Antibiotics for sepsis6%

    Antibiotics for pneumonia6%

    Zinc5%

    Antimalarials5%

    Newborn resuscitation4%

    Hib vaccine4%

    Clean delivery4%

    Water, sanitation, hygiene3%

    Antibiotics for dysentery3%

    Antenatal steroids3%

    Vitamin A2%

    Tetanus toxoid2%

    Newborn temperature management2%

    Nevirapine and replacement feeding2%

    Vitamin A1%

    Measles vaccine1%

    Antimalarial intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy1%

    Antibiotics for premature rupture of membrances1%

    Distribution of global child deaths deaths by cause

    Cause of deathsNo. of under-5 deaths in 2000estimated under-5 deaths prevented

    Faktor neonatal33%Diarrhoea2,1351,886.00249.00

    ISPA21%Pneumonia2,0551,328.00727.00

    Malaria9%Malaria915829.0086.00

    Lain-lain10%AIDS312150.00162.00

    AIDS3%Measles103103.000.0

    Diare22%Neonatal disorders3,1871,743.001,444.00

    Campak1%Other9190.0919.00

    Tak diketahui1%Unknown361.0035.00

    Profile 1

    Diarrhoea24%

    Pneumonai24%

    Neonatal Period34%

    Others18%

    Breastfeeding 6-11 months90%

    Measles Vaccine75%

    Global8.4Vitamin A56%

    General2.4Skilled birth attendent54%

    Tetanus toxoid52%

    Water, sanitation50%

    Exclusive breastfeeding 0-5 months48%

    Exclusive breastfeeding 0-6 months41%82.541.25

    treated bedents2%

    Hib vaccine1%

    South Asia34%

    SS Africa41%

    Others25%

    Total Deaths6.96.9

    Less than 28 days3.9

    Less than 28 days (3.9 million)

    Severe infection24%

    Birth asphyxia29%

    Complications of prematurity24%

    Tetanus7%

    Others16%

    Sheet1

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    &C&"Arial,Bold"&11Under-5 deaths that could be prevented in the 42 countries with 90% of worldwide child deaths in 2000 through achievement of universal coverage with individual interventions

    &L&"Arial,Italic"&9How many child deaths can we prevent this year?. Jones G et al. LANCET. 362, July 5, 2003

    Oral rehydration therapy

    Complementary Feeding

    Breastfeeding

    BF + CF

    Sheet2

    0.24

    0.24

    0.34

    0.18

    Profile 1 (4.5 million deaths (47%)

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    2.4

    0.34

    0.41

    0.25

    6.9

    3.9

    0.24

    0.29

    0.24

    0.07

    0.16

    Less than 28 days deaths (3.9 million)

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    Distribution of Global child deaths by cause (9.7 million deaths in 42 countries)

    Diarrhoea1886249

    Pneumonia1328727

    Malaria82986

    AIDS150162

    Measles1030

    Neonatal disorders17431444

    Other0919

    No. of under-5 deaths in 2000

    estimated under-5 deaths prevented

    Estimated under 5 deaths prevented

    0.9

    0.75

    0.56

    0.54

    0.52

    0.5

    0.48

    0.412

    0.02

    0.01

    Estimated proportion of children younger than 5 years

  • Kematian balita (%) yang dapat diselamatkan dengan intervensi pencegahan

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    ASI13%

    Makanan tambahan6%

    Persalinan bersih4%

    Air, sanitasi, higienis3%

    Steroid Antenatal3%

    Vitamin A2%

    Tetanus toxoid2%

    Manajemen suhu bayi baru lahir2%

    Antibiotik untuk ketuban pecah dini1%

    Distribution of global child deaths deaths by cause

    Cause of deathsNo. of under-5 deaths in 2000estimated under-5 deaths prevented

    Neonatal disorders33%Diarrhoea2,1351,886.00249.00

    Pneumonia21%Pneumonia2,0551,328.00727.00

    Malaria9%Malaria915829.0086.00

    Other10%AIDS312150.00162.00

    AIDS3%Measles103103.000.0

    Diarrhoea22%Neonatal disorders3,1871,743.001,444.00

    Measles1%Other9190.0919.00

    Unknown1%Unknown361.0035.00

    Profile 1

    Diarrhoea24%

    Pneumonai24%

    Neonatal Period34%

    Others18%

    GlobalIndia

    Breastfeeding 6-11 months90%94.8%5.1333333333

    Measles Vaccine75%-94.8666666667

    Global8.4Vitamin A56%

    General2.4Skilled birth attendent54%

    Tetanus toxoid52%

    Water, sanitation50%

    Exclusive breastfeeding 0-6 months48%41%

    treated bedents2%82.541.25

    Hib vaccine1%

    South Asia34%

    SS Africa41%

    Others25%

    Total Deaths6.96.9

    Less than 28 days3.9

    Less than 28 days (3.9 million)

    Severe infection24%

    Birth asphyxia29%

    Complications of prematurity24%

    Tetanus7%

    Others16%

    Sheet1 (2)

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    &C&"Arial,Bold"Under-5 deaths that could be prevented in the 42 countries with 90% of worldwide child deaths in 2000 through achievement of universal coverage with individual interventions PREVENTIVE INTERVENTION

    &L&"Arial,Bold"*Breastfeeding is defined as exclusive breastfeeding for first 6 months and continued breastfeeding during 6-11 months&R&"Arial,Italic"(LANCET. 362, July 5, 2003)

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    in countries with Profile 1 (4.5 million deaths (47%) {U5 MR - 109}

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    Less than 28 days deaths (3.9 million)

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    Distribution of Global child deaths by cause (9.7 million deaths in 42 countries)

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    No. of under-5 deaths in 2000

    estimated under-5 deaths prevented

    Estimated under 5 deaths prevented by level 1 + 2 interventions

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    INDIA

    INDIA

    Estimated proportion of children younger than 5 years who received survival interventions

    Oral rehydration therapy15%

    *Breastfeeding13%

    Insecticide-treated materials7%

    Complementary feeding6%

    Antibiotics for sepsis6%

    Antibiotics for pneumonia6%

    Zinc5%

    Antimalarials5%

    Newborn resuscitation4%

    Hib vaccine4%

    Clean delivery4%

    Water, sanitation, hygiene3%

    Antibiotics for dysentery3%

    Antenatal steroids3%

    Vitamin A2%

    Tetanus toxoid2%

    Newborn temperature management2%

    Nevirapine and replacement feeding2%

    Vitamin A1%

    Measles vaccine1%

    Antimalarial intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy1%

    Antibiotics for premature rupture of membrances1%

    Distribution of global child deaths deaths by cause

    Cause of deathsNo. of under-5 deaths in 2000estimated under-5 deaths prevented

    Neonatal disorders33%Diarrhoea2,1351,886.00249.00

    Pneumonia21%Pneumonia2,0551,328.00727.00

    Malaria9%Malaria915829.0086.00

    Other10%AIDS312150.00162.00

    AIDS3%Measles103103.000.0

    Diarrhoea22%Neonatal disorders3,1871,743.001,444.00

    Measles1%Other9190.0919.00

    Unknown1%Unknown361.0035.00

    Profile 1

    Diarrhoea24%

    Pneumonai24%

    Neonatal Period34%

    Others18%

    GlobalIndia

    Breastfeeding 6-11 months90%94.8%5.1333333333

    Measles Vaccine75%-94.8666666667

    Global8.4Vitamin A56%

    General2.4Skilled birth attendent54%

    Tetanus toxoid52%

    Water, sanitation50%

    Exclusive breastfeeding 0-6 months48%41%

    treated bedents2%82.541.25

    Hib vaccine1%

    South Asia34%

    SS Africa41%

    Others25%

    Total Deaths6.96.9

    Less than 28 days3.9

    Less than 28 days (3.9 million)

    Severe infection24%

    Birth asphyxia29%

    Complications of prematurity24%

    Tetanus7%

    Others16%

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    &C&"Arial,Bold"&11Under-5 deaths that could be prevented in the 42 countries with 90% of worldwide child deaths in 2000 through achievement of universal coverage with individual interventions &"Arial,Italic"&8(LANCET. 362, July 5, 2003)

    &L&"Arial,Bold"*Breastfeeding is defined as exclusive breastfeeding for first 6 months and continued breastfeeding during 6-11 months

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    in countries with Profile 1 (4.5 million deaths (47%) {U5 MR - 109}

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    Less than 28 days deaths (3.9 million)

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    Distribution of Global child deaths by cause (9.7 million deaths in 42 countries)

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