language learning in formal and informal contexts. proceedings

Download Language Learning in Formal and Informal Contexts. Proceedings

Post on 13-Feb-2017

214 views

Category:

Documents

1 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • DOCUMENT RESUME

    ED 359 786 FL 021 273

    AUTHOR Singleton, D. M., Ed.; Little, D. G., Ed.TITLE Language Learning in Formal and Informal Contexts.

    Proceedings of a Joint Seminar of the Irish andBritish Associations for Applied Linguistics (Dublin,Ireland, September 11-13, 1984).

    INSTITUTION Irish Association for Applied Linguistics, Dublin.REPORT NO ISBN-0-9509132-1-9PUB DATE 84NOTE 207p.PUB TYPE Collected Works Conference Proceedings (021)

    EDRS PRICE MF01/PC09 Plus Postage.DESCRIPTORS Adult Learning; *Applies Linguistics; Bilingualism;

    Children; Classroom Communication; ClassroomTechniques; Communicative Competence (Languages);*Educational Environment; Elementary Education;Foreign Countries; German; Grammar; Higher Education;Independent Study; Instructional Materials; Irish;Language Styles; Language Tests; Language Variation;Learning Motivation; Learning Theories; LinguisticTheory; Material Development; Reading; SecondLanguage Instruction; Second Language Learning;*Second Languages; Small Group Instruction; Testing;Uncommonly Taught Languages; Verbs

    ABSTRACT

    A number of issues of central importance tounderstanding the nature of language, its acquisition and use wereconsidered at a seminar on language learning. Papers delivered at theseminar are as follows: "Why Don't Learners Learn What TeachersTeach? The Interaction Hypothesis" (Dick Allwright); "The Role ofInstruction in Second Language Acquisition" (Rod Ellis); "TheDevelopment of the Verb Phrase in a Bilingual Child" (Annick deHouwer); "What Has the Learner Learned? Proficiency Testing in aCommunicative Perspective" (Allan Emmett); "Learning LanguagesThrough Various Media" (Sabine Jones); "Bilingualism and LexicalInnovation" (Apple Kennedy-Jonker); "Learning German Without aTeach.:: A Self-Instructional Programme for Undergraduate Students ofEngineering Science" (David Little, Aedamar Grant); "Motivation andPerseverance in Foreign Language Learning" (Lubasa N'ti Nseendi);"Foreigner Register" (Rose Maclaran, David Singleton); "Bridging theFormal and Informal Fields of Irish Language Learning at PrimaryLevel" (Sinead Norton); "Interaction Be',ween Learner and LearningEnvironment: Issues in the Development of Learning Materials forAdult Learners of Irish" (Helen 0 Murchu); "The Acquisition ofRelative Clauses in a Formal and in an Informal Setting: FurtherEvidence in Support of the Markedness Hypothesis" (Maria Pavesi);"Patterns of Reading in Ll and L2" (Nancy Sanguineti de Serrano);"Stimulating Interaction in the Foreign Language Classroom ThroughConversation in Small Groups of Learners" (Anna Trosborg); and "Stopthe Monitor I Want To Get Off: or Looking for a Way Forward inLanguage Teaching" (Carol Wallace, Jane Macaskie). (MSE)

  • Lang

    uage

    lear

    ning

    in fo

    rmal

    and

    info

    rmal

    con

    text

    s

    Pro

    ceed

    ings

    of a

    join

    t sem

    inar

    of t

    he

    Iris

    h an

    d B

    ritis

    h A

    ssoc

    iatio

    ns fo

    r

    App

    lied

    Ling

    uist

    ics

    held

    at T

    rinity

    Col

    lege

    ,

    Dub

    lin, 1

    1-13

    Sep

    tem

    ber

    1984

    Edi

    ted

    by

    D.M

    .Sin

    glet

    on a

    nd D

    .G.L

    ittle

    With

    a fo

    rew

    ord

    by

    C.J

    .Bru

    rit

    PEST

    CO

    PY A

    VA

    ILA

    BL

    E

    PE

    RM

    ISS

    ION

    TO

    RE

    PR

    OD

    UC

    E T

    HIS

    MA

    TE

    RIA

    L H

    AS

    BE

    EN

    GR

    AN

    TE

    D B

    Y

    TO

    TH

    E E

    DU

    CA

    TIO

    NA

    L R

    ES

    OU

    RC

    ES

    INF

    OR

    MA

    TIO

    N C

    EN

    TE

    R (

    ER

    IC)

    U.S

    . DE

    PA

    RT

    ME

    NT

    OF

    ED

    UC

    AT

    ION

    Offi

    ce o

    r E

    duca

    tions

    ! Res

    earc

    han

    d Im

    prov

    emen

    tE

    DA

    TIO

    NA

    L R

    ES

    OU

    RC

    ES

    INF

    OR

    MA

    TIO

    NC

    EN

    TE

    R (

    ER

    IC;

    Thi

    s do

    cum

    ent h

    as b

    een

    repr

    oduc

    edas

    rece

    ived

    from

    the

    pers

    on o

    r or

    gani

    zatio

    nor

    igin

    atin

    g a

    O M

    inor

    cha

    nges

    nav

    e be

    en m

    ade

    toim

    prov

    ere

    prod

    uctio

    n Q

    uant

    y

    Poi

    nts

    ot v

    iew

    or

    obin

    iOnS

    sta

    ted

    in th

    isdo

    cu.

    men

    t do

    not n

    eCes

    sanl

    y re

    pres

    ent M

    oat

    OE

    RI p

    ositi

    on o

    r po

    licy

    IRA

    AL 1";

  • g Irish Association for Applied Linguistics

    Cumann na Teangeolaiochta Feidhmi, 1984

    2nd impression 1986

    IRAAL

    31 Fitzwilliarn Place

    Dublin 2

    ISBN

    09509132 1

    9

  • FOREWORD

    There

    are several distinct traditions in

    contemporary

    applied

    linguistics,

    reflecting

    varying

    degrees

    of

    closeness

    to theoretical linguistics,

    to

    interdisci-

    plinary

    problem-solving,

    and

    to

    social

    commitment.

    These

    traditions meet at large-scale

    congresses,

    but

    such gatherings tend to be impersonal and

    public.

    The

    real business of discussion,

    adjustment of ideas,

    and

    exploration of alternative approaches, responds

    well to

    smaller gatherings which are not too in-bred.

    Consequently

    the British Association for Applied

    Lin-

    guistics welcomed the opportunity provided

    by the Irish

    Association

    for a joint seminar in Dublin in September

    1984.

    The topic, "The Formal and Informal

    Contexts of

    Language Learning",

    enabled us to consider a number of

    issues

    of central importance to our

    understanding

    of

    the

    nature of language,

    its acquisition and use.

    It

    also

    enabled us to explore some of the

    many

    problems

    involved

    in encouraling language acquisition,

    whnther

    as teachers, parents, examiners or administrators.

    Papers

    included

    in this selection reflect

    all

    these

    concerns.

    They vary in approach from the empirical

    and

    experimental, to the philosophical,

    to the descriptive.

    Some

    of the problems addressed

    are research

    questions

    concerned with language acquisition anduse, while some

    are

    crucial

    practical questions for

    which

    immediate

    answers must be supplied unavoidably, however

    uncertain

    our current theoretical understanding.

    Languages rela-

    tively

    neglected

    in

    applied

    linguistic

    literature

    (Dutch, Danish and Italian,

    as well as Irish) form the

    basis

    of many papers.

    All in all,

    this is a

    fasci-

    nating collection which well reflects

    what we hope will

    be the first of many meetings of

    our applied linguistic

    associations across national boundaries.

    Christopher Brumfit

    University of Southampton

    Chairperson

    British Association for Applied

    Linguistics

  • CONTENTS

    I: KEYNOTE PAPERS

    Why don't learners learn what teachers teach? - The

    interaction hypothesis

    DICK ALLWRIGHT

    3

    The role of instruction in second language acquisition

    ROD ELLIS

    19

    II: SECTION PAPERS

    Interaction between learner and learning environment:

    issues in the development of learning materials for

    adult learners of Irish

    HELEN 0 MURCHU

    The acquisition of relative clauses in a formal and in an

    informal setting: further evidence in support of the

    markedness hypothesis

    MARIA PAVESI

    137

    151

    Patterns of reading in LI and L2

    NANCY SANGUINETI DE SERRANO

    165

    Stimulating interaction in the foreign language classroom

    through conversation in small groups cf learners

    ANNA TROSBORG

    The development of the verb phrase in a bilingual child

    ANNICK DE HOUWER

    41

    Stop the Monitor I want to get off: or looking for a way

    forward in language teaching

    CAROL WALLACE and JANE MACASKIE

    What has the learner learned?

    -Proficiency testing in a

    communicative perspective

    ALLAN EMMETT

    55

    Learning languages through various media

    SABINE JONES

    69

    Bilingualism and lexical innovation

    APPIE KENNEDY-JONKER

    81

    Learning German without a teacher: a self-instructional

    programme for undergraduate students of Engineering

    Science

    DAVID LITTLE and AEDAMAR GRANT

    89

    Motivation and perseverance in foreign language learning

    LUBASA N'TI NSEENDI

    101

    Foreigner register

    ROSE MACLARAN and DAVID SINGLETON

    115

    Bridging the formal and informal fields of Irish language

    learning at primary level

    SINEAD NORTON

    0

    125

    vi

    177

    191

  • I:

    KE

    YN

    OT

    E P

    AP

    ER

    S

    A0

  • Dick Allwright

    University of Lancaster

    WHY DON'T LEARNERS LEARN WHAT TEACHERS TEACH? - THE

    INTERACTION HYPOTHES