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Melodic Minor Applications Concept Editing Team: Alexander Harnisch, Helga Rosenbauer Cover Design by Helga Rosenbauer Copyright © 2016 by Alexander Harnisch, Olching

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  • Melodic Minor Applications Concept

    Editing Team: Alexander Harnisch, Helga Rosenbauer

    Cover Design by Helga Rosenbauer

    Copyright 2016 by Alexander Harnisch, Olching

  • 2

    About the Book

    My short and hopefully easy understanding concept describes 5 Melodic Minor Scales that in-

    clude tensions from the "least" up to the "most" for soloing over Dominant 7th chords.

    I have provided for each Melodic Minor scale a Fretboard Position Diagram that helps memo-

    rizing all relevant intervals like the sharps and flats.

    The shaded dots are the corresponding tensions. Dots with a R describe the root.

    Licks are not yet part of this concept. Create first your own short licks when improvising over

    Turnarounds like the II7 V7 I etc. in the keys you like.

    About the Author

    The Singer and Songwriter Alexander Harnisch alias John Scrivo, born in So Paulo, Brazil,

    enjoyed the feeling of Bossa Nova and the soccer euphoria at the beach of the Copacabana as a

    child. For family reasons he grew up with two mother languages, Portuguese and English.

    After he had been given an electric guitar, he doggedly practiced the solos of his favourite Band

    "The Fab Four" - The Beatles. An interesting musical mixture was born now.

    As his Austrian stepfather was a connoisseur of the Jazz Music, he heard the jazz tunes

    constantly at home. He was fascinated by the Big Bands, the Vocal Groups and last not least by

    Gypsy Jazz.

  • 3

    Table of Contents

    Melodic Minor Applications Concept 04

    D-Melodic Minor 05

    C-Melodic Minor 08

    F-Melodic Minor 11

    Bb-Melodic Minor 14

    Ab-Melodic Minor 17

  • 4

    Melodic Minor Applications Concept Improvising over altered dominant chords

    In addition to other scales the Melodic Minor Scale, also called the Jazz minor, is a very useful

    and versatile scale for soloing over Dominant 7th chords especially for altered chords.

    This scale is simply a major scale with a lowered 3rd degree. It gives us a combined major and

    minor effect.

    This Melodic Minor Application Concept is structured from less altered tension to more ten-

    sion. The root of the Dominant 7th chord is G. Try to get familiar with the diagrams and

    combine your preferred positions.

    less altered tension 5th degree of G D-Melodic Minor

    4th degree of G C-Melodic Minor

    lowered 7th degree of G F-Melodic Minor

    lowered 3rd degree of G Bb-Melodic Minor

    more tension lowered 2nd degree of G Ab-Melodic Minor

    #11

    b13

    b9, #9

    #9, #11, b13

    b9, #9, #11, b13

    Tensions overview

    minor major

  • 5

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

    G-Dominant 7th D-Melodic-Minor

    Intervals

    1 2/9 3 4/11 5 6/13 b7 1 2 b3 4 5 6 7

    G A B C D E F D E F G A B C#

    Intervals

    Matching Intervals (Consonant Intervals) between both scales

    1 2/9 3 5 6/13 b7

    G A B D E F

    Applicable Chords: G7, G7add13, G9, G13

    Non-Matching Intervals (Dissonant Intervals)

    #11

    Applicable Chords: G7(#11), G7(b5), G9(#11), G13(b5)

    R

    R

    R

    R

    R

    R

    F

    F

    F

    F

    F

    F

    G

    G

    G

    G

    G

    G

    A

    A

    A

    A

    A

    B

    B

    B

    B

    B

    B A

    E

    E

    E

    E

    E

    E

    C#

    C#

    C#

    C#

    C#

    C#

    D-Melodic Minor (5th degree of G)

    D-Melodic Minor intervals:

  • 6

    D-Melodic Minor excerpt:

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

    R

    R

    R

    R

    R

    R

    R

    R

  • 7

    Sample 1:

  • 8

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

    G-Dominant 7th C-Melodic-Minor

    Intervals

    1 2/9 3 4/11 5 6/13 b7 1 2 b3 4 5 6 7

    G A B C D E F C D Eb F G A B

    Intervals

    Matching Intervals (Consonant Intervals) between both scales

    1 2/9 3 4 5 b7

    G A B C D F

    Applicable Chords: G7, G9, G11, Db9, Db13

    Non-Matching Intervals (Dissonant Intervals)

    b13

    Applicable Chords: G7(b13), G7(#5)

    C-Melodic-Minor:

    R

    R

    R

    R

    R

    R

    G

    G

    G

    G

    G

    G A

    A

    A

    A

    A

    A B

    B

    B

    B

    B

    B D

    D

    D

    D

    D

    D

    F

    F

    F

    F

    F

    F

    Eb

    Eb

    Eb

    Eb

    Eb

    Eb

    C-Melodic Minor (4th degree of G)

  • 9

    C-Melodic Minor excerpt:

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

    R R

    R

    R

    R

    R

    R

  • 10

    Sample 2:

  • 11

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

    G-Dominant 7th F-Melodic-Minor

    Intervals

    1 2/9 3 4/11 5 6/13 b7 1 2 b3 4 5 6 7

    G A B C D E F F G Ab Bb C D E

    Intervals

    Matching Intervals (Consonant Intervals) between both scales

    1 4 5 6/13 b7

    G C D E F

    Applicable Chords: G11

    Non-Matching Intervals (Dissonant Intervals)

    b9 - #9

    Applicable Chords: G7sus2, G13sus4, G7(b9), G13(b9), G7(#9), G13(#9)

    F-Melodic-Minor:

    R

    R

    R

    R

    R

    R

    G

    G

    G

    G

    G

    G

    C

    C

    C

    C

    C

    C

    D

    D

    D

    D

    D

    D

    E

    E

    E

    E

    E

    E

    Ab

    Ab

    Ab

    Ab

    Ab

    Ab Bb

    Bb

    Bb

    Bb

    Bb

    Bb

    F-Melodic Minor (lowered 7th degree of G)

  • 12

    F-Melodic Minor excerpt:

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

    R

    R

    R

    R

    R R

  • 13

    Sample 3:

  • 14

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

    G-Dominant 7th Bb-Melodic-Minor

    Intervals

    1 2/9 3 4/11 5 6/13 b7 1 2 b3 4 5 6 7

    G A B C D E F Bb C Db Eb F G A

    Intervals

    Matching Intervals (Consonant Intervals) between both scales

    1 2/9 4/11 b7

    G A C F

    Applicable Chords: no

    Non-Matching Intervals (Dissonant Intervals)

    #9 - #11 - b13

    Applicable Chords: G7(#9), G13(#9), G7(#11), G9(#11), G13(#11), G7(b13), G9(b13)

    Bb-Melodic-Minor:

    Bb-Melodic Minor (lowered 3rd degree of G)

    R

    R

    R

    Eb

    Eb

    Eb

    Eb

    Eb

    Eb

    Db

    Db

    Db

    Db

    Db

    Db

    F

    F

    F

    F

    F

    F

    G

    G

    G

    G

    G

    G

    R

    R

    R

    A

    A

    A

    A

    A

    A

    C

    C

    C

    C

    C

    C

  • 15

    Bb-Melodic Minor excerpt:

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

    R

    R R

    R

    R R

    R

  • 16

    Sample 4:

  • 17

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

    G-Dominant 7th Ab-Melodic-Minor

    Intervals

    1 2/9 3 4/11 5 6/13 b7 1 2 b3 4 5 6 7

    G A B C D E F Ab Bb B Db Eb F G

    Intervals

    Matching Intervals (Consonant Intervals) between both scales

    1 3 b7

    G B F

    Applicable Chords: no

    Non-Matching Intervals (Dissonant Intervals)

    b9 - #9 - #11 - b13

    Applicable Chords: G7(b9), G13(b9), G7(#9), G13(#9), G7(#11), G9(#11), G13(#11)

    Ab-Melodic-Minor:

    R

    R

    R

    R

    R

    R

    Bb

    Bb

    Bb

    Bb

    Bb

    Bb

    Eb

    Eb

    Eb

    Eb

    Eb

    Eb

    Db

    Db

    Db

    Db

    Db

    Db

    B

    B

    B

    B

    B

    B

    F

    F

    F

    F

    F

    F

    G

    G

    G

    G

    G

    G

    Ab-Melodic Minor (lowered 2nd degree of G a.k.a Super Locrian)

  • 18

    Ab-Melodic Minor excerpt:

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

    R

    R

    R R

    R

    R

    R

  • 19

    Sample 5: