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Old Genes can be Stylish;
Test Yours Today!
Now for an Historical
Let Us Go Far Back In Time
Back to the days before Genetic DNA Testing
Back to another millennium long ago
Back, back to the beginning
In the beginning there was
In the Beginning, There was
Yes, in the beginning
there was Bennett
Founder of FamilyTreeDNA.com in the year 2000.
Bennett started doing genealogy in 1999 while unemployed.
His wife thought it would keep him out of the kitchen.
He found a possible cousin in Argentina, but Bennett couldnt prove the relationship.
The University of Arizona helped him do DNA testing.
Realizing the potential demand, he started FTDNA.
The Pioneer in DNA Testing for Genealogical Research
The FTDNA Pitch
Buccal DNA (cheek swab) DNA collection
FTDNA Sample Collection
Buccal swab DNA sample collection
FTDNA Test Kit Instructions
The Four Types of DNA
How Does DNA Fit into Genealogy?
How The Four Types of DNA are
Passed From Parent to Child
Y-DNA - patrilineal line, passed from father to son.
X-DNA passed from father to daughter, and from
mother to both sons and daughters.
atDNA (Autosomal DNA) - The other 22 pairs of
non sex-linked chromosomes, inherited by
everyone from both parents, half from each.
mtDNA (Mitochondrial DNA) Passed from mother
to both sons and daughters.
Family Tree DNA Tests for Males
FTDNA Y-DNA Tests
FTDNA Y-DNA Tests The BIG Y
Individual SNP tests are @$39.
SNP Kits, for Haplogroups G and R
were offered in early 2015 @$129. The
first Gs to order received a discounted
price of $99. They were time consuming
and FTDNA had trouble keeping up with
demand. They stopped taking orders
until a time when they could complete
the orders in a more timely manner.
Family Tree DNA Tests
for Both Males and Females
FTDNA mtDNA Tests
FTDNA atDNA Tests Autosomal
Family Tree DNA Combo Tests
FTDNA Comprehensive Genome DNA
Test for Males
FTDNA Comprehensive Genome DNA
Test for Males - Upgrade
Upgrade price for existing customers will be less. For
example, since I have Family Finder and 37 marker Y, my
cost for this would be only $288.
Other upgrades have been reduced also.
My cost only $288
Transfer DNA Tests to FTDNA
Transfer Test Results for FREE?
Family Tree DNA is now accepting, in
fact encouraging, data transfers from
both 23andMe (V3 chip only) and
Ancestry.com at no charge to the
However, there is a limit to the
functionality of the Family Finder
interface for users of the free offer.
Whats the Catch?*
*For free, your top 20 matches will be visible to you.
*In order to contact those matches or unlock the rest of the Family Finder functionality and tools at Family Tree DNA, youll have to pay $39 or recruit 4 additional people to upload their files, whether they pay to join or not.
*Compared to retesting at $99 or the previous transfer price of $69, this is a great value for those people who have tested with AncestryDNA or 23andMe.
Transfer DNA Tests to FTDNA
One Size Fits All Approach
Introduced in 2012
Autosomal testing only.
No Y-DNA or mtDNA.
No DNA segment data discussed or even acknowledged.
Upload to GEDMatch required to glean DNA segment data.
A new concept called Ancestry Circles, an amorphous concept based on a readily recognizable shape, apparently meant to divert attention to the lack of segment information.
Regular Ancestry DNA Price $99
Sale Ancestry DNA Price $79
Amazon Prime $79
Testing can cover areas of
interest such as adoption,
deep ancestry, ethnicity,
genealogy, and health
Google Co-founder Sergey
Brin and his then wife
Anne Wojcicki attend the
23andMe Spit Party
This event to promote the launch of 23andMe took place at the IAC Building on September 9, 2008 in New York City.
Anne Wojcicki is the CEO of 23andMe. Her sister, Susan, heads YouTube.
Sergey Brin is a primary investor in 23andMe.
Sergey Brin and Anne Wojcicki were divorced in May 2015.
Sample 23andMe DNA
Collection Spit Kits
23andMe uses the saliva collection method
to obtain DNA samples
23andMe Lab Video
23andMe Has Changed
See Yourself Differently
Carrier Status Reports
Laboratory Analysis performed by
2013 James R. Lannin, Jr.
Geno 2.0: Next Generation Reveals New Details of Your Ancient Ancestry
Geno 2.0: Next Generation (Geno NextGen) is the next phase of the Genographic Project, National Geographics pioneering effort to decode the story of individuals deep ancestry hidden within their DNA.
Geno NextGen builds on the success of Geno 2.0 by growing the analytical capabilities of the test and enhancing the participant Geno 2.0 experience.
Here are the new and enhanced
features of Geno NextGen: They are including
thousands of new Y chromosome and mitochondrial DNA mutations
This allows for the highest resolution in maternal and paternal haplogroup (family clan) assignment, shy of genome or chromosomal sequencing.
The new mutations will allow for dozens of new haplogroup stories.
Regional affiliations will now be estimated from eighteen populations.
By analyzing more than 700,000 mutational markers across the entire human genomean increase from the 150,000 used in Geno 2.0researchers can now estimate the geographical components of your DNA from double the number of regional affiliations and then compare these results to more than 50 reference populations.
Participants can learn if they are similar to people from Ireland, Germany, Lebanon, or maybe all of the above.
The Genographic Projects
Commitment to Participants We are recalculating the Neanderthal DNA
percentage with higher precision. In the last three years, we have learned much more about who Neanderthals were and how they interacted with our ancestors, and we are incorporating what we learned into the new experience with a recalculation of participants Neanderthal DNA.
Next Gen participants looking for genealogical matches can now easily transfer results to our laboratory partners at Family Tree DNA and search for relatives across their large database.
As a continued promise to all participants, the Genographic Project will not test for or report on any medical markers and will never sell DNA results. To learn more about the Genographic Project or how to get a Geno NextGen kit visit us at www.genographic.com.
DNA Collection Kit
A project of the National
Genographic Society, The
Genographic project is
directed by Spencer Wells,
Dr. Wells, who received his
PhD from Harvard, is both
a geneticist and an
He serves on the Advisory
where the Geno 2.0 test
kits are processed.
Beyond Genealogy Video with Spencer Wells, PhD
The Big Four A Summary
Family Tree DNA Ancestry DNA
Genographic Project 23andMe
DNA Testing Vendors
Available Tests by Vendor
Vendor Autosomal Y-DNA Y-SNPs mtDNA X-DNA Advanced
The Genographic Project only offers the Geno 2.0 Test. They
provide refined Haplogroup information to in their report, Y-DNA
for males and mtDNA for females and males.
X-DNA Testing is done as part of the autosomal Test at Family
Tree DNA and 23andMe. It can be seen on their sites as a match
criterion. Ancestry DNA does not release any segment matching
information on their site. Their customers must download their
raw data and then upload it to GEDmatch to match by segment.
Price of Available Tests by Vendor
Y-DNA Y-SNPs mtDNA X-DNA Advanced