War, Patriotism and Peaceby Leo Tolstoi

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World Affairs InstituteWar, Patriotism and Peace by Leo TolstoiAdvocate of Peace through Justice, Vol. 89, No. 5 (May, 1927), p. 320Published by: World Affairs InstituteStable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20661615 .Accessed: 14/06/2014 01:43Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms & Conditions of Use, available at .http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp .JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range ofcontent in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new formsof scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org. .World Affairs Institute and Heldref Publications are collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extendaccess to Advocate of Peace through Justice.http://www.jstor.org This content downloaded from on Sat, 14 Jun 2014 01:43:38 AMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditionshttp://www.jstor.org/action/showPublisher?publisherCode=waihttp://www.jstor.org/stable/20661615?origin=JSTOR-pdfhttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsphttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp320 ADVOCATE OF PEACE May eat, bathe, and nap, quite as much, appar ently, as they do the bits of the Charlemagne myth upon which they continually stumble. The little towns which have lived undis turbed for eleven centuries among their mountains are casually sketched. There is a bit about the natives, more about the lunches and dinners and beds. The Republic of Andorra, itself, the ob jective of the whole trip, is so incidentally handled that one feels afresh how unimpor tant is a goal compared to the thrill of ap proaching it. Just what does constitute the interest of Andorra? Is it solely the diffi culty of access? We are compelled to refer to guide books for real information. Even inaccessibility will soon be lost, however, for the trampers found to their distress that bus routes are soon to climb even to Andorra. Wab, Patriotism and Peace. By Leo Tol stoi, Pp. 124. Vanguard Press, New York, 1926. Price, 50 cents. The anti-war convictions of the great Rus sian novelist are too familiar to need re capitulation here. A member of the old Rus sian ruling class, he early learned to resent war and all other forms of oppression. By choice he lived as a peasant, though born a Count. He worked with his hands and wrote the novels which have made him famous. But his pen was busy, too, almost up to the time of his death, in 1910, trying to win people to his views on brotherhood. The articles and letters republished here are a valuable part of the history of the Eu ropean peace movement. The Vanguard Press is republishing, at a nominal price, numerous other books, of the sort which have questioned the prevailing social order. Among them are William Mor ris' "News from Nowhere" and Bellamy's "Looking Backward." There are other books more modern, of a radical trend, and an other classic, though abridged, George's work on the single tax, "Progress and Pov erty." Man Is War. By JoJm Carter. Pp. 398, index, maps. Bobbs-Merrill Co., Indian apolis, 1926. Price, $3.50. "Civilization bas harnessed to the use of war the primitive forces which are as old as man; rhythm, vanity, herd instinct, and rallying instinct. Their symbols are the fife and drum, the uniform, the regiment, and the flag. Against these the peace-mongers storm in vain, for they are so deep in human nature that they can never be eliminated." John Garter, whose sources for this book are, he says, "ten years of youth in a dozen different countries and a score of cities," takes up, one after another, the tools devised by man for building a world and finds them sure to build for war as well as for co operation. And this because of man's in herent nature. The fearless, clever manner in which he attacks his subject is arresting. He looks upon political bodies and finds them sure to collide with each other. He looks at the League of Nations, and though it can pre vent some difficulties, it has, says the au thor, seen some forty wars since its incep tion, after which it probably stopped one. He considers, too, that British statesmen have made the League machinery an almost perfect instrument for British diplomacy. He discusses proletarchy, theocracy, diplo macy, and in each he sees seed of more con flict than harmony. Communism and capi talism, not quite separable in practice, both hold menaces. Of the two, only capitaUsm is workable; but it is full of pitfalls. Mr. Carter seldom swerves to actual bitter ness, though the "Diplomatic Dictionary" at the end of the book is caustic enough. He seems rather to be honestly trying to un cover the facts. A few harassing problems may, he con cludes, be solved by man. Certain present dangers may quite probably be overcome; but in each topic his logic takes him always to the dead level of this: "The world will find peace when man is extinct; for man is war." There is no joy visible in his conclusions. He frankly speaks of "danger spots" as though war were a calamity. He seems to share the world longing, if not its dream of peace. Does it not occur to Mr. Carter that this longing is also rooted deep in man? The whole book, in fact, is a testimony to the great human dream of peace. And who dare prophesy that so deep a hunger may not one day harness even the rhythm, the vanity, and the mass instincts of the race to the service of its dream? This content downloaded from on Sat, 14 Jun 2014 01:43:38 AMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditionshttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jspArticle Contentsp. 320Issue Table of ContentsAdvocate of Peace through Justice, Vol. 89, No. 5 (May, 1927), pp. 261-320EDITORIALSTHE AMERICAN PEACE SOCIETY MOVING ALONG [pp. 261-263]THREE FACTORS IN THE CHINESE SITUATION [pp. 263-265]THE DISEASE IN OUR BONES OF CONTENTION [pp. 265-267]TRIALS OF THE DISARMAMENT CONFERENCE [pp. 267-268]IS THE PORTER-DRAGO DOCTRINE DEAD? [pp. 268-269]CHILE [pp. 269-271]IS CYNICISM CONQUERING OUR YOUTH? [pp. 271-272]CREATIVE WORK AMONG THE NEGROES [pp. 272-275]WORLD PROBLEMS IN REVIEWTHE CHINESE CRISIS [pp. 276-277]COMMITTEE AT GENEVA ON CODIFICATION OF LAW [pp. 277-278]WHAT MIGHT HAVE BEEN IN WORLD TRADE [pp. 278-279]INTERNATIONAL TRADE BARRIERS [pp. 280-280]NEW REVOLT IN THE RIFF [pp. 280-281]DUTCH-BELGIAN TREATY [pp. 281-282]BRITISH POLICY IN INDIA [pp. 282-283]GERMAN FOREIGN POLICY [pp. 284-285]GROWTH OF GERMAN TRUSTS [pp. 285-287]BELGIUM AND THE GERMAN MENACE [pp. 287-288]SOVIET-POLISH NEGOTIATIONS [pp. 288-288]CIVIL AVIATION AND DISARMAMENT [pp. 289-289]PRESIDENT COOLIDGE AND THE UNITED PRESS [pp. 289-289]CONFERENCE FOR FILIPNO INDEPENDENCE CONDEMNS THE COOLIDGE VETO [pp. 290-290]MOTION PICTURES, TRADE, AND THE WELFARE OF OUR WESTERN HEMISPHERE [pp. 291-296]HOW FAR MUST WE PROTECT OUR CITIZENS ABROAD? [pp. 296-299]SEAPORTS AND HINTERLANDS [pp. 299-301]IN FAVOR OF OUTLAWING POISON GAS: SPEECH OF HON. HAMILTON FISH, JR., OF NEW YORK: In the House of Representatives, Friday, January 21, 1927 [pp. 302-304]I WISH I'D BEEN IN THE WAR [pp. 305-305]INTERNATIONAL DOCUMENTSBRITISH ANTI-STRIKE LAW [pp. 306-309]LITHUANIAN-SOVIET TREATY [pp. 309-311]News in Brief [pp. 311-315]LETTER BOX [pp. 316-316]BOOK REVIEWSReview: untitled [pp. 317-317]Review: untitled [pp. 317-317]Review: untitled [pp. 317-318]Review: untitled [pp. 318-318]Review: untitled [pp. 318-318]Review: untitled [pp. 318-318]Review: untitled [pp. 318-319]Review: untitled [pp. 319-319]Review: untitled [pp. 319-319]Review: untitled [pp. 319-319]Review: untitled [pp. 319-320]Review: untitled [pp. 320-320]Review: untitled [pp. 320-320]