War, Patriotism and Peaceby Leo Tolstoi

Download War, Patriotism and Peaceby Leo Tolstoi

Post on 19-Jan-2017

219 views

Category:

Documents

4 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • World Affairs Institute

    War, Patriotism and Peace by Leo TolstoiAdvocate of Peace through Justice, Vol. 89, No. 5 (May, 1927), p. 320Published by: World Affairs InstituteStable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20661615 .Accessed: 14/06/2014 01:43

    Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms & Conditions of Use, available at .http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp

    .JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range ofcontent in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new formsof scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org.

    .

    World Affairs Institute and Heldref Publications are collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extendaccess to Advocate of Peace through Justice.

    http://www.jstor.org

    This content downloaded from 195.34.79.174 on Sat, 14 Jun 2014 01:43:38 AMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions

    http://www.jstor.org/action/showPublisher?publisherCode=waihttp://www.jstor.org/stable/20661615?origin=JSTOR-pdfhttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsphttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp

  • 320 ADVOCATE OF PEACE May

    eat, bathe, and nap, quite as much, appar

    ently, as they do the bits of the Charlemagne

    myth upon which they continually stumble.

    The little towns which have lived undis

    turbed for eleven centuries among their

    mountains are casually sketched. There is

    a bit about the natives, more about the

    lunches and dinners and beds.

    The Republic of Andorra, itself, the ob

    jective of the whole trip, is so incidentally handled that one feels afresh how unimpor tant is a goal compared to the thrill of ap

    proaching it. Just what does constitute the

    interest of Andorra? Is it solely the diffi culty of access? We are compelled to refer

    to guide books for real information. Even

    inaccessibility will soon be lost, however, for the trampers found to their distress that bus routes are soon to climb even to

    Andorra.

    Wab, Patriotism and Peace. By Leo Tol

    stoi, Pp. 124. Vanguard Press, New York, 1926. Price, 50 cents.

    The anti-war convictions of the great Rus

    sian novelist are too familiar to need re

    capitulation here. A member of the old Rus

    sian ruling class, he early learned to resent war and all other forms of oppression. By choice he lived as a peasant, though born a

    Count. He worked with his hands and

    wrote the novels which have made him

    famous.

    But his pen was busy, too, almost up to

    the time of his death, in 1910, trying to win people to his views on brotherhood.

    The articles and letters republished here

    are a valuable part of the history of the Eu

    ropean peace movement.

    The Vanguard Press is republishing, at a

    nominal price, numerous other books, of the

    sort which have questioned the prevailing social order. Among them are William Mor

    ris' "News from Nowhere" and Bellamy's

    "Looking Backward." There are other books more modern, of a radical trend, and an

    other classic, though abridged, George's work on the single tax, "Progress and Pov

    erty."

    Man Is War. By JoJm Carter. Pp. 398,

    index, maps. Bobbs-Merrill Co., Indian

    apolis, 1926. Price, $3.50.

    "Civilization bas harnessed to the use of

    war the primitive forces which are as old as

    man; rhythm, vanity, herd instinct, and

    rallying instinct. Their symbols are the fife

    and drum, the uniform, the regiment, and

    the flag. Against these the peace-mongers storm in vain, for they are so deep in human

    nature that they can never be eliminated."

    John Garter, whose sources for this book

    are, he says, "ten years of youth in a dozen

    different countries and a score of cities," takes up, one after another, the tools devised

    by man for building a world and finds them sure to build for war as well as for co

    operation. And this because of man's in

    herent nature.

    The fearless, clever manner in which he

    attacks his subject is arresting. He looks

    upon political bodies and finds them sure to collide with each other. He looks at the

    League of Nations, and though it can pre vent some difficulties, it has, says the au

    thor, seen some forty wars since its incep

    tion, after which it probably stopped one.

    He considers, too, that British statesmen

    have made the League machinery an almost

    perfect instrument for British diplomacy. He discusses proletarchy, theocracy, diplo

    macy, and in each he sees seed of more con

    flict than harmony. Communism and capi

    talism, not quite separable in practice, both hold menaces. Of the two, only capitaUsm is workable; but it is full of pitfalls.

    Mr. Carter seldom swerves to actual bitter

    ness, though the "Diplomatic Dictionary" at

    the end of the book is caustic enough. He

    seems rather to be honestly trying to un

    cover the facts.

    A few harassing problems may, he con

    cludes, be solved by man. Certain present

    dangers may quite probably be overcome;

    but in each topic his logic takes him always to the dead level of this: "The world will find peace when man is extinct; for man is

    war."

    There is no joy visible in his conclusions.

    He frankly speaks of "danger spots" as

    though war were a calamity. He seems to

    share the world longing, if not its dream of

    peace. Does it not occur to Mr. Carter that

    this longing is also rooted deep in man?

    The whole book, in fact, is a testimony to

    the great human dream of peace. And who

    dare prophesy that so deep a hunger may

    not one day harness even the rhythm, the

    vanity, and the mass instincts of the race

    to the service of its dream?

    This content downloaded from 195.34.79.174 on Sat, 14 Jun 2014 01:43:38 AMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions

    http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp

    Article Contentsp. 320

    Issue Table of ContentsAdvocate of Peace through Justice, Vol. 89, No. 5 (May, 1927), pp. 261-320EDITORIALSTHE AMERICAN PEACE SOCIETY MOVING ALONG [pp. 261-263]THREE FACTORS IN THE CHINESE SITUATION [pp. 263-265]THE DISEASE IN OUR BONES OF CONTENTION [pp. 265-267]TRIALS OF THE DISARMAMENT CONFERENCE [pp. 267-268]IS THE PORTER-DRAGO DOCTRINE DEAD? [pp. 268-269]CHILE [pp. 269-271]IS CYNICISM CONQUERING OUR YOUTH? [pp. 271-272]CREATIVE WORK AMONG THE NEGROES [pp. 272-275]

    WORLD PROBLEMS IN REVIEWTHE CHINESE CRISIS [pp. 276-277]COMMITTEE AT GENEVA ON CODIFICATION OF LAW [pp. 277-278]WHAT MIGHT HAVE BEEN IN WORLD TRADE [pp. 278-279]INTERNATIONAL TRADE BARRIERS [pp. 280-280]NEW REVOLT IN THE RIFF [pp. 280-281]DUTCH-BELGIAN TREATY [pp. 281-282]BRITISH POLICY IN INDIA [pp. 282-283]GERMAN FOREIGN POLICY [pp. 284-285]GROWTH OF GERMAN TRUSTS [pp. 285-287]BELGIUM AND THE GERMAN MENACE [pp. 287-288]SOVIET-POLISH NEGOTIATIONS [pp. 288-288]CIVIL AVIATION AND DISARMAMENT [pp. 289-289]PRESIDENT COOLIDGE AND THE UNITED PRESS [pp. 289-289]CONFERENCE FOR FILIPNO INDEPENDENCE CONDEMNS THE COOLIDGE VETO [pp. 290-290]

    MOTION PICTURES, TRADE, AND THE WELFARE OF OUR WESTERN HEMISPHERE [pp. 291-296]HOW FAR MUST WE PROTECT OUR CITIZENS ABROAD? [pp. 296-299]SEAPORTS AND HINTERLANDS [pp. 299-301]IN FAVOR OF OUTLAWING POISON GAS: SPEECH OF HON. HAMILTON FISH, JR., OF NEW YORK: In the House of Representatives, Friday, January 21, 1927 [pp. 302-304]I WISH I'D BEEN IN THE WAR [pp. 305-305]INTERNATIONAL DOCUMENTSBRITISH ANTI-STRIKE LAW [pp. 306-309]LITHUANIAN-SOVIET TREATY [pp. 309-311]

    News in Brief [pp. 311-315]LETTER BOX [pp. 316-316]BOOK REVIEWSReview: untitled [pp. 317-317]Review: untitled [pp. 317-317]Review: untitled [pp. 317-318]Review: untitled [pp. 318-318]Review: untitled [pp. 318-318]Review: untitled [pp. 318-318]Review: untitled [pp. 318-319]Review: untitled [pp. 319-319]Review: untitled [pp. 319-319]Review: untitled [pp. 319-319]Review: untitled [pp. 319-320]Review: untitled [pp. 320-320]Review: untitled [pp. 320-320]