War, Patriotism and Peaceby Leo Tolstoi
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<ul><li><p>World Affairs Institute</p><p>War, Patriotism and Peace by Leo TolstoiAdvocate of Peace through Justice, Vol. 89, No. 5 (May, 1927), p. 320Published by: World Affairs InstituteStable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20661615 .Accessed: 14/06/2014 01:43</p><p>Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms & Conditions of Use, available at .http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p><p> .JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range ofcontent in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new formsof scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact email@example.com.</p><p> .</p><p>World Affairs Institute and Heldref Publications are collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extendaccess to Advocate of Peace through Justice.</p><p>http://www.jstor.org </p><p>This content downloaded from 18.104.22.168 on Sat, 14 Jun 2014 01:43:38 AMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/action/showPublisher?publisherCode=waihttp://www.jstor.org/stable/20661615?origin=JSTOR-pdfhttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsphttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>320 ADVOCATE OF PEACE May </p><p>eat, bathe, and nap, quite as much, appar </p><p>ently, as they do the bits of the Charlemagne </p><p>myth upon which they continually stumble. </p><p>The little towns which have lived undis </p><p>turbed for eleven centuries among their </p><p>mountains are casually sketched. There is </p><p>a bit about the natives, more about the </p><p>lunches and dinners and beds. </p><p>The Republic of Andorra, itself, the ob </p><p>jective of the whole trip, is so incidentally handled that one feels afresh how unimpor tant is a goal compared to the thrill of ap </p><p>proaching it. Just what does constitute the </p><p>interest of Andorra? Is it solely the diffi culty of access? We are compelled to refer </p><p>to guide books for real information. Even </p><p>inaccessibility will soon be lost, however, for the trampers found to their distress that bus routes are soon to climb even to </p><p>Andorra. </p><p>Wab, Patriotism and Peace. By Leo Tol </p><p>stoi, Pp. 124. Vanguard Press, New York, 1926. Price, 50 cents. </p><p>The anti-war convictions of the great Rus </p><p>sian novelist are too familiar to need re </p><p>capitulation here. A member of the old Rus </p><p>sian ruling class, he early learned to resent war and all other forms of oppression. By choice he lived as a peasant, though born a </p><p>Count. He worked with his hands and </p><p>wrote the novels which have made him </p><p>famous. </p><p>But his pen was busy, too, almost up to </p><p>the time of his death, in 1910, trying to win people to his views on brotherhood. </p><p>The articles and letters republished here </p><p>are a valuable part of the history of the Eu </p><p>ropean peace movement. </p><p>The Vanguard Press is republishing, at a </p><p>nominal price, numerous other books, of the </p><p>sort which have questioned the prevailing social order. Among them are William Mor </p><p>ris' "News from Nowhere" and Bellamy's </p><p>"Looking Backward." There are other books more modern, of a radical trend, and an </p><p>other classic, though abridged, George's work on the single tax, "Progress and Pov </p><p>erty." </p><p>Man Is War. By JoJm Carter. Pp. 398, </p><p>index, maps. Bobbs-Merrill Co., Indian </p><p>apolis, 1926. Price, $3.50. </p><p>"Civilization bas harnessed to the use of </p><p>war the primitive forces which are as old as </p><p>man; rhythm, vanity, herd instinct, and </p><p>rallying instinct. Their symbols are the fife </p><p>and drum, the uniform, the regiment, and </p><p>the flag. Against these the peace-mongers storm in vain, for they are so deep in human </p><p>nature that they can never be eliminated." </p><p>John Garter, whose sources for this book </p><p>are, he says, "ten years of youth in a dozen </p><p>different countries and a score of cities," takes up, one after another, the tools devised </p><p>by man for building a world and finds them sure to build for war as well as for co </p><p>operation. And this because of man's in </p><p>herent nature. </p><p>The fearless, clever manner in which he </p><p>attacks his subject is arresting. He looks </p><p>upon political bodies and finds them sure to collide with each other. He looks at the </p><p>League of Nations, and though it can pre vent some difficulties, it has, says the au </p><p>thor, seen some forty wars since its incep </p><p>tion, after which it probably stopped one. </p><p>He considers, too, that British statesmen </p><p>have made the League machinery an almost </p><p>perfect instrument for British diplomacy. He discusses proletarchy, theocracy, diplo </p><p>macy, and in each he sees seed of more con </p><p>flict than harmony. Communism and capi </p><p>talism, not quite separable in practice, both hold menaces. Of the two, only capitaUsm is workable; but it is full of pitfalls. </p><p>Mr. Carter seldom swerves to actual bitter </p><p>ness, though the "Diplomatic Dictionary" at </p><p>the end of the book is caustic enough. He </p><p>seems rather to be honestly trying to un </p><p>cover the facts. </p><p>A few harassing problems may, he con </p><p>cludes, be solved by man. Certain present </p><p>dangers may quite probably be overcome; </p><p>but in each topic his logic takes him always to the dead level of this: "The world will find peace when man is extinct; for man is </p><p>war." </p><p>There is no joy visible in his conclusions. </p><p>He frankly speaks of "danger spots" as </p><p>though war were a calamity. He seems to </p><p>share the world longing, if not its dream of </p><p>peace. Does it not occur to Mr. Carter that </p><p>this longing is also rooted deep in man? </p><p>The whole book, in fact, is a testimony to </p><p>the great human dream of peace. And who </p><p>dare prophesy that so deep a hunger may </p><p>not one day harness even the rhythm, the </p><p>vanity, and the mass instincts of the race </p><p>to the service of its dream? </p><p>This content downloaded from 22.214.171.124 on Sat, 14 Jun 2014 01:43:38 AMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p><p>Article Contentsp. 320</p><p>Issue Table of ContentsAdvocate of Peace through Justice, Vol. 89, No. 5 (May, 1927), pp. 261-320EDITORIALSTHE AMERICAN PEACE SOCIETY MOVING ALONG [pp. 261-263]THREE FACTORS IN THE CHINESE SITUATION [pp. 263-265]THE DISEASE IN OUR BONES OF CONTENTION [pp. 265-267]TRIALS OF THE DISARMAMENT CONFERENCE [pp. 267-268]IS THE PORTER-DRAGO DOCTRINE DEAD? [pp. 268-269]CHILE [pp. 269-271]IS CYNICISM CONQUERING OUR YOUTH? [pp. 271-272]CREATIVE WORK AMONG THE NEGROES [pp. 272-275]</p><p>WORLD PROBLEMS IN REVIEWTHE CHINESE CRISIS [pp. 276-277]COMMITTEE AT GENEVA ON CODIFICATION OF LAW [pp. 277-278]WHAT MIGHT HAVE BEEN IN WORLD TRADE [pp. 278-279]INTERNATIONAL TRADE BARRIERS [pp. 280-280]NEW REVOLT IN THE RIFF [pp. 280-281]DUTCH-BELGIAN TREATY [pp. 281-282]BRITISH POLICY IN INDIA [pp. 282-283]GERMAN FOREIGN POLICY [pp. 284-285]GROWTH OF GERMAN TRUSTS [pp. 285-287]BELGIUM AND THE GERMAN MENACE [pp. 287-288]SOVIET-POLISH NEGOTIATIONS [pp. 288-288]CIVIL AVIATION AND DISARMAMENT [pp. 289-289]PRESIDENT COOLIDGE AND THE UNITED PRESS [pp. 289-289]CONFERENCE FOR FILIPNO INDEPENDENCE CONDEMNS THE COOLIDGE VETO [pp. 290-290]</p><p>MOTION PICTURES, TRADE, AND THE WELFARE OF OUR WESTERN HEMISPHERE [pp. 291-296]HOW FAR MUST WE PROTECT OUR CITIZENS ABROAD? [pp. 296-299]SEAPORTS AND HINTERLANDS [pp. 299-301]IN FAVOR OF OUTLAWING POISON GAS: SPEECH OF HON. HAMILTON FISH, JR., OF NEW YORK: In the House of Representatives, Friday, January 21, 1927 [pp. 302-304]I WISH I'D BEEN IN THE WAR [pp. 305-305]INTERNATIONAL DOCUMENTSBRITISH ANTI-STRIKE LAW [pp. 306-309]LITHUANIAN-SOVIET TREATY [pp. 309-311]</p><p>News in Brief [pp. 311-315]LETTER BOX [pp. 316-316]BOOK REVIEWSReview: untitled [pp. 317-317]Review: untitled [pp. 317-317]Review: untitled [pp. 317-318]Review: untitled [pp. 318-318]Review: untitled [pp. 318-318]Review: untitled [pp. 318-318]Review: untitled [pp. 318-319]Review: untitled [pp. 319-319]Review: untitled [pp. 319-319]Review: untitled [pp. 319-319]Review: untitled [pp. 319-320]Review: untitled [pp. 320-320]Review: untitled [pp. 320-320]</p></li></ul>
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LEO TOLSTOI: HADSCHI MURAT. EINE CHANCE FÜR ERFOLGREICHEN FÄCHERÜBERGREIFENDEN GESCHICHTSUNTERRICHT?