what is poetry?what is poetry? creative writing ms. bilskemper

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  • Slide 1
  • What is Poetry?What is Poetry? Creative Writing Ms. Bilskemper
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  • Websters dictionary definitionWebsters dictionary definition Writing that formulates a concentrated imaginative awareness of experience in language chosen and arranged to create a specific emotional response through meaning, sound, and rhythm. Lets translate
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  • Concentrated Poetry is usually concise and doesnt take up pages and pages
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  • Imaginative Poetry is not a factual report. If you do report on something, you must do it in an unusual or compelling way, with language thats carefully crafted
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  • Chosen and arrangedChosen and arranged You choose the words you use in a poem and think hard about why you use them; certain words may flow together better, certain sounds may evoke a particular emotional response.
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  • Emotional A poem should elicit an emotional response. Anyone can put lines on a page, but few people can elicit an emotional response from a stranger.
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  • Sound and rhythmSound and rhythm The flow and music of lines and sentences is what makes a poem a poem
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  • Poetic TechniquesPoetic Techniques
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  • Alliteration Repetition of initial consonant sounds in several words in a sentence or line of poetry Used to create musical effects, link related ideas, stress certain words, or mimic specific sounds
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  • Blank VerseBlank Verse Unrhymed poetry Usually iambic pentameter Captures the natural rhythm of speech
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  • Catalogue TechniqueCatalogue Technique Its nothing more than a list, but used wisely
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  • Figurative LanguageFigurative Language Words and expressions not meant to be taken literally. Appeal to the imagination Similes Metaphors Hyperbole Personification
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  • Image A word that appeals to one or more of the senses
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  • Meter A poems rhythmical pattern Foot a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables (either two or three) Most common iambic pentameter 1 stressed, 1 unstressed 5 feet
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  • Onomatopoeia Use of words to imitate the sound they describe Used to create a musical effect and to reinforce meaning
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  • Rhyme Internal rhyme End rhyme
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  • Poetic FormsPoetic Forms
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  • Ballad A story told in song form Words are simple Has a strong beat Rime of the Ancient Mariner
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  • Epics Long narratives in an elevated style High born characters that go on adventures Depict key event in history Homers Iliad, Odyssey
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  • Free VerseFree Verse Poetry without a regular rhyme and meter
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  • Haiku Japanese poetic form with three lines that total 17 syllables 1,3 lines have 5 syllables 2 line has 7 syllables Often about nature, spiritual insight
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  • Limerick One type of humorous poetry Five lines and a strong rhyme: a-a-b- b-a Rhyming words sometimes misspelled to create humor Usually bawdy and involve buckets and girls from Nantucket
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  • Lyrical PoetryLyrical Poetry Short, emotional poems Most poems of all natures fall into this category.
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  • Narrative PoetryNarrative Poetry Tells a story through a storyline or through a dramatized situation
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  • Sonnet Lyric poem of 14 lines written in iambic pentameter PETRARCHAN / ITALIAN Octave the first 8 lines that rhyme a-b-b-a, a-b-b-a Present a problem Sestet last 6 lines that rhyme c-d-e, c-d-e Resolve the problem
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  • Sonnet contSonnet cont ELIZABETHAN / SHAKESPEREAN Same format as previous sonnet Rhyme changed to a-b-a-b, c-d-c-d, e-f-e-f, g-g First 12 lines describe the problem and the final couplet resolves the problem.


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