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Review of Armed Forces

Review of Armed Forces1. ALGERIA Major Changesz

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The Algerian air force received all of it Su-30MKA combat aircraft from Russia. 7KH DLU IRUFH DOVR UHFHLYHG LWV UVW $: PHGLXP WUDQVSRUW KHOLFRSWHUV 6RPH 30 more helicopters of various types are to be delivered. 7KH $OJHULDQ DLU GHIHQVH IRUFHV UHFHLYHG WKHLU UVW 3DQWV\U6 SRLQW GHIHQVH systems. The Algerian navy received two Type 636 KILO class submarines from Russia. Algeria launched its second observation satellite the ALSAT-2A. While this satellite was manufactured and launched by a European company, Algeria plans to launch another satellite in the near future, the ALSAT-2B, which is being manufactured indigenously.

General DataOfcial Name of the State: Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria Head of State: 3UHVLGHQW RI WKH +LJK 6WDWH &RXQFLO $EG DO$]L] %XWHLND Prime Minister: Abd al-Aziz Belkhaden Minister of Defense: Major General Ahmed Sanhaji Chief of General Staff: Major General Salih Ahmad Jaid Commander of the Ground Forces: Major General Ahsan Tafer Commander of the Air Force: Brigadier General Muhammad Ibn Suleiman

The tables that appear in the pages that follow present a summary of data on Middle East armed forces. More data is available on the INSS website, where it is updated regularly. The table representing the order-of-battle of each country often gives two numbers for HDFK ZHDSRQ FDWHJRU\ 7KH UVW QXPEHU UHIHUV WR TXDQWLWLHV LQ DFWLYH VHUYLFH ZKHUHDV the second number (in parentheses) refers to the total inventory.

221

Review of Armed Forces

Commander of Air Defense Force: Brigadier General Achour Laoudi Commander of the Navy: Admiral Muhammad Taher Yali Area: 2,460,500 sq. km. Population: 34,900,000

Strategic AssetsNBC CapabilitiesNuclear capability One 15 MW nuclear reactor, probably upgraded to 40 MW (built by PRC) suspected as serving a clandestine nuclear weapons program; one 1 MW nuclear UHVHDUFK UHDFWRU IURP $UJHQWLQD EDVLF 5 ' VLJQDWRU\ RI WKH 137 6DIHJXDUGV DJUHHPHQW ZLWK WKH ,$($ LQ IRUFH 6LJQHG DQG UDWLHG WKH $IULFDQ 1XFOHDU Weapon-Free Zone Treaty (Treaty of Pelindaba). Chemical weapons and protective equipment 1R GDWD RQ &: DFWLYLWLHV DYDLODEOH 6LJQHG DQG UDWLHG WKH &:& Biological weapons 1R GDWD RQ %: DFWLYLWLHV DYDLODEOH 6LJQHG DQG UDWLHG WKH %:&

Space AssetsModel Satellites z ALSAT-1z

Type Remote sensing Remote sensing

Notes 90 kg, 32m resolution, earth monitoring civilian satellite for natural disasters 116 kg, 2.5m resolution, civilian earth monitoring satellite To be launched in 2012

ALSAT-2A

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Future launch ALSAT-2B

Armed ForcesOrder-of-BattleYear General data z Personnel (regular) Ground Forces z Divisions z Total number of brigades 2007127,000

2008127,000

2009127,000

2010127,000

2011127,000

5 26

5 26

5 26

5 26

5 26

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Review of Armed Forces

Order-of-Battle contdz

Year Tanks APCs/AFVs

2007940 (1,140)

2008

2009

2010

2011

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Artillery (including MRLs) Air Force z Combat aircraft z Transport aircraft z Helicopters Air Defense Forces z Heavy SAM batteries z Medium SAM batteries z Light SAM launchers Navy z Combat vessels z Patrol craft z Submarinesz

1,000 1,080 1,080 1,080 (1,200) (1,240) (1,240) (1,240) 1,955 1,955 1,955 1,955 1,955 (2,055) (2,055) (2,055) (2,055) (2,055) 920 (1,000) 920 (1,000) 920 (1,000) 920 (1,000) 920 (1,000)

213 (243) 41 (46) 177 (186)

223 (253) 241 (271) 241 (271) 46 (52) 46 (52) 46 (52) 177 (186) 177 (186) 183

241 (271) 46 (52) 183

11 18 78

11 18 78

11 18 78

11 20 78

11 20 78

26 16 2

26 16 2

26 21 3

30 38 4

30 38 4

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Review of Armed Forces

2. BAHRAIN Major Changesz

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Following civil unrest in Bahrain, some 2000 Peninsula Shield troops from four GCC countries were stationed in Bahrain. Their presence there is deemed temporary. The Bahraini military and security forces retained their cohesiveness during the period of unrest. The Bahraini air force received nine new S-70 Black Hawk helicopters. The Bahraini navy received its two new 42-meter landing craft as well as two 16-meter patrol boats both from the UAE.

General DataOfcial Name of the State: State of Bahrain Head of State: Amir Shaykh Hamad bin Isa al-Khalifa Prime Minister: Khalifa bin Salman al-Khalifa Deputy Supreme Commander: Crown Prince Salman bin Hamad al-Khalifa State Minister for Defense: Mohammed bin Abdullah al-Khalifa Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces: Lieutenant General Khalifa bin

Ahmed al-KhalifaChief of Staff of the Bahraini Defense Forces: Major General Daij bin Salman

al-KhalifaCommander of the Air Force: Hamad bin Abdallah al-Khalifa Commander of the Navy: Lieutenant Commander Yusuf al-Maluallah Area: 620 sq. km. Population: 800,000

Strategic AssetsBallistic Missilesz

Model ATACMS

Launchers 9

Missiles 30

Since2002

Notes Using MLRS

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Review of Armed Forces

Armed ForcesOrder-of-BattleYear 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 General data 8,200 8,200 8,200 8,200 8,200 z Personnel (regular) z SSM launchers 9 9 9 9 9 Ground Forces z Total number of 3 3 3 3 3 brigades z Number of 7 7 7 7 7 battalions z Tanks 180 180 180 180 180 z APCs/AFVs 277 (297) 277 (297) 277 (297) 277 (297) 277 (297) z Artillery (including 48 (50) 68 (70) 68 (70) 68 (70) 68 (70) MRLs) Air Force z Combat aircraft 34 34 34 34 34 z Transport aircraft 5 4 4 5 5 z Helicopters 57 48 49 51 57 Air Defense Forces z Heavy SAM 3 3 3 3 3 batteries z Medium SAM 2 2 2 2 2 batteries z Light SAM 40 40 40 40 40 launchers Navy z Combat vessels 11 11 11 11 11 z Patrol craft 24 22 24 24 24

225

Review of Armed Forces

3. EGYPT Major Changesz

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The Egyptian military industry will produce 125 more Abrams M1A1 MBTs, in addition to the existing 880 tanks already produced, bringing the total to 1,005 tanks. The Egyptian armed forces are playing a major role in Egypts transition from dictatorship to democracy. During the crisis they kept their cohesiveness which was not the case for the internal security organs.

General DataOfcial Name of the State: The Arab Republic of Egypt Head of State: Field Marshal Muhammad Hussayn Tantawi, head of the Supreme

Military CouncilPrime Minister: Issam Sharaf Minister of Defense and Military Production: Field Marshal Muhammad Hussayn

TantawiChief of General Staff: Lieutenant General Samy Hafez Anan Commander of the Air Force: Major General Reda Mahmoud Hafez Muhammad Commander of the Navy: Vice Admiral Mohab Mameesh Area: VT NP GLVSXWH ZLWK 6XGDQ RYHU +DODLE WULDQJOH DUHD Population: 75,500,000

Strategic AssetsNBC CapabilitiesNuclear capability A 22 MW research reactor supplied by Argentina, completed in 1997; 2 MW research reactor from the USSR, in operation since 1961. Party to the NPT. 6DIHJXDUGV DJUHHPHQW ZLWK WKH ,$($ LQ IRUFH 6LJQHG EXW QRW UDWLHG WKH $IULFDQ Nuclear Weapon-Free Zone treaty (Treaty of Pelindaba). Chemical weapons and protective equipment Alleged continued research and possible production of chemical warfare agents. Alleged stockpile of chemical munitions (mustard and nerve agents). Personal protective equipment, Soviet type decontamination vehicles, Fuchs (Fox) ABC detection vehicle (12), SPW-40 P2Ch ABC detection vehicle (small numbers). Not a signatory of the CWC. Biological weapons Suspected biological warfare program, no details available. Not a party to the BWC.

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Review of Armed Forces

Ballistic MissilesModel SS-1 (Scud B/ Scud C) Future procurement z Scud C/ Project-T z Vector z No-Dongz

Launchers 24

Missiles 100

Since1973

Notes Possibly some upgraded versions

90 24

Locally produced 8QFRQUPHG Alleged

Space AssetsModel Satellites z NILESAT-1/2 z Egypt Sat 1 Ground stations z Aswan Future procurement z Desert Sat Type Communication Remote sensing Remote sensing Notes Civilian 100 kg; a sun-synchronous, 668 km orbit Receiving and processing satellite images for desert research

Environmental

Monitoring coastal erosion, GHVHUWLFDWLRQ DQG ZDWHU UHVRXUFHV

Armed ForcesOrder-of-BattleYear General data z Personnel (regular) z SSM launchers Ground Forces z Divisions z Total number of brigades z Tanksz

2007450,000 24

2008450,000 24

2009450,000 24

2010450,000 24

2011 450,000 24 12 49

12 49 3,200 (3,830) 3,680 (4,950)

12 49 3,200 (3,830) 4,125 (5,305)

12 49 3,380 (3,830) 4,125 (5,305)

12 49 3,380 (3,870) 4,125 (5,305)

APCs/AFVs

3,380 (3,870) 4,125 (5,305)

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Review of Armed Forces

Order-of-Battle contdYear 2007 Artillery 3,590 (including MRLs) (3,750) Air Force z Combat aircraft 505 (518) z Transport aircraft 53 (55) z Helicopters 230 Air Defense Forces z Heavy SAM 109 batteries z Medium SAM 46 batteries z Light SAM 130 launchers Navy z Submarines 4 z Combat vessels 70 z Patrol craft 103z

2008 4,050

2009 4,050

2010 4,050

2011 4,050

505 (518) 53 (55) 230

505 (518) 53 (55) 230

505 (518) 53 (55) 230

505 (518) 53 (55)230

109 46 155

109 46 155

109 46 155

109 46 155

4 72 103

4 72 103

4 72 103

4 72 103

228

Review of Armed Forces

4. IRAN Major Changesz

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Iran continues its nuclear weapon project in spite of massive international pressure not to do so. Despite repeated promises by Russia to