Arab World 2011

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<p>Review of Armed Forces</p> <p>Review of Armed Forces1. ALGERIA Major Changesz</p> <p>z</p> <p>z z</p> <p>The Algerian air force received all of it Su-30MKA combat aircraft from Russia. 7KH DLU IRUFH DOVR UHFHLYHG LWV UVW $: PHGLXP WUDQVSRUW KHOLFRSWHUV 6RPH 30 more helicopters of various types are to be delivered. 7KH $OJHULDQ DLU GHIHQVH IRUFHV UHFHLYHG WKHLU UVW 3DQWV\U6 SRLQW GHIHQVH systems. The Algerian navy received two Type 636 KILO class submarines from Russia. Algeria launched its second observation satellite the ALSAT-2A. While this satellite was manufactured and launched by a European company, Algeria plans to launch another satellite in the near future, the ALSAT-2B, which is being manufactured indigenously.</p> <p>General DataOfcial Name of the State: Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria Head of State: 3UHVLGHQW RI WKH +LJK 6WDWH &amp;RXQFLO $EG DO$]L] %XWHLND Prime Minister: Abd al-Aziz Belkhaden Minister of Defense: Major General Ahmed Sanhaji Chief of General Staff: Major General Salih Ahmad Jaid Commander of the Ground Forces: Major General Ahsan Tafer Commander of the Air Force: Brigadier General Muhammad Ibn Suleiman</p> <p>The tables that appear in the pages that follow present a summary of data on Middle East armed forces. More data is available on the INSS website, where it is updated regularly. The table representing the order-of-battle of each country often gives two numbers for HDFK ZHDSRQ FDWHJRU\ 7KH UVW QXPEHU UHIHUV WR TXDQWLWLHV LQ DFWLYH VHUYLFH ZKHUHDV the second number (in parentheses) refers to the total inventory.</p> <p>221</p> <p>Review of Armed Forces</p> <p>Commander of Air Defense Force: Brigadier General Achour Laoudi Commander of the Navy: Admiral Muhammad Taher Yali Area: 2,460,500 sq. km. Population: 34,900,000</p> <p>Strategic AssetsNBC CapabilitiesNuclear capability One 15 MW nuclear reactor, probably upgraded to 40 MW (built by PRC) suspected as serving a clandestine nuclear weapons program; one 1 MW nuclear UHVHDUFK UHDFWRU IURP $UJHQWLQD EDVLF 5 ' VLJQDWRU\ RI WKH 137 6DIHJXDUGV DJUHHPHQW ZLWK WKH ,$($ LQ IRUFH 6LJQHG DQG UDWLHG WKH $IULFDQ 1XFOHDU Weapon-Free Zone Treaty (Treaty of Pelindaba). Chemical weapons and protective equipment 1R GDWD RQ &amp;: DFWLYLWLHV DYDLODEOH 6LJQHG DQG UDWLHG WKH &amp;:&amp; Biological weapons 1R GDWD RQ %: DFWLYLWLHV DYDLODEOH 6LJQHG DQG UDWLHG WKH %:&amp;</p> <p>Space AssetsModel Satellites z ALSAT-1z</p> <p>Type Remote sensing Remote sensing</p> <p>Notes 90 kg, 32m resolution, earth monitoring civilian satellite for natural disasters 116 kg, 2.5m resolution, civilian earth monitoring satellite To be launched in 2012</p> <p>ALSAT-2A</p> <p>z</p> <p>Future launch ALSAT-2B</p> <p>Armed ForcesOrder-of-BattleYear General data z Personnel (regular) Ground Forces z Divisions z Total number of brigades 2007127,000</p> <p>2008127,000</p> <p>2009127,000</p> <p>2010127,000</p> <p>2011127,000</p> <p>5 26</p> <p>5 26</p> <p>5 26</p> <p>5 26</p> <p>5 26</p> <p>222</p> <p>Review of Armed Forces</p> <p>Order-of-Battle contdz</p> <p>Year Tanks APCs/AFVs</p> <p>2007940 (1,140)</p> <p>2008</p> <p>2009</p> <p>2010</p> <p>2011</p> <p>z</p> <p>Artillery (including MRLs) Air Force z Combat aircraft z Transport aircraft z Helicopters Air Defense Forces z Heavy SAM batteries z Medium SAM batteries z Light SAM launchers Navy z Combat vessels z Patrol craft z Submarinesz</p> <p>1,000 1,080 1,080 1,080 (1,200) (1,240) (1,240) (1,240) 1,955 1,955 1,955 1,955 1,955 (2,055) (2,055) (2,055) (2,055) (2,055) 920 (1,000) 920 (1,000) 920 (1,000) 920 (1,000) 920 (1,000)</p> <p>213 (243) 41 (46) 177 (186)</p> <p>223 (253) 241 (271) 241 (271) 46 (52) 46 (52) 46 (52) 177 (186) 177 (186) 183</p> <p>241 (271) 46 (52) 183</p> <p>11 18 78</p> <p>11 18 78</p> <p>11 18 78</p> <p>11 20 78</p> <p>11 20 78</p> <p>26 16 2</p> <p>26 16 2</p> <p>26 21 3</p> <p>30 38 4</p> <p>30 38 4</p> <p>223</p> <p>Review of Armed Forces</p> <p>2. BAHRAIN Major Changesz</p> <p>z</p> <p>z z</p> <p>Following civil unrest in Bahrain, some 2000 Peninsula Shield troops from four GCC countries were stationed in Bahrain. Their presence there is deemed temporary. The Bahraini military and security forces retained their cohesiveness during the period of unrest. The Bahraini air force received nine new S-70 Black Hawk helicopters. The Bahraini navy received its two new 42-meter landing craft as well as two 16-meter patrol boats both from the UAE.</p> <p>General DataOfcial Name of the State: State of Bahrain Head of State: Amir Shaykh Hamad bin Isa al-Khalifa Prime Minister: Khalifa bin Salman al-Khalifa Deputy Supreme Commander: Crown Prince Salman bin Hamad al-Khalifa State Minister for Defense: Mohammed bin Abdullah al-Khalifa Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces: Lieutenant General Khalifa bin</p> <p>Ahmed al-KhalifaChief of Staff of the Bahraini Defense Forces: Major General Daij bin Salman</p> <p>al-KhalifaCommander of the Air Force: Hamad bin Abdallah al-Khalifa Commander of the Navy: Lieutenant Commander Yusuf al-Maluallah Area: 620 sq. km. Population: 800,000</p> <p>Strategic AssetsBallistic Missilesz</p> <p>Model ATACMS</p> <p>Launchers 9</p> <p>Missiles 30</p> <p>Since2002</p> <p>Notes Using MLRS</p> <p>224</p> <p>Review of Armed Forces</p> <p>Armed ForcesOrder-of-BattleYear 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 General data 8,200 8,200 8,200 8,200 8,200 z Personnel (regular) z SSM launchers 9 9 9 9 9 Ground Forces z Total number of 3 3 3 3 3 brigades z Number of 7 7 7 7 7 battalions z Tanks 180 180 180 180 180 z APCs/AFVs 277 (297) 277 (297) 277 (297) 277 (297) 277 (297) z Artillery (including 48 (50) 68 (70) 68 (70) 68 (70) 68 (70) MRLs) Air Force z Combat aircraft 34 34 34 34 34 z Transport aircraft 5 4 4 5 5 z Helicopters 57 48 49 51 57 Air Defense Forces z Heavy SAM 3 3 3 3 3 batteries z Medium SAM 2 2 2 2 2 batteries z Light SAM 40 40 40 40 40 launchers Navy z Combat vessels 11 11 11 11 11 z Patrol craft 24 22 24 24 24</p> <p>225</p> <p>Review of Armed Forces</p> <p>3. EGYPT Major Changesz</p> <p>z</p> <p>The Egyptian military industry will produce 125 more Abrams M1A1 MBTs, in addition to the existing 880 tanks already produced, bringing the total to 1,005 tanks. The Egyptian armed forces are playing a major role in Egypts transition from dictatorship to democracy. During the crisis they kept their cohesiveness which was not the case for the internal security organs.</p> <p>General DataOfcial Name of the State: The Arab Republic of Egypt Head of State: Field Marshal Muhammad Hussayn Tantawi, head of the Supreme</p> <p>Military CouncilPrime Minister: Issam Sharaf Minister of Defense and Military Production: Field Marshal Muhammad Hussayn</p> <p>TantawiChief of General Staff: Lieutenant General Samy Hafez Anan Commander of the Air Force: Major General Reda Mahmoud Hafez Muhammad Commander of the Navy: Vice Admiral Mohab Mameesh Area: VT NP GLVSXWH ZLWK 6XGDQ RYHU +DODLE WULDQJOH DUHD Population: 75,500,000</p> <p>Strategic AssetsNBC CapabilitiesNuclear capability A 22 MW research reactor supplied by Argentina, completed in 1997; 2 MW research reactor from the USSR, in operation since 1961. Party to the NPT. 6DIHJXDUGV DJUHHPHQW ZLWK WKH ,$($ LQ IRUFH 6LJQHG EXW QRW UDWLHG WKH $IULFDQ Nuclear Weapon-Free Zone treaty (Treaty of Pelindaba). Chemical weapons and protective equipment Alleged continued research and possible production of chemical warfare agents. Alleged stockpile of chemical munitions (mustard and nerve agents). Personal protective equipment, Soviet type decontamination vehicles, Fuchs (Fox) ABC detection vehicle (12), SPW-40 P2Ch ABC detection vehicle (small numbers). Not a signatory of the CWC. Biological weapons Suspected biological warfare program, no details available. Not a party to the BWC.</p> <p>226</p> <p>Review of Armed Forces</p> <p>Ballistic MissilesModel SS-1 (Scud B/ Scud C) Future procurement z Scud C/ Project-T z Vector z No-Dongz</p> <p>Launchers 24</p> <p>Missiles 100</p> <p>Since1973</p> <p>Notes Possibly some upgraded versions</p> <p>90 24</p> <p>Locally produced 8QFRQUPHG Alleged</p> <p>Space AssetsModel Satellites z NILESAT-1/2 z Egypt Sat 1 Ground stations z Aswan Future procurement z Desert Sat Type Communication Remote sensing Remote sensing Notes Civilian 100 kg; a sun-synchronous, 668 km orbit Receiving and processing satellite images for desert research</p> <p>Environmental</p> <p>Monitoring coastal erosion, GHVHUWLFDWLRQ DQG ZDWHU UHVRXUFHV</p> <p>Armed ForcesOrder-of-BattleYear General data z Personnel (regular) z SSM launchers Ground Forces z Divisions z Total number of brigades z Tanksz</p> <p>2007450,000 24</p> <p>2008450,000 24</p> <p>2009450,000 24</p> <p>2010450,000 24</p> <p>2011 450,000 24 12 49</p> <p>12 49 3,200 (3,830) 3,680 (4,950)</p> <p>12 49 3,200 (3,830) 4,125 (5,305)</p> <p>12 49 3,380 (3,830) 4,125 (5,305)</p> <p>12 49 3,380 (3,870) 4,125 (5,305)</p> <p>APCs/AFVs</p> <p>3,380 (3,870) 4,125 (5,305)</p> <p>227</p> <p>Review of Armed Forces</p> <p>Order-of-Battle contdYear 2007 Artillery 3,590 (including MRLs) (3,750) Air Force z Combat aircraft 505 (518) z Transport aircraft 53 (55) z Helicopters 230 Air Defense Forces z Heavy SAM 109 batteries z Medium SAM 46 batteries z Light SAM 130 launchers Navy z Submarines 4 z Combat vessels 70 z Patrol craft 103z</p> <p>2008 4,050</p> <p>2009 4,050</p> <p>2010 4,050</p> <p>2011 4,050</p> <p>505 (518) 53 (55) 230</p> <p>505 (518) 53 (55) 230</p> <p>505 (518) 53 (55) 230</p> <p>505 (518) 53 (55)230</p> <p>109 46 155</p> <p>109 46 155</p> <p>109 46 155</p> <p>109 46 155</p> <p>4 72 103</p> <p>4 72 103</p> <p>4 72 103</p> <p>4 72 103</p> <p>228</p> <p>Review of Armed Forces</p> <p>4. IRAN Major Changesz</p> <p>z</p> <p>z</p> <p>Iran continues its nuclear weapon project in spite of massive international pressure not to do so. Despite repeated promises by Russia to supply Irans S-300PMU advanced air GHIHQVH PLVVLOH V\VWHPV 5XVVLD KDV RIFLDOO\ FDQFHOHG WKH GHDO The Iranian military industry continues to develop more and more advanced systems. Among these are long range coastal anti-ship missiles, submarine launched and airborne versions of anti-ship missiles, long range ballistic missiles (principally the two stage solid-fueled Sejil missile, the satellite launch YHKLFOHV 6DUH2PLG DQG 6LPRUJK PLGJHW VXEPDULQHV *KDGHU DQG 1DKDQJ missile boats (Kaman and Mowj class), and patrol boats. It claims to have begum serial production of combat aircraft like the Azarakhsh and Saegheh, and UAVs.</p> <p>General DataOfcial Name of the State: Islamic Republic of Iran Supreme Religious and Political National Leader (Rahbar): Ayatollah Ali</p> <p>Hoseini KhameneiHead of State (formally subordinate to National Leader): President Mahmud</p> <p>AhmadinejadMinister of Defense: Ahmed Vahidi General Commander of the Armed Forces: Major General Ataollah Salehi Head of the Armed Forces General Command Headquarters: Major General</p> <p>Hasan FiruzabadiChief of the Joint Staff of the Armed Forces: Brigadier General Abdolrahim</p> <p>MousaviCommander of the Ground Forces: Brigadier General Ahmad-Reza Pourdastan Commander of the Air Force: %ULJDGLHU *HQHUDO +DVVDQ 6KDKVD Commander of the Air-Defense Forces: Brigadier General Ahmad Miqani Commander of the Navy: Rear Admiral Habibollah Sayyari Commander-in-Chief of the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC):</p> <p>Major General Mohammed Ali JaafariChief of the Joint Staff of the IRGC: Brigadier General Mohammed Hejazi Commander of the IRGC Ground Forces: Brigadier General Mohammed Pakpour Commander of the IRGC Air Wing: Brigadier General Amir Ali Hajizadeh Commander of the IRGC Naval Wing: Rear Admiral Ali Fadavi Commander of the IRGC Resistance Force (Basij): Brigadier General</p> <p>Mohammed Reza Naqbi</p> <p>229</p> <p>Review of Armed Forces</p> <p>Area: 1,647,240 sq. km. (not including Abu Musa Island and two Tunb islands;</p> <p>control disputed)Population: 74,200,000 est.</p> <p>Strategic AssetsNBC CapabilitiesNuclear capability One 5 MW research reactor acquired from the US in the 1960s (in Tehran) and one small 30 kW miniature neutron source reactor (in Esfahan). One 1,000 MW VVER power reactor under construction, under a contract with Russia, in Bushehr. Uranium enrichment facility in Natanz and heavy water production facility in Arak connected to an alleged nuclear weapons program. Party to the NPT. Safeguards agreement with the IAEA in force. Chemical weapons and protective equipment In 1999 Iran admitted that in the past it had possessed chemical weapons. Party to the CWC, but nevertheless suspected of still producing and stockpiling PXVWDUG VDULQ VRPDQ WDEXQ 9; DQG RWKHU FKHPLFDO DJHQWV 6XVSHFWHG GHOLYHU\ systems include aerial bombs, artillery shells, and SSM warheads. PRC and 5XVVLDQ UPV DQG LQGLYLGXDOV DOOHJHGO\ SURYLGH DVVLVWDQFH LQ VXSSO\ RI &amp;: technology and precursors. Personal protective equipment and munitions decontamination vehicles. Biological weapons Suspected biological warfare program; no details available. Party to the BWC.</p> <p>Ballistic Missilesz</p> <p>z</p> <p>Model SS-1 (Scud B/ Scud C) Shehab-2</p> <p>Launchers ~20 + 10 + + 16 + ~60</p> <p>Missiles 300 Scud B, 100 Scud C+ 90</p> <p>Notes</p> <p>Probably similar to the Syrian Scud D Alleged Operational status unknown</p> <p>Shehab-3/3B Ghadr-101/110 z BM-25 z Tondar-69 (CSS8) z Fateh-110 Totalz z</p> <p>18</p> <p>230</p> <p>Review of Armed Forces</p> <p>Ballistic Missiles contdModel Future procurement z Shehab-3B Launchers Missiles Notes</p> <p>z</p> <p>Ghadr / Ashura / Sejil</p> <p>Includes new re-supply vehicles, believed to be in production Solid propellant</p> <p>Space AssetsName Satellites z Sina-1z</p> <p>Type Remote sensing Remote sensing Research Remote sensing</p> <p>Notes 170 kg satellite with 50m resolution camera for earth observation Multi-mission satellite, to be launched in cooperation with China and Thailand 20 kg micro satellite; returned to the atmosphere after 3 months in space Indigenous micro satellite, launched in 2011 Ground command and communication station Multi-spectral remote sensing Sounding rocket SLV</p> <p>SMMS Omid RASAD-1</p> <p>z</p> <p>z</p> <p>z</p> <p>Ground station Semnan</p> <p>IRSC Remote sensing Satellite launcher z Kavoshgar z 6DU 6LPRUJK Future procurement z Toloo Reconnaissancez z</p> <p>Ya-Mahdi Mesbah-2</p> <p>Research Research</p> <p>z</p> <p>z z z z</p> <p>Zohreh Navid Zafar Fajr</p> <p>Communication Remote sensing</p> <p>100 kg military reconnaissance satellite, 500 km in orbit Test bed for indigenous camera equipment 65 kg, to be launched in 2012; indegious, following the cancelation of Mesbah-1 by Italy Russian-built communication satellite 100 kg, to be positioned at 500 km</p> <p>231</p> <p>Review of Armed Forces</p> <p>Space Assets contdz</p> <p>Name AUTSAT/ (Amir-Kabir 1)</p> <p>Type Heliocentric remote sensing</p> <p>Notes 80 kg, to be launched in 2013</p> <p>Armed ForcesOrder-of-BattleYear 2007 General data z Personnel 520,000 (regular) z SSM launchers 50 Ground Forces z Divisions 32 z Total number of 87 brigades z Tanks ~1,620 z APCs/AFVs ~1,400 z Artillery ~2,700 (including MRLs) (~3,000) Air Force z Combat aircraft 203 (341) z Transport aircraft 101 (125) z Helicopters 340 (570) Air Defense Forces z Heavy SAM 30 batteries z Medium SAM + batteries z Light SAM 100 launchers Navy z Submarines 6 z Combat vessels 56 z Patrol craft 160 2008 520,000 60 32 87 ~1,620 ~1,400 ~2,700 (~3,000) 237 (343) 101 (125) 340 (570) 2009 520,000 60 32 87 ~1,620 ~1,400 ~2,700 (~3,000) 235 (341) 105 (129) 340 (570) 2010 520,000 60 32 87 ~1,620 ~1,400 ~2,700 (~3,000) 235 (341) 105 (129) 340 (570)2011 520,000 60 32 87</p> <p>~1,620 ~1,400 ~2,700 (~3,000) 235 (341) 105...</p>