guidelines-sport england swimming pool design

Download Guidelines-Sport England Swimming pool design

Post on 16-Mar-2016




1 download

Embed Size (px)


(Used with permission) This is the report that got the ball rolling here in Ontario. Sport and arts have seen reductions in subsidies within specific countries and Ontario is no different. Many of the same conclusions reached by Sport England were found by the Aqautic Sport Council.


  • March Revision 001 Sport England 2008

    Swimming Pools

    New guidance


    DesignGuidance Note

  • Swimming Pools Design Guidance Note

    March Revision 001 1 Sport England 2008

    Foreword Sport England believes that good facilities are fundamental to developing sporting opportunities for everyone, from the youngest beginner to the international class athlete. The buildings whether large or small can encourage civic pride and assist the process of revitalising deprived neighbourhoods. Facilities that are well designed built to last and well maintained are a pleasure to use and give an ample return on the time and money invested in their construction and day to day use.

    Good design needs to be based on a sound understanding of such issues as the current trends and practices within individual sports, developments in the sport and leisure industry and the lessons to be learnt from previously built schemes.

    Good design needs to be embraced within the earliest vision statement for a particular project and enshrined in the initial briefing stage through to the final detailed specifications and operational arrangements.

    A well designed pool can attract swimmers.

    Sport Englands Design Guidance notes aim to promote a greater general understanding of overall design concepts, an appreciation of technical issues and the critical factors that need to be considered in reaching the appropriate solution for a particular project. They also advise where further information, advice and expertise may be found and point to benchmark examples.

    Sport Englands Design Guidance Notes aim to: Increase awareness of

    good design in sports facilities.

    Help key building professions, clients, user representatives and other stakeholders to follow best practice.

    Encourage well designed sports facilities that meet the needs of sports and are a pleasure to use.

  • Swimming Pools Design Guidance Note

    March Revision 001 2 Sport England 2008

    Contents Page 1.0 Introduction 3 National statistics Trends Condition and public expectation Partnership and cooperation. 2.0 Early considerations 5 Financial sustainability Strategic issues Size and shape of water Level of competition Pool capacity Leisure features 3.0 Site 12 Location and site evaluation Site planning External design 4.0 Organising the building 16 4.1 Relationship of spaces 16 4.2 First impressions 19

    Entrance area Reception desk Refreshment areas Public toilets Accommodation for children

    4.3 Pool Hall 23 Structural approach Glazing Artificial lighting Signs

    4.4 Pool Tank(s) 26 Configuration Main pool Combining two pools in one hall Learner and training pools Diving pools Easy access to the water Privacy for some user groups Movable floors and Bulkheads

    4.5 Changing facilities 39 Key design issues General planning principles Changing layouts Analysis of types of changing rooms Calculating numbers Benches, coat hooks and lockers Toilets Showers Vanity areas

    4.6 Ancillary accommodation 47 Office accommodation Staff rooms and changing Cleaners store External service yard

    4.7 Typical fixtures and fittings 50 4.8 Spectator & competitor

    provision 52

    5.0 Servicing the building 54 Energy implications Energy efficiency Renewable energy Water efficiency Pool water quality Disinfection Chemical dosing Water softness Filtration systems Turnover rates Water temperature Air temperature and humidity Electrical installations Size of plant room Plant room spaces Air distribution systems 6.0 Constructing the building 62 Types of pool tank design and surround Pool edge details Finishes to wet areas Structural frame Roof enclosure External walls Glazing Internal walls Movable floors and bulkheads Stainless steel in the pool environment Doors and frames Acoustics Fixed pool equipment 7.0 Operating the building 73 Key operational and design issues Key maintenance issues 8.0 Appendices 75 1 Related organisations 2 Standards and Legislation 3 Changing room calculations example 4 Further information on leisure pools 5 Further information and references

  • Swimming Pools Design Guidance Note

    March Revision 001 3 Sport England 2008

    1.0 Introduction This guidance note outlines the basic principles and concepts of good swimming pool design. It is aimed at all those involved in developing swimming provision and points to further information and gives a number of best practice examples.

    Swimming is second only to walking as the nations most popular physical activities with over 22% of adults and 50% of young people taking part on a regular basis1. It can be enjoyed by people of both sexes and by all ages and abilities and is recognised as being uniquely beneficial to the nations health and well being. It is ideally suited for people with disabilities and the elderly or infirmed who might have difficulties with other forms of exercise.

    Swimming and water safety is an essential life skill, part of the National Curriculum and can encourage fitness and good health practices amongst young people. It is regarded as an essential part of childrens education for the safe enjoyment of most water activities and an understanding of the wider environment around them.

    Swimming, like all other sports can play a significant part in community regeneration and new or refurbished pools can provide much valued facilities that make an important contribution to community cohesion and general health and well being.

    1 Sport England Active People Survey

    National statistics It is estimated2 that there are almost 1,400 swimming clubs and associations in England ranging from small clubs which concentrate on the teaching of swimming to the very large clubs involved in competition in swimming, diving synchronised swimming, water polo and disability swimming. These voluntary organisations provide the foundations for competitions at all levels and the development of talent. Swimming pools also provide for a wide range of other activities from aqua-robics to sub-aqua training, and most commonly simple recreational and fitness swimming.

    It is also estimated3 that there are almost 4,614 separate swimming pools sites in England with a total water 872,910 m2. Approximately 25% of this water area is provided by the education sector, 46% by local authorities (or trusts) and 26% by the commercial sector. The stock of pools is in various forms:

    Indoor or outdoors. Free form or rectangular. Heated or unheated. Associated with hotels, health clubs, water

    parks, beaches and other private operations.

    Trends In recent years England has seen a growth of commercial pools to the point that in numerical terms they are now almost equal to the numbers of Local Authority pools. However the commercial pools tend to be small in size and with shallower water, being aimed primarily at the fitness / aerobic/ recreation market. They tend to offer a reduced programme of activities and have restrictive pricing. They are less likely to allow for competition swimming or teaching.

    2 ASA From Arm Bands to Gold Medals 2001/2 3 State of the Nation Facility Report Swimming Pools November 2007.

    Swimming can be enjoyed by people of both sexes across all ages and abilities and is recognised as being uniquely beneficial to the nations health and well being.

  • Swimming Pools Design Guidance Note

    March Revision 001 4 Sport England 2008

    The trend for the education sector is to be a diminishing provider of swimming facilities.

    Condition and public expectation It has been acknowledged by Government that public swimming facilities in England have generally suffered from under funding and need constant maintenance and repair, placing many under threat of closure4.

    Only a few of the Victorian municipal baths, once the pride of Britain's big cities remain. In addition, hundreds of council pools built in the 1960s and 1970s are close to the end of their economic life span. Local Authorities are often faced with the difficult decisions to close pools with strong local opposition. In some cases these are buildings of historical and architectural importance.

    There are also considerable pressures on schools where the majority of pools were built in the 60s and early 70s, many to a poor standard. Schools face logistical problems, additional costs, health & safety issues and time and staff training issues in delivering the national curriculum. The Governments Building Schools for the Future programme, to rebuild or refurbish all secondary schools over a 15 year period may result in many existing pools not being refurbished or replaced5.

    4 DCMS Spending review 2004 5 Building Schools for the Future: Adding value with swimming. ASA.

    In contrast, the last decade saw a growing number of lottery funded swimming pools. Modern design, together with more attractive internal features and greater attention to customers needs has created a step change in pool provision. The Active Places database shows that since 1996 some 56% of the national stock has been built or benefited from some degree of refurbishment. However, the likelihood of significant lottery funding being available in the immediate future is doubtful.

    Partnership and Cooperation Careful consideration needs to be given to the overall justification and briefing for swimming provision.

    Schools, Local Education Authorities, health agencies and local government should seek to work with members of the wider community to