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Introduction to Makerspaces. Garages for innovation Stephen Carter Rutgers University scarter@rutgers.edu. A Rich History. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Introduction toMakerspacesGarages for innovation

Stephen CarterRutgers Universityscarter@rutgers.edu

INFORMATIONTECHNOLOGY Some of todays hottest companies were started in a garage or dorm room. Hewlett Packard, Microsoft, Apple, Facebook. Today these companies arent too worried about competing with each other. What keeps them up at night is the thought of what some geek is doing in some garage. We want to build a nation of garages.A Rich History INFORMATIONTECHNOLOGYMany Names, One MissionMakerspacesMakelabsMakerhoods (California)HackerspacesCreative SpacesFab Labs (New York)

INFORMATIONTECHNOLOGY A makerspace (also referred to as a hacklab, hackerspace or creative space) is a location where people with common interests, often in computers, technology, science, digital art or electronic art, can meet, socialize and/or collaborate. Makerspaces can be viewed as open community labs incorporating elements of machine shops, workshops carftshops, and/or studios where makers come together to share resources and knowledge to build and make things.Wikipedia Definition:What is a Makerspace?Every slideset must include a quote from Wikipedia INFORMATIONTECHNOLOGYHackerspace vs Makerspace?A Hackerspace historically was a location where people can repurpose items: i.e. take two toasters and a vacuum cleaner and turn it into a flying jetpack.

A Makerspace has emphasis on STEM, CAD, crafts, innovation, creativity and education. Making things.

INFORMATIONTECHNOLOGYSimple but complexTechnology, machinery, crafts,

. but its not just about the equipment.Makerspaces can take many forms

INFORMATIONTECHNOLOGYTo Provide the tools of Creativity

Makerspace goals are simple:

create, motivate, innovate. INFORMATIONTECHNOLOGYWhat goes on in Makerspaces? OPEN HOURSTimes when facility is open to its members/public for fabrication, experimentation, or fixing one's toaster. MEETUPSInformal seminars (i.e weekly) on some mutual topic of interest. Includes 30-60 minute, followed by experimentation. CHALLENGESOrganized competition in various topics. Many including commercial sponsorship and prizes. DISRUPTIVE EDUCATIONUsing makerspaces as the vehicle for advanced educational strategies, i.e. learn by doing.

Not just Pop-tarts and Cheetos

MIT Power Wheels Racing at New Yorks Maker Faire every September. INFORMATIONTECHNOLOGYHigh Schoolers in a Hopewell BarnNew Jersey help paved the wayThe RESISTORS - Radically Emphatic Students Interested in Science, Technology and Other Research Subjects was one of the first computer clubs in the United States, meeting in the sixties and seventies in a Hopewell Barn in central New Jersey. The group of computer geeks (mostly teen students at Hopewell Valley Central High School) formed in 1966 to play with electronics, write primitive code, talk about the future of computing, and protest bad science education. Publicly SupportedR.E.S.I.S.T.O.R.S formed in 1966

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Most makerspaces today are electronic / IT centric. Equipment supported includes 3d printers, laser cutters, micro-controllers (Arduino), electronics and robotics.Makeup of a Makerspace?Most Makerspaces have common equipment base INFORMATIONTECHNOLOGYAdvanced ManufacturingRenewable Energy and SustainabilityLife Science and Bio Arts and FashionCommercial KitchensBut AlsoMakerspaces emerging in new focus areas

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Rapid PrototypingAllowing small business and entrepreneurs to compete with Fortune 500 companies. Some examples:

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STEM students interested in entrepreneurship.PrototypingPeer to Peer NetworkingGateway to start-upsAnd EntrepreneurshipMakerspaces and Entrepreneurship, perfect together

INFORMATIONTECHNOLOGYDIY RevolutionPerhaps the next bubble?A new era of entrepreneurship and innovation that promises to reinvent business models and manufacturing.

A world where anyone can make almost anything where an individual can be a one-man corporation with global distribution.

INFORMATIONTECHNOLOGYPublicly SupportedMembership Supported (Private)Types of MakerspacesTypically a group of like-minded individuals forming a 501c3 supported by membership dues ($25-$100 per month). Pays rental of space (garage/warehouse), insurance, and basic equipment. Loosely organized.

A makerspace at a university, k-12, library, museum, etc. Supported by grants, foundations, donations, public funds.

Also membership based, but designed for profit. Usually large with broad base of equipment, classes and membership plans. Publicly Supported

Commercial INFORMATIONTECHNOLOGY

Corporate PartnershipsMany examples happening now:Located in California, Texas, Michigan, and Pennsylvania, the TechShop chain is a membership-based project workshop that provides member access to tools, equipment, instruction and a community of creative and supportive people who can help you build the things you've always wanted to make.http://www.techshop.ws

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Corporate PartnershipsLowes/TechShop Austin facility is 17,000 square feet: INFORMATIONTECHNOLOGYCommercial InvestmentNextFabs Philadelphia facility is 21,000 square feet:

Over $4m in equipment3D Printers, laser, textiles, electronicsCAD, CNC & traditional machineryFlow Jet, bio wetlab, paint booth, photographyAlso entrepreneurship offices for rent INFORMATIONTECHNOLOGYa guy with a full garage Surplus machinery moves to a historic theatreIndustrial equipment maintenance and repair guy starts workshop for artists, craftsman, and innovators in an old Collingswood theatre helping to bring craftsmanship back to the US.

INFORMATIONTECHNOLOGYDetroit Public LibraryMilwaukee Public LibraryWest Port, CT LibraryGreat for Libraries!Cleveland Public Library

INFORMATIONTECHNOLOGYSponsorship - Recruit sponsors for events, allowing tech and other companies to invest in single or ongoing programmatic efforts in areas of most interest to the community.Revenue Opportunities - Create new ways to fund operations based upon the corporate sponsors that reflect the type of space created.Mentorship Promote mentoring, allowing mentors to share expertise and knowledge with others in their community.Resources In addition to traditional access to computers and internet, may also include code repositories, APIs, software and other resources to facilitate learning.Community Innovation - Library makerspaces can be centers for community innovation to occur, bringing in outside ideas, and circulating new ideas within existing community leaders.Incubation - Library makerspaces can be centers of business incubation, providing a an environment for ideas to take root and the resources they need to actually become businesses, creating desperately needed jobs in communities.

Opportunities for Libraries INFORMATIONTECHNOLOGY

and for the next generation!

MIT Mobile Fab Lab

INFORMATIONTECHNOLOGYPublic Supported:Rutgers University (2)Newark MuseumPiscataway LibraryMonroe Twp LibraryBridgeton DigifactorMembership Supported:Fubar LabsTrenton AtelierInstitute for Exploratory ResearchHoboken MakerbarHive 4A (Allentown, PA)NextFab (Philadelphia)The FactorySoHa SmartNJs Makerspaces aregaining momentum!

INFORMATIONTECHNOLOGYhttp://www.njmakerspace.org

INFORMATIONTECHNOLOGYBased at Rutgers University, the New Jersey Makerspace Association will: Encourage collaboration and partnerships among New Jersey's makerspaces - both member based and publicly supported;Provide technical guidance and consultation for K-12 and other public entities (i.e. libraries) wishing to create new spaces; Seek grant opportunities for equipment and events (i.e. MakerFaires); Promote makerspaces to our elected representatives; Create curriculum for educational related activities.Goals of New Jersey Makerspace Association INFORMATIONTECHNOLOGYhttp://www.njmakerspace.org

Current Funding InitiativesBase Operations (staff to assist new projects)Curriculum Development (distributed to NJs Makerspaces)EquipmentPrivate Foundations, State/Federal, In-Kind Donations INFORMATIONTECHNOLOGYThe importance of playJUST DO IT.We encourage everyone to start making in your communities and schools. Create something of your own imagination. The thought of starting a makerspace can be daunting. Finding space, funding and selecting equipment, engaging the public, recruiting mentors and staff, liability, etc.

is here to help. Publicly Supported

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Questions?Let us know your ideas!

Drop me a note! scarter@rutgers.edu INFORMATIONTECHNOLOGY