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  • 39th SCOR EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE MEETING Beijing, China 20-22 October 2009

    SCOR Proceedings Volume 52 Sopot, Poland September 2016


    September 2016 September 2018 President: Dr. Marie-Alexandrine Sicre CNRS, LOCEAN Tour 46-00, 5eme tage 4 place Jussieu 75252 Paris Cedex 05 FRANCE E-mail: Secretary: Dr. Corina Brussaard Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, NIOZ PO Box 59 1790 AB Den Burg, Texel, THE NETHERLANDS E-mail: Past President: Prof. Peter Burkill Mount Clogg Farm Shaugh Prior Plymouth PL7 5HA UNITED KINGDOM E-mail: Vice-Presidents: Dr. Sergey Shapovalov P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology 36 Nakhimovsky ave Moscow, 117997 RUSSIA Dr. Sun Song Institute of Oceanology Chinese Academy of Sciences 7 Nanhai Road Qingdao, 266071 PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA Dr. Ilana Wainer University of So Paulo praca do Oceanografico 191 So Paulo, SP, 05508-120 BRAZIL

    Ex-Officio Members: Dr. Mark J. Costello (IABO) Leigh Marine Laboratory University of Auckland PO Box 349 Warkworth 0941 NEW ZEALAND E-mail : Dr. Denise Smythe-Wright (IAPSO) National Oceanography Centre European Way Southampton, Hampshire, SO14 3ZH UNITED KINGDOM Dr. John Turner (IAMAS) British Antarctic Survey High Cross, Madingley Road Cambridge, CB3 0ET UNITED KINGDOM Co-opted Members: Dr. Wajih Naqvi Director CSIR-National Institute of Oceanography Dona Paula, Goa 403 004 INDIA E-mail: SCOR Secretariat: Edward R. Urban, Jr., Executive Director College of Marine and Earth Studies Robinson Hall University of Delaware Newark, DE 19716 USA Tel: +1-302-831-7011 E-mail:

  • ISSN 0253-2808




    June 2017 Newark, DE USA

  • Support for SCOR activities (including international project offices and in-kind support) in 2016 came from the membership contributions of national SCOR committees and from the following organizations and agencies:

    Agouron Institute British Oceanographic Data Centre Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (France) Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS) at the University of Tasmania Institute of Oceanology, Polish Academy of Sciences Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme National Aeronautics and Space Administration (USA) National Science Foundation (USA), Division of Atmospheric and Geospace Sciences National Science Foundation (USA), Division of Ocean Sciences National Science Foundation (USA), Office of Polar Programs Natural Environment Research Council (UK) Urban Coast Institute (Monmouth University, New Jersey USA) and the Program for the Human Environment (The Rockefeller University, New York USA).

    Additional copies of this publication are available from: SCOR College of Earth, Ocean and Environment 003 Robinson Hall University of Delaware Newark, DE 19716 USA Tel: +1-302-831-7011, Fax: +1-302-831-7012, Internet: This report is available in pdf format at


    Table of Contents

    1.0 INTRODUCTION 1 1.1 Opening Remarks and Administrative Arrangements, 1 1.2 Approval of the Agenda, 1 1.3 Report of the SCOR President, 1 1.4 Report of the SCOR Executive Director, 2 1.5 Appointment of an Ad Hoc Finance Committee, 3 1.6 2016 Elections for SCOR Officers, 3

    2.0 WORKING GROUPS 4 2.1 Current Working Groups, 4 2.2 Working Group Proposals, 9

    3.0 LARGE-SCALE OCEAN RESEARCH PROJECTS 18 3.1 SCOR/Future Earth Integrated Marine Biogeochemistry and Ecosystem Research

    (IMBER) Project, 19 3.2 GEOTRACES, 20 3.3 SCOR/Future Earth/WCRP/iCACGP Surface Ocean Lower Atmosphere Study

    (SOLAS), 22 3.4 SCOR/POGO International Quiet Ocean Experiment, 23 3.5 SCOR/IOC/IOGOOS Second International Indian Ocean Expedition (IIOE-2), 24


    4.1 SCOR/IOC International Ocean Carbon Coordination Project (IOCCP), 25 4.2 SCAR/SCOR Southern Ocean Observing System (SOOS), 25 4.3 IAPWS/SCOR/IAPSO Joint Committee on Seawater, 27 4.4 GlobalHAB, 27 4.5 Workshop on Seafloor Ecosystem Functions and their Role in Global Processes, 27

    5.0 CAPACITY-BUILDING ACTIVITIES 28 5.1 SCOR Committee on Capacity Building, 28 5.2 SCOR Visiting Scholars, 28 5.3 POGO-SCOR Visiting Fellowships for Oceanographic Observations, 29 5.4 NSF Travel Support for Developing Country Scientists, 29 6.0 RELATIONS WITH INTERGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS 29

    6.1 Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, 29 6.2 Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection

    (GESAMP), 30 6.3 North Pacific Marine Science Organization (PICES), 31

    7.0 RELATIONS WITH NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS 31 7.1 International Council for Science, 31 7.2 Affiliated Organizations, 34 7.3 Affiliated Programs, 37

  • 7.4 Other Organizations, 38

    8.0 ORGANIZATION AND FINANCE 39 8.1 Membership, 39 8.2 Publications Arising from SCOR Activities, 39 8.3 Finances, 39 9.0 SCOR-RELATED MEETINGS 41

    9.1 SCOR Annual Meetings, 41 APPENDICES Appendix 1 Participants, 43 Appendix 2 Special Session on Polish Marine Science, 49 Appendix 3 Agenda, 50 Appendix 4 Proposal for a Working Group on Iron Model Intercomparison Project (FEMIP), 54 Appendix 5 - Proposal for a Working Group on Measuring Essential Climate Variables in Sea

    Ice, 65 Appendix 6 Integrated Marine Biogeochemistry and Ecosystems Research (IMBER) Project, 77 Appendix 7 Surface Ocean Lower Atmosphere Study (SOLAS), 101 Appendix 8 GEOTRACES, 127 Appendix 9 International Quiet Ocean Experiment (IQOE), 148 Appendix 10 Second International Indian Ocean Expedition (IIOE-2), 150 Appendix 11 - 2015 Audited SCOR Income and Expenses Statement, 152 Appendix 12 SCOR-Related Meetings (2016-2018), 153

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    5-7 September 2016 1.0 OPENING 1.1 Opening Remarks and Administrative Arrangements Peter Burkill opened the meeting by welcoming the participants (see Appendix 1), then introduced Janusz Pempkowiak, the chair of the Polish SCOR Committee and director of the Institute of Oceanology of the Polish Academy of Sciences (IOPAN), which hosted the meeting. Pempkowiak welcomed people and thanked SCOR for coming to Sopot. He noted that Prof. Pinski, the former chair of the Polish SCOR Committee had issued the invitation for the meeting. Pinski said it was an honor for the Polish SCOR Committee to host an annual SCOR meeting. The idea developed a few years ago, when Ed Urban was attending a meeting at the institute and also met with the Polish SCOR Committee. Pinski noted that the Polish ocean science committee are conducted good research. He stated that Gdansk was a Hansa city. The Polish SCOR Committee has a democratic structure for elections and is governed by an 8-person steering committee that meets twice each year. The committee is in charge of oceanographic journal Oceanologia and the heads of the sections organize conferences. IOPAN Deputy Director Pazdro provided information about the institute. IOPAN has 180 employees, including 30 professors. About 50 young scientists are doing Ph.D. studies at IOPAN. Their research vessel Oceania spends 250 days at sea in the European Arctic seas and the Baltic Sea. Burkill gave an introduction to the meeting. Much of the discussion will be on working group proposals. We received 11 proposals for new groups. SCOR is evolving and two SCOR projects (IMBER and SOLAS) have become co-sponsored by Future Earth. ICSU has reviewed SCOR and we only recently received the review report. The SCOR Executive Committee will take responsibility for drafting the response. Burkill welcomed representatives of projects and partner organizations. He memorialized John Knauss (USA), Harry Elderfield (UK), Roland Schlich (France), and Czeslaw Druet (Poland). Pempkowiak added some memories about Druet, who organized IOPAN and the Polish SCOR Committee. Burkill asked for applause for the deceased scientists who had contributed to SCOR, to recognize their contributions. Two special events were arranged by the local hosts: (1) an evening banquet for participants at the Solidarity Museum (see,Jezyk,pid,2,lang,2.html) and (2) a special session on Polish marine science (see Appendix 2). 1.2 Approval of the Agenda Additions or modifications to the agenda as distributed may be suggested prior to approval of the final version. No changes were requested. 1.3 Report of the President of SCOR Peter Burkill reviewed his activities for SCOR since the SCOR Executive Committee Meeting in December 2015 in Goa, India. His most important activity was to work with the Executive Director, on a virtually