sejarah, pemberontakan dan komunisme

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  • 7/23/2019 Sejarah, Pemberontakan Dan Komunisme

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    Zoyo} Hcqokic

    3

    Uom4 uuu+zoyo}hcqokic+ul}iz}oqq+aln

    Oncb`4 n}+hcqokicJencb`+aln

    Qodc}cg, Zonmo}lkychck ick Hlnukbqno

    Ic`cn qomucg ncqrc}chcy qodcyb ybich ml`og cic rcke hcrc ncuzuk nbqhbk+ L}cke rcke mo}gcqb` nonzo}l`og

    yo}`c`u mckrch gckrc chck nokromcmhck l}cke `cbk hohu}ckeck+

    F}ckalbq Klo` Mcgo}uf

    Zo}yokecgck ycguk =::3, }bmuck l}cke nokegcicke b}bke.b}bkeck rcke gokich nokeumu}hck honmc`b

    yu`cke.mo`u`cke qckch ho`uc}ec hl}mck 326? rcke ibmukug ick ibhumu}hck qoac}c ncqqc` ib Ulklqlml

    zcic 3267+ Zokl`chck c}ec Hc`l}ck, Yonckeeuke, Dcc Yokecg hc}okc ico}cg byu zo}kcg nokdcib mcqbqZHB+ Uc}ec ioqc y}cunc ick hucyb} cac}c zokeumu}ck honmc`b byu chck nonmckehbyhck honmc`b ZHB ib

    ico}cgkrc+3

    Zonmukugck hcun hlnukbq ick rcke ibckeecz hlnukbq hc}okc ibduqybfbhcqb qomcecb zo`chu zonmukugck cycq okcn dokio}c` ick qcyu zo}b}c nokoecg Ckehcyck Ic}cy rcke yo}dcib zcic

    yckeec` 3 Lhylmo} 326?+ Zonmukugck yo}qomuy mckrch nokromcmhck l}cke mukehcn, yoyczbzonmukugck rcke yo}dcib zcic yckeec` 3 Lhylmo} ibhuyuh ho}cq+ Qonuc zo}bqybc ib ycguk 326?

    ib`bnzcghck qonuc hoqc`cgckkrc hozcic hcun hlnukbq+ Zokecib`ck qcnc qohc`b ybichnonuyuqhck+ Gckrc hozuyuqck zl`bybh NZ]Q rcke cic+ Yo}yucke ic`cn YCZ

    NZ]QWWVB32664 ZHB ib`c}cke, ibgc}cnhck nonmcac ick nokromc}hck nc}wbqno.`okbkbqno+

    Hozuyuqck zl`bybh NZ]Q nokec`cghck z}bkqbz guhun+ Ib nckc.nckc l}cke ibdom`lqhck ic`cn zokdc}c

    yckzc no`c`ub z}lqoq zokecib`ck+ Czc no}ohc qohcic} qbnzcybqck cycu mokc}.mokc} ckeelyc Zc}ycb

    Hlnukbq Bkilkoqbc+ Yo}dcib zokeuab`ck gbkeec ho ho`uc}ec, zokeohckeck yo}gcicz homomcqck ckch

    auaukrc+ Gch zokiczcykrc yo}cnzcq+ Cic hoybichcib`ck hc}okc guhun ych zo}kcg ibgl}ncyb+

    No}ohc nokiczcy qybenc ybich nckuqbcb+ Hcun hlnukbq yo}qomuy qomcecb cyobq, zonmo}lkych,

    nchc} ick qoyo}uqkrc+ L}cke nokeckeecz mokc} mo`chc+ Qlc`krc cic qodc}cg rcke ibmucyzokeucqc L}io Mc}u rcke nonmokyuh homokc}ck yukeec`+ Gcqb`krc, l}cke ybich `ceb mo}mbac}chohodcnck ic}b ozb`le zo}bqybc Eo}chck 1: Qozyonmo}, zonmukugck cycq }cyuqck }bmu nckuqbc

    Bkilkoqbc+ L}cke gckrc mo}mbac}c zonmukugck okcn dokio}c` ib Dchc}yc ick ZHB, ibckeeczmokc} qomcecb zo`chukrc+

    =

    3 No}ohcn Qbqb Gbycn Qomucg Mckeqc,Hlnzcq, 3 Ceuqyuq =::1+= Ku} Hgl`bh ]bick+ Y}ceoib 6?8 Eoko}cqb Mc}u ick ]ohlkqb`bcqb,Hlnzcq, 1: Qozyonmo} =::1+

  • 7/23/2019 Sejarah, Pemberontakan Dan Komunisme

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    Zoyo} Hcqokic

    =

    Uom4 uuu+zoyo}hcqokic+ul}iz}oqq+aln

    Oncb`4 n}+hcqokicJencb`+aln

    Iukbc chcionbq ml`og dcib ybich nuicg ukyuh ibdckehcu l`og goeonlkb zokeoycguck rcke ibzchqchck

    l`og zokeucqc+ Mbcqckrc zc}c b`nucck mo}qbfcy h}bybq ick qo`c`u nokukyuy qoec`c ncacn zo}yckeeuke.

    dccmck chcionbq ick ycnzb` iokeck qoec`c dokbq euecyck no}ohc+ Hc`cu ionbhbck zokeucqc nukehbk ib

    hc`ckeck ncqrc}chcy }cncb+ Yoyczb ncqc`cgkrc, ncqrc}chcy cic`cg b`crcg yo}dcibkrc qoec`c ncacn

    zonmokyu}ck kb`cb ick zokeoycguck+ Zo}`cckck qo`c`u yo}dcib ic`cn nokegciczb qoec`c ncacn al}chgoeonlkb+

    Qoyo`cg Qlogc}yl `okeqo} hoz}cmlk yo}dcib mo}mcecb euecyck zuk ib`ckac}chck cycq hocmqcgck

    }ohlkqy}uhqb zo}bqybc E 1: Q ick mo}ib}bkrc L}io Mc}u+ Euecyck bkb mo}ycnmcg gomcy qoyo`cg momo}czc

    ylhlg rcke ibckeecz ick yo}muhyb yo}`bmcy ic`cn zo}bqybc rcke y}cebq byu ibmomcqhck ick ibzokdc}c+

    No}ohc zuk nokiczcy zokiokec} rcke qckecy bkebk nokiczcyhck hoqchqbck no}ohc+ Qoyo`cg qohbck `cnc

    nokiczcyhck hoqchqbck rcke mo}qunmo} ic}b zbgch rcke nokcke+ Ncqrc}chcy duec bkebk nokiokec}

    hoqchqbck ic}b no}ohc rcke yo`cg ibhc`cghck, hobkebkck bkb mo}ycnmcg hucy hc}okc rcke nokcke byu hbkb

    zuk yo`cg hogb`ckeck qoec`c gc` rcke zo}kcg nonmckeechck+ Hbkb l}cke mbqc nonmckibkehck+ Cic mckrch bky}oz}oycqb ick vo}qb+ Hcun hlnukbq ybich `ceb qcyu.qcyukrc `crch yo}yuiug noqhb nonb`bhb

    hoqc`cgck+1

    Qodc}cg }oqnb nokrcychck mcgc ic`cn zo}dc`ckck mckeqc Bkilkoqbc, hcun hlnukbq yo`cg no`chuhck

    ybec hc`b zo}mucyck nchc}+9

    Hc}okc byu hcun hlnukbq nonzo}l`og qybenc qomcecb zonmo}lkychck rcke

    `crch nonzo}l`og zo}ck ic`cn zokycq zl`bybh yckzc mo}uqcgc nokdo`cqhck chc}.chc} ncqc`cg ick

    hlkyohqkrc+ Ic`cn }ckehc byu cechkrc mo}eukc nokecduhck zo}yckrcck4 Czc mokc} no}ohc rcke

    nonmo}lkych< Hc`cu mokc}, nokeczc no}ohc nonmo}lkych< Iokeck ac}c bkb hbyc nonzo}l`og nckfccy

    ukyuh hbkb ick nokicycke+

    Ncquhkrc Hlnukbqno

    Goki}bauq Dlqozguq F}ckabqauq Nc}bo Qkoov`boy, G+N+ Iohho}, mo}qcnc iokeck M}ckiqyoio} nokib}bhck

    Bkibqaybo Qlabcc` Ionlh}cybqaybo Vo}okbebke zcic mu`ck Nob 3239+ Ic`cn ycguk 323?, BQIV

    nokro`okeec}chck hlke}oqkrc rcke zo}ycnc+ Zcic chyu byu do`cq ycnzch iuc c`b}ck }ovl`uqblko},

    zo}ycnc ib mccg zbnzbkck Qkoov`by, ick rcke hoiuc cic`cg c`b}ck }ovl`uqblko} ib mccg Qagluynck+

    Qagluynck mo}zokiczcy mcgc qlqbc`bqno mo`un ybmc qccykrc ibqomc}hck ib hc`ckeck zo}hunzu`ck.

    zo}hunzu`ck ib Bkilkoqbc+ Hc`cu ibqomc}hck qohc}cke, nc`cg chck nokbnmu`hck zonmo}lkychck, hc}okc

    no}ohc mo`un ncqch+ Qccy qohc}cke qlqbc`bqno gckrc ml`og ibqomc}hck ho yokecg.yokecgqyuir a`um qcdc+

    Qkoov`bby nokokycke zokiczcy bkb+ Bc mo}yckrc hozcic Qonclk ib ic`cn hlke}oq, l}cke Bkilkoqbc qcyu.

    qcyukrc rcke bhuy nokdccm mcgc l}cke Bkilkoqbc quicg qcic} hc}okc no}ohc nonmcrc} zcdch+ No}ohc

    1 Ycufbh Cmiu``cg+ Zo}moicck Qodc}cg ick Y}ceoib 326?, Qodc}cg, Kl+ 9, =:::+9 Qoh}oyc}bcy Koec}c ]B+ Eo}chck 1: Qozyonmo} 326?, Zonmo}lkychck Hlnukbq Bkilkoqbc4 @cyc} Mo`chcke, Chqbick Zokunzcqckkrc+ Dchc}yc4 Qohkoe ]B, 322?+

  • 7/23/2019 Sejarah, Pemberontakan Dan Komunisme

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    Zoyo} Hcqokic

    1

    Uom4 uuu+zoyo}hcqokic+ul}iz}oqq+aln

    Oncb`4 n}+hcqokicJencb`+aln

    qo`c`u mo}yckrc, ukyuh czc nonmcrc} zcdch ick zo}yckrcck qlqbc`bqno ho yokecg.yokecg l}cke Bkilkoqbc+

    Ick dbhc Bkilkoqbc quicg mo}lkych, byu yckickrc hcnb quicg nc}cg+ Qbicke hlke}oq eonzc} hc}okckrc+

    Qomcebck ckeelyc hlke}oq ckeelyc.ckeelyc Mo`ckic ybich nokrlhlke Qkoov`by+ No}ohc ho`uc} qcyu zo}

    qcyu+? Hokicyb BQIV nchbk mckrch ckeelyckrc ick nchbk }cibhc` nc}wbqnokrc, yoyczb hu}cke ncnzu

    nokc}bh l}cke Bkilkoqbc, qogbkeec gckrc nonzo}l`og qoibhby iuhukeck ncqqc+ Zonbnzbk O}lzc byu

    nokrcic}b mcgc yckzc iuhukeck qoncacn byu, homo}gcqb`ck qucyu }ovl`uqb rcke mo}yuduck nonzo}l`oghono}oiohcck zl`bybh+ Iuhukeck qoncacn byu zo}`u ibiczcy ukyuh nonzo}l`cg mckyuck Bkilkoqbc mceb

    icqc} cdc}ck nc}wbqno rcke }ovl`uqblko} Zbnzbkck O}lzc nonmucy gumukeck iokeck zc}c zonbnzbk

    Bkilkoqbc rcke aokio}uke qlqbc`bqybq ic}b Qc}ohcy Bq`cn, yo}ecmuke ic`cn BQIV, ick iokeck zokug

    qonckecy nokc}bh ckeelyc BQIV+

    Mo}hcy gumukeck byu, Qkoov`by ick Mcc}q mo}gcqb` iokeck `o`ucqc mo}mbac}c ic`cn fl}un Hlke}oq QB,

    mcghck nokiczcy hoqonzcyck ukyuh nokrcdbhck z}cqc}ck qbicke.qbickekrc yokycke qlc`.qlc` zo}mu}ugck

    ick zono}bkycgck+ Hlkychkrc rcke o}cy iokeck hoyuc QB Qonc}cke, Qonclok, nonmo}bhck hoqonzcyck

    mcebkrc ukyuh mo}ao}cncg ic`cn hu}quq.hu}quq hcio}, qogbkeec BQIV chgb}krc mckrch nonzo}l`og zokebhuy ib ic`cn QB rcke nokabzychck hockeelycck eckic+ Mckrch ckeelyc nokro`ukiuz ho ic`cn

    yumug QB no}ckehcz nokdcib ckeelyc BQIV mcghck l}cke.l}cke qozo}yb Qonclok, Ic}qlkl, C`bnbk

    Z}cb}lib}idl ick Yck Nc`chc cic`cg qohc`beuq ylhlg ick zonbnzbk hoiuc l}eckbqcqb rcke qomokc}krc

    mo}`cbkck zcgcnkrc byu+6

    Zo}onmoqck ho ic`cn acmcke.acmcke Qc}ohcy Bq`cn iokeck nchqui nonzo}l`og iuhukeck ic}b ncqqc

    Bkilkoqbc+ Zo}cyu}ck zono}bkycg rcke nonchqc Qc}ohcy Bq`cn qoac}c l}eckbqcqb yo}zoacg mo`cg, qogbkeec

    hocicck.hocicck byu nonukehbkhck zonmomcqck yo}qomuy+ Hc}okc yohckck rcke nchbk mo}cy ic}b nchbk

    mckrchkrc acmcke QB rcke nchbk mo}l}bokycqb nc}wbq ick hc}okc ybich nonzukrcb qc}ckc rcke ofohybfukyuh nokibqbz`bkhck qonuc ukqu} rcke mo}moic.moic byu nchc zbnzbkck zuqcy QB `cnmcy `cuk yo}zchqc

    nokehlnz}lnbhck cdc}ck.cdc}ck Nlio}kbqno Bq`cn rcke qonu`c dcib zoilnckkrc, ickeck yuduck

    nc}wbqno rcke }ovl`uqblko}+ Zokec}ug yohckck byu iczcy ib `bgcy qodch mu`ck Lhylmo} 3235, iokeck

    z}le}cn rcke ibec}bqhck l`og hlke}oq kcqblkc` QB rcke hoiuc+ Mo}yl`ch mo`chcke ic}b yukyuyck qonu`c

    rchkb zono}bkycg qokib}b, z}le}cn bkb mo}yuduck ukyuh no}iohc, ick bkb nokukduhhck mcgc dbhc uqcgc.

    uqcgc yckzc hoho}cqck ukyuh nokaczcb yuduck bkb ybich nonmcc gcqb`, nukehbk zo}`u ibzchcb

    zokiohcyck `cbk+

    Qkoov`by ibycgck l`og zono}bkycg Gbkibc Mo`ckic ick ibzchqc nokbkeec`hck Bkilkoqbc zcic mu`ckIoqonmo} 3237, yoyczb bkb ybich nokeu}ckeb bkfb`y}cqb ckeelyc.ckeelyc BQIV mo}homckeqcck ib Bkilkoqbc

    ho ic`cn hoiuiuhck.hoiuiuhck hozonbnzbkck ib acmcke.acmcke nokeucqcb Qc}ohcy Bq`cn qoyonzcy+ Ib

    qcnzbke hohucyck ukqu}.ukqu} yo}qomuy nokbkehcy, no}ohc ncnzu nokeucqcb hlke}oq hoonzcy Qc}ohcy

    Bq`cn rcke mo}`ckequke zcic ycguk 3239, zcic chyu byu qo`u}ug ckeelyc QB quicg nokaczcb gcnzb} iuc

    ? Qlo Glh Ebo+ Ib Mccg @okyo}c No}cg+ Rlerchc}yc4 Mokycke Muicrc, 3222, g`n+ 5159+6 N+ Iccn ]cgc}idl+ Bq`cn Nokicruke ib Ckyc}c Iuc Hc}cke4 Qlqbc`bqcqb ick Hczbyc`bqno,Z}bqnc, Kl+ Ohqy}c,3279+

  • 7/23/2019 Sejarah, Pemberontakan Dan Komunisme

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    Zoyo} Hcqokic

    9

    Uom4 uuu+zoyo}hcqokic+ul}iz}oqq+aln

    Oncb`4 n}+hcqokicJencb`+aln

    qoyokecg duyc+ Noku}uyb zokl`chck zbnzbkck zuqcy QB zcic hlke}oq byu ukyuh noko}bnc uqu`.uqu` ohqy}bn

    el`lkeck Qonclok, mo}qcnc zbnzbkck.zbnzbkck `cbk BQIV, Qonclok mo}uqcgc noncquhhck

    l}eckbqcqbkrc ho ic`cn Zc}ycb Hlnukbq ib Gbkibc Mo`ckic cycu unun ibhokc` qomcecb ZHB+ Ic`cn zc}ycb

    mc}u rcke ibmokyuh ib hckyl} Qc}ohcy Bq`cn Qonc}cke zcic yckeec` =1 Nob 32=:, Qonclok yo}zb`bg

    qomcecb hoyuc, Ic}qlkl qomcecb chb` hoyuc, Mo}eqn