spwned - ibeacon technology

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This report lists the description, results and conclusion of the study to several indoor positioning technologies. This topic was initiated in the minor Mobile Application Development from the HAN University of Applied Sciences, Arnhem.The purpose of this study is to investigate different localization techniques and determine which technology produces the best results for indoor positioning.This report proposes the following hypothesis: "With beacons you can determine indoor location with deviations of less than ten percent of the actual distance, which makes an indoor navigation system with beacons a useful technology."@Copyright SPWNED 2014

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  • Research paper June 13, 2014

    2014

    PROJECT: INTERNET OF THINGS DENNIS ANDERSON, ERIC HORSTMANSHOF, NICK SCHELLEVIS, PETER XHOFLEER, SHIRLEY VERWEIJEN, WILLIAM RIJKSEN

    HAN UNIVERSITY OF APPLIED SCIENCES | Ruitenberglaan 26, Arnhem

  • June 13, 2014 Informatics

    General information Project period February 4th 2014 June 27th 2014 Name student Dennis Anderson E-mail d.anderson@student.han.nl Student number 495200

    Name student Eric Horstmanshof E-mail er.horstmanshof@student.han.nl Student number 511497

    Name student William Rijksen E-mail hw.rijksen@student.han.nl Student number 482025

    Name student Nick Schellevis E-mail n.schellevis@student.han.nl Student number 462693

    Name student Shirley Verweijen E-mail sklverweij@student.han.nl Student number 454877

    Name student Peter Xhofleer E-mail pm.xhofleer@student.han.nl Student number 465180

    Client Theo Theunissen E-mail theo.theunissen@han.nl School HAN University of Applied Sciences Location Ruitenberglaan 26, 6826 CC Arnhem

    Page 2 of 55

  • June 13, 2014 Informatics

    Versioning Version Date Name Change(s) 0.1 17-02-2014 Nick, Dennis Initial release

    0.2 21-02-2014 Process feedback Theo Theunissen

    0.3 31-03-2014 Nick Updated with research plan

    0.4 07-04-2014 Nick Added chapters and changed layout

    0.5 09-04-2014 Shirley Added sub question 7.

    0.6 14-04-2014 Nick Added sub question 6.

    0.7 16-04-2014 Nick Alternative order in document.

    0.8 23-04-2014 Nick & Shirley Process feedback Theo Theunissen. Added terminology list.

    0.9 07-05-2014 Nick Added sub question 10. Processed last of Theos feedback.

    0.10 07-05-2014 Shirley Added sub question 9.

    0.11 07-05-2014 Shirley Added introduction.

    0.12 12-05-2014 Nick Chapter 5.6 added.

    0.13 12-05-2014 Nick Chapter 5.3 updated to newest version.

    0.14 12-05-2014 Nick Chapter 5.4 added.

    0.15 14-05-2014 Shirley & Nick Processing feedback Theo. Processing internal feedback.

    0.16 19-05-2014 Shirley & Nick Added chapter Requirements for indoor positioning. Changed chapter order. Added numbers to images and tables.

    0.17 21-05-2014 Shirley Use of term beacon made consistent throughout document.

    0.18 26-05-2014 Shirley Chapter Why iBeacon technology added.

    0.19 02-06-2014 Nick Processing internal feedback. Added new version test results.

    0.20 04-06-2014 Nick Processed feedback Theo.

    0.21 10-06-2014 Nick Checked document again. Translated document to English.

    1.0 11-06-2014 Nick Finalized document.

    1.1 13-06-2014 Eric & Nick Some translation errors fixed.

    Page 3 of 55

  • June 13, 2014 Informatics

    Table of contents General information ................................................................................................................ 2

    Versioning .................................................................................................................................. 3

    1 Introduction ................................................................................................................... 6

    1.1 Over SPWNED (spawned) ........................................................................................ 6

    2 Problem .......................................................................................................................... 7

    3 Objective ....................................................................................................................... 7

    4 Hypothesis ...................................................................................................................... 7

    5 Questions ........................................................................................................................ 8

    5.1 What techniques are currently available for indoor positioning? ...................... 8

    5.1.1 Light Field Communication (LFC) .................................................................... 8

    5.1.2 Infrared (IR) ......................................................................................................... 9

    5.1.3 Radiofrequencies (RF) 865 MHz (UHF) 10.6 GHz (SHF) ................................ 9

    5.1.4 Dead-Reckoning .............................................................................................. 14

    5.2 What are the differences and similarities between the positioning techniques? ................................................................................................................................... 15

    5.2.1 Similarities .......................................................................................................... 15

    5.2.2 Differences ........................................................................................................ 15

    5.2.3 Summary ........................................................................................................... 16

    5.3 What are the advantages and disadvantages of the positioning techniques? ................................................................................................................................... 18

    5.3.1 Positive points ................................................................................................... 18

    5.3.2 Negative points ................................................................................................ 18

    5.4 Why iBeacon technology? .................................................................................... 21

    5.5 What is iBeacon technology? ............................................................................... 22

    5.6 How does iBeacon technology work? ................................................................. 23

    5.7 Test setup beacons ................................................................................................. 26

    5.7.1 Acceptance limit ............................................................................................. 26

    5.7.2 Delineation ........................................................................................................ 26

    5.7.3 Configurations .................................................................................................. 28

    5.7.4 Test environment .............................................................................................. 30

    5.8 Test results Beacons ................................................................................................. 33

    5.8.1 Operating system in combination with iBeacon technology ................... 33

    5.8.2 Effect of the interval on accuracy ................................................................ 35

    5.8.3 Effect of the power on accuracy .................................................................. 37

    5.8.4 Most accurate settings for Estimote Beacons .............................................. 40

    Page 4 of 55

  • June 13, 2014 Informatics

    5.8.5 Overall conclusion test results ........................................................................ 44

    5.9 What are the requirements for indoor positioning with iBeacon technology? .. ................................................................................................................................... 45

    5.9.1 Surroundings ..................................................................................................... 45

    5.9.2 Placement ........................................................................................................ 45

    5.9.3 Obstacles .......................................................................................................... 45

    5.9.4 Electronic devices and signals ....................................................................... 45

    5.9.5 Electric and magnetic radiation shielding materials .................................. 45

    5.9.6 Hardware requirements .................................................................................. 46

    5.9.7 Software requirements .................................................................................... 46

    5.10 What are the advantages and disadvantages of iBeacon technology for indoor positioning? ............................................................................................................. 47

    5.10.1 Advantages ...................................................................................................... 47

    5.10.2 Disadvantages ................................................................................................. 47

    5.11 What possibilities does precise indoor positioning using iBeacon technology provide? .............................................................................................................................. 48

    5.11.1 Retail .................................................................................................................. 48

    5.11.2 Other examples ................................................................................................ 49

    6 Conclusion ................................................................................................................... 50

    7 Recommendation ...................................................................................................... 50

    8 Definitions ..................................................................................................................... 51

    9 References .............................................................................................