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Surrealism Lauren Callegari Marah Maaita

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Page 1: Surrealism (3)

SurrealismLauren Callegari

Marah Maaita

Page 2: Surrealism (3)

What is Surrealism?

• An art movement where an artists goes into their subconscious to inspire their work.

• The artists wanted to expose the inner world of sexuality, desire, and violence

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How do you know if it is surreal?

• Out of place objects (juxtaposition)

• Unreal scenes

• Normal subjects acting abnormal

• Fantasy creatures

Time Transfixed by: Magritte

The Listening Room by: Magritte

Not To Be Reproduced by: Magritte The Elephant Celebes by: Ernst

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Freud-Influencer (1856-1939)

• Developed psychological theories on free association, dream analysis, and the unconscious mind.

• He helped artists to be able to go into their unconscious mind.

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Breton-Founder (1896-1966)

• Studied Freud's theories and applied it to his art.

• Started the surrealism movement in 1924.

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Dadaism Influence

• Started after World War I

• “Anti- art” or “nonart”

• Went against traditional art

• Violent, had an attitude against war, protest, and disgust of life

• Later it got to nonconformity, became dead

The root of surrealism, but surrealism is less violent

L.H.O.O.Q. by Marcel Duchamp, he added a mustache and goatee to the Mona Lisa to shift from the traditional art works

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Types

• Automatists: focused more on feelings and less on analyzing. Felt that the pictures should not be burdened with “meaning”.

• Veristics: allow images of the subconscious to emerge so they could be understood.

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Technique

• Frottage: put paper on a surface and rub over it to get the texture

• Grattage: scratching textures into painted surfaces.

• Decalcomania: wet paint is pressed onto a painting and then removed.

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Max Ernst (1891-1976)

• Invented frottage

• His work focuses on dream imagery, eroticism, symbolism, and politics.

• Used illusion and abstract

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The Elephant Celebes

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The Teetering Woman

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Monument To The Birds

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The Angel of Hearth And Home

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Joan Miro (1893-1983)

• His work was borderline abstract

• Childlike quality to his work

• Credited as the founder of automatism

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Carnival of Harlequin

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The Tilled Field

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Catalan Landscape (The Hunter)

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Still Life with Old Shoe

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Salvador Dali (1904-1989)

• Used hallucinatory characters

• Some of his work included sexual figures

• Colorful personality

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The Matador

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The Persistence Of Memory

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Apparition Of A Face And A Fruit Dish On A Beach

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Sleep

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Rene Magritte (1898-1967)

• Uses everyday images

• It is suspected that he hides the faces in his work because his mom was found dead with her dress covering her face.

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The Treachery of Images

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Not To Be Reproduced

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The Lovers

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The Son of Man

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Citations • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Time_Transfixed

• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Listening_Room

• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Not_to_be_Reproduced

• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Elephant_Celebes

• http://www.moma.org/explore/inside_out/2011/10/13/closing-the-gap-max-ernst-through-the-lens-of-the-lower-east-side/

• http://karskaya.com/?page_id=12&language=fr

• http://classes.yale.edu/fractals/panorama/art/decalcomania/decalcomania.html

• http://joshuaabelow.blogspot.com/2011/09/equivocal-woman-teetering-woman-1923.html

• http://www.actingoutpolitics.com/ernst-monument-to-birds/

• http://thebrainpolice.blogspot.com/2010_07_01_archive.html

• http://www.students.sbc.edu/evans06/presentation.htm

• http://joanmiro.com/

• http://www.fun-learning-spanish.com/miro.html

• http://clockwisecat.blogspot.com/2011/12/still-life-with-old-shoe.html

• http://madamepickwickartblog.com/2010/06/the-bull-lies-down-on-broadway/

• http://realitybitesartblog.blogspot.com/2011/01/bite-45-salvador-dali-persistence-of_25.html

• http://arthistory.about.com/od/from_exhibitions/ig/dali_retrospective/dali_pma_05_09.htm

• http://www.fantom-xp.com/wp_12__Sleep_-_Le_Sommeil_Salvador_Dali.html

• http://www.mattesonart.com/magritte-and-poe-strange-brew.aspx

• http://www.wikipaintings.org/en/rene-magritte/the-lovers-1928

• http://www.wikipaintings.org/en/rene-magritte/son-of-man-1964