the first bull run

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    The First Bull RunBattle

    (Manassas, Virginia)

    1861

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    Brigadier GeneralIrvin McDowell

    Union

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    Forces Engaged

    Total: 60,680

    Each Icon = 5000 soldiers

    Union

    28,450

    Confederate

    32,230

    Total Estimated Casualties

    4,878

    Union

    460 killed

    1,124 wounded

    1,312 missing & captured

    2,896 total

    Confederate

    387 killed

    1,582 wounded

    13 missing & captured

    1,982 total

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    McDowell gathered together the

    largest military force seen in

    America up to that time. 35,000

    inexperienced men marched

    towards Richmond.

    Beauregard had an army of

    nearly 22,000that gathered at

    Manassas Junction.

    Two-thirds of his men to make a diversionary frontal attack on Beauregards men

    at Bull Run while at the same time launching a surprise attack with a third of his

    army against and behind his right flank. McDowell planned to get behind

    Beauregards men and ensure that they could not retreat back to Richmond.

    The First Bull Run

    Battle

    McDowells plan

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    McDowells plan had one weakness. It had to be carried out accurately if it was to

    be successful. Each part of his army had a specific task to complete. For

    experienced combat officers, moving men around on the battlefield may have

    been a reasonably simple task. His inexperienced officers found it all too much.

    McDowell did not help his cause by delaying giving out his orders. This gave

    Beauregard time to establish his lines and consolidate his positions. This

    weakness contributed to the confederates victory in this battle.

    BUT!!

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    VIDEO TIME!

    2:24 4.50

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    Political Significance

    Results - Confederates 1 Union 0

    Major wake up call to the North. Union forces were

    routed by Beauregard forces in a day.

    It was an indication that this would be a long and

    bloody war and would require new leadership and

    improved training to prepare the federal troops forsustained action in the field.

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    The sun shone bright and clear that dayWe all left WashingtonTo lick the Rebel boys in grey

    At the Battle of Bull RunThey came from Pennsylvania and some fromMarylandTo see the Rebel boys get spanked by HonestAbes broad hand

    We said well run em to Atlanta and to Galveston

    Bay

    But they ran us back to Washington andPhiladelphiaAnd Philadelphia

    The ladies wore their brightest shawlsThe gentlemen were gayThey came to see their Yankee boys whip oldVirginiaI held my mommas hand and skipped

    When a soldier said to meWould you rather have Jeff Davis hat or the

    sword of Bobbie Lee

    We said well run em to Atlanta and to Galveston

    BayBut they ran us back to Washington andPhiladelphia

    And Philadelphia

    And then the general doffed his hat and said lets

    rest a spellAnd for the first time we all heard that awful rebel

    yellThe waters of Manassas Creek became a rubyredand many a Reb and Yankee boy lay in thewillows dead

    We said well run em to Atlanta and to GalvestonBayBut they run us back to Washington and

    PhiladelphiaAnd Philadelphia

    A fight locked in the chest of time too horrible totellVirginnys cool green countryside became a lakeof hellDont count your chicks before theyre hatched

    Or your work until its doneRemember yes remember long the Battle of BullRun

    We said well run em to Atlanta and to GalvestonBayBut they ran us back to Washington andPhiladelphia

    And Philadelphia

    Johnny Hor ton - Bat t le o f Bul l Run

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    Glossary

    Atlanta: City in Georgia (South)

    Galveston Bay: Large estuary located along the uppercoast of Texas in the United States. It is connected to the

    Gulf of Mexico

    Philadelphia: County in Pennsylvania