The Spirit of Community: Rights, Responsibilities and the Communitarian Agendaby Amitai Etzioni

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<ul><li><p>The Spirit of Community: Rights, Responsibilities and the Communitarian Agenda by AmitaiEtzioniReview by: Andrew J. PierreForeign Affairs, Vol. 72, No. 4 (Sep. - Oct., 1993), pp. 151-152Published by: Council on Foreign RelationsStable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20045724 .Accessed: 16/06/2014 11:07</p><p>Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms &amp; Conditions of Use, available at .http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p><p> .JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range ofcontent in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new formsof scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org.</p><p> .</p><p>Council on Foreign Relations is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extend access to ForeignAffairs.</p><p>http://www.jstor.org </p><p>This content downloaded from 62.122.73.17 on Mon, 16 Jun 2014 11:07:40 AMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/action/showPublisher?publisherCode=cfrhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/20045724?origin=JSTOR-pdfhttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsphttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>Recent Books </p><p>on International Relations </p><p>Political and Legal ANDREW J. PIERRE </p><p>Bridging the Gap: Theory and Practice in </p><p>Foreign Policy, by Alexander </p><p>george. Washington: United States </p><p>Institute of Peace Press, 1993,162 pp. </p><p>$24.95 (paper, $14.95). This gem of a book should be of com </p><p>pelling interest to the many in the foreign affairs community who have an interest in </p><p>both policy and theory. Only a seasoned </p><p>scholar who has also networked in the </p><p>policy arena, as has Alexander George, </p><p>could have written it. Bridging the Gap is a </p><p>well-chosen title. George addresses the </p><p>values and needs of the two cultures, academia and government, in their </p><p>respective searches for knowledge and </p><p>action. He suggests what might be differ </p><p>ent types of policy-relevant knowledge by </p><p>examining six strategies that the United </p><p>States pursued toward Iraq in 1988-91. All </p><p>but one of these were ineffective, he </p><p>argues, due to the weak knowledge base </p><p>underlying the strategy. The trick for </p><p>analysts is not only knowledge as such, </p><p>but its presentation in a </p><p>policy-relevant manner to the decision-maker, who often </p><p>must act on the basis of many still unfold </p><p>ing and unknown factors. </p><p>The Spirit of Community: Rights, Respon sibilities and the Communitarian Agen da, by AMiTAi ETZiONi. New York: </p><p>Crown Publishers, 1993,313 pp. $22.00. </p><p>This is a book for the 1990s. An eminent </p><p>sociologist and political thinker, Amitai Etzioni senses the pervasive </p><p>unease in </p><p>our present society and calls for a new </p><p>social movement based on the spirit and </p><p>action of community. The "communitari </p><p>an" approach he advocates involves </p><p>mutual obligations between parent and </p><p>child as well as moral education in </p><p>schools. It is an appealing vision that </p><p>seeks improvement in our social and </p><p>political environment, emphasizing </p><p>responsibilities to others as well as indi </p><p>vidual rights. Certainly, it is a far cry </p><p>from the "me first" philosophy of the </p><p>1980s. Yet Etzioni's imaginative thesis </p><p>falters when it comes to implementation. </p><p>Call for any book reviewed or advertised in Foreign Affairs </p><p>Every book reviewed or advertised in Foreign Affairs can now be ordered through Book Call. </p><p>Prompt shipment worldwide, express service available. Major credit cards welcome. Mailing </p><p>address: Foreign Affairs, c/o Book Call, 59 Elm Street, New Canaan, CT, U.S.A. 06840. </p><p>Call 1-800-255-2665. Worldwide: 203-966-5470. Fax: 203-966-4329. </p><p>[151] </p><p>This content downloaded from 62.122.73.17 on Mon, 16 Jun 2014 11:07:40 AMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>Recent Books </p><p>Here he calls for reforming American </p><p>politics by reducing the influence of spe cial interests, banning political action </p><p>committees, and a variety of measures to </p><p>reduce the corrupting flow of money in </p><p>politics. This is most desirable, but the </p><p>spread of "communitarianism" risks a </p><p>slow start if it is depends on first trans </p><p>forming the political system. </p><p>National Identity, by Anthony d. </p><p>smith. Reno (NV): University of Nevada Press, 1991,198 pp. $29.95 </p><p>(paper, $12.95). Nations Without Nationalism, by julia </p><p>kristeva. New York: Columbia </p><p>University Press, 1993,102 pp. $18.50. We have entered a period of renewed </p><p>nationalism and ethnic conflict in the </p><p>post-Cold War world. But what exactly is </p><p>nationalism? Anthony Smith, a British </p><p>sociologist, is a longtime student of this </p><p>question. His latest book, examining the </p><p>nature, causes and consequences of </p><p>national identity, could not be more rele </p><p>vant to our times. Nations and national </p><p>ism, he argues, are not simply political bodies and ideology, but cultural phe nomena. They are multidimensional and </p><p>encompass language, sentiments and </p><p>symbolism. Thus the Basques, Kurds and </p><p>Tamils form a clear national identity even </p><p>without a state of their own, recognition of which contributes to turmoil and con </p><p>flict. Julia Kristeva addresses the question from quite another perspective, that of a </p><p>French psychoanalyst and linguistics expert. She writes about people's feelings of "otherness" or "strangeness." When </p><p>confronted with an environment different </p><p>from their own, they withdraw into their </p><p>familiar ethnicity. Nationalism then </p><p>becomes a form of "defensive hatred" and, in her thinking, is associated with jingo </p><p>ism, skinheads and extremes. In this </p><p>short, very personal essay she appeals for a </p><p>cosmopolitanism that transcends today's more virulent forms of nationalism. </p><p>The Promises We Keep: Human Rights, the Helsinki Process and American Foreign </p><p>Policy, by William KOREY. New York: </p><p>St. Martin's Press, 1993,518 pp. $45.00. This is a long, detailed and knowledge able history of the Helsinki process, from the origins of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe to the recent </p><p>past. The author, who served for many </p><p>years as Director of International Policy Research at B'nai B'rith, concentrates </p><p>almost wholly on the human rights com </p><p>ponent of the process; the important eco </p><p>nomic and security dimensions will be </p><p>the work of another author. He tells the </p><p>story extremely well, having closely fol </p><p>lowed the issues through the years and </p><p>been personally acquainted with many of </p><p>the participants. Initially the United </p><p>States was quite skeptical and played a </p><p>passive role in the Helsinki process, Sec </p><p>retary of State Kissinger viewing it as </p><p>either inconsequential or a Soviet ploy. But its value as an instrument with which </p><p>to press for improved human rights in the </p><p>Soviet Union and Eastern Europe even </p><p>tually made for a turnaround in the </p><p>American approach. How this came </p><p>about is at the heart of this tale. </p><p>Multilateralism Matters: The Theory and </p><p>Praxis of an Institutional Form, edited </p><p>BY JOHN GERARD RUGGIE. NewYork: </p><p>Columbia University Press, 1993, 474 </p><p>pp. $60.00. </p><p>[152] FOREIGN AFFAIRS Volume72No.4 </p><p>This content downloaded from 62.122.73.17 on Mon, 16 Jun 2014 11:07:40 AMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p><p>Article Contentsp. 151p. 152</p><p>Issue Table of ContentsForeign Affairs, Vol. 72, No. 4 (Sep. - Oct., 1993), pp. I-VI, 1-194Front MatterEditor's Note [pp. V-VI]Comments: Responses to Samuel P. Huntington's "The Clash of Civilizations?"The Summoning: 'But They Said, We Will Not Hearken' [pp. 2-9]The Dangers of Decadence: What the Rest Can Teach the West [pp. 10-14]The Case for Optimism: The West Should Believe in Itself [pp. 15-18]Civilization Grafting: No Culture Is an Island [pp. 19-21]The Modernizing Imperative: Tradition and Change [pp. 22-26]</p><p>EssaysBuilding a New NATO [pp. 28-40]The Collapse of 'The West' [pp. 41-53]Japan's Non-Revolution [pp. 54-65]Can NAFTA Change Mexico? [pp. 66-80]Oil: Reopening the Door [pp. 81-93]The Battle for Egypt [pp. 94-107]Freedom and Its Discontents [pp. 108-125]Holding Together South Africa [pp. 126-136]</p><p>ReviewsReview EssayReview: Playing a Good Hand: The Secrets of Shultz's Success [pp. 138-143]Review: The End of Churchillmania? Reappraising the Legend [pp. 144-150]</p><p>Recent Books on International RelationsPolitical and LegalReview: untitled [p. 151-151]Review: untitled [pp. 151-152]Review: untitled [p. 152-152]Review: untitled [p. 152-152]Review: untitled [pp. 152-153]Review: untitled [p. 153-153]Review: untitled [pp. 153-154]</p><p>Military, Scientific and TechnologicalReview: untitled [p. 154-154]Review: untitled [pp. 154-155]Review: untitled [p. 155-155]Review: untitled [pp. 155-156]Review: untitled [p. 156-156]Review: untitled [p. 156-156]Review: untitled [p. 156-156]Review: untitled [pp. 156-157]</p><p>Economic, Social and EnvironmentalReview: untitled [p. 157-157]Review: untitled [pp. 157-158]Review: untitled [p. 158-158]Review: untitled [pp. 158-159]Review: untitled [p. 159-159]Review: untitled [p. 159-159]Review: untitled [p. 159-159]</p><p>The United StatesReview: untitled [p. 160-160]Review: untitled [pp. 160-161]Review: untitled [p. 161-161]</p><p>Western EuropeReview: untitled [pp. 161-162]Review: untitled [p. 162-162]Review: untitled [pp. 162-163]Review: untitled [p. 163-163]Review: untitled [p. 163-163]Review: untitled [p. 163-163]Review: untitled [pp. 163-164]Review: untitled [p. 164-164]</p><p>Western HemisphereReview: untitled [pp. 164-165]Review: untitled [p. 165-165]Review: untitled [pp. 165-166]Review: untitled [p. 166-166]Review: untitled [pp. 166-167]</p><p>Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet RepublicsReview: untitled [p. 167-167]Review: untitled [p. 168-168]Review: untitled [p. 168-168]Review: untitled [p. 168-168]Review: untitled [pp. 168-169]Review: untitled [p. 169-169]Review: untitled [pp. 169-170]Review: untitled [p. 170-170]Review: untitled [p. 170-170]Review: untitled [pp. 170-171]</p><p>Middle EastReview: untitled [pp. 171-172]Review: untitled [p. 172-172]Review: untitled [p. 172-172]Review: untitled [pp. 172-173]Review: untitled [p. 173-173]Review: untitled [p. 173-173]Review: untitled [pp. 173-174]Review: untitled [p. 174-174]Review: untitled [p. 174-174]Review: untitled [p. 175-175]Review: untitled [p. 175-175]Review: untitled [p. 175-175]Review: untitled [p. 175-175]Review: untitled [p. 175-175]</p><p>Asia and the PacificReview: untitled [p. 176-176]Review: untitled [p. 176-176]Review: untitled [pp. 176-177]Review: untitled [p. 177-177]Review: untitled [pp. 177-178]</p><p>AfricaReview: untitled [p. 178-178]Review: untitled [p. 178-178]Review: untitled [pp. 178-179]Review: untitled [p. 179-179]Review: untitled [pp. 179-180]Review: untitled [p. 180-180]</p><p>Letters to the EditorAmerica's Sword Remains Sharp from William E. Colby [pp. 181-182]Kiev &amp; the Bomb: Ukrainians Reply [pp. 183-186]Ukraine's Poison Pill [pp. 186-187]Trade Policy: Myths of Altruism [pp. 187-189]Yugoslavia: Invitation to Waffle [pp. 189-190]Kurds Are Turks Too [pp. 190-191]The Casual Use of Casualties [pp. 191-193]</p><p>Back Matter</p></li></ul>