wilson & the peace treaty notes 21

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  • 1. Treaty of Versailles Ch 16.3(.4 is not on test) #21

2. Jan 8,1918 Wilson presents Congress with his plan for peace (Fourteen Points) Nov 3, 1918 Republicans win congressional elections in U.S. - Wilson loses credibility with Europe's Leaders The Kaiser abdicates Throne / Republic Formed Nov 11, 1918- Armistice Day (veterans day) - GR. Signs in part because of Wilsons 14 pts.Dec. 12, 1918 Wilson arrives in Paris as a Hero 3. Lawrence of Arabia and representatives from over 30 nations attended 4. Star of the Show Greeted by Europeans as a Savior GR. Signed Armistice in part because of 14 pts Creel had 60 million leaflets dropped from planes over GR. 5. Freedom of Ocean Travel No more Secret Alliances Arms Reductions Equality of Trade Barriers Free Trade Self Determination for PolandLeague of Nations 14th Pt. - mediating body- rep. from every nation - provide security for each country 6. The Big Four 1) France 2) Britain 3) Italy 4) United States They shaped the final agreementGermany & Russia were not allowed to attend 7. Lenin had to get Russia out of the war so he could concentrate on problems at Home The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany, giving them much territory, pop., resources Civil War, 1917-1920Reds versus Whites Complete breakdown of Russian economy and society 8. Roadblocks Appear European leaders wish to punish & humiliate Germanyfor starting the War U.S. overall role in war was questioned 9. Most of the 14 pts were shot down by Allies Gives up on the rest to save the 14th pt. - League of Nations June 28, 1919 Treaty is Signed - by Germany Too Why did they Sign? July, 1919 Wilson heads back to U.S. to convince ourSenate to Ratify 10. Alsace & Lorraine (industrial region) would return to Fr. New Countries Created CZ/Yugo/Poland GR - Stripped of Overseas Colonies GR Forced to accept full responsibility for starting the War (pay millions in Reparations)Blank Check League of Nations was created 11. German Territorial Losses: 1919-1921 12. 1)Irreconcilables2) ReservationistsProgressive RepublicansWanted to focus attention on problems at home instead of EuropeArticle 10 of Treaty Could put U.S. into war to preserve another nations independence Who should declare war? -Congress or League 13. Whistle-stop cross country train tour He is wore down and exhausted Sept. 25, 1919 Suffers a stroke -incapacitated Oct. 1919 Senate Rejects the Treaty**U.S. never signs the treaty ending WWI** The U.S. will NOT Join the League of Nations Isolationism v Interventionism Nov. 1920 Harding(R) elected Pres. Feb. 3, 1924 Wilson Dies / Broken & Defeated

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