paris peace conference 1919 & treaty of versailles
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DESCRIPTIONParis Peace Conference 1919, Treaty of Versailles, what did the Big Three Wilson, Clemenceau, Lloyd George want? How fair and justified was it? http://curriculumglobal.blogspot.com
The war destroyed thousands of houses, roads, bridges and farmland etc.
About 8.5 million soldiers and 6.6 civilians were killed in the war.
War Deaths and Destruction
Over 10 millionOver 10 million DeadDead
World War I Casualties
The Somme American Cemetary, France
116,516 Americans Died116,516 Americans Died
A WWI cemetery at Ypres
a Jewish gravea Jewish grave
The signing of the Treaty of The signing of the Treaty ofVersaillesVersailles
The victorious nations signed treaties with the defeated ones.
The Paris Peace Conference (1919)
12David Lloyd George
Major decisions were made Major decisions were made by the ‘Big Three’ – by the ‘Big Three’ –
Georges Clemenceau Woodrow Wilson
Britain, France, and US. Britain, France, and US.
FranceFrance USA BritainUSA Britain
Wilson’s Fourteen PointsFourteen Points 1919
• Open diplomacyOpen diplomacy
• Freedom of the seasFreedom of the seas
• Free tradeFree trade
• National self-determinationNational self-determination
• The League of NationsThe League of Nations
The Treaty of Versailles (1919)The Treaty of Versailles (1919)
Germany was to:Germany was to:
To disarm and cut army to 100,000 To pay a large indemnity To return Alsace-Lorraine to France To give up some of her land and all
colonies To accept the War-guilt clauseWar-guilt clause
Germany after the singing of the Treaty of Versailles
Saar (under LN)
Germany’s territorial losses:• Alsace-Lorraine was returned to France.
• West Prussia and Posen were given to Poland.
• Danzig was to be a free city under the League of Nations.
• The Saar to be under the League of Nations for 15 years.
• Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania became independent.
• Germany lost all its Asian and African colonies.
Germany was to lose all colonies
Germany had to disarm according to the Treaty of Versailles.
German cartoons in 1919.
The Allies buried Germany with The Allies buried Germany with the Treaty of Versailles. the Treaty of Versailles.
The Allies sent Germany to The Allies sent Germany to the guillotinethe guillotine.
Who’s To Blame?
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p0Mef7arxUA 09:37-12:40
• Make Germany Pay - The Big 3 (4)
Wilson's League for Peace - NHD 2010 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r0ldr18RnhoTreaty of V by BBC http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Usq1QwcA-KY
Why was Germany so bitter about the Treaty of Versailles?
How to read the cartoon?
10. Why did the Big three disagree over how to treat Germany? 
14. Why did the victors fail to get everything they wanted at Versailles? 
Remember the Treaty of Brest-
New nations states
Mediterranean Sea Greece
WWI destroyed the empires of the Russians, the Austrians, the Germans and the Turks
New countries were created after the war
The New Map of EuropeThe New Map of Europe
• New tensionsNew tensions
• weak and unstable governmentsweak and unstable governments
• weak economyweak economy
• Nationalism grew strongerNationalism grew stronger
Wilson suggested forming a peace-keeping organization in 1918.
“I Can predict with
great certainty that
will be another world
war if the nations of
the world do not join
together to prevent
Forming a Peace-keeping Body
The League of Nations was formed in 1920 to prevent warprevent war and to keep peace keep peace and resolve international conflictsand resolve international conflicts.
How far could the Treaty of Versailles be justified? 
The Rise of Women’s Social Status
Women played an important role in the war.
Women worked in munitions factories.