treaty of versailles paris peace conference january 18 – june 28, 1919

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Treaty of Versailles Paris Peace Conference January 18 – June 28, 1919

Author: lily-lawson

Post on 26-Dec-2015




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  • Slide 1
  • Treaty of Versailles Paris Peace Conference January 18 June 28, 1919
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  • Canada The British Dominion governments were not originally granted separate invitations to the conference, but rather were expected to send representatives as part of the British Empire delegation. Convinced that Canada had become a nation on the battlefields of Europe, its Prime Minister demanded that it have a separate seat at the conference. This was initially opposed not only by Britain but also by the US, who perceived such a delegation as an extra British vote. Borden responded by pointing out that since Canada had lost a far larger proportion of its men compared to the U.S. in the war, Canada at least had the right to the representation of a "minor" power. British Prime Minister eventually relented, and convinced the reluctant Americans to accept the presence of separate Canadian delegate.
  • Slide 3
  • The Treaty Of Versailles On 28 June 1919, the victors met at the Hall of Mirrors in the Palace of Versailles, near Paris, and forced two Germans to agree to the terms of peace. Germany and its allies were not allowed to send any delegates, and had no choice but to accept whatever was decided. The first 26 Articles of the Treaty set out the Covenant of the League of Nations; the rest of the 440 Articles detailed Germany's punishment.
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  • What did the winners want? France Prime Minister Clemenceau wanted to punish Germany; Made 3 demands to ensure war never happened again: Return Alsace-Lorraine (taken during Franco- Prussian War) reparations Pay reparations to cover the entire cost of rebuilding Rhineland Give up Rhineland so Germany cannot attack France again
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  • England Many in England wanted to punish Germany too: Squeeze em until the pips squeak; but Prime Minister David Lloyd George disagreed: If Germany was treated too harshly it will cause more trouble in the future; Germany should be allowed to recover demilitarized Rhineland should be demilitarized (military removed), not taken over
  • Slide 6
  • Italy Prime Minister Orlando had agreed to leave the Triple Alliance (with Germany & Austria-Hungary) & fight for Allies after France & England secretly promised to give Adriatic Coast to Italy after the war; Italys only demand: France & England should keep their promise to give this land to Italy
  • Slide 7
  • USA President Woodrow Wilson came up with 14 Points of Light to restore Europe: Europe should have freedom of seas, free trade; Reduction of weapons; Divide all colonies Self Determination countries should have right to choose their own type of government Create a League of Nations to prevent future wars
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  • The Treaty Of Versailles The main points of the Treaty [BRAT] B R A T lame eparations rmy erritory
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  • The Treaty Of Versailles 1. War Guilt Clause - Germany had to accept the Blame for starting the war.
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  • The Treaty Of Versailles 2. Germany had to pay 6.6 billion (called Reparations) for the damage done during the war.
  • Slide 11
  • The Treaty Of Versailles 3. Germany was forbidden to have submarines or an air force. She could have a navy of only six battleships, and an Army of just 100,000 men. In addition, Germany was not allowed to place any troops in the Rhineland, the strip of land, 50 miles wide, next to France.
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  • The Treaty Of Versailles 4. Germany lost Territory (land) in Europe. Germanys colonies were given to Britain and France. Also, Germany was forbidden to join the League of Nations, or unite with Austria.
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  • The Treaty Of Versailles
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  • What did Germany have to say? Germany had no choice but to agree to the above terms No debating, or compromising. The criminal madness of this peace will drain Germany's national life-blood. It is a shameless blow in the face of common-sense. It is inflicting the deepest wounds on us Germans as our world lies in wreckage about us. from a speech made by a German MP in the Reichstag in 1919.
  • Slide 17
  • Results of Versailles Treaty of Versailles created more problems than it solved Riots, debt, humiliation in Germany will allow leaders (Hitler) to rise to power by promising revenge Italy was not given land it was promised; economic problems will lead to strong leaders who promise a return to glory (Mussolini)
  • Slide 18
  • The Treaty Of Versailles The Failure of the Treaty =