treaty of versailles what can you recall about the treaty of versailles 1919?

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Treaty of Versailles What can you recall about the Treaty of Versailles 1919?

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Page 1: Treaty of Versailles What can you recall about the Treaty of Versailles 1919?

Treaty of VersaillesWhat can you recall about the Treaty of Versailles 1919?

Page 2: Treaty of Versailles What can you recall about the Treaty of Versailles 1919?

Treaty of Versailles

Terms of the Treaty…

Reaction of German people…

Hated it because…

Hated it because…

Hated it because…

Hated it because…

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Page 3: Treaty of Versailles What can you recall about the Treaty of Versailles 1919?

How far were outside factors responsible for shaping Germany 1919-

1923?To what extent was the Weimar

Republic weak from its formation?

What were the problems faced by the WR 1919 onwards?

What was the Weimar Republic?

Page 4: Treaty of Versailles What can you recall about the Treaty of Versailles 1919?

Prestructural: The point or concept has not been understood. The student may have a number of unconnected ideas but cannot distinguish relevance.

Unistructural: One relevant idea is explained. Can separate relevant from non-relevant ideas. May be a couple of simple and obvious connections but their significance isn’t grasped.

Multistructural: Several relevant ideas on the topic. Several connections may be made but their significance to the whole isn’t grasped.

Relational: Understands and explains complex relationships related to the idea or concept. Understands relationship of parts to the whole.

Extended Abstract: Shows profound understanding. Transfer takes place. Makes new connections. Can apply to wider contexts and new applications.

Page 5: Treaty of Versailles What can you recall about the Treaty of Versailles 1919?

Introduction

The Weimar Republic was set up in Germany after the Kaiser had been overthrown in 1918.

At the time, it was the most democratic government in the world – even women could vote.

However, only 15 years later it had collapsed into ruins, allowing Adolf Hitler to turn the country into one of the most brutal dictatorships the world has ever known.

Weimar Republic =

Page 6: Treaty of Versailles What can you recall about the Treaty of Versailles 1919?
Page 7: Treaty of Versailles What can you recall about the Treaty of Versailles 1919?

How far were outside factors responsible for shaping Germany 1919-

1923?To what extent was the Weimar

Republic weak from its formation?

What were the problems faced by the WR 1919 onwards?

What was the Weimar Republic?

Page 8: Treaty of Versailles What can you recall about the Treaty of Versailles 1919?

Political problems: revolts and rebellions

The first five years of the republic saw riots, strikes, shootings and attempts to overthrow Ebert’s coalition government. Two of the most important opposition groups were the Communists and the Friekorp.

Communists felt that Ebert and the socialists had failed to complete the revolution because they had not abolished private property.

The Freikorps (private armies) felt that Ebert and the socialists had ‘stabbed Germany in the back’ by signing the Treaty of Versailles.

Page 9: Treaty of Versailles What can you recall about the Treaty of Versailles 1919?

How far were outside factors responsible for shaping Germany 1919-

1923?To what extent was the Weimar

Republic weak from its formation?

What were the problems faced by the WR 1919 onwards?

What was the Weimar Republic?

Page 10: Treaty of Versailles What can you recall about the Treaty of Versailles 1919?

What were the problems faced by the WR 1919 onwards?

Page 11: Treaty of Versailles What can you recall about the Treaty of Versailles 1919?

Political problems: the constitution

One major problem for the Weimar Republic was that its constitution had two serious flaws.

1. Proportional representation (PR). All votes were counted up centrally to divide seats fairly between parties.

2. Article 48. This was a clause that gave the president of the Weimar Republic the right to dismiss parliament and rule by himself if he decided there was a ‘state of emergency’.

To learn about the advantages and disadvantages of these two features, complete the activity on the next slide.

Page 12: Treaty of Versailles What can you recall about the Treaty of Versailles 1919?

Proportional Representation and Article 48

To what extent was the Weimar Republic weak from

its formation?

To what extent was the Weimar Republic weak from

its formation?

Page 13: Treaty of Versailles What can you recall about the Treaty of Versailles 1919?

Proportional representation made it difficult for one party to get a majority. Weimar governments were usually weak coalitions of parties who had different ideas about how the country should be run.

It was difficult to pass laws in the Reichstag because the government was so weak. The president increasingly used his powers to pass legislation.

In 1930, three times as many laws were passed by the president as were passed by the Reichstag.

Between 1919 and 1932 Germany had 21 different governments.

Proportional Representation and Article 48

To what extent was the Weimar Republic weak from its formation?

Page 14: Treaty of Versailles What can you recall about the Treaty of Versailles 1919?

How far were outside factors responsible for shaping Germany 1919-

1923?To what extent was the Weimar

Republic weak from its formation?

What were the problems faced by the WR 1919 onwards?

What was the Weimar Republic?

Page 15: Treaty of Versailles What can you recall about the Treaty of Versailles 1919?

How far were outside factors responsible for shaping Germany 1919-

1923?YES, it was shaped by outside factors….

NO, events inside Germany were responsible for shaping the future.

Overall I think that…