treaty of versailles what can you recall about the treaty of versailles 1919?

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2. Nazi Germany - The Weimar Republic and its Reasons for FailureWhat can you recall about the Treaty of Versailles 1919?
Treaty of Versailles
How far were outside factors responsible for shaping Germany 1919-1923?
To what extent was the Weimar Republic weak from its formation?
What were the problems faced by the WR 1919 onwards?
What was the Weimar Republic?
Prestructural: The point or concept has not been understood. The student may have a number of unconnected ideas but cannot distinguish relevance.
Unistructural: One relevant idea is explained. Can separate relevant from non-relevant ideas. May be a couple of simple and obvious connections but their significance isn’t grasped.
Multistructural: Several relevant ideas on the topic. Several connections may be made but their significance to the whole isn’t grasped.
Relational: Understands and explains complex relationships related to the idea or concept. Understands relationship of parts to the whole.
Extended Abstract: Shows profound understanding. Transfer takes place. Makes new connections. Can apply to wider contexts and new applications.
Introduction
The Weimar Republic was set up in Germany after the Kaiser had been overthrown in 1918.
At the time, it was the most democratic government in the world – even women could vote.
However, only 15 years later it had collapsed into ruins, allowing Adolf Hitler to turn the country into one of the most brutal dictatorships the world has ever known.
Weimar Republic =
How far were outside factors responsible for shaping Germany 1919-1923?
To what extent was the Weimar Republic weak from its formation?
What were the problems faced by the WR 1919 onwards?
What was the Weimar Republic?
Political problems: revolts and rebellions
The first five years of the republic saw riots, strikes, shootings and attempts to overthrow Ebert’s coalition government. Two of the most important opposition groups were the Communists and the Friekorp.
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How far were outside factors responsible for shaping Germany 1919-1923?
To what extent was the Weimar Republic weak from its formation?
What were the problems faced by the WR 1919 onwards?
What was the Weimar Republic?
What were the problems faced by the WR 1919 onwards?
Political problems: the constitution
One major problem for the Weimar Republic was that its constitution had two serious flaws.
Proportional representation (PR).
All votes were counted up centrally to divide seats fairly between parties.
2. Article 48.
This was a clause that gave the president of the Weimar Republic the right to dismiss parliament and rule by himself if he decided there was a ‘state of emergency’.
To learn about the advantages and disadvantages of these two features, complete the activity on the next slide.
Proportional Representation and Article 48
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Proportional representation made it difficult for one party to get a majority. Weimar governments were usually weak coalitions of parties who had different ideas about how the country should be run.
It was difficult to pass laws in the Reichstag because the government was so weak. The president increasingly used his powers to pass legislation.
In 1930, three times as many laws were passed by the president as were passed by the Reichstag.
Between 1919 and 1932 Germany had 21 different governments.
Proportional Representation and Article 48
To what extent was the Weimar Republic weak from its formation?
How far were outside factors responsible for shaping Germany 1919-1923?
To what extent was the Weimar Republic weak from its formation?
What were the problems faced by the WR 1919 onwards?
What was the Weimar Republic?
How far were outside factors responsible for shaping Germany 1919-1923?
YES, it was shaped by outside factors….
NO, events inside Germany were responsible for shaping the future.
Overall I think that…