2011.02.09 - treaty of versailles

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    The Treaty of Versailles

    June 1919

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    The Big Four

    Woodrow Wilson USA David Lloyd-George Great Britain

    Georges Clemenceau France Vittorio Orlando Italy

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    The Big Four at Versailles in 1919

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    What did France want from thetreaty?

    Security

    Revenge

    Reparations

    Clemenceau : TheTiger

    Clemenceau wanted to make sure

    that Germany could not invadeFrance in the future. He wasdetermined that Germany should bemade to pay for the damage thathadbeen caused in northern France by

    the invading German armies.

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    David Lloyd-George

    In public Lloyd-George said hewanted to punishthe Germans. The

    British public was veryanti-Germanatthe end ofthe war.

    In private he realised that Britainneeded Germanyto recover

    because she was an importanttrading partner.

    He was also worried aboutthedisease from the east ,communism. The Russian

    governmenthad been overthrownbya communist revolution in 1917.Lloyd-George believed thatthespread of communism had to bestopped. A strong Germany would

    be a barrier against it.

    What did Britain Want?

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    WoodrowWilson

    What did AmericaWant?

    Woodrow Wilson wanted the treatyto bebased on his Fourteen Points

    He believed Germany should be punishedbut not severely. He wanted a just

    settlementthat would not leave Germanyfeeling resentful

    Wilson wanted to set up an internationalorganisation called The League of

    Nations which would settle disputes

    The American public did not supporthim.They were fed up with involvement inEuropean affairs. The USA became more

    isolationist.

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    What were the terms ofthe Treaty of Versailles?

    To do with Germanys armed forces :

    The German army was to be reduced to 100,000 men. It wasnotallowed to have tanks.

    Germany was notallowed an airforce

    The areaknown as the Rhineland was to be de-militarised

    The Allies were to occupy the west bank ofthe Rhine for

    fifteen years

    The German navy was to have no submarines or large battle-ships

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    100,000 De-militarised

    The MilitaryClauses

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    Territorial Losses

    Germany lost ALL ofher overseascolonies

    Alsace-Lorraine was given to

    France

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    Eupen and Malmedy were given to Belgium

    North-Schleswig was given toDenmark

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    "The Allied and Associated Governmentsaffirm, and Germany accepts, the

    responsibility of Germany and her Allies forcausing all the loss and damage to which theAllied and Associate Governments and theirnationals have been subjected as a

    consequence of a war imposed upon themby the aggression of Germany and herAllies."

    Article 231

    The War Guilt Clause

    GERMANY ACCEPTEDRESPONSIBILITY FOR

    STARTING THE WAR

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    REPARATIONS

    Germanyagreed to pay for the damage

    caused byher armies during the war. Thesum she had to pay was later fixed at6,600 million

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    Germany was forbidden to unite with Austria