global disaster information network

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Describes a proposed global network for sharing disaster information (World Conference on Disaster Reduction, Kobe, Japan, 2006): sharing information, information markets, market infrastructure; report available


  • 1. A Proposal Global Disaster Information Marketplace: Presented to: United NationsWorld Conference on Disaster Reduction January 18-22, 2005 Albert J. Simard

2. Outline

  • Sharing information
  • Information market
  • Market infrastructure

3. Benefits

  • Making disaster information more readily available when, where, and as needed.
  • Lowering the cost of producing, providing, and using disaster information.
  • Leveraging the efforts of existing disaster information and relief networks.
  • Supporting more timely and better coordinated disaster response.
  • Creating synergy to enable the production of new kinds of information.

Sharing Information 4. Barriers

  • Information is fragmented and hard to find
  • Different languages, cultures, and mandates
  • Lack of methods to integrate information
  • Information is often not formatted to be useful when and where needed

Sharing information 5. Principles

  • People
    • Knowledge must be volunteered; it cannot be conscripted
    • People need time to provide and search for knowledge
    • Sharing must be recognized, rewarded, and facilitated
    • A champion is insufficient; a majority must participate
  • Infrastructure
    • Build a real /virtualplace for exchanging knowledge
    • IT greatly increases market efficiency
    • Dont force fluid knowledge into rigid structures
    • Dont focus on systems; also consider content

Sharing information 6. Mechanisms

  • Talking (real, virtual)
  • E-mail (individuals, list servers, distribution lists)
  • Chat rooms, forums, discussion groups
  • Communities of interest, informal networks
  • Groupware (teams, working groups)
  • Conferences, workshops, knowledge fairs
  • Data bases, information bases, knowledge bases
  • Digital libraries (repositories, search, retrieval)

Sharing Information 7. Finding the Right Information There are some excellent disaster Web sites Some order is emerging , Most sites are hard to find We need a structure for disaster information Sharing Information 8. Outline

  • Sharing information
  • Information market
  • Market Infrastructure

9. A Business Model: Information market Supply (Providers) Demand (Users) Providers and users connect through an Information Market 10. Attributes

  • Price reciprocity, repute, altruism
  • Trust visible, ubiquitous, top-down
  • Signals position, education, networks
  • Inefficiencies incomplete information, asymmetry, localness
  • Pathologies monopolies, artificial scarcity, trade barriers

Adapted from Davenport (1998) Information market 11. Autonomous providers and users

  • Diversity- mandates, jurisdictions, roles
  • Trust- security, privacy, control
  • Legal- accountability, responsibility, liability
  • Certification- inclusion, authenticity, reliability
  • Quality- completeness, timeliness, accuracy
  • Infrastructure- standards, networks, systems

Information market 12. The Provider Face Information market Provider Face Academia NGOs Private Sector Public Sector Governmentdisaster organizations Universities, colleges, institutes, schools Disaster-related businessesNon-Government disaster organizations 13. The User Face Information market Public, educators, youth, seniors, media Policy advisors, decision makers,regulators User Face Public Practitioners Policy Makers Business Businesses for innovation and marketing Scientists, managers, professionals, specialists 14. General Information Information market 15. Information for Practitioners Fire Monitoring, Mapping, and Modeling System Information market 16. Information Facilitator

  • Enable information search and retrieval
  • Support global database search and access
  • Create value-added information products and reports
  • Support networking among communities of interest
  • Assist providers with communication and cataloging
  • Help users with searching, reformatting, and interpretation

Information market 17. Outline

  • Sharing information
  • Information market
  • Market infrastructure

18. Portals:

  • Gateways to cyberspace
  • Links to related sources
  • Limited content
  • Add value to content
  • Search capability
  • Organize information
  • Customizable interface

Content Portal Market infrastructure 19. Market infrastructure

  • How (technical)
  • Databases
  • Technology
  • Scientific knowledge
  • What (subjects)
  • Type of disaster
  • Function
  • Libraries
  • Where (place)
  • Interactive maps
  • Place names
  • Latitude & longitude
  • Who (directories)
  • Organizations
  • Experts
  • Products&Services
  • When (time)
  • Events & meetings
  • Schedules
  • Time series
  • Why (about)
  • General
  • GDIN
  • Management

20. Scale Market infrastructure 21. Prototype Cube Design Market infrastructure 22. Rotating the Cube Market infrastructure 23. Canadian Forest Fire Portal Market infrastructure 24. The Way Ahead

  • Establishment
    • agreements, plans, funding
  • Design
    • concepts, architecture, projects
  • Prototype
    • Build a key component
  • Development
    • Integrate components
  • Implement
    • Operationalize, maintain

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