japan and pacific rim

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  • The Pacific Rim Japan and the Asian Tigers: South Korea, Taiwan, Singapore, and Hong Kong
  • Japan History after WWII
    • Occupation was led by General Douglas MacArthur
    • Japans armed forces were disbanded
    • The American occupiers had the goal to end militarism and ensure a democratic government. Gave women the right to vote, increased civil liberties, encouraged labor unions.
    • A new Japanese Constitution was drafted by the American occupiers creating a Constitutional Monarchy that limited the power of the Emperor and abolished Shintoism as the state religion.
    • The Japanese accepted this new constitution and signed a treaty that took away Japans overseas empire
    • In 1952, the Allied occupation officially ended
    General MacArthur and Emperor Hirohito
  • Japan Economy
    • Japan Incorporated
    • Cooperation between state and private industry led to expansion of exports
    • Concentrated on economic growth led by government economic planning and production guidelines
    • Became World economic power focuses on advanced technologies automobiles and electronics
    • Focus on labor and management cooperation wages remained low, living standards improved
    • Stressed importance of group cohesion emphasized group decision making and stressed loyalty
    Gung Ho Film Clip
  • Japan Political System
    • Blended modern democratic forms with traditional elitist ties
    • Government was dominated by one Party Liberal Democratic Party provided stability in Japan from 1955-1993, and again now.
    • Developed into a ruling oligarchy stressed Patriotism, loyalty, development and protection of Japanese industry, pollution and population control
    • After 1993, corruption caused a split of the Liberal Democratic Party Rise of Democratic Party of Japan
    Prime Minister Visits WWII Shinto Shrine Taro Aso - 92 nd Prime Minister of Japan http:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Prime_Ministers_of_Japan
  • Japan Society
    • Government stress of population control birth control and abortion supported
    • Education expanded merit based university enrollments
    • Traditional cultural returns Poetry, painting, tea ceremonies, chopsticks
    • Western culture adopted Baseball, dress, music, games shows, soap operas
    • Male authority remained dominant womens role as mother stressed - small feminist movement
    Japanese Game Show Hideki Matsui, People Pushers and the Bullet Train
  • South Korea History after WWII
    • Korea was split after WWII
      • North Korea was Communist ruled by dictator Kim Il Sung
      • South Korea was Capitalist ruled by autocratic President Syngman Rhee
    • Korean War was fought (1950-1953) ended in fragile truce along the 38 th parallel
    General MacArthur at Invasion of Inchon
  • South Korea Economy
    • Government attempt to recover from years of foreign occupation and civil war instituted five-year plans on exports and infrastructure, land reforms
    • Achieved major economic growth corporations like Samsung, Daewoo and Hyundai became massive conglomerates who have political and social influence
    • Development of consumer goods, steel, automobiles, textiles
    • Per capita income increased created Economic Miracle
    • Economic problems exist today corruption, trade deficit, unemployment, and bankruptcy
    Hyundai plant in India and Seoul Korea.
  • North Korea and South Korea Satellite Image taken at night
    • What does this satellite image tell us about each society?
    • What is the cause of this drastic difference?
  • South Korea Political System
    • Syngman Rhee ruled harshly until 1960 corruption, unfair elections, police brutality
    • Military coup led by General Chung Hee Park in 1961 new constitution, slow democratic reforms
    • Limited freedoms autocratic rule and suppression of all dissidents
    • Park was assassinated in 1979 National elections took place in 1989, limited power of big business and began communication with North Korea about reunification
    President Lee Myung-bak and Labor Union Protests General Chung Hee park and Guard at DMZ
  • South Korea Society
    • Population increased to 48 million highest density (1000 people per square mile)
    • Government encourages limited birth rates for families
    • Confucian principles of thrift, education, and hard work is basic attitude of workers
    • Buddhist beliefs and respect for nature
    • Heavy influence of large companies (Chaebol) built housing, schools, arenas for Tae Kwon Do
    • Western influence Baseball, fast food, dress, music, karaoke
    Buddhist temple and statue and South Korean baseball player
  • Taiwan History after WWII
    • Nationalist Party, or Kuomintang, fled from Communist Revolutionaries and went to Taiwan in 1948
    • Led by Jiang Jieshi (Chiang Kai-Shek)
    • United States has vowed to protect Taiwan from Communist China Security Treaty of 1954
    General MacArthur and Jiang Jieshi
  • Taiwan Economy
    • Achieved economic prosperity Agricultural and Industrial production increased standard of living increased
    • Government installed land reform program and economic planning infrastructure and targeting strategic industries
    • Government stressed private business and foreign investment
    • Stress on education, literacy, technical training
    • Opened trade network with U.S., Japan, S.E. Asia and China
    Capital city of Taipei
  • Taiwan Political System
    • Authoritarian rule emergency decree by threat of communists. Lack of political diversity and political parties
    • 1978 U.S. recognized Peoples Republic of China and severed diplomatic ties with Taiwan
    • 1978 Jiang Jieshi died and son, Chiang Ching-kuo eased authoritarian rule
    • Today, there is a more representative form of government with elections and multiple parties
    • Discussion of declaring Taiwanese independence from China has created tension and threats
    • China wants one country, two systems
    Under pressure from China, Taiwan participates in the Olympics under the name of Chinese Taipei, and its national flag and anthem cannot be used when its athletes win medals. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/03/23/world/asia/23taiwan.html?_r=1
  • Taiwan Society
    • Population growth government family planning programs to reduce rate of growth (7 million to 20 million from 1945-1980s)
    • Traditional beliefs Confucian ideals, hard work, frugality, filial piety, medical practices, religious rituals
    • Government attempt to Sinicize population Mandarin language Today there is a push for English
    • Recent Taiwanese nationalism has developed Taiwanese language
    • Western influence medicine, hospitals, music, baseball, golf, forms of entertainment, convenience stores
    Two 7-11 convenient stores face off in Taiwan
  • Singapore History after WWII
    • Was originally part of the British colony of Malaya. Gained Independence from Great Britain in 1959 British naval base until 1971.
    • Led by Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew until 1990
    Lee Kuan Yew and Singapore people welcome British after WWII
  • Singapore Economy
    • Extraordinarily successful economic development
    • Government led initiatives combined with private enterprises in manufacturing, banking, shipping, electronics, textiles, shipbuilding and oil refining
    • 2 nd highest per capita in Asia and busiest port in the world - tourism arrivals are up, average household incomes are rising, and the job market looks white hot.
    Port of Singapore
  • Singapore Political System
    • Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew led as an authoritarian ruler
    • Government had tight controls over its people proclaimed strict discipline and restraint was needed because such a large population crowded a limited space
    • Resulted in very low crime rates and limited government opposition due to harsh penalties.
    • New leader, Goh Chok Tong had promised a kinder and gentler Singapore.
    • Current PM is Lee Hsien Loong ( Lee Kuans son ) .
    In 1994 American 18 year old Michael Fay was