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www.mhhe.com/fourps Place and Development of Channel Systems For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCa rthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. McGraw-Hill/Irwin CHAPTER TEN

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Page 1: Www.mhhe.com/fourps Place and Development of Channel Systems For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill

www.mhhe.com/fourps

Place and Development of Channel Systems

Place and Development of Channel Systems

For use only withPerreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts.© 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.McGraw-Hill/Irwin

CHAPTER TEN

Page 2: Www.mhhe.com/fourps Place and Development of Channel Systems For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill

1. Understand what product classes suggest about Place objectives.

2. Understand why some firms use direct channel systems while others work with intermediaries and indirect systems.

3. Understand how and why marketing specialists develop to make channel systems more effective.

4. Understand how to develop cooperative relationships and avoid conflict in channel systems.

5. Know how channel members in vertical marketing systems shift and share functions to meet customer needs.

6. Understand the differences between intensive, selective, and exclusive distribution.

When we finish this lecture you should

Page 3: Www.mhhe.com/fourps Place and Development of Channel Systems For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill

Marketing Strategy Planning Process

Page 4: Www.mhhe.com/fourps Place and Development of Channel Systems For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill

CH 12: Retailers, CH 12: Retailers, Wholesalers & Their Wholesalers & Their Strategy Planning Strategy Planning

Place Place objectivesobjectives

Direct vs. Direct vs. indirectindirect

Channel Channel specialistsspecialists

Channel Channel relationshipsrelationships

CH 11: Distribution CH 11: Distribution Customer Service & Customer Service & LogisticsLogistics

CH 10: Place and CH 10: Place and Development of Development of Channel SystemsChannel Systems

Market Market exposureexposure

Marketing Strategy Planning for Place (Exhibit 10-1)

Page 5: Www.mhhe.com/fourps Place and Development of Channel Systems For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill

© 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., McGraw-Hill/Irwin

Key Elements of Distribution Strategy

Page 6: Www.mhhe.com/fourps Place and Development of Channel Systems For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill

KeyIssuesKey

Issues

Place Decisions Are Guided by “Ideal” Place Objectives

ProductClassesSuggest

Objectives

ProductClassesSuggest

Objectives

PlaceSystemIs Not

Automatic

PlaceSystemIs Not

Automatic

DecisionsHave

Long-run Effects

DecisionsHave

Long-run Effects

Page 7: Www.mhhe.com/fourps Place and Development of Channel Systems For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill

Internet Makes Direct Distribution Easier

Internet Makes Direct Distribution Easier

Internet Makes Direct Distribution Easier

Internet Makes Direct Distribution Easier

Greater ControlGreater Control

Lower CostLower Cost

Direct Contact with Customer Needs

Direct Contact with Customer Needs

Quicker Response or Change in Marketing Mix

Quicker Response or Change in Marketing Mix

Greater ControlGreater Control

Lower CostLower Cost

Direct Contact with Customer Needs

Direct Contact with Customer Needs

Quicker Response or Change in Marketing Mix

Quicker Response or Change in Marketing Mix

Suitable Middlemen Not Available

Suitable Middlemen Not Available

Channel System May Be Direct or Indirect

SomeSomeReasonsReasonsFor ChoosingFor ChoosingDirect ChannelsDirect Channels

Page 8: Www.mhhe.com/fourps Place and Development of Channel Systems For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill

Direct Channels Are Common with Business Customers and Services

Page 9: Www.mhhe.com/fourps Place and Development of Channel Systems For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill

When Indirect Channels Are Best

Page 10: Www.mhhe.com/fourps Place and Development of Channel Systems For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill

Andrea’s Kitchen is a catering business that operates by means of its own website. Customers order party platters, pastries, and other foods that the company makes to order. The items are then vacuum-packed in dry ice and shipped to the customer’s address via overnight delivery. Andrea’s Kitchen is part of a(n):

A. indirect channel.B. dual channel.C. middleman channel.D. direct channel.E. traditional channel.

Checking your knowledge

Page 11: Www.mhhe.com/fourps Place and Development of Channel Systems For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill

The UK’s leading supermarket

chain wanted to provide the

freshest food possible in the

most environmentally

friendly way. Who did Tesco turn to

for help?

Channel Specialists May Reduce Discrepancies and Separations

Page 12: Www.mhhe.com/fourps Place and Development of Channel Systems For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill

A Discrepancy of Assortment

Page 13: Www.mhhe.com/fourps Place and Development of Channel Systems For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill

SortingSortingSortingSorting

Bulk-BreakingBulk-BreakingBulk-BreakingBulk-BreakingAccumulatingAccumulatingAccumulatingAccumulating

Channel Specialists Adjust Discrepancies with Regrouping Activities

AssortingAssorting

Page 14: Www.mhhe.com/fourps Place and Development of Channel Systems For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill

© 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., McGraw-Hill/Irwin

Interactive Exercise: Channel Efficiency

Page 15: Www.mhhe.com/fourps Place and Development of Channel Systems For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill

Role of Channel CaptainRole of Channel Captain

Conflict HandlingConflict HandlingConflict HandlingConflict Handling

Whole-Channel Product-Market Commitment

Whole-Channel Product-Market Commitment

Whole-Channel Product-Market Commitment

Whole-Channel Product-Market Commitment

Choosing the Type of Relationship

Choosing the Type of Relationship

Choosing the Type of Relationship

Choosing the Type of Relationship

Channel Relationship Must Be Managed

KeyIssues InChannel

Management

KeyIssues InChannel

Management

Page 16: Www.mhhe.com/fourps Place and Development of Channel Systems For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill

Producers or Middlemen May Be Channel Captains (Exhibit 10-2)

Page 17: Www.mhhe.com/fourps Place and Development of Channel Systems For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill

Vertical Marketing Systems Focus on Final Customers

Fairly goodto good

Contracts

McDonald’s

Complete

One company

ownership

Florsheim

Some to good

Economic power and leadership

General Electric

Characteristics

Type of channel

Little ornone

None

Typical “inde-

pendents”

Amount of cooperation

TraditionalVertical marketing systems

Administered Contractual Corporate

Control maintained by

Examples

Page 18: Www.mhhe.com/fourps Place and Development of Channel Systems For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill

Dave Tindall runs “Maid to Perfection,” a residential and business cleaning service. He paid a fee to be part of the “Maid to Perfection” system of local operators. The written agreement gives him the right to use the company name and operations manual, and the agreement promises Dave that there will not be another “Maid to Perfection” operator in his immediate area. He operates as a semi-independent entrepreneur, but is still part of a national organization. Dave is part of a(n):

A. traditional channel.

B. contractual channel.

C. corporate channel.

D. administered channel.

E. dual channel.

Checking your knowledge

Page 19: Www.mhhe.com/fourps Place and Development of Channel Systems For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill

IntensiveIntensive

SelectiveSelective

IntensiveIntensive

SelectiveSelective

The Best Channel System Should Achieve Ideal Market Exposure

= number ofoutletsExclusiveExclusive

MarketExposureStrategies

MarketExposureStrategies

Page 20: Www.mhhe.com/fourps Place and Development of Channel Systems For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill

© 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., McGraw-Hill/Irwin

Intensive Distribution

Page 21: Www.mhhe.com/fourps Place and Development of Channel Systems For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill

© 2008 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., McGraw-Hill/Irwin

Interactive Exercise: Ideal Market Exposure

Page 22: Www.mhhe.com/fourps Place and Development of Channel Systems For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill

Chocolate Dreams is a manufacturer of expensive, high-quality, hand-made “old style” candies that are sold through fine department stores and certain bookstores and fine gift shops. The ideal market exposure for products manufactured by Chocolate Dreams is:

A. intensive.B. comprehensive.C. exclusive. D. extensive.E. selective.

Checking your knowledge

Page 23: Www.mhhe.com/fourps Place and Development of Channel Systems For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill

RetailerRetailer RetailerRetailer RetailerRetailer

Horizontal Arrangements Are Illegal

Limiting Market Exposure

RetailerRetailer RetailerRetailer

ProducerProducer

VerticalArrangementsMay Be Legal WholesalerWholesaler

Page 24: Www.mhhe.com/fourps Place and Development of Channel Systems For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill

Channel Systems Can Be Complex (Exhibit 10-4)

Page 25: Www.mhhe.com/fourps Place and Development of Channel Systems For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill

1. Understand what product classes suggest about Place objectives.

2. Understand why some firms use direct channel systems while others work with intermediaries and indirect systems.

3. Understand how and why marketing specialists develop to make channel systems more effective.

4. Understand how to develop cooperative relationships and avoid conflict in channel systems.

5. Know how channel members in vertical marketing systems shift and share functions to meet customer needs.

6. Understand the differences between intensive, selective, and exclusive distribution.

You now

Page 26: Www.mhhe.com/fourps Place and Development of Channel Systems For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill

• Place

• Channel of distribution

• Direct marketing

• Discrepancy of quantity

• Discrepancy of assortment

• Regrouping activities

• Accumulating

• Bulk-breaking

• Sorting

• Assorting• Traditional channel

systems• Channel captain• Vertical marketing

systems• Corporate channel

systems• Vertical integration• Administered

channel systems• Contractual channel

systems

Key Terms

Page 27: Www.mhhe.com/fourps Place and Development of Channel Systems For use only with Perreault/Cannon/McCarthy or Perreault/McCarthy texts. © 2008 McGraw-Hill

• Ideal market exposure

• Intensive distribution

• Selective distribution

• Exclusive distribution

• Multichannel distribution

• Reverse channels

Key Terms