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+ Blair Community Schools Curriculum Differentiation “Teaching with the child in mind.” Caroline Tomlinson

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Post on 01-Jan-2016




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Blair Community Schools. Curriculum Differentiation “ Teaching with the child in mind. ” Caroline Tomlinson. Differentiation. Differentiating Instruction is a method of planning and teaching that meets the needs of all students - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • Differentiation of Instruction

  • Teachers Can DifferentiateHandout of examples


    Definitions and Instructional Elements that can be DifferentiatedContent (Curriculum)Definition-What we want students to learn and the materials through which that is accomplished.Elements that can be differentiated-compacting, acceleration, meaningful enrichment, independent contracts. added rigor

    Process ( Instruction)Definition-The strategies and activities designed to ensure the students use key skills to make sense out of essential ideas and information.Elements that can be differentiated-tiered assignments, tic tac toe choice menus, flexible grouping, exposure to experts, real-life simulations, themed interdisciplinary units, interest-based learning

    Product (Assessment) Definition-The vehicles through which students demonstrate and extend what they have learned.Elements that can be differentiated-choice menus, Blooms Taxonomy, take to production level debate, mock trials, Night of the Notables


    Suggestions onHow to Begin to Differentiate is what matters!


    Differentiated InstructionGuides for PlanningAre you clear on what you want the student to know, understand, and be able to do?Deciding on content-Have you thought about and selected?Plans to pre-assess student readinessAssigning students to groupsCreating differentiated activitiesCreating assignments and differentiated productsOther thoughts


    Differentiating Instruction StrategiesExamples:StationsEntry PointsCompactingProblem Based LearningAgendasChoice BoardsComplex Instruction


    What does differentiation look like?Differentiation in the primary classroomFirst Steps for Differentiating at the H.S. levelTips for Designing Tasks Top Group First! LanguageVocational


    Questioning-Different types of questions to employ and monitor in a lesson.Focus on what is important.Higher level questions produce deeper thinking.Wait time is important.Questions before and after learning.Bob Marzano, Cuing and questioning are at the heart of classroom practice. Research indicates that cuing and questioning might account for as much as 80% of what occurs in a given classroom on a given day.


    Types of QuestionsMemoryQuestion Stems: Who, what, when, where?Cognitive Operations: Naming, defining, and identifyingConvergent ThinkingQuestioning Stems: Why, how, in what ways?Cognitive Operations: Explaining, comparing, contrastingDivergent ThinkingQuestion Stems: Imagine, suppose, predict, if/then, how might?Cognitive Operations: Predicting, hypothesizing, inferringEvaluative ThinkingQuestions Stem: Defend, justify, judgeCognitive Operations: Valuing, judging, justifying choices


    Web site for types of questions


    Differentiated Assessments

    Explain assessment purpose Be clear on expectations & directions Provide a variety of ways for students to show what they know Consider multiple intelligences & time Emphasis on demonstrating competency


    Differentiated TestTextbook series often have differentiated assessments in the teacher guides.Software-Math IXLGuidelines for Differentiated Test (See handout.)Example-Cell Structure and Function


    Tools for the ToolboxInternet 4 Classrooms A Different Place Differentiation Central Lesson Plans Mentor Web site Gifted in HAL Room Advancing Differentiation: Thinking and Learning for the 21st Century

  • Discover the GiftsIf a child is not learning the way you are teaching, then you must teach in the way the child learns.

    - Rita Dunn*


    Nebraska Association for the Gifted Conference February 20-21, 2014