napoleonic age

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  • 1.
    • Bell Ringer
  • GREEN BOOK PAGE 139
  • A VIEW OF NAPOLEONS CHARACTER

2. Napoleonic Age 3.

  • Under Robespierre blood was spilled and we had bread. Now blood is no longer spilled and we have no bread. Perhaps we must spill some blood in order to have bread.
          • Quote of peasants 1795

4. Napoleon rise to fame

  • Help put down uprising Vs. Directory
  • Directory struggled
  • Continued to fight war vs 1 stcoalition
  • Directory worried people would want a military man to advanced to power
  • Napoleon sent to Egypt
  • Ability to move troops and use of artillery was major strength
    • Forced Austria to give up Northern Italy

5.

  • The Egyptian Campaign:
    • To weaken the British trade with India
    • 1798 was defeated by a British navy under Admiral Horatio Nelson, who destroyed the French fleet at the Battle of the Nile.
    • Abandoning his troops in Egypt, Napoleon returned to France and received a heros welcome!

6. 7.

  • Exaggerated claims of victory in Egypt
  • France was losing war vs 1 stcoalition
  • England had organized the 2 ndCoalition with Austria and Russia.
  • People lost faith in Directory
  • With the government in disarray, Napoleon launched a successfulcoup d etaton November 9, 1799.

8.

  • How would things be different if the people of France found out that he had lost?

9.

  • I found the crown of France on the ground and I picked it up with my sword!

10. AGE OF NAPOLEON

  • 1799-1814
  • Agreed with ideals of Revolution
  • People must follow orders from leader

11. Consulate

  • He proclaimed himself First Consul [Julius Caesars title] and did away with the elected Assembly [appointing a Senate instead].
  • Two other consuls under him
    • In 1802, he made himself sole Consul for Life.

12.

  • New consulate was submitted to the people in aplebiscite
    • People vote yes or no
    • Cannot make changes
  • People voted for new government

13. What did Napoleon do for France

  • Napoleonic Code
  • Bank of France
  • Educational System
  • Concordat of 1801
  • Broke up 2 ndcoalition
  • Why would the people of France love a Dictator?

14. 15. Plebiscite of 1804 16.

  • People vote for an Empire
  • Need an Emperor to rule
  • Napoleon become Emperor Napoleon I

17.

  • Not everyone happy with France Empire
  • England was very upset
  • France threaten the British commerce ,and control of the sea and its own empire

18.

  • Third Coalition formed by Britain, Austria Russia and others
  • Napoleon decides to take out British fleet and invade England

19. Battle of Traflagar

  • British lead by Admiral Horatio Nelson
  • England out numbered 33-27
  • Duty or Death
  • French losses 22
  • British loses 0
  • Kept France from invading England

20. 21. 22. 23. Continental system

  • Destroy British trade set up blockade of England
  • Britain turns around and blockades France
  • US caught in middle

24. 25.

  • Napoleon wipes out the 3 rdCoalition by defeating Russia and Austria at Austerlitz in December of 1805

26. Reorganization of Europe

  • Redraws map of Europe
    • Austria and Prussia forced to sigh peace treaty
    • Russia allied with France
    • Control of Netherlands and Spain
    • Forced Denmark and Papal States into alliance
    • Took German States into Confederation of the Rhine
    • Abolished Holy Roman Empire
    • Unified north Italy
  • He ended serfdom and brought ideas of French Revolution

27. 28.

  • Brought something more dangerous to Napoleon.
  • NATIONALISM!!!!!!
  • How is Nationalism Dangerous?

29. Peninsular Wars

  • 1807 Portugal Refused to obey Continental System
  • France sent in troops
  • France also took over Spain
  • Put Brother in charge of Spain
  • People oppose Napoleon
  • Britain sends Arthur Wellesley (Duke of Wellington)
  • Drains French Resources

30. 31. Russia

  • 1812 Czar Alexander I Russia starts up trade with Britain
  • Napoleon calls up 600,000 troops
  • In spring of 1812 starts to invade Russia
  • Russias strategy
    • Retreat
    • Scorched Earth Policy

32.

  • By fall conquered Moscow
  • No one there
  • No place to stay
  • Temps 30 below zero

33.

  • October 19 1812 start return home
  • Tough trip back home
  • Only 100,000 troops make it back
  • Monarchies break alliance with Napoleon

34. 35. Defeats

  • 4 thCoalition
  • England, Russian Prussian and Austria
  • At battle of Leipzig French defeated
  • By March 1814 allies surround Paris
  • Bad to worse
  • Napoleon sent to Elba and Louis XVIII put in charge (brother to Louis XVI)

36. 37. Hundred days

  • People hate Louis rule (absolute power)
  • Undoes changes of Napoleon
  • Napoleon escapes island
  • March 1 st1815 meets army of Louis XVIII on the Alps
  • March 20 thNapoleon reaches Paris
  • Rules for 100 days
  • England and Europe unhappy
  • Napoleon will try to destroy coalition before it can get organized

38.

  • Battle of Waterloo
  • Defeated by Duke of Wellington and the Prussians
  • Sent to the island of St. Helena
  • Dies in 1821

39.