hazardous communication subpart z 1910.1200 2-hour lesson sam mason, cmfgt, cstm authorized osha...
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HAZARDOUS COMMUNICATIONSUBPART Z1910.12002-hour LessonSam Mason, CMfgT, CSTMAuthorized OSHA TrainerMorehead State University
PurposeThe purpose of the standard is to make sure that the hazards of chemicals are evaluated
That information concerning their hazards is communicated to employers and employees
More than 30 million workers are potentially exposed to one or more chemical hazards.Estimated 650,000 existing hazardous chemical products, hundreds of new ones are being introduced annually
This poses a serious problem for exposed workers and their employers. Why????
HistoricallyHumans have found or made 50 million different chemicals here on Earth, the vast majority over the last few decades.
Number of unique chemicals now registered in a database maintained by the American Chemical Society as of yesterday. 09-09-09 Alexis Madrigal Wired Science
New RateIt took 33 years to get the first 10 million chemicals registered
A mere nine months to get the last 10 million chemicals into the database. acceleration is due to better tracking by the American Chemical SocietyAlexis Madrigal
Who is coveredOSHAs Hazard Communication (HazCom) standard applies to general industry, shipyard, marine terminals, longshoring, and construction employment and covers chemical manufacturers, importers, employers, and employees exposed to chemical hazards.Horizontal
BackgroundThe Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) is based on a simple conceptthat employees have both a need and a right to know the hazards and identities of the chemicals they are exposed to when workinghttp://www.osha.gov/dsg/hazcom/standards.html
BackgroundThe Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) will result in a reduction of illnesses and injuries caused by chemicals.
Helps employers with having the information they need to design an appropriate protective program.
The HCS also allows:The need to know what protective measures are available to prevent adverse effects from occurring and provides employees with the information they need MSDSBackground
Employees will be better able to participate in the programs effectively when they understand the hazards involved, and to take steps to protect themselves.
Together (the employer and employee actions)will prevent the occurrence of adverse effects caused by the use of chemicals in the workplace Againthe Why??
Chemical ManufacturesA significant portion of the standard pertains only to chemical manufactures, importers, and distributors Employers who do not produce chemicals only have to focus on establishing a workplace program and communicating information to their workers Appendix E provides a guide
EmployersEmployers are required to provide information to their employees about the hazardous chemicals to which they are exposed using:
A hazard communication programlabels and other forms of warningsmaterial safety data sheets (MSDS)information and training
Warehouse and Retail OperationsIn work operations where employees only handle chemicals in sealed containers, which are not opened under normal conditions Employers must only do the following:Ensure labels on incoming chemicals are not defaced or removedMaintain copies of any material safety data sheets that are received with incoming shipmentsObtain MSDS a.s.a.p. for shipments received w/out MSDS
Provide employees with information and training (no written program required) to the extent necessary to protect them in the event of a spill or leak of a hazardous chemical from a sealed containerWarehouse and Retail Operations
Labeling ExemptionsOther federal agencies control the labeling requirements for the following substances: PesticidesChemicals covered under the Toxic Substance Control ActFoods or food additivesDistilled Spirits, tobaccoConsumer products, lumber, cosmeticsHazardous wastes
Employer Requirements- Written Program1910.1200(e)(1) Employers must develop a written program that covers at least: Labels and other forms of warningsMaterial Safety Data SheetsEmployee Information and Training
Employers must develop a written program that covers at least: A list of the hazardous chemicals known to be present at the facility along with MSDSs for each chemical The methods the employer will use to inform employees of the hazards non-routine tasks The hazards of chemicals in unlabeled pipesEmployer Requirements- Written Program
Multi-Employer WorkplacesIf employees of other employers could be exposed to hazardous chemicals the program must include:
Methods to provide contractor employees with on-site access to MSDS for each chemical those workers may be exposed to The methods used to inform other employers of any precautionary measures to be taken for normal and emergency situations The employers chemical labeling system
Consumer Products ExemptionAny consumer product as defined in the Consumer Product Safety Act where the employer can show that: It is used in the workplace for the purpose intended The use results in a duration and frequency of exposure which is not greater than the range of exposures that could reasonably be experienced by consumers when used for the purpose intended
Written Program AvailabilityThe employer must make the written program available, upon request, to: Employees and their designated representatives
Where work is carried out at more than one location, the program may be kept at the main location
Labels, Tags and MarkingsThe employer must ensure that each container of hazardous chemicals in the workplace is labeled, tagged or marked with the following: Identity of the hazardous chemical Appropriate hazard warnings This above labeling information is required of the manufacturer so the employer must ensure that the original labels from the manufacturer are on all containers and remain legible
Hazardous Materials Placards10.8 x 10.8Set on a 45 degree
Non Bulk containers have similar label4 x 4
Four indicators to alert emergency personnel about the HazardColorHazard ClassVisual SymbolUnited Nations Number
Hazardous Materials PlacardsColorsRed flammableGreen non-flammableYellow OxidizerBlue danger when wetWhite inhalation hazard and poisonBlack and White corrosiveRed and White Stripe flammable solid/ spontaneously combustibleWhite and Yellow RadiationOrange ExplosivesBlack and White Stripes Miscellaneous Hazard
Hazardous Materials PlacardsThere are 9 classes for hazardous materials: Class 1 explosives Class 2 gases (flammable, nonflammable, inhalation hazard/poison, or oxygen) Class 3 liquids that burn (flammable and combustible liquids, based on their flashpoint) Class 4 flammable solids, spontaneously combustible, or dangerous when wet materials Class 5 oxidizers and organic peroxides Class 6 poison/toxic solids and liquids, infectious materials Class 7 radioactive (three sub classes) Class 8 corrosives (acids and bases) Class 9 miscellaneous
Hazardous Materials PlacardsThere are hundreds of four digit numbers used, from 1001 (acetylene) to 9279 (hydrogen, absorbed in metal hydride).
The number in some cases is specific to a chemical and in other cases reflects a variety of hazardous materials. 1017 is only used for chlorine, 1005 has five chemical listings, 1993 is used for eight chemical listings and 2810 is used for 36 chemical listings
Container Labeling Exemption for Portable ContainersThe employer is not required to label portable containers into which hazardous chemicals are transferred from labeled containers, and which are intended only for the immediate use by the employee who performs the transfer
The employer need not affix new labels to complywith the standard ifexisting labels already coveythe required information
New Hazard InformationManufacturers, importers, distributors and employers who become newly aware of significant information regarding chemical hazards shall: Revise the labels for the chemical within three months Revise the MSDS for the chemical within three months
MSDS kept in other formsMSDS may be kept in any form including operating procedures
It may be more appropriate to address the hazards of a process rather than individual hazardous chemicals
Employee Information and TrainingEmployers must provide employees information and training on hazardous chemicals in their work area: At the time of their initial assignmentWhenever a new physical or health hazard the employees have not previously been trained about is introduced into their work area Training may cover categories of hazards
Employee InformationEmployers must inform employees: Of the training requirements of this section (1910.1200(h) Employee information and training.); Any operations in their work area where hazardous chemicals are present; The location and availability of the written hazard communication program
Employee TrainingEmployee training shall include at least: The means to detect the presence or release of a hazardous chemical in the work area The physical and health hazards of chemicals in the work area Measures employees can take to protect themselves Details of the employers specific program
Employee TrainingTraining shall include the following: An explanation of the Hazard Communication Program.An explanation of MSDSs and how to access an MSDS.A review of chemicals used on site.A review of the locations of work areas using hazardous products.Identification of hazards associated with the use of chemicals.A review of protec