the middle ages
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DESCRIPTIONThe Middle Ages. Vocabulary. Middle Ages: the period between the fall of the Roman Empire and the modern era, from A.D. 476 to 1453 Medieval: from the Middle ages Feudalism: a political system in which lords gave land to vassals in exchange for services Lord: a powerful landowner - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
The Middle AgesVocabularyMiddle Ages: the period between the fall of the Roman Empire and the modern era, from A.D. 476 to 1453Medieval: from the Middle agesFeudalism: a political system in which lords gave land to vassals in exchange for servicesLord: a powerful landownerVassal: a less wealthy noble who pied taxes to and served a lord in exchanges for landKnight: a vassal trained in combat who fought on behalf of lordsSerf: a person who lived and worked on the manor of a lord or vassalManor: a nobles house and the villages on his land where the peasants lived
The Result of the Fall of the Roman EmpireMany small kingdoms replaced the Roman Empire.
Roads and water systems were not kept up, trade declined, economies slowed, and towns shrank
Invaders such as the Huns, Moors and Vikings threatened Europe.
Constant warfare and conflict was common.
The Result of the Fall of the Roman EmpireA leader named Charlemagne brought much of France and Germany under his control.
He worked with Church officials to try to strengthen the land.
After Charlemagnes death, his grandsons divided his lands among the 3 of them. Europe was disorderly again.As a result of the chaos, a new political system called feudalism came about.
FeudalismFeudalism is a political system in which lords gave land to vassals in exchange for services.
Feudalism was based on the idea of the weak turning to the strong for protection and the strong wanting something in return for protection.
This political system kept Europe divided into many small kingdoms and estates.
As a result, land became the center of economic activity.
KINGLORDS (VASSALS TO KING)KNIGHTS (VASSALS TO LORDS)
Fief and PeasantsMilitary Aid Food Protection ShelterFood Protection ShelterPEASANTS (SERFS)Pay Rent
Fief and PeasantsFood Protection ShelterFarm the Land
FEUDALISM: POLITICAL SYSTEM
Decentralized, local governmentDependent upon the relationship between members of the nobilityLord and his vassals administered justice and were the highest authority in their land
MANORIALISM: ECONOMIC SYSTEM
Agriculture the basis for wealthLands divided up into self-sufficient manorsPeasants (serfs) worked the land and paid rent In exchange for protectionBarter the usual form of exchange
FeudalismWhat can you learn from the pyramid about which rank of people is greatest in number?The bottom and biggest level of the pyramid symbolizes that the peasants outnumber the higher ranks
How might people of one rank feel about people in another rank?
The people of higher rank might fell they are superior; people of lower rank might resent those about themThe Role of the ChurchThe Catholic church was one thing that survived the fall of Rome.
The religion spread across Europe.
The church was the main source of education during the Middle Ages.
Church officials built universities where nobles could go and study.The Catholic ChurchThe Catholic Church was the only church in Europe during the Middle Ages, and it had its own laws and large income.
Church leaders such as bishops and archbishops sat on the king's council and played leading roles in government.
WindowsFor security purposes, windows, when they were present, were very small openings with wooden shutters that were closed at night or in bad weather.
The small size of the windows allowed those inside to see out, but kept outsiders from looking in.
HomesMost medieval homes were cold, damp, and dark. Sometimes it was warmer and lighter outside the home than within its walls.
Peasants HomesMany peasant families ate, slept, and spent time together in very small quarters, rarely more than one or two rooms. The houses had thatched roofs and were easily destroyed.