europe during the middle ages world history. time periods early middle ages: 500 – 1000 high...
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Europe During the Middle AgesWorld History MIDDLE AGES1Time PeriodsEarly Middle Ages: 500 1000
High Middle Ages: 1000 1250
Late Middle Ages: 1250 - 1500
MIDDLE AGESEarly Middle Ages AKA the Dark Ages Catholicism becomes stronger (divisions of domination priest, bishop, etc.)Most people are illiterateBarbarian invasions were common (germanic tribes, lombards, etc)Weak kings during the Dark Ages allowed for new leadership
2Europe in the 6th Century
MIDDLE AGESBE aware of the many different tribes that are beginning to invade and lay claim to specific areas of the map. Who do you notice has endured and who has moved on?3Charlemange
Ruled from 742 814
Influential becauseEmperor of the RomansGovernmentEducation
MIDDLE AGESCharlemagneGreatest barbarian king of the FranksClose to 7 ft tall, spoke multiple languages, did not write, was read to or listened to music while he ateconquers the Lombards, Saxons and the BurgundiansA great-Grandfather, Clovis, converted to Catholicism b/c during a battle he saw the sign of a cross in the sky, converts on the battlefield and winsFather is Pepin called on by the pope to stop the Lombards temporarily stops Charlemagnes InfluencesUnifies the Kingdom Holy Roman Empire 12/800 crowned emperor by the Pope Takes the crown and places it on his own head demonstrates he is more powerful
Government divided kingdom into regions - Missi Dominici officers to the King (1 priest & 1 warrior) assigned to check up on the noble that is ruling the land Oath of Fidelity loyalty to the king - demonstrated the oversight of the king in all things that effect his empire. Not shown since Roman times.
Education was a very educated king at a time when most were not. He could read but could not write. Demonstrates his belief in all being educated by educating his children the same whether they we male or femaleMade scholars copy manuscriptsNever allowed his daughters to marry
MIDDLE AGESExpanded the Empire to include most of modern day France, Germany, Italy, Switzerland, Austria and parts of HungaryBecause of close ties with the Pope Charlemagne spread Catholicism to this region. Most is still Catholic today.5Empire Collapses 843
MIDDLE AGESAfter Charlemagness Death (814)Only one surviving son Louis the Pious (pious - pertaining to religious devotion; sacred rather than secular) dies 840Treaty of Verdun 843 divided up the empire between Louiss 3 sons Charles the Bald western kingdom, Lothair Burgundy, Louis the GermanForever divided the kingdom demonstrating fighting among one another and in the end allowed lesser kings to take over and control individual areas within.During this period Europe also underwent invasions by Muslims from Africa along the Iberian Pen. and Med coast, Slavs invaded central Europe and Maygars who finally settled and dominated Hungary
MIDDLE AGESThe VikingsOriginated from the North, Norway, Sweden and DenmarkCalled the NorsemenGermanic in language and blood lineVery large build, warrior civilization believed it was stupid to toil and sweat over the land when you could go to war and plunder instead the weakest family members would work the fieldsWomen - we viewed as partners not protected went to war and cheered their husbands and father on aided the wounded took part in the plunderGovernment democratic in nature - had assemblies that would create the rules and divide the land more equal rights between men and women. savage rulers and conquerers would capture and bring individuals back as slaves.7FeudalismA political, economic, and social system based on loyalty and military service.
MIDDLE AGESCreated first by Charles Martel in the 9th CenturyBenefitted the nobles and kings onlyNoble rich land owner or warrior6-7 yrs old leave home to be taught by another noble how to ride a horse and become a page14 learned to use weaponry 18 - could demonstrate knowledge and become a knight
MIDDLE AGES9England in the Middle AgesMIDDLE AGES10William the Conqueror: Battle of Hastings, 1066
(Bayeaux Tapestry)MIDDLE AGES11Evolution of Englands Political System Henry I: Williams son. set up a court system. Exchequer dept. of royal finances.
Henry II: Hired Army. Established the principle of common law throughout the kingdom. (guilt vs. ordeal) Trial by jury. Including church officials.MIDDLE AGES12Magna Carta, 1215 King John IBarons of the Kingdom Great Charter monarchs were not above the law. kings had to consult a council of advisors. kings could not tax arbitrarily or take property w/out paying.Jury of your peers.
MIDDLE AGES13The Beginnings of the British Parliament Great Council: Middle class merchants, townspeople, along w/ Nobility and clergyEventually called Parliament. By 1400, two chambers evolved: House of Lords nobles & clergy. House of Commons knights and burgesses.Powers advise the king & refuse new taxesMIDDLE AGES14ArchitectureThe Middle Ages vs. The Early RenaissanceMIDDLE AGES15The Middle AgesRomanesque Style Rounded Arches. Barrel vaults. Thick walls. Darker, simplistic interiors. Small windows, usually at the top of the wall.
MIDDLE AGES16The Early Renaissance Gothic Style Pointed arches. High, narrow vaults. Thinner walls. Flying buttresses. Elaborate, ornate, airier interiors. Stained-glass windows.
MIDDLE AGES17The Catholic ChurchMIDDLE AGES18The Power of the Medieval ChurchChurch served as govt after fall of Rome Monasticism:Benedictine Rule poverty, chastity & obedienceServed as schools, inns, hospitals & refuge in times of war controlled about 1/3 of the land in Western Europe.Goal to curb heresies crusades; Inquisition Tithe 1/10 tax on your assets given to the church. (Peters Pence 1 penny per person paid by the peasants). MIDDLE AGES19Christian Crusades: East and West
MIDDLE AGES20Pope Urban II: Preaching a Crusade
MIDDLE AGESReasons for the Crusades (1096-99, 1146-49, 1187-92, 1202-04, 1212 on and off til 1291):Muslims began to invade Central Asia & the Byzantine EmpireTook Palestine known to Christians as the Holy LandTook the city of Constantinople & the Emperor asked the Pope for help
21Setting Out on Crusade
MIDDLE AGESMotivating factors for the Crusades:Salvation (save their souls)Land & wealthTrade and moneyAdventurers22Effects of the Crusades East Meets West
MIDDLE AGESEffects of the Crusades on Europe:Trade new markets, new exotic goods oils, silks, dyes, spices, cloth, art, fruit, grain, dcor, timber, leather, soap, glassware, fur, etcMedicine, Knowledge, Language, Religion, CultureDomestic systemBanking creation of banking system to lend money, and transfer money without carrying itBarter economy > Market economy