periodizationperiodization early middle ages: 500 – 1000 high middle ages: 1000 – 1250 late...
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Slide 2 PeriodizationPeriodization Early Middle Ages: 500 1000 High Middle Ages: 1000 1250 Late Middle Ages: 1250 - 1500 Slide 3 Europe in the 6c Slide 4 Charlemagne: 742 to 814 Slide 5 Charlemagnes Empire Slide 6 Pope Crowned Charlemagne Holy Roman Emperor: Dec. 25, 800 Slide 7 The Carolingian Renaissance Slide 8 Charlemagnes Empire Collapses: Treaty of Verdun, 843 Slide 9 Carolingian Miniscule Slide 10 The Medieval Catholic Church filled the power vacuum left from the collapse of the classical world. monasticism: St. Benedict Benedictine Rule of poverty, chastity, and obedience. provided schools for the children of the upper class. inns, hospitals, refuge in times of war. libraries & scriptoria to copy books and illuminate manuscripts. monks missionaries to the barbarians. [St. Patrick, St. Boniface] Slide 11 The Power of the Medieval Church bishops and abbots played a large part in the feudal system. the church controlled about 1/3 of the land in Western Europe. tried to curb feudal warfare only 40 days a year for combat. curb heresies crusades; Inquisition tithe 1/10 tax on your assets given to the church. Peters Pence 1 penny per person [paid by the peasants]. Slide 12 Illuminated Manuscripts Slide 13 The Rise of European Monarchies: England Slide 14 FeudalismFeudalism A political, economic, and social system based on loyalty and military service. Slide 15 Carcassonne: A Medieval Castle Slide 16 Parts of a Medieval Castle Slide 17 The Road to Knighthood KNIGHT SQUIRE PAGE Slide 18 Chivalry: A Code of Honor and Behavior Slide 19 The Medieval Manor Slide 20 Life on the Medieval Manor Serfs at work Slide 21 William the Conqueror: Battle of Hastings, 1066 (Bayeaux Tapestry) Slide 22 Evolution of Englands Political System Henry I: Williams son. set up a court system. Exchequer dept. of royal finances. Henry II: established the principle of common law throughout the kingdom. grand jury. trial by jury. Slide 23 Evolution of Englands Political System Henry I: Williams son. set up a court system. Exchequer dept. of royal finances. Henry II: established the principle of common law throughout the kingdom. grand jury. trial by jury. Slide 24 Magna Carta, 1215 King John I Runnymeade Great Charter monarchs were not above the law. kings had to consult a council of advisors. kings could not tax arbitrarily. Slide 25 The Beginnings of the British Parliament Great Council: middle class merchants, townspeople [burgesses in Eng., bourgeoisie in Fr., burghers in Ger.] were added at the end of the 13c. eventually called Parliament. by 1400, two chambers evolved: o House of Lords nobles & clergy. o House of Commons knights and burgesses. Slide 26 The Rise of European Monarchies: France Slide 27 Romanesque Architectural Style e Rounded Arches. e Barrel vaults. e Thick walls. e Darker, simplistic interiors. e Small windows, usually at the top of the wall. Slide 28 Gothic Architectural Style e Pointed arches. e High, narrow vaults. e Thinner walls. e Flying buttresses. e Elaborate, ornate, airier interiors. e Stained-glass windows. Flying Buttresses Slide 29 Pope Urban II: Preaching a Crusade Slide 30 Setting Out on Crusade Slide 31 Christian Crusades: East and West Slide 32 Medieval Universities Slide 33 Oxford University Slide 34 Late Medieval Town Dwellings Slide 35 Medieval Trade Slide 36 Medieval Guilds Guild Hall Commercial Monopoly: C ontrolled membership apprentice journeyman master craftsman Controlled quality of the product [masterpiece]. Controlled prices Slide 37 Medieval Guilds: A Goldsmiths Shop Slide 38 Crest of a Coopers Guild