ap world history. periodization ce early middle ages: 500 – 1000 high middle ages: 1000 – 1250...
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AP WORLD HISTORY
Periodization CEEarly Middle Ages: 500 1000
High Middle Ages: 1000 1250
Late Middle Ages: 1250 - 1500
Europe in the 6th Century
The Medieval Catholic Churchmonasticism: monks & nuns living together in communitypoverty, chastity, and obedience. provided schools monasteries = inns, hospitals, refuge libraries & scriptoria to copy books and illuminate manuscripts. monks missionaries
A Medieval Monks Day
A Medieval Monastery: The Scriptorium
The Power of the Medieval Church bishops and abbots = large part of feudal system. church controlled 1/3 of the land in Western Europe. tithe 1/10 tax given to the church.
Romanesque Architectural Style Rounded Arches. Barrel vaults. Thick walls. Dark interiors. Small windows, usually at the top of the wall.
Charlemagne: 742 to 814
Pope Crowned Charlemagne Holy Roman Emperor: Dec. 25, 800
The Carolingian Renaissance
Charlemagnes Empire Collapses: Treaty of Verdun, 843
FeudalismA political and social system based on loyalty, land, and military service.
Carcassonne: A Medieval CastleFRANCE
Chivalry: A Code of Honor and Behavior
The Medieval Manor
Life on the Medieval ManorSerfs at work
William the Conqueror: Battle of Hastings, 1066 (Bayeaux Tapestry)
High Middle Agesafter 1200
Magna Carta, 1215: ENGLAND Great Charter kings had to consult a council of advisors to tax Rights of NOBILTY
Conflict Between Church and RulersConflict:Who would have primary power in Europe? Popes or Kings?
Investiture Conflict:Who would appoint important church officials? Popes or Kings?
Slowlyover time, Kings won out.
Gothic Architectural Style Pointed arches. High, narrow vaults. Thinner walls. Flying buttresses.Stained-glass windows.Flying Buttresses
Pope Urban II: Preaching a Crusade
Setting Out on Crusade
Christian Crusades: East and West
Medieval GuildsGuild HallAssociations of CraftsmenMonopolies Controlled membership apprentice journeyman master craftsman Controlled quality of the product & prices
Late Medieval Town Dwellings
Medieval Guilds: A Goldsmiths Shop
**********First to have this title emperor in over 300 years. The focus shifted away from Mediterranean and up into Northern Europe***Carolingian (from Latin, Charles) protectors of the Frankish Kings (kings under Charlegmaine)military effectiveness of resisting Muslim advances.
Rebirth of old Roman traditions/values. Including writing. **System was not that simple: Relations between all of these people differed too much form on e place to another and form on time to another to fit together in anything resembling a system. ***The lord of the manor provided governance and justice, direct royal government being quite limited. The king had only few financial resources and seldom exercised legal jurisdiction at a local level.
Monasteries and nunneries fell under jurisdiction of the church. Women could own land noble women administered husbands estates when we was away at war. **Came from what is today Franceattacked England and became King. Build motes, towers, TOWER OF ENGLAND to protect his reign. ****Against hereseyWanted trade routesNobels (especially younger sons who didnt inherit land) were hungry for land wanted to increase their stauusChurch wanted to demonstrate its political authority over western christiandom.
**1st crusade captured Jerusalem 1099Muslims got it back in 1187