Engaging with the key energy challenges for real people and communities

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Cold homes and climate change. Engaging with the key energy challenges for real people and communities. Institute of Sustainability, Health and the Environment University of the West of England 21 April 2009 Simon Roberts Chief Executive Centre for Sustainable Energy. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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<ul><li><p>Engaging with the key energy challenges for real people and communities Cold homes and climate change Institute of Sustainability, Health and the EnvironmentUniversity of the West of England 21 April 2009 Simon Roberts Chief Executive Centre for Sustainable Energy</p></li><li><p> Human history is a race between education and catastrophe</p><p>HG Wells</p></li><li><p> Never underestimate the power of the human mind to invent new ways to use energy</p><p>Prof Tadj Oreszczyn Director of UCL Energy Institute</p></li><li><p>Source :Tina Fawcett PhD UCL</p></li><li><p>Do we knowwhat constitutes a safe and healthy internal temperature? the impact of cold homes on social exclusion and educational achievement?how best to reduce the misery of cold homes?</p></li><li><p>Distribution of CO2 emissions &amp; income</p><p>EHCS &amp; EfS Income Deciles</p><p>2005 EHCS - Full Annual Income2002 to 2005 EfS - Weekly Disposable Income2002 to 2005 EfS - Annual Disposable Income</p><p>South WestSouth WestSouth West</p><p>Annual full household income ()Corrected Disposable IncomeCorrected Disposable Income</p><p>Full Income DecCountMedianMinimumMaximumMeanDisposable Income DecilesMeanMinimumMaximumMedianDisposable Income DecilesMeanMinimumMaximumMedian</p><p>1186,3296,5382,0828,1706,3331940.012710814,9060.06,6155,626</p><p>2145,0189,2198,2169,9759,160216012819216128,3296,6709,9888,350</p><p>3196,80611,02910,00912,24011,1293222193252221311,52310,02713,08411,497</p><p>4190,50913,30912,25514,62613,4064286252320285414,85113,10116,66114,833</p><p>5203,28116,04714,66317,43316,0195361323397362518,78016,81620,61918,825</p><p>6260,54819,21817,45520,89219,1976437397478436622,73820,66224,84722,687</p><p>7271,66923,08720,92125,55823,0097521478574517727,08624,88229,83326,873</p><p>8284,53128,18325,58131,89028,4628628575697625832,67729,91736,25132,485</p><p>9236,45436,77231,90642,17236,7319784698905774940,74536,28247,07940,251</p><p>10207,38349,65942,217247,74460,107101,2399115,3081,1261064,41947,363276,01058,548</p><p>EnglandUKUK</p><p>Annual full household income ()Corrected Disposable IncomeCorrected Disposable Income</p><p>Full Income DecCountMedianMinimumMaximumMeanDisposable Income DecilesMeanMinimumMaximumMedianDisposable Income DecilesMeanMinimumMaximumMedian</p><p>11,898,9076,4861,4678,1926,409191-1,76312810614,723-91,6986,6475,514</p><p>21,617,1639,1538,1989,9919,114216112819216128,3666,6529,9978,395</p><p>31,808,51511,1509,99212,24111,1523221192252221311,49310,00213,09511,470</p><p>41,761,44413,38712,24214,63613,4084285252321284414,83313,10016,67014,755</p><p>51,996,98615,97314,63817,45115,9965359321397358518,65516,67020,64418,634</p><p>62,143,99619,18517,45420,91719,1416436397478436622,69020,66024,86522,646</p><p>72,261,58523,10020,91725,57823,1287525478574524727,28824,86929,83327,240</p><p>82,459,03528,50025,58031,89728,6258631574698630832,83429,83436,27332,747</p><p>92,564,31336,63731,89842,21636,6619790698907784941,09136,27647,13840,762</p><p>102,622,27552,57342,217991,62062,223101,35190723,8981,1341070,24047,1401,242,68258,963</p><p>South EastSouth East</p><p>Corrected Disposable IncomeCorrected Disposable Income</p><p>Disposable Income DecilesMeanMinimumMaximumMedianDisposable Income DecilesMeanMinimumMaximumMedian</p><p>186-1,76312810914,495-91,6986,6405,690</p><p>216012819216028,3106,6699,9978,320</p><p>3221193252222311,47910,02413,08311,568</p><p>4288252320287414,97413,11016,64214,949</p><p>5357321396356518,58616,68220,61618,519</p><p>6438397478436622,76120,66124,86022,686</p><p>7529479573529727,48924,88829,81027,504</p><p>8630574697625832,76529,85936,26732,488</p><p>9795698906792941,35936,27647,11541,184</p><p>101,42090720,2041,1881073,83047,1891,050,61261,753</p><p>Chart1</p><p>584.86601859893650.88256370564235.7485823045</p><p>815.71729447224279.46359599325095.1808904654</p><p>1389.07893108984411.78530161645800.8642327062</p><p>1622.40043513964651.77422485066274.1746599902</p><p>2007.6106529745497.59241959527505.2030725692</p><p>2668.38077485335417.03437378578085.415148639</p><p>2741.01669391065874.06284027668615.0795341872</p><p>3071.40714355326212.44201324739283.8491568005</p><p>4141.91933464547494.953020629711636.8723552751</p><p>5030.76235081179860.778790812914891.5411416246</p><p>Road Transport</p><p>Household</p><p>Domestic Total</p><p>Deciles (1 lowest to 10 highest)</p><p>Kg CO2</p><p>Chart2</p><p>0.65138589233.61533104374.266716936</p><p>0.54909160763.69381232374.2429039314</p><p>0.90846207614.22135724315.1298193192</p><p>1.6583438664.79738642336.4557302892</p><p>1.85457609094.89207327256.7466493633</p><p>2.58731677975.58505905628.1723758359</p><p>2.98449381175.87693496428.8614287759</p><p>3.50894464356.839505756610.3484504001</p><p>3.58920979386.733806242210.323016036</p><p>4.79179430598.812727547413.6045218533</p><p>Road Transport</p><p>Household</p><p>Domestic Total</p><p>Deciles (1 lowest to 10 highest)</p><p>t CO2</p><p>England</p><p>4.18655532193.67637542380.5101798981</p><p>4.82850901184.14626778050.6822412313</p><p>5.84953287174.79257640021.0569564715</p><p>6.5392686045.09035795351.4489106505</p><p>7.530644235.53202018911.9986240409</p><p>8.31746986355.9503817482.3670881155</p><p>8.97656112946.19788531452.7786758149</p><p>9.95371274146.67845891833.275253823</p><p>11.18184351847.328287643.8535558784</p><p>13.65820999488.89567226584.762537729</p><p>Domestic Total</p><p>Household</p><p>Road Transport</p><p>Disposable Income Deciles (1 lowest to 10 highest)</p><p>tonnes of CO2 per adult (decile average)</p><p>EfS Emissions Profiles</p><p>2002 to 2005 EfS - Emissions profiles</p><p>South West only</p><p>Disposable Income Deciled Emissions</p><p>Built FormTenureMain heating fuelNumber of rooms</p><p>Weekly disposable income () (Binned)</p><p>Average Yearly Emissions t(CO2)12345678910Average Yearly Emissions t(CO2)detachedsemi-detachedterracedflatOtherAverage Yearly Emissions t(CO2)LA/HA rentalPrivate rentalMortageOwned outrightOtherAverage Yearly Emissions t(CO2)No central heatingElectricGasOilSolid fuelOtherAverage Yearly Emissions t(CO2)3456789 or more</p><p>Road Transport5858161,3891,6222,0082,6682,7413,0714,1425,031Road Transport3,0572,4122,2691,2171,885Road Transport9262,1463,3661,9841,643Road Transport1,5871,4472,4873,6422,0453,360Road Transport1,1921,5612,0372,4243,1423,6463,871</p><p>Household3,6514,2794,4124,6525,4985,4175,8746,2127,4959,861Household8,1695,3964,6032,7825,643Household3,4004,0306,3696,4424,071Household3,6843,2545,28914,3183,9146,633Household2,0893,5895,2155,3296,6089,32911,066</p><p>Domestic Total4,2365,0955,8016,2747,5058,0858,6159,28411,63714,892Domestic Total11,2267,8086,8713,9997,528Domestic Total4,3266,1769,7358,4275,714Domestic Total5,2724,7017,77717,9605,9599,993Domestic3,2825,1507,2527,7539,75012,97414,937</p><p>South East only</p><p>Disposable Income Deciled Emissions</p><p>Built FormTenureMain heating fuelNumber of rooms</p><p>Weekly disposable income () (Binned)</p><p>Average Yearly Emissions t(CO2)12345678910Average Yearly Emissions t(CO2)detachedsemi-detachedterracedflatOtherAverage Yearly Emissions t(CO2)LA/HA rentalPrivate rentalMortageOwned outrightOtherAverage Yearly Emissions t(CO2)No central heatingElectricGasOilSolid fuelOtherAverage Yearly Emissions t(CO2)3456789 or more</p><p>Road Transport6515499081,6581,8552,5872,9843,5093,5894,792Road Transport3,0682,6352,5791,2532,156Road Transport1,2012,3043,4581,9751,456Road Transport1,7361,4922,5803,9342,5792,921Road Transport1,2211,7952,4182,4803,1293,4184,040</p><p>Household3,6153,6944,2214,7974,8925,5855,8776,8406,7348,813Household8,3105,7194,8263,0496,592Household3,1464,3026,4156,4455,914Household4,4023,1325,53117,4904,1466,224Household2,5573,7574,9955,8297,1227,92411,880</p><p>Domestic Total4,2674,2435,1306,4566,7478,1728,86110,34810,32313,605Domestic Total11,3778,3547,4044,3028,748Domestic Total4,3476,6069,8738,4207,371Domestic Total6,1384,6238,11121,4246,7249,145Domestic3,7785,5527,4128,31010,25111,34115,920</p><p>UK only</p><p>Disposable Income Deciled Emissions</p><p>Built FormTenureMain heating fuelNumber of rooms</p><p>Weekly disposable income () (Binned)</p><p>Average Yearly Emissions t(CO2)12345678910Average Yearly Emissions t(CO2)detachedsemi-detachedterracedflatOtherAverage Yearly Emissions t(CO2)LA/HA rentalPrivate rentalMortageOwned outrightOtherAverage Yearly Emissions t(CO2)No central heatingElectricGasOilSolid fuelOtherAverage Yearly Emissions t(CO2)3456789 or more</p><p>Road Transport5106821,0571,4491,9992,3672,7793,2753,8544,763Road Transport3,3042,4652,0051,0272,163Road Transport8901,8213,3001,9681,693Road Transport1,6181,3862,3113,5262,2432,835Road Transport8001,4802,0172,4553,0033,6334,286</p><p>Household3,6764,1464,7935,0905,5325,9506,1986,6787,3288,896Household8,5505,8565,0733,2957,449Household3,6604,4666,6776,5375,284Household4,5423,1975,45615,2405,9507,219Household2,6444,0035,2486,0007,3618,81411,418</p><p>Domestic Total4,1874,8295,8506,5397,5318,3178,9779,95411,18213,658Domestic Total11,8548,3217,0784,3229,612Domestic Total4,5506,2879,9778,5056,977Domestic Total6,1604,5837,76718,7668,19310,054Domestic3,4445,4837,2658,45510,36412,44715,704</p><p>South East only</p><p>Disposable Income Deciled EmissionsMain heating fuel</p><p>Weekly disposable income () (Binned)</p><p>Average Yearly Emissions t(CO2)12345678910Average Yearly Emissions t(CO2)No central heatingElectricGasOilSolid fuelOther</p><p>Road Transport0.650.550.911.661.852.592.983.513.594.79Road Transport1.741.492.583.932.582.92</p><p>Household3.623.694.224.804.895.595.886.846.738.81Household4.403.135.5317.494.156.22</p><p>Domestic Total4.274.245.136.466.758.178.8610.3510.3213.60Domestic Total6.144.628.1121.426.729.14</p><p>UK only</p><p>Disposable Income Deciled Emissions</p><p>Weekly disposable income () (Binned)</p><p>Average Yearly Emissions t(CO2)12345678910</p><p>Road Transport0.510.681.061.452.002.372.783.283.854.76</p><p>Household3.684.154.795.095.535.956.206.687.338.90</p><p>Domestic Total4.194.835.856.547.538.328.989.9511.1813.66</p><p>Income Deciles cross tabs</p><p>Opportunities by income decile for the South East from the 2005 EHCS</p><p>Type of wall and insulation * Annual full household income () (Binned) Crosstabulation</p><p>Annual full household income () (Binned)</p><p>Type of wall and insulation12345678910TotalType of wall and insulation7 to 10Total</p><p>cavity with insulation61,21969,83372,30284,90297,645108,280122,241117,743129,580198,4681,062,213cavity with insulation568,032638,208</p><p>26%35%31%36%34%31%31%31%28%30%31%30.0%29.2%</p><p>cavity uninsulated101,41586,754113,773104,692112,502169,671188,473197,790221,333316,7311,613,134cavity uninsulated924,327960,048</p><p>44%44%49%45%40%49%48%52%48%48%47%48.8%44.0%</p><p>Solid69,46241,35945,31445,42473,63866,05578,52367,747105,859149,569742,950Solid401,698584,272</p><p>30%21%20%19%26%19%20%18%23%22%22%21.2%26.8%</p><p>Total232,096197,946231,389235,018283,785344,006389,237383,280456,772664,7683,418,297Total1,894,0572,182,528</p><p>100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%</p><p>Loft insulation thickness * Annual full household income () (Binned) Crosstabulation`</p><p>Annual full household income () (Binned)</p><p>Loft insulation thickness12345678910TotalType of wall and insulation7 to 10Total</p><p>none6,74611,4627,6376,91110,67010,70210,3959,60417,26917,896109,292none55,16474,711</p><p>4%7%4%3%4%3%3%3%4%3%4%3.1%3.8%</p><p>less than 100mm62,45038,30875,60558,10672,18497,117111,635115,783148,413188,582968,183less than 100mm564,413508,021619,577</p><p>34%24%38%28%29%31%31%32%35%29%31%31.2%25.7%</p><p>100 up to 150mm83,61071,58481,23393,126101,308137,606179,227157,990170,495282,3731,358,552100 up to 150mm790,085784,613</p><p>46%45%41%45%41%44%49%44%40%43%44%43.7%40%</p><p>150mm or more29,55139,34835,28450,67465,13167,76662,99275,56788,206171,223685,742150mm or more397,988611,267</p><p>16%24%18%24%26%22%17%21%21%26%22%22.0%30.9%</p><p>Total182,357160,702199,759208,817249,293313,191364,249358,944424,383660,0743,121,769Total1,807,6501,978,612</p><p>100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100.0%100%</p><p>Tenure * Annual full household income () (Binned) Crosstabulation</p><p>Annual full household income () (Binned)</p><p>Tenure12345678910Total</p><p>owner occupied152,55795,738143,402139,398184,447241,230309,592311,624393,930616,0632,587,981</p><p>66%48%62%59%65%70%80%81%86%93%76%</p><p>private rented28,28521,67229,07731,58745,71944,78649,20544,40542,37544,414381,525</p><p>12%11%13%13%16%13%13%12%9%7%11%</p><p>local authority24,97438,38224,62328,35523,12122,8528,71311,3266,3841,502190,232</p><p>11%19%11%12%8%7%2%3%1%0%6%</p><p>RSL26,28042,15434,28735,67830,49835,13821,72715,92514,0832,789258,559</p><p>11%21%15%15%11%10%6%4%3%0%8%</p><p>Total232,096197,946231,389235,018283,785344,006389,237383,280456,772664,7683,418,297</p><p>100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%</p><p>Heating deciles cross tabs</p><p>Opportunities by heating fuel and income decile for the South East from the 2005 EHCS</p><p>Loft opportunity by heating fuel and income decile</p><p>Loft insulation thickness</p><p>Annual full income () (Binned)Main fuel typenoneless than 100mm100 up to 150mm150mm or moreTotal</p><p>1gas fired system6,74651,11767,09422,025146,982</p><p>5%35%46%15%100%</p><p>oil fired system0.01,9411,8242,3786,143</p><p>0%32%30%39%100%</p><p>solid fuel fired system0.00.00.01,3161,316</p><p>0%0%0%100%100%</p><p>electrical system0.08,86212,9123,83225,606</p><p>0%35%50%15%100%</p><p>2gas fired system10,10534,20559,61829,150133,078</p><p>8%26%45%22%100%</p><p>oil fired system0.00.00.01,0741,074</p><p>0%0%0%100%100%</p><p>solid fuel fired system0.07862,2320.03,018</p><p>0%26%74%0%100%</p><p>electrical system1,3573,3176,2839,12420,081</p><p>7%17%31%45%100%</p><p>3gas fired system2,62566,17370,64732,945172,390</p><p>2%38%41%19%100%</p><p>oil fired system1,3700.02,0060.03,376</p><p>41%0%59%0%100%</p><p>solid fuel fired system0.01,8472,5910.04,438</p><p>0%42%58%0%100%</p><p>electrical system3,6426,9942,6681,22814,532</p><p>25%48%18%8%100%</p><p>4gas fired system5,26852,20281,73245,387184,589</p><p>3%28%44%25%100%</p><p>oil fired system0.00.06550.0655</p><p>0%0%100%0%100%</p><p>solid fuel fired system0.04,4644341,3586,256</p><p>0%71%7%22%100%</p><p>electrical system1,6431,4408,4563,92915,468</p><p>11%9%55%25%100%</p><p>5gas fired system5,92162,32587,25957,500213,005</p><p>3%29%41%27%100%</p><p>oil fired system7872,9401,9005,05310,680</p><p>7%28%18%47%100%</p><p>solid fuel fired system0.08772,0530.02,930</p><p>0%30%70%0%100%</p><p>electrical system3,9626,04210,0962,57822,678</p><p>17%27%45%11%100%</p><p>6gas fired system7,89291,195106,98253,319259,388</p><p>3%35%41%21%100%</p><p>oil fired system0.01,8815,4552,1649,500</p><p>0%20%57%23%100%</p><p>solid fuel fired system8940.02,5601,3614,815</p><p>19%0%53%28%100%</p><p>electrical system1,9164,04122,2049,94338,104</p><p>5%11%58%26%100%</p><p>7gas fired system8,043102,142171,40459,537341,126</p><p>2%30%50%17%100%</p><p>oil fired system0.05,8331,4051,3538,591</p><p>0%68%16%16%100%</p><p>solid fuel fired system0.00.00.00.00.0</p><p>0%0%0%0%0%</p><p>electrical system2,3523,6606,4182,10214,532</p><p>16%25%44%14%100%</p><p>8gas fired system8,533104,064144,00666,816323,419</p><p>3%32%45%21%100%</p><p>oil fired system0.03,9236,6942,98413,601</p><p>0%29%49%22%100%</p><p>solid fuel fired system0.00.00.0316316</p><p>0%0%0%100%100%</p><p>electrical system1,0717,7965,6485,45119,966</p><p>5%39%28%27%100%</p><p>9gas fired system12,510128,194156,64876,480373,832</p><p>3%34%42%20%100%</p><p>oil fired system3,39512,5415,3276,89528,158</p><p>12%45%19%24%100%</p><p>solid fuel fired system0.01,4410.04911,932</p><p>0%75%0%25%100%</p><p>electrical system1,3646,2377,8834,34019,824</p><p>7%31%40%22%100%</p><p>10gas fired system15,780165,945259,839152,822594,386</p><p>3%28%44%26%100%</p><p>oil fired system2,11618,27519,00615,28554,682</p><p>4%33%35%28%100%</p><p>solid fuel fired system0.02,5770.01,2973,874</p><p>0%5%0%2%7%</p><p>electrical system0.01,7853,5281,8197,132</p><p>0%25%49%26%100%</p><p>Cavity opportunity by heating fuel and income decile</p><p>Type of wall and insulation</p><p>Annual full income () (Binned)Main fuel typecavity with insulationcavity uninsulatedotherTotal</p><p>1gas fired system46,53272,76252,697171,991</p><p>27%42%31%100%</p><p>oil fired system2,3783,7659357,078</p><p>34%53%13%100%</p><p>solid fuel fired system0.00.01,3161,316</p><p>0%0%100%100%</p><p>electrical system12,30919,91012,75044,969</p><p>27%44%28%100%</p><p>2gas fired system49,96349,963</p><p>100%0%0%100%</p><p>oil fired system0.00.01,0741,074</p><p>0%0%100%100%</p><p>solid fuel fired system0.02,5931,3713,964</p><p>0%65%35%100%</p><p>electrical system14,56712,8405,00...</p></li></ul>