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Ministerul Afacerilor Interne al Republicii Moldova Academia tefan cel Mare

Cu titlu de manuscris CZU: 343.34(043.2)

CERNOMORE Sergiu

RSPUNDEREA PENAL PENTRU SAMAVOLNICIE

Specialitatea 12.00.08 Drept penal (drept penal)

Tez de doctor n drept Conductor tiinific: Viorel V.Berliba, confereniar universitar, doctor n drept

Autorul:

Chiinu, 2010

CERNOMORE Sergiu, 2010

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CUPRINS ADNOTARE..................................................................................................................................3 LISTA ABREVIERILOR.............................................................................................................6 INTRODUCERE...........................................................................................................................7 1. ANALIZA SITUAIEI PRIVIND INCRIMINAREA SAMAVOLNICIEI......................15 1.1. Tratamente doctrinare ale samavolniciei: starea actual i perspective...........................15 1.2. Etimologia i conceptul samavolniciei. Evoluia rspunderii penale pentru samavolnicie n conformitate cu legislaia penal a RM......................................................................23 1.3. Studiu de drept penal comparat.......................................................................................29 1.3.1. Incriminarea samavolniciei n legislaiile unor state ale CSI...............................33 1.3.2. Samavolnicia n legislaiile unor statele ale UE...................................................39 1.4. Concluzii la compartimentul 1.........................................................................................42 2. CARACTERISTICA JURIDICO-PENAL A SAMAVOLNICIEI......................45 2.1. Aspecte generale i comune ale infraciunilor contra autoritilor publice.................45 2.2 Gradul prejudiciabil i obiectul de atentare al infraciunii de samavolnicie....................50 2.3. Latura obiectiv a infraciunii de samavolniciei......................................................58 2.4. Latura subiectiv a infraciunii de samavolnicie.............................................................78 2.5. Subiectul infraciunii de samavolnicie.............................................................................83 2.6. Modaliti i sanciuni......................................................................................95 2.7. Concluzii la compartimentul 2.......................................................................................106 3. DELIMITAREA INFRACIUNII DE SAMAVOLNICIE DE UNELE FAPTE SIMILARE I DE ALTE CATEGORII JURIDICE.........................................................110 3.1. Samavolnicia i dreptul la autoaprare..................................................110 3.2. Delimitarea samavolniciei infracionale de cea contravenional.................................118 3.3. Delimitarea samavolniciei de unele infraciunile similare............................................126 3.4. Concluzii la compartimentul 3.......................................................................................136 CONCLUZII GENERALE I RECOMANDRI..................................................................138 BIBLIOGRAFIE........................................................................................................................142 DECLARAIE PRIVIND ASUMAREA RSPUNDERII....................................................153 CV AL AUTORULUI................................................................................................................154

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ADNOTARE Cernomore Sergiu, Rspunderea penal pentru samavolnicie, tez de doctor n drept la specialitatea 12.00.08 Drept penal (drept penal), Chiinu, 2010. Teza cuprinde: introducere, trei capitole, concluzii generale i recomandri, bibliografie din 178 titluri, 140 pagini text de baz. Rezultatele obinute sunt publicate n 10 lucrri tiinifice. Cuvintele-cheie: samavolnicie, ordine de realizare a drepturilor, drept legitim sau presupus, contestare, autoaprare. Domeniul de studiu. Studiul tiinific a fost axat pe domeniul dreptului penal special, atenia fiind acordat analizei juridico-penale a infraciunii prevzute de art.352 C.pen. samavolnicia. Scopul tezei de doctorat: a constat n efectuarea unei cercetri tiinifice cu imanente implicaii n materia normativului penal, a doctrinei penale i practicii judiciare, elucidndu-se cumulul de probleme teoretice i aplicative privind rspunderea penal pentru infraciunea de samavolnicie i, ca efect - oferindu-se soluii aferente fiecrui caz, inclusiv i cu caracter de lege ferenda. Obiectivele: studiul amplu al coninutului normativ al infraciunii de samavolnicie (art.352 C.pen.); definirea contestrii ca semn esenial (constitutiv) al infraciunii de samavolnicie i argumentarea necesitii includerii acestuia n cadrul dispoziiei normei penale; analiza caracteristicilor definitorii ale autoaprrii, samavolniciei contravenionale, ale altor fapte de natur corelativ i formularea criteriilor de delimitare. Noutatea tiinific i originalitatea rezultatelor obinute. Cercetarea s-a rezumat la analiza juridico-penal a infraciunii de samavolnicie, n special prin detalizarea politicii penale n materia rspunderii pentru aceast infraciune, deducerea semnelor de individualizare a samavolniciei supuse rspunderii penale. Obiectul de referin nu a fost supus studiului n tiina dreptului penal autohton, reprezintnd cercetare de pionierat realizat n Republica Moldova. Importana teoretic i valoarea aplicativ a lucrrii reiese din realizarea unui studiu complex i multilateral a caracteristicilor juridico-penale a samavolniciei i limitelor rspunderii penale, cu naintarea unor propuneri concrete viznd modificarea cadrului normativ penal i extrapenal al Republicii Moldova. Realizarea unui studiu de drept penal comparat efectuat n lucrare permite astabili directivele i tendinele politicii penale ale Republicii Moldova n contextul cursului de aderare la Uniunea European.

Implementarea rezultatelor tiinifice Concluziile i recomandrile pot fi luate n vedere de ctre toi cei interesai n materia dreptului penal, n cadrul activitii zilnice de ncadrarea juridic a infraciunilor, n procesul de instruire din instituiile de nvmnt cu profil juridic, finalitatea fiind marcat de o mai bun aplicare a prevederilor art.352 C.pen. al RM.

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SUMMARY Cernomorets Sergiu, Criminal liability for arbitrariness, doctoral dissertation in law, speciality 12.00.08 Criminal Law (criminal law), Kishinau, 2010. Dissertation contains: introduction, three chapters, general conclusions and recommendations, bibliography account 178 points, 140 pages of basic contents. Results of dissertation were published in 10 scientific papers. Key-words: arbitrariness, order of realisation of rights, legal or supposed right, contestation, self-defendens. Field of studding. Scientific research is based on Special Part of Criminal Low, a great attention is dedicated to criminal analyse of arbitrariness (article 352 Criminal Code of Republic of Moldova). Goal of the doctoral dissertation consists in realisation of the scientific research of the theoretical and practical problems concerning the criminal liability for arbitrariness, based on criminal law, the doctrine and judiciary practice. Scopes: many-sided and detail research of signs of crime described in article 352 Criminal Code of Republic of Moldova; definition of concept of contestation and its transfer, in article 352 Criminal Code of Republic of Moldova; analyse of characteristic signs of self-defence of the right, other similar acts and crimes, for the their differentiations. Scientific novelty and originality consists in: Work was limited to the complex criminally-legal analysis of arbitrariness, in particular revealing of essential elements to the offence and clarification of legal policy of the state concerning the criminal liability for the indicated crime. To arbitrariness in the Republic Moldovas doctrine was not taken away special attention, thereby for the first time the dissertation in the form of the manuscript is devoted to object of research - arbitrariness. Theoretical signification and practical advantage consists in complex and huge criminally-legal analysis of arbitrariness and clarifications of borders of the criminal liability, in result were proposed concrete recommendations to operate changes in criminal (and not only) legislations of Republic of Moldova. Implementation of the scientific results consists in: Conclusions and recommendations are intended all that interested by criminal law and will serve for correct application of law in juridical practice of Republic of Moldova.

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LISTA ABREVIERILOR CSI UE RM FR SUA Fin Alb URSS RFSSR RSSU RSSM CSJ CP al CSJ MAI SIS CRM MO C.pen. C.pen. FR C.pen. RB C.pen. geor. C.pen. eston. C.pen. lituan. C.pen. liton. C.civ. C.con. CCA HG MO DEX DELR DLR PG PS Cap. art. alin. Lit. Pct. P. n.a. u.c. - Comunitatea Statelor Independente - Uniunea European - Republica Moldova - Federaia Rus - Statele Unite ale Americii - Finlanda - Albania - Uniunea Republicilor Sovietice Socialiste - Republica Federativ Sovietic Socialist Rus - Republica Sovietic Socialist Ukrainean - Republica Sovietic Socialist Moldoveneasc - Curtea Suprem de Justiie a Republicii Moldova - Colegiul penal al Curii Supreme de Justiie - Ministerul Afacerilor Interne - Serviciul de informaie i securitate - Constituia Republicii Moldova - Monitor Oficial - Cod penal - Cod penal al Federaiei Ruse - Cod penal al Republicii Bielorus - Cod penal al Georgiei - Cod penal al E