transtextuality and american comic strips
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- 1. Transtextuality, according to GrardGenette all that which puts one text inrelation, whether obvious orconcealed, with other texts. Based on: Mikhail Bakhtins concepts of dialogismand heteroglossia Julia Kristevas intertextuality: mosaic ofcitations that constitute a text.
2. Genettes 5types of transtextuality: 1. Intertextuality 2. Paratextuality 3. Metatextuality 4. Hypertextuality 5. Architextuality 3. 1. Intertextuality: the effective co-presence of two texts in the form of quotation (explicit), plagiarism or allusion (implicit). 4. 1. Intertextuality: the effective co-presence of two texts in the form of quotation (explicit), plagiarism or allusion (implicit). 5. 2. Paratextuality: the relation between the text and its paratext (titles, prefaces, dedications). Chapter Headings in Ulysses Book editions 6. 2. Paratextuality: the relation between the text and its paratext (titles, prefaces, dedications). 7. 3. Metatextuality: the critical relationship par excellence, works where a text makes comments about another one. 8. 4. Hypertextuality: the relationship between one text (the hypertext) to an anterior text (hypotext), which the former transforms or modifies. 9. 4. Hypertextuality: the relationship between one text (the hypertext) to an anterior text (hypotext), which the former transforms or modifies.In hypertextuality, the reference as opposed to intertextuality,to the hypotext is worked intowhere the two works simplythe plot (or the gag) ofco-existthe hypertext, 10. 4. Hypertextuality (Sczepanikss Intermedia reflexivity 11. 4. Hypertextuality: Horizontal (Comics ref. comics)vs. Vertical (Comics ref. Literature) 12. 4. Vertical Hypertextuality. Painting: Marcel Duchamp Metafiction in American Comic Strips, Jess A. Gonzlez 13. Horizontal Hypertextuality: Crossovers 14. Horizontal Hypertextuality: April Fools Day 15. 5. Architextuality the entire set of general or transcendent categoriestypes of discourse, modes of enunciation, literary genresfrom which emerges each singular text. Generic taxonomies evoked by a text. This is a comic strip 16. FROM TRANSTEXTUALITY TO METAFICTIONMetafiction as a double reference to- a reality outside the text- the text itself as an artifactTranstextuality can be seen as a first degree of metafictional devices (Prez Bowie, Hornby). Second degree: Diegetic narcissism and linguistic narcissism (Linda Hutchinson, breaking the realistic contract in the realm of the diegesis or the discourse). 17. FROM TRANSTEXTUALITY TO METAFICTION:Comic strip within the comic strip (Mise en abyme):Fearless Fosdick within Lil Abner 18. FROM TRANSTEXTUALITYTO METAFICTION:Showing the building blocksBalloons 19. FROM TRANSTEXTUALITY TO METAFICTION:Showing the building blocks: Reading order 20. FROM TRANSTEXTUALITYTO METAFICTION:Showing the building blocksSubgeneric conventionsSoap-opera comic strips 21. FROM TRANSTEXTUALITY TO METAFICTION:Metafictional Overkill (Patricia Waugh): Death ofthe author (Cartoonist sushi)